GMAT Changed on April 16th - Read about the latest changes here

It is currently 28 May 2018, 02:32

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

7 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 20 Apr 2005
Posts: 560
By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 24 May 2018, 17:24
7
This post received
KUDOS
35
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (00:59) correct 41% (01:09) wrong based on 762 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 93
Page: 652

By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public

(B) for it to withhold from the public

(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of

(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure

(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

Originally posted by WinWinMBA on 03 Jun 2005, 16:33.
Last edited by hazelnut on 24 May 2018, 17:24, edited 4 times in total.
Edited the question.
1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 17 May 2005
Posts: 265
Location: Auckland, New Zealand
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jun 2005, 14:04
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
WinWinMBA wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of


would pick A

D and E use the word 'they' which is incorrect for CIA which is singular
the reason i eliminated B and C is because 'powers for' doesn't sound correct to me..but i could be wrong here as i dont know the correct idiom officially
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 Apr 2009
Posts: 118
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jul 2010, 12:53
I also want to know that why "it" is not ambiguous here.
1 KUDOS received
VP
VP
User avatar
Status: mission completed!
Joined: 02 Jul 2009
Posts: 1350
GPA: 3.77
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jul 2010, 19:43
1
This post received
KUDOS
vageesh wrote:
I also want to know that why "it" is not ambiguous here.



Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency - Supreme Court is active and CIA is passive, so SC gives CIA discretionary powers , which enable it (CIA) to withhold from the public.
"it" is not ambigous here at all ;)
_________________

Audaces fortuna juvat!

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 18
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Mar 2011, 12:16
Even i don't get why "B" is incorrect. Could anyone explain ?
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4259
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Apr 2011, 01:16
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
When there is a pronoun ambiguity in GMAT, one of the best ways of solving the muddle is to apply logic rather than mere structure.

In the given context, there are two eligible contenders for the pronoun’ it’ i.e., Supreme Court and the CIA, but the question is why will Supreme Court award the CIA something in order to enable itself? Isn’t logic missing then? That is the reason to conclude without further doubt that the pronoun refers to the CIA.

The answer is certainly A
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

2 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 29 Oct 2008
Posts: 402
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 May 2011, 16:00
2
This post received
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
deepaksharma1986 wrote:
Even i don't get why "B" is incorrect. Could anyone explain ?


Take this sentence
I love my girlfriend laughing at the chimps.
Here the bolded part is sufficient to frame the sentence. But adding a modifier [highlight]laughing at the chimps[/highlight] helps in adding information. Something similar has happened in this question:
The correct usage is “A award B X(enabling …)” where (enabling ...) is acting as modifier.

Here enabling is modifying powers, where [highlight]A award B X[/highlight] is fully complete even in absence of modifier
HTH
_________________

If you know what you're worth, then go out and get what you're worth. But you gotta be willing to take the hits, and not pointing fingers saying you ain't where you wanna be because of anybody! Cowards do that and You're better than that!
The path is long, but self-surrender makes it short; the way is difficult, but perfect trust makes it easy.

Fire the final bullet only when you are constantly hitting the Bull's eye, till then KEEP PRACTICING.
Failure establishes only this, that our determination to succeed was not strong enough.
Getting defeated is just a temporary notion, giving it up is what makes it permanent.

http://gmatclub.com/forum/1000-sc-notes-at-one-place-in-one-document-with-best-of-explanations-192961.html

Press +1 Kudos, if you think my post gave u a tiny tip.

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Nov 2011
Posts: 232
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GPA: 3.95
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Dec 2011, 22:52
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
PTK wrote:
vageesh wrote:
I also want to know that why "it" is not ambiguous here.



Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency - Supreme Court is active and CIA is passive, so SC gives CIA discretionary powers , which enable it (CIA) to withhold from the public.
"it" is not ambigous here at all ;)


In my opinion, A is correct NOT because of active/passive usage. If the author wanted to refer to SC, then the sentence should have 'reflexive' pronouns rather than ' simple pronoun'. As that is not the case, the 'it' here refers to CIA only but not SC.

Eg: He solved the problem HIMSELF; they caused the trouble THEMSELVES.

Hope this is clear.
_________________

-------------------------
-Aravind Chembeti

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 23 Dec 2011
Posts: 31
Location: United States
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GPA: 3.83
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jan 2015, 03:37
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
IMO - A

By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

Let's re-write this sentence for more clarity : The Central Intelligence Agency broad was awarded discretionary powers by the Supreme Court, enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.. Here 'it' refers back to 'The Central Intelligence Agency', not to anyone else.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public >> this is a cause & effect scenario: V-ing (enabling) is correctly producing the effect of the cause (awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers). And 'it' is referring back to the CIA (closest noun indeed)

(B) for it to withhold from the public >> this is changing the meaning. Now, it is sounding as if SC awarded the DP to CIAB just to enable it to withhold.....so, nonsensical

(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of >> As per VAN rule (Verb>Adj>Noun), using 'withhold' (verb) is preferred over 'withholding' (noun). Also, this is changing the meaning as explained in B.

(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure >> them is incorrect pronoun. Referring to whom??

(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of >> they is incorrect pronoun. Referring to whom??
Expert Post
2 KUDOS received
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
P
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8081
Location: Pune, India
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Feb 2017, 05:06
2
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
WinWinMBA wrote:
By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of


Quote:
I am unable to choose between A and B what is the difference here enabling vs for here

https://gmatclub.com/forum/by-a-vote-of ... 16906.html


Is 'for' more concerned with intent ? the what about 'to' infinintve . Whats the diffirence between for vs to


By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers for it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

The meaning of this sentence is different. We know that broad powers would have made it possible for CIA to withhold the IDs of sources. But this sentence (option B) implies that the broad discretionary powers were given to withhold the IDs. That it made it compulsory for them to withhold the IDs. That is not true. It is given that the powers were discretionary.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
User avatar
B
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 243
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jan 2018, 15:50
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Hi WinWinMBA,

Thank you for your question.

Let's start by looking at the first major difference I saw when looking over the question quickly: it vs. they/them. Since the pronoun is referring back to the Central Intelligence Agency, which is a singular noun, the pronoun should match - so let's keep answers A, B, and C because they use the singular "it" or no pronoun at all. Therefore, we can eliminate answers D & E because they use the plural "they" or "them," which is wrong.

Answer C should also go because it doesn't clearly state WHO gets to do the withholding, and it sounds awkward. This leaves us with answers A & B. Let's look at what is different about each one:

A: enabling it to withhold from the public
B: for it to withhold from the public

In answer B, using the word "for" changes the meaning of the sentence and the intentions of the Supreme Court. By saying they are awarding the CIA powers "for" a purpose, they are saying that the Supreme Court awarded the CIA more power knowing they would use it for that purpose and ONLY that purpose. This isn't true - they just gave the CIA more power, but it's not clear WHY they did so.

The word "enabling" is a much stronger choice to show that the Supreme Court is giving the CIA power, and that power allows them to withhold information. Using "enabling" shows that the court decision is a cause, and withholding information is an effect, which is the intended meaning. The court didn't give them the power to withhold information directly - they did that indirectly by awarding them more power. Therefore, this is the right answer.
_________________

"Students study. GMAT assassins train."
Image

★★★★★ GMAT Club Verified Reviews for EMPOWERgmat & Special Discount

GMAT Club Verbal Advantage EMPOWERgmat Critical Reasoning Question Pack

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
P
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 445
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 May 2018, 17:11
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public -- correctly modifying.

(B) for it to withhold from the public --- use of for,

(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of -- use of for, withholding disclosure - wordy

(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure --- pronoun error

(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of -- pronoun error
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Best Gmat Resource:
GmatPrep CR|GmatPrep SC|GmatPrep RC

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 31 May 2017
Posts: 257
CAT Tests
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 May 2018, 18:10
By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public - Correct
(B) for it to withhold from the public - 'for' is incorrect usage
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of - 'for withholding' is incorrect usage
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure - 'enable them' is incorrect usage
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of - "powers that they can withhold" , we are not withholding powers here - Incorrect

Ans: A
_________________

Please give kudos if it helps

Resources
Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT ! ! ! | SC Blogs by Magoosh | How to improve your verbal score | Things i wish i could've done earlier | Ultimate Q51 Guide

Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc   [#permalink] 21 May 2018, 18:10
Display posts from previous: Sort by

By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligenc

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.