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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2010, 11:15
adishail wrote:
Quote:
[+ to infinitive] She appears to actually like the man, which I find incredible. - observe this! this is wrong on the GMAT


This is not wrong ! The relative pronoun "which" is not modifying man. If it was modifying man, it would have been WHO.

WHICH is modifying the fact that she - likes the man.

She appears to actually like the man, which I find incredible.


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I am non-native speaker :)
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2010, 11:20
devashish wrote:
B because of the Idiomatic use of 'Equipped'. ( i.e equipped to <Verb> ) and 'Appear' (i.e X appears as Y)


My Bad :oops: it should be X appears to be Y
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2011, 05:38
Good question - appear to have been equipped.. B

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2011, 21:09
B is the correct answer.

Guys, you can also eliminate C and D because they have plural noun "paths" but a singular "obstacle"

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2011, 15:22
"To face" is a better construction than "for facing"...Infinitive construction is more apt here than the gerund construction.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2011, 17:40
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I think its B..
Just checked OG 12..the OA is also B..

Here is the explanation

A As equipped indicates that Neanderthals still
appear this way; equipped should be followed
by an infi nitive form instead of a
prepositional phrase.


B Correct. The verb tense clearly indicates
that the current evidence is about
Neanderthals in the past.

C As equipped does not indicate that
Neanderthals appeared this way in the past;
while individual Neanderthals may well
have followed diff erent paths, this sentence
is about the single evolutionary path taken
by Neanderthals as a species.


D Present-tense appear is needed to parallel
present-tense indicates and to reinforce that
this is current evidence about Neanderthals
in the past; as in C, paths should be singular
.

E For facing is an incorrect substitution of a
prepositional phrase for an infinitive.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2011, 07:34
A, C and D are out for not using correct idiom as........as.
The verb "indicates" implies appeared should be in present tense appear. so D and E are out.

Thus Ans. is B.

Is any other good explanation? Please share.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2011, 19:15
Eliminate A and E as they have incorrect idiom (for facing. The correct idiom is "to face an obstacle").

For C and E, again incorrect usage of "as equipped". As equipped as..what/whom? Hence B remains.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2011, 21:22
rgarg1nortel wrote:
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path
, but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the
environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any
obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any
obstacle the environment could put in their path,

What could be the answer and why?


apart from appear to vs appear as, it requires continuous tense as well !
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2011, 05:51
Eliminating others I can reach B. But I am still NOT convinced why B is the absolute right answer.

How can you talk about something in past as if it were in present? Rest aside, I have problem accepting "... Neanderthals appear to have been equipped ..." as the right tense.

I would guess the absolute right solution should be: "... Neanderthals appeared to had been equipped ....", NO?

Could experts here kindly explain if I am missing something?

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Correct Usage of "to have been" [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2011, 06:34
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence,the neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,but their relatively sudden disappearnce during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led o their extinction.

A)appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
B)appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
C)appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
D)appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
E)appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

Source: GMATPrep SC

Official explanation says that Present-tense appear is needed to parallel present-tense indicates and to reinforce that this is current evidence about Neanderthals in the past. Is it really necessary that verbs should be in the same tense when connected by any connector? Doesn't this depend on the context of time frame for which the sentence is talking about?

Experts please explain why option B is the correct answer? As the neanderthals disappeared, shouldn't past tense be used to express their disappearance?

Present perfect tense indicates the action that started at some point in the past and continues to present. Why the use of "present perfect" in option B is correct?

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Re: Correct Usage of "to have been" [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2011, 07:06
Sungoal, I think you ask an excellent question here and I don't see anyone addressing it in previous posts. I also don't know the answer and hope someone will help with the specific question as to why present perfect is OK here. If I were to venture a guess, I'd say it has to do with the "appear" before it, and that maybe because of it being in present tense the order should be- present, present perfect. Or maybe the idea that this observation still holds today? I don't know. Unlike most issues, MGMAT and other sources I've checked out, don't address this.

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Re: Correct Usage of "to have been" [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2011, 10:03
Theory #1:
Maybe this is why: According to MGMAT SC guide, "the Present Perfect indicates either continued action or continued effect of a completed action."
Completed action = equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path
I think the key lies in "indicates that an inability to adapt." So there still exists an effect. Even though what caused this current effect is their "sudden disappearance." Because "equipped to face" works in conjunction with "sudden disappearance" (with the "but") to make a point, and that point still holds today.
Theory #2:
Also, if nothing else, we really have no other choice but to use the present perfect. (Let’s even pretend the “as” is not there because “appear as” is an incorrect idiom.) We know we can't use simple past because of the use of the simple past ("appear") before it (which we concede we need for parallelism) because "appear equipped" means you are observing that right now. "Jack appears equipped to fight." And based on what you said about them disappearing, one might consider Past Perfect if it were a choice here. Even if it was, "In general, you should use Past Perfect only to clarify or emphasize a sequence of past events. The earlier event should somehow have a bearing on the context of the later event. Moreover, if the sequence is already obvious, we often do not need the Past Perfect." And "Clauses linked by 'and' and 'but' do not require the Past Perfect unnecessary."
But like you, I hope an expert chimes in.

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Re: Correct Usage of "to have been" [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2011, 10:20
ugggg, also it's an idiom. How lame right, but it's true: "The dinosaurs appear to have been relatively smart." IS CORRECT! MGMAT SC guide P. 144.

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Re: Correct Usage of "to have been" [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2011, 10:25
I never expected it to be an idiom.

Thanks stringworm... :)

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Re: Correct Usage of "to have been" [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2011, 15:50
No prob...hope to see more good questions from you.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2012, 08:00
OG said "path" should be singular. Why is that?

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence,the neanderthalsappear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,but their relatively sudden disappearnce during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led o their extinction.

A)appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path
B)appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
C)appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
D)appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
E)appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

I am confused between B, C, D

to face any obstacle and for facing any obstacle is the only split I'm able to make clearly.

Please help with a solid reason of why you eliminated C, D and chose B.

Thanks

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2012, 16:00
first split : Equipped to face = narrowed down to B / C/ D

2nd split : In C n D : ...............Appear as equipped to face...........= doesn"t sound good/ idiomatically too = Eliminated

............verbal gurus appear as equipped to face any question in gmat

............verbal gurus appear to be equipped to face any questions in gmat = Sound much better

leading to B , my take

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2012, 18:44
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<<their relatively sudden disappearnce during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led o their extinction>>

sentence needs to be in present tense because of "indicates"

so, D and E are out.

C contains equipped --needs to be have been equipped as we have "indicates" in the later half
thier paths - no need to use plural 'paths' here

B has all these taken care
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc   [#permalink] 31 Aug 2012, 18:44

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