Last visit was: 18 Jul 2024, 09:44 It is currently 18 Jul 2024, 09:44
Close
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.
Close
Request Expert Reply
Confirm Cancel
SORT BY:
Date
Tags:
Difficulty: 605-655 Level,    Pronouns,                
Show Tags
Hide Tags
User avatar
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
Joined: 20 Apr 2005
Posts: 344
Own Kudos [?]: 2439 [227]
Given Kudos: 0
Send PM
Most Helpful Reply
Tutor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 15124
Own Kudos [?]: 66712 [35]
Given Kudos: 436
Location: Pune, India
Send PM
User avatar
Intern
Intern
Joined: 23 Dec 2011
Posts: 22
Own Kudos [?]: 109 [28]
Given Kudos: 26
Location: United States
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GPA: 3.83
WE:Programming (Computer Software)
Send PM
General Discussion
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 17 May 2005
Posts: 130
Own Kudos [?]: 50 [7]
Given Kudos: 0
Location: Auckland, New Zealand
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
3
Kudos
3
Bookmarks
WinWinMBA wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of


would pick A

D and E use the word 'they' which is incorrect for CIA which is singular
the reason i eliminated B and C is because 'powers for' doesn't sound correct to me..but i could be wrong here as i dont know the correct idiom officially
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 07 Apr 2009
Posts: 57
Own Kudos [?]: 455 [2]
Given Kudos: 5
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
1
Kudos
1
Bookmarks
I also want to know that why "it" is not ambiguous here.
User avatar
VP
VP
Joined: 02 Jul 2009
Status:mission completed!
Posts: 1139
Own Kudos [?]: 2137 [6]
Given Kudos: 622
GPA: 3.77
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
4
Kudos
2
Bookmarks
vageesh wrote:
I also want to know that why "it" is not ambiguous here.



Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency - Supreme Court is active and CIA is passive, so SC gives CIA discretionary powers , which enable it (CIA) to withhold from the public.
"it" is not ambigous here at all ;)
avatar
Intern
Intern
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 14
Own Kudos [?]: 6 [0]
Given Kudos: 1
 Q37  V27
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
Even i don't get why "B" is incorrect. Could anyone explain ?
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Status: enjoying
Posts: 5264
Own Kudos [?]: 42142 [16]
Given Kudos: 422
Location: India
WE:Education (Education)
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
9
Kudos
6
Bookmarks
Expert Reply
When there is a pronoun ambiguity in GMAT, one of the best ways of solving the muddle is to apply logic rather than mere structure.

In the given context, there are two eligible contenders for the pronoun’ it’ i.e., Supreme Court and the CIA, but the question is why will Supreme Court award the CIA something in order to enable itself? Isn’t logic missing then? That is the reason to conclude without further doubt that the pronoun refers to the CIA.

The answer is certainly A
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 29 Oct 2008
Posts: 238
Own Kudos [?]: 1231 [8]
Given Kudos: 34
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
5
Kudos
3
Bookmarks
deepaksharma1986 wrote:
Even i don't get why "B" is incorrect. Could anyone explain ?


Take this sentence
I love my girlfriend laughing at the chimps.
Here the bolded part is sufficient to frame the sentence. But adding a modifier [highlight]laughing at the chimps[/highlight] helps in adding information. Something similar has happened in this question:
The correct usage is “A award B X(enabling …)” where (enabling ...) is acting as modifier.

Here enabling is modifying powers, where [highlight]A award B X[/highlight] is fully complete even in absence of modifier
HTH
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2011
Posts: 124
Own Kudos [?]: 895 [2]
Given Kudos: 20
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GPA: 3.95
WE:Information Technology (Computer Software)
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
1
Kudos
1
Bookmarks
PTK wrote:
vageesh wrote:
I also want to know that why "it" is not ambiguous here.



Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency - Supreme Court is active and CIA is passive, so SC gives CIA discretionary powers , which enable it (CIA) to withhold from the public.
"it" is not ambigous here at all ;)


In my opinion, A is correct NOT because of active/passive usage. If the author wanted to refer to SC, then the sentence should have 'reflexive' pronouns rather than ' simple pronoun'. As that is not the case, the 'it' here refers to CIA only but not SC.

Eg: He solved the problem HIMSELF; they caused the trouble THEMSELVES.

Hope this is clear.
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 1690
Own Kudos [?]: 14759 [15]
Given Kudos: 766
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
7
Kudos
8
Bookmarks
Expert Reply
Hi WinWinMBA,

Thank you for your question.

Let's start by looking at the first major difference I saw when looking over the question quickly: it vs. they/them. Since the pronoun is referring back to the Central Intelligence Agency, which is a singular noun, the pronoun should match - so let's keep answers A, B, and C because they use the singular "it" or no pronoun at all. Therefore, we can eliminate answers D & E because they use the plural "they" or "them," which is wrong.

Answer C should also go because it doesn't clearly state WHO gets to do the withholding, and it sounds awkward. This leaves us with answers A & B. Let's look at what is different about each one:

A: enabling it to withhold from the public
B: for it to withhold from the public

In answer B, using the word "for" changes the meaning of the sentence and the intentions of the Supreme Court. By saying they are awarding the CIA powers "for" a purpose, they are saying that the Supreme Court awarded the CIA more power knowing they would use it for that purpose and ONLY that purpose. This isn't true - they just gave the CIA more power, but it's not clear WHY they did so.

The word "enabling" is a much stronger choice to show that the Supreme Court is giving the CIA power, and that power allows them to withhold information. Using "enabling" shows that the court decision is a cause, and withholding information is an effect, which is the intended meaning. The court didn't give them the power to withhold information directly - they did that indirectly by awarding them more power. Therefore, this is the right answer.
Retired Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1258
Own Kudos [?]: 5693 [1]
Given Kudos: 416
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
1
Kudos
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public -- correctly modifying.

(B) for it to withhold from the public --- use of for,

(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of -- use of for, withholding disclosure - wordy

(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure --- pronoun error

(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of -- pronoun error
Retired Moderator
Joined: 31 May 2017
Posts: 746
Own Kudos [?]: 676 [0]
Given Kudos: 53
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public - Correct
(B) for it to withhold from the public - 'for' is incorrect usage
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of - 'for withholding' is incorrect usage
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure - 'enable them' is incorrect usage
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of - "powers that they can withhold" , we are not withholding powers here - Incorrect

Ans: A
Manager
Manager
Joined: 04 Dec 2015
Posts: 187
Own Kudos [?]: 64 [0]
Given Kudos: 407
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
this is a weird one. Does gmat really test you with these kinda questions?

Clearly the usage if *it* in option A is ambiguous!
Manager
Manager
Joined: 21 Jul 2018
Posts: 148
Own Kudos [?]: 65 [0]
Given Kudos: 186
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
Hi VeritasKarishma aragonn

"from the public the identities" sounds awkward but is that correct? I am feeling like some connecting word is missing.
Manager
Manager
Joined: 15 Jul 2016
Posts: 73
Own Kudos [?]: 83 [1]
Given Kudos: 191
Location: India
GMAT 1: 690 Q48 V36
Send PM
By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
1
Kudos
It is important to note that pronoun error is not a deterministic error in GMAT, especially in cases in which you can logically determine what noun that pronoun refers to. The error arises when you're confused with what exactly the pronoun stands for.

Eg; A bird can eat a mango even though it is not very large in size.
Now the ambiguity arises - is it used for bird or the mango?

By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public - it's quite evident that SC will not grant powers to itself to withhold from the public the identities. Therefore, we will keep this answer choice and look for a better one. But we will not eliminate it.

(B) for it to withhold from the public - the usage of for here implies that SC granted this power so that the CIA could withhold from the public.... The intention of the original sentence is certainly not so. The original sentence intends to describe the powers.

(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of - same as B

(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure - SV Agreement error. Them is incorrect here. CIA is clearly a single noun entity.

(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of - SV Agreement error.

Thanks
Intern
Intern
Joined: 12 Feb 2019
Posts: 18
Own Kudos [?]: 7 [0]
Given Kudos: 129
Location: India
GPA: 4
WE:Business Development (Computer Software)
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public -- correctly modifying.

(B) for it to withhold from the public --- use of for,

(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of -- use of for, withholding disclosure - wordy

(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure --- pronoun error

(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of -- pronoun error
Intern
Intern
Joined: 16 Nov 2016
Posts: 13
Own Kudos [?]: 2 [0]
Given Kudos: 106
Concentration: International Business, Marketing
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
WinWinMBA wrote:
By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public

(B) for it to withhold from the public

(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of

(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure

(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of


The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 93
Page: 652


https://www.nytimes.com/1985/04/17/us/justices-grant-cia-wide-discretion-on-secrecy.html

The Supreme Court today gave the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretion to withhold the identities of its sources of intelligence information from public disclosure.


The question can be solved on the basis of of pronoun mismatch , and Idiom.

"They and Them" cannot be used for Supreme court , hence option D and E are eliminated.

The correct usage is "With Hold FROM",option c is eliminated

we are left with option A and B.

Option B is awkard "For it to ....." hence eliminated.

Correct answer is A.
Intern
Intern
Joined: 04 May 2019
Posts: 19
Own Kudos [?]: 53 [1]
Given Kudos: 12
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
1
Kudos
Enabling is modifying "powers" --> enabling should modify CIA. Is my understanding incorrect?
CEO
CEO
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 3721
Own Kudos [?]: 3539 [1]
Given Kudos: 152
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31
Send PM
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
1
Kudos
Expert Reply
payalkhndlwl wrote:
Enabling is modifying "powers" --> enabling should modify CIA. Is my understanding incorrect?

Hi Payal, basically:

i) CIA was awarded powers
ii) Those powers enable CIA <to do something>.

So, enabling correctly modifies powers in the original sentence.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]
 1   2   
Moderators:
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
6984 posts
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
236 posts