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Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay

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2. Which of the following most accurately states the central purpose of the passage?

(A) To criticize the implementation of a new procedure
(B) To assess the significance of a change in policy
(C) To illustrate how a new standard alters procedures
(D) To explain how a new policy is applied in specific cases
(E) To summarize the changes made to date as a result of social policy
As to why B is the answer:

In the middle of the 2nd paragraph, onto the first sentence of the 3rd:

However, the question still remains: have the gains already made in pay equity under comparable worth principles been of a precedent-setting nature or are they mostly transitory, a function of concessions made by employers to misled female employees into believing that they have made long-term pay equity gains?

Comparable worth pay adjustments are indeed precedent-setting.

Precedent-setting = Never done before ---> Implies that a certain kind of change has occurred.­

You can also see in the first paragraph this section: "In the last decade, this approach has become a critical social policy issue, as large numbers of private-sector firms and industries as well as federal, state, and local governmental entities have adopted comparable worth policies or begun to consider doing so".

Comparable Worth is a new policy because it states that entities have adopted the comparable worth policies over the last decade. The adoption of these policies would represent a change in policy (from a different policy or no policy at all)...

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Demoralized.
Got them all wrong
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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]
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As to why not option E in the question 4:

We need an option which can compare two dissimilar jobs in types but similar in skill set used.But both the professions have different salaries that is where comparable worth is useful as a policy

Coming to options:

(D) The skills, training, and job responsibilities of the clerks in the township tax assessor's office are compared to those of the much better-paid township engineers.
Clerks are compared in skill set with engineers, but the engineers are paid more.=>PERFECT
(E) The working conditions of female workers in a hazardous-materials environment are reviewed and their pay schedules compared to those of all workers in similar environments across the nation.
Working conditions and pay schedules of workers in similar environment across nation, we aren't using Comparable worth here.

Comparable worth is applied to dissimilar jobs using similar skill set.

Hope that helps­
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RC is a matter of process and practice. Your first read needs to be "complete". By complete I don't mean that you understand every bit of the passage and have all parts perfectly stored in your short term memory. You should have a really good sense of the main point of the passage and the sub-points as well. You should have a good feel of the location of key elements of the passage. In short, after your first read you should be able to answer general questions about the passage (main point, author would agree with, etc.) without having to look back at the passage and you should know where to go back to re-read (in more depth) the passage to answer specific detail and inference questions. This first read should be 3-5 minutes. You have to focus on structure, not details, to hit this time.

Practice RC passages consistently as you go through the other GMAT areas.

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]
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1. According to the passage, which of the following is true of comparable worth as a policy?

(A) Comparable worth policy decisions in pay-inequity cases have often failed to satisfy the complaints

(B) Comparable worth policies have been applied to both public-sector and private-sector employee pay schedules

(C) Comparable worth as a policy has come to be widely criticized in the past decade

(D) Many employers have considered comparable worth as a policy but very few have actually adopted is.

(E) Early implementations of comparable worth policies resulted in only transitory gains in pay equity

Hey,

I have a problem with question 1. I do understand it and I have answered it correctly, but lost quite some time (about 2 mins) to decide whether (B) is NOT a booby trap. Let me tell you why:

The passage states: "as large numbers of private-sector firms and industries as well as federal, state, and local governmental entities have adopted comparable worth policies or begun to consider doing so.". Answer choice (B) says: "b. Comparable worth policies have been applied to both public-sector and private-sector employee pay schedules". Now, I clearly have a problem with "or have begun to consider doing so" as on other passages I have encountered similar traps that just make you choose something and then twist the context a little bit and define it wrong.

Do you have any tips how to tackle these kinds of situations?

Thanks!­
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1. According to the passage, which of the following is true of comparable worth as a policy?

(A) Comparable worth policy decisions in pay-inequity cases have often failed to satisfy the complaints

(B) Comparable worth policies have been applied to both public-sector and private-sector employee pay schedules

(C) Comparable worth as a policy has come to be widely criticized in the past decade

(D) Many employers have considered comparable worth as a policy but very few have actually adopted is.

(E) Early implementations of comparable worth policies resulted in only transitory gains in pay equity
​​​​​​​
Hey,

I have a problem with question 1. I do understand it and I have answered it correctly, but lost quite some time (about 2 mins) to decide whether (B) is NOT a booby trap. Let me tell you why:

The passage states: "as large numbers of private-sector firms and industries as well as federal, state, and local governmental entities have adopted comparable worth policies or begun to consider doing so.". Answer choice (B) says: "b. Comparable worth policies have been applied to both public-sector and private-sector employee pay schedules". Now, I clearly have a problem with "or have begun to consider doing so" as on other passages I have encountered similar traps that just make you choose something and then twist the context a little bit and define it wrong.

Do you have any tips how to tackle these kinds of situations?

Thanks!­

You are right to be careful about falling into GMAT traps. Here are a few points to consider. First, on RC questions (really all verbal questions), you will eliminate your way to the correct answer. The other four questions here are clearly wrong, so you are left with answer choice B. Next, look carefully at the wording of the question: "Which of the following is TRUE of comparable worth as a policy?". Sure, the passage includes the phrase "consider to do", but does the information in the passage state that the policy has been applied to both private/public sectors? The passage says that LARGE numbers of private-sector firms and [public entities] have adopted comparable worth policies... The GMAT is careful to use a word like large and to include both sectors in the sentence so it is clear that the policies have been adopted by both entities.

You might not feel 100% comfortable with the correct answer, but the statement is true and the other options can be confidently eliminated.

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I believe i was going quite good with the attempts. And yes i am quite thorough with the strategies. I have found myself with this failed outcome whenever i tried to over-pace myself. Any solution to work out with that or is it sheer practice?
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Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]
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I believe i was going quite good with the attempts. And yes i am quite thorough with the strategies. I have found myself with this failed outcome whenever i tried to over-pace myself. Any solution to work out with that or is it sheer practice?

Practice will really help you. Working quickly through problems will typically give a negative result. When you say "out pace" do you mean moving faster than standard pacing or faster than you are used to in order to hit standard pacing?

You can also spend time reading materials that are similar to GMAT passages. There are plenty of threads in this forum discussing reading material on which to practice. Let me know if you can't find a thread.

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]
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Hi KyleWiddison

In Q2 OA we have "assess" word. As per my understanding, "assess" shows Author showed some opinion in the passage. However, passage just listed down the facts and no opinion was shown.

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Hi KyleWiddison

In Q2 OA we have "assess" word. As per my understanding, "assess" shows Author showed some opinion in the passage. However, passage just listed down the facts and no opinion was shown.

'Assess' by definition is not necessarily an opinion. To asses is "to evaluate or estimate the nature, ability, or quality of". The assessment would be an outlining of the different factual components of a situation, like what you see in that problem...

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]
Hi Everyone,

I have a quick question that I'm wondering someone can quickly help me with.

For the question

"According to the passage, which of the following is true of comparable worth as a policy", why is the correct answer B or:

"Comparable worth policies have been applied to both public sector and private sector employee pay schedules". I guess what I'm confused about is why we can definitively conclude that comparable worth has been applied both to public and private pay schedules.

The first paragraph says that public/private has adopted comparable worth policies, but does not necessarily indicate that public/private have applied comparable worth policies to pay schedules specifically?

I was thinking that it is possible policies could be applied to things other than pay schedules, and hence we can't guarantee from the passage that the policies were applied to both public/private pay schedules. It it possible that pay schedules were only evaluated in either public or private settings? The passage doesn't explicitly say whether the policies were applied to the pay schedules for public, private, or both, and therefore I felt selecting answer choice B would be incorrect.

Appreciate any help from the group as I still can't seem to get a handle on this question even after looking at everyone's responses.

Thanks.
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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]
Hi Everyone,

I have a quick question that I'm wondering someone can quickly help me with.

For the question

"According to the passage, which of the following is true of comparable worth as a policy", why is the correct answer B or:

"Comparable worth policies have been applied to both public sector and private sector employee pay schedules". I guess what I'm confused about is why we can definitively conclude that comparable worth has been applied both to public and private pay schedules.

The first paragraph says that public/private has adopted comparable worth policies, but does not necessarily indicate that public/private have applied comparable worth policies to pay schedules specifically?

I was thinking that it is possible policies could be applied to things other than pay schedules, and hence we can't guarantee from the passage that the policies were applied to both public/private pay schedules. It it possible that pay schedules were only evaluated in either public or private settings? The passage doesn't explicitly say whether the policies were applied to the pay schedules for public, private, or both, and therefore I felt selecting answer choice B would be incorrect.

Appreciate any help from the group as I still can't seem to get a handle on this question even after looking at everyone's responses.

Thanks.

I can understand the hang up due to the shift in terms, but you have to go back to what Comparable Worth really means - getting paid fairly for the work provided. Since it has everything to do with getting paid, it is not an illogical stretch to say that the implementation was part of the pay schedules.

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]
I took 6:15 to get all 4 correct. However I don't quite understand the passage after the 2mins initial read, I dont even exactly get what comparable worth is after finishing the questions (which are kinda straightforward imo)

This is the case for quite a few "boring" topics for me. Should I allocate more minutes for the initial read to have a clearer idea? Usuall I jump straight to the questions as soon as the GMATTimer dings
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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

I would say 2-3:30 on the passage and 1-1:30 on the questions...

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]
Question # 4:

It can be inferred from the passage that application of ???other mandate??? (see highlighted text) would be unlikely to result in an outcome satisfactory to the female employees in which of the following situations?

I: males employed as long-distance truck drivers for a furniture company make \$3.50 more per hour than do females with comparable job experience employed in the same capacity.

II: women working in the office of a cement company contend that their jobs are as demanding and valuable as those of the men working outside in the cement factory, but the women are paid much less per hour.

III: a law firm employs both male and female paralegals with the same educational and career backgrounds, but the same salary for male paralegals is \$5,000 more than female paralegals.
A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II only
E. I and III only

I am unable to conclude 'B' as the answer. Can someone please share an explanation.
Thanks!
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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]
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Quote:
Question # 4:

It can be inferred from the passage that application of ???other mandate??? (see highlighted text) would be unlikely to result in an outcome satisfactory to the female employees in which of the following situations?

I: males employed as long-distance truck drivers for a furniture company make \$3.50 more per hour than do females with comparable job experience employed in the same capacity.

II: women working in the office of a cement company contend that their jobs are as demanding and valuable as those of the men working outside in the cement factory, but the women are paid much less per hour.

III: a law firm employs both male and female paralegals with the same educational and career backgrounds, but the same salary for male paralegals is \$5,000 more than female paralegals.
A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II only
E. I and III only

I am unable to conclude 'B' as the answer. Can someone please share an explanation.
Thanks!

Thanks for the question, mbaprep2017!

We are looking for situations where applying the "other mandates" (ie mandates besides comparable worth "that can be applied to reduce or eliminate unjustified pay gaps between male and female workers"), would likely result in unsatisfactory outcomes for the female employees. What do we know about those "other mandates"? According to the second sentence of the third paragraph, those other mandates "have not remedied perceived pay inequities satisfactorily for the litigants in cases in which men and women hold different jobs". Thus, we are looking for situations where there is an "unjustified pay gap between male and female workers" and where the "men and women hold different jobs" because those are the situations where the other mandates are unlikely to result in an outcome satisfactory to the female employees:

Option I: Here we are comparing men and women "with comparable job experience employed in the same capacity." Because the men and women involved hold the same job, the situation does not fit our criteria; nothing in the passage tells us that applying the "other mandates" will result in unsatisfactory outcomes in situations where the men and women hold the same job.

Option II: Here we have men and women holding different jobs (the men are working outside in the cement factory and the women are working inside the office); we also have a pay gap between male and female workers ("the women are paid much less per hour"). This fits our criteria perfectly (different jobs, difference in pay between male and female workers), and it is thus unlikely that application of the "other mandates" will result in an outcome satisfactory to the female employees. (vs application of comparable worth, which would compare the values of the tasks performed in these dissimilar jobs)

Option III: Here we have men and women with the same job, same education, and same career backgrounds. As with Option I, nothing in the passage tells us that applying the "other mandates" will result in unsatisfactory outcomes in situations where the men and women hold the same job.

So only option II describes a situation where the application of the other mandates "would be unlikely to result in an outcome satisfactory to the female employees", so the answer is B.
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Quote:
Question # 4:

It can be inferred from the passage that application of ???other mandate??? (see highlighted text) would be unlikely to result in an outcome satisfactory to the female employees in which of the following situations?

I: males employed as long-distance truck drivers for a furniture company make \$3.50 more per hour than do females with comparable job experience employed in the same capacity.

II: women working in the office of a cement company contend that their jobs are as demanding and valuable as those of the men working outside in the cement factory, but the women are paid much less per hour.

III: a law firm employs both male and female paralegals with the same educational and career backgrounds, but the same salary for male paralegals is \$5,000 more than female paralegals.
A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II only
E. I and III only

I am unable to conclude 'B' as the answer. Can someone please share an explanation.
Thanks!

Thanks for the question,

We are looking for situations where applying the "other mandates" (ie mandates besides comparable worth "that can be applied to reduce or eliminate unjustified pay gaps between male and female workers"), would likely result in unsatisfactory outcomes for the female employees. What do we know about those "other mandates"? According to the second sentence of the third paragraph, those other mandates "have not remedied perceived pay inequities satisfactorily for the litigants in cases in which men and women hold different jobs". Thus, we are looking for situations where there is an "unjustified pay gap between male and female workers" and where the "men and women hold different jobs" because those are the situations where the other mandates are unlikely to result in an outcome satisfactory to the female employees:

Option I: Here we are comparing men and women "with comparable job experience employed in the same capacity." Because the men and women involved hold the same job, the situation does not fit our criteria; nothing in the passage tells us that applying the "other mandates" will result in unsatisfactory outcomes in situations where the men and women hold the same job.

Option II: Here we have men and women holding different jobs (the men are working outside in the cement factory and the women are working inside the office); we also have a pay gap between male and female workers ("the women are paid much less per hour"). This fits our criteria perfectly (different jobs, difference in pay between male and female workers), and it is thus unlikely that application of the "other mandates" will result in an outcome satisfactory to the female employees. (vs application of comparable worth, which would compare the values of the tasks performed in these dissimilar jobs)

Option III: Here we have men and women with the same job, same education, and same career backgrounds. As with Option I, nothing in the passage tells us that applying the "other mandates" will result in unsatisfactory outcomes in situations where the men and women hold the same job.

So only option II describes a situation where the application of the other mandates "would be unlikely to result in an outcome satisfactory to the female employees", so the answer is B.

I don't quite understand why in Option I they have the same job. It seems as they have similar jobs, but different. Dont quite get why this option is incorrect
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