GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 20 Oct 2019, 04:25

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags req

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Status: I don't stop when I'm Tired,I stop when I'm done
Joined: 11 May 2014
Posts: 525
GPA: 2.81
Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags req  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Sep 2016, 14:48
2
Top Contributor
5
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

78% (01:48) correct 22% (01:47) wrong based on 337 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags require less energy to have to manufacture, ship, and recycle than paper bags but take far longer to decompose naturally.

A. Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags require less energy to have to manufacture, ship, and recycle than paper bags but take far
B. Paper bags require more energy to manufacture, ship, and recycle than plastic bags, which are blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, but they take far
C. Paper bags require more energy to manufacture, ship, and recycle than plastic bags, which are blamed for polluting the ocean and harming small animals, but they take much
D. Blamed for ocean pollution and the harm of small animals, plastic bags require less energy to have to manufacture, ship, and recycle than paper bags, but take much
E. Blamed for polluting the ocean and harming small animals, plastic bags require less energy to manufacture, ship, and recycle than paper bags but take far

_________________
Md. Abdur Rakib

Please Press +1 Kudos,If it helps
Sentence Correction-Collection of Ron Purewal's "elliptical construction/analogies" for SC Challenges
Retired Moderator
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5102
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags req  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Sep 2016, 23:06
1
Top Contributor
E is more parallel than A and hence the correct choice. Drop B and C for using a redundant and ambiguous pronoun 'they'. D is not concise.
However, isn’t ‘require’ an action verb? Wouldn’t it be better to say ‘than do plastic bags’, rather than just ‘than plastic bags’?
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't make out how to pole-vault over the 630-barrier, you can do so with my one-to-one lessons. (+919884544509)
Manager
Joined: 29 May 2016
Posts: 93
Re: Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags req  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Sep 2016, 01:12
B and C has ambiguity over they.
E is better choice than A
Director
Status: I don't stop when I'm Tired,I stop when I'm done
Joined: 11 May 2014
Posts: 525
GPA: 2.81
Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags req  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Sep 2016, 11:26
Top Contributor
daagh wrote:
E is more parallel than A and hence the correct choice. Drop B and C for using a redundant and ambiguous pronoun 'they'. D is not concise.
However, isn’t ‘require’ an action verb? Wouldn’t it be better to say ‘than do plastic bags’, rather than just ‘than plastic bags’?

Regarding the question arose,I believe,yes, 'require' is an action verb.Can you explain,how you prefer adding 'do' to remove ambiguity here?

Answer choice (E) also correctly uses the idiom require X to Y.

Thanks
_________________
Md. Abdur Rakib

Please Press +1 Kudos,If it helps
Sentence Correction-Collection of Ron Purewal's "elliptical construction/analogies" for SC Challenges
Retired Moderator
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5102
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags req  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 22 Mar 2017, 04:28
Top Contributor
abdur

Quote:
E. Blamed for polluting the ocean and harming small animals, plastic bags require less energy to manufacture, ship, and recycle than paper bags but take far

The problem is to misunderstand that plastic bags require less energy than paper bags. The comparison seems to be between whether they require less energy or less number of bags
On the contrary, if we add the verb do or require after paper bags, then the comparison is clearer that the choice falls between the quanta of energy these two factors require.
There are some prude grammarians who say that even for linking verbs we will need to use the verb in the second arm as if the comparator – than - is more a conjunction than a preposition
Take for example I --- am taller than my brother – This is not acceptable to them as they want the sentence to be rephrased as -- I am taller than my brother is.

If not in the case of linking verbs or extant verbs, at least in the case of action verbs, one has to repeat the action verb in the second arm.
Let’s us take a classic case of the verb ‘know’ which is an action verb.

No one knows the child better than the mother and J&J – This is essentially wrong because this may mean as no one knows the child better than he or she knows the mother and J&J . On the contrary, if we can say that no one knows the child better than do the mother and J&J, then the intent of the sentence is quite clear.
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't make out how to pole-vault over the 630-barrier, you can do so with my one-to-one lessons. (+919884544509)

Originally posted by daagh on 24 Sep 2016, 22:08.
Last edited by daagh on 22 Mar 2017, 04:28, edited 2 times in total.
Intern
Joined: 19 Jan 2014
Posts: 22
Re: Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags req  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Sep 2016, 00:49
hi daagh,

between C and E, i felt C better for the usage of 'but they take much longer' . i felt they correctly refers to 'plastic bags' as it is closer, and i felt 'much longer' is better than 'far longer'.

Retired Moderator
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5102
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags req  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Sep 2016, 09:40
2
Top Contributor
Deepika
In referencing a pronoun, the subject is the first eligible candidate and if that is not gelling logically, then we might look to other nouns.

Now it may be seen that the object noun -plastic bag- does not logically stand for the ‘they’. There is a transition word – but - which denotes a contrast, and means that the left side of the conjunction is opposite of the right. ----such as a positive –negative or a negative –positive combination. In B and C, you find them both as negative –negative combinations. Therefore, the sentence construction is faulty. This aspect has been handled properly in E (as also in D, though with poor parallelism) by giving a positive factor--- less energy --- and take much longer, a negative factor -

I feel it matters not much whether it is much longer or far longer.
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't make out how to pole-vault over the 630-barrier, you can do so with my one-to-one lessons. (+919884544509)
Intern
Joined: 10 Aug 2015
Posts: 27
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 610 Q49 V25
GPA: 2.91
WE: Engineering (Real Estate)
Re: Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags req  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Sep 2016, 12:00
daagh wrote:
E is more parallel than A and hence the correct choice. Drop B and C for using a redundant and ambiguous pronoun 'they'. D is not concise.
However, isn’t ‘require’ an action verb? Wouldn’t it be better to say ‘than do plastic bags’, rather than just ‘than plastic bags’?

Totally agreed, it should have been"than do plastic bags"
_________________
+1 Kudo, if my post helped
Senior Manager
Joined: 23 Apr 2015
Posts: 285
Location: United States
WE: Engineering (Consulting)
Re: Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags req  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Sep 2016, 06:44
AbdurRakib wrote:
Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags require less energy to have to manufacture, ship, and recycle than paper bags but take far longer to decompose naturally.

A. Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags require less energy to have to manufacture, ship, and recycle than paper bags but take far
B. Paper bags require more energy to manufacture, ship, and recycle than plastic bags, which are blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, but they take far
C. Paper bags require more energy to manufacture, ship, and recycle than plastic bags, which are blamed for polluting the ocean and harming small animals, but they take much
D. Blamed for ocean pollution and the harm of small animals, plastic bags require less energy to have to manufacture, ship, and recycle than paper bags, but take much
E. Blamed for polluting the ocean and harming small animals, plastic bags require less energy to manufacture, ship, and recycle than paper bags but take far

Will GMAT have such questions in exam ? Because all the correct OG answers are airtight as per the rules of GMAT Sentence Correction.
Director
Status: Come! Fall in Love with Learning!
Joined: 05 Jan 2017
Posts: 531
Location: India
Re: Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags req  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Mar 2017, 04:16
A. Require less energy to do what? To have to manufacture, Ship, and Recycle. Parallelism error- to have to manufacture is not parallel with the other two items in the list,-Incorrect
B. Parallelism error is rectified. However, a New error is introduced. “They” gives rise to an ambiguous Pronoun error, as it is not clear which noun the pronoun refers to . INCORRECT
C. AMBIGUOUS PRONOUN ERROR- ‘THEY”- INCORRECT
D. Parallelism Error- same as in A- INCORRECT
E. CORRECT ANSWER- REQUIRE LESS ENERGY TO - manufacture, ship, and recycle- Parallelism is maintained; Less...than...correct comparison word; the coordinating conjunction, ‘but’ is correctly used to depict a contradicting action...less energy...but more time
_________________
GMAT Mentors
Manager
Joined: 09 Jan 2016
Posts: 102
GPA: 3.4
WE: General Management (Human Resources)
Re: Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags req  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Mar 2017, 05:32
AbdurRakib wrote:
Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags require less energy to have to manufacture, ship, and recycle than paper bags but take far longer to decompose naturally.

A. Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags require less energy to have to manufacture, ship, and recycle than paper bags but take far
B. Paper bags require more energy to manufacture, ship, and recycle than plastic bags, which are blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, but they take far
C. Paper bags require more energy to manufacture, ship, and recycle than plastic bags, which are blamed for polluting the ocean and harming small animals, but they take much
D. Blamed for ocean pollution and the harm of small animals, plastic bags require less energy to have to manufacture, ship, and recycle than paper bags, but take much
E. Blamed for polluting the ocean and harming small animals, plastic bags require less energy to manufacture, ship, and recycle than paper bags but take far
I am with E...most of the options have pronoun ambiguity.
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 5931
Re: Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags req  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jan 2019, 18:45
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
Re: Blamed for ocean pollution and harming small animals, plastic bags req   [#permalink] 28 Jan 2019, 18:45
Display posts from previous: Sort by