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Consumer advocate: There is no doubt that the government

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Consumer advocate: There is no doubt that the government  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2017, 05:26
3
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A
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  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

16% (01:11) correct 84% (01:24) wrong based on 706 sessions

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Consumer advocate: There is no doubt that the government is responsible for the increased cost of gasoline, because the government’s policies have significantly increased consumer demand for fuel, and as a result of increasing demand, the price of gasoline has risen steadily.

Which one of the following is an assumption required by the consumer advocate’s argument?


(A) The government can bear responsibility for that which it indirectly causes.

(B) The government is responsible for some unforeseen consequences of its policies.

(C) Consumer demand for gasoline cannot increase without causing gasoline prices to increase.

(D) The government has an obligation to ensure that demand for fuel does not increase excessively.

(E) If the government pursues policies that do not increase the demand for fuel, gasoline prices tend to remain stable

Source: LSAT
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Re: Consumer advocate: There is no doubt that the government  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2017, 21:45
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ganand wrote:
Consumer advocate: There is no doubt that the government is responsible for the increased cost of gasoline, because the government’s policies have significantly increased consumer demand for fuel, and as a result of increasing demand, the price of gasoline has risen steadily.

Which one of the following is an assumption required by the consumer advocate’s argument?


(A) The government can bear responsibility for that which it indirectly causes.

(B) The government is responsible for some unforeseen consequences of its policies.

(C) Consumer demand for gasoline cannot increase without causing gasoline prices to increase.

(D) The government has an obligation to ensure that demand for fuel does not increase excessively.

(E) If the government pursues policies that do not increase the demand for fuel, gasoline prices tend to remain stable

Source: LSAT


Done in 3 mins :(

The argument is:

Gov's policies => increase consumer demand for fuel => increase the price of gasoline
Conclusion: Gov is responsible for the increased cost of gasoline.

Now check each choice.

(A) The government can bear responsibility for that which it indirectly causes.
Correct. As the increase in gasoline prices is the consequences of goverment's policies, the author assumes that the goverment is responsible for it's policies' indirect consequences

(B) The government is responsible for some unforeseen consequences of its policies.
This choice is somewhat true and relevant to the argument. However, we can't know that the increase in gasoline prices is the unforeseen consequences of government's policies or not. The passage didn't mention anything about the forecast of the government. Choice A is better.

(C) Consumer demand for gasoline cannot increase without causing gasoline prices to increase.
I think this choice could be a trap since we use reverse way, which is the common way to solve CR questions, to check the argument. In fact, this choice is irrelevant to the argument because the argument did state that the increase in demand for gasoline caused the increase in gasoline prices.

(D) The government has an obligation to ensure that demand for fuel does not increase excessively.
This choice is irrelevant.

(E) If the government pursues policies that do not increase the demand for fuel, gasoline prices tend to remain stable
This is a really good trap. In choice E, if demand for fuel didn't increase, gasoline prices tend to remain, so the government isn't responsible for the increased cost of gasoline. However, the gasoline prices isn't necessarily stable. What if the prices go down in case that the demand didn't increase but decrease instead?
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Re: Consumer advocate: There is no doubt that the government  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2017, 23:53
deepali9 wrote:
Can someone explain the difference between option A and B and how B is much better option?


The correct answer is A, and not B. So, B is in fact not a much better option.
The problem with B is with the word "unforeseen", and we have no clue from the argument whether government expected or did not expected the price increase. All we know that the government took some initiative and its associated result.
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Re: Consumer advocate: There is no doubt that the government  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2017, 22:07
nguyendinhtuong wrote:
ganand wrote:
Consumer advocate: There is no doubt that the government is responsible for the increased cost of gasoline, because the government’s policies have significantly increased consumer demand for fuel, and as a result of increasing demand, the price of gasoline has risen steadily.

Which one of the following is an assumption required by the consumer advocate’s argument?


(A) The government can bear responsibility for that which it indirectly causes.

(B) The government is responsible for some unforeseen consequences of its policies.

(C) Consumer demand for gasoline cannot increase without causing gasoline prices to increase.

(D) The government has an obligation to ensure that demand for fuel does not increase excessively.

(E) If the government pursues policies that do not increase the demand for fuel, gasoline prices tend to remain stable

Source: LSAT


Done in 3 mins :(

The argument is:

Gov's policies => increase consumer demand for fuel => increase the price of gasoline
Conclusion: Gov is responsible for the increased cost of gasoline.

Now check each choice.

(A) The government can bear responsibility for that which it indirectly causes.
Correct. As the increase in gasoline prices is the consequences of goverment's policies, the author assumes that the goverment is responsible for it's policies' indirect consequences

(B) The government is responsible for some unforeseen consequences of its policies.
This choice is somewhat true and relevant to the argument. However, we can't know that the increase in gasoline prices is the unforeseen consequences of government's policies or not. The passage didn't mention anything about the forecast of the government. Choice A is better.

(C) Consumer demand for gasoline cannot increase without causing gasoline prices to increase.
I think this choice could be a trap since we use reverse way, which is the common way to solve CR questions, to check the argument. In fact, this choice is irrelevant to the argument because the argument did state that the increase in demand for gasoline caused the increase in gasoline prices.

(D) The government has an obligation to ensure that demand for fuel does not increase excessively.
This choice is irrelevant.

(E) If the government pursues policies that do not increase the demand for fuel, gasoline prices tend to remain stable
This is a really good trap. In choice E, if demand for fuel didn't increase, gasoline prices tend to remain, so the government isn't responsible for the increased cost of gasoline. However, the gasoline prices isn't necessarily stable. What if the prices go down in case that the demand didn't increase but decrease instead?



I still didn't get why E is not the answer.

Due to gov policies demand increased and also the price of fuel. So the assumption could be if policies didn't have effect on fuel demand then price could be stable.

Where did i missed my logic? egmat
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Consumer advocate: There is no doubt that the government  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2017, 22:35
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sai897 wrote:

I still didn't get why E is not the answer.


Two primary reasons,
1. The correct answer in an assumption question must connect the premise and the conclusion, or work within the gap between the premise and the conclusion.
The main conclusion is : "There is no doubt that the government is responsible for the increased cost of gasoline", so the correct one must, in some way, relate to this conclusion. E deals only with the premise.
2. E can also be treated as out of scope.
The primary condition of the argument: "government’s policies that have significantly increased consumer demand for fuel", while E changes the condition to "government pursues policies that do not increase the demand for fuel".
Eliminate E

sai897 wrote:
Due to gov policies demand increased and also the price of fuel. So the assumption could be if policies didn't have effect on fuel demand then price could be stable.

Where did i missed my logic? egmat


No.
"If the government’s policies have significantly increased consumer demand for fuel, the price of gasoline will rise steadily". is not same as,
"If the government’s policies have not significantly increased consumer demand for fuel, the price of gasoline will rise steadily". Either consider it from #2 above that changes the condition, or consider it from "If X, then Y" is not equal to "if not X, then Y"
the correct one would be,
"If the price of gasoline did not rise steadily, the government’s policies would not have significantly increased consumer demand for fuel". But, in this question this would also have been incorrect as #1.
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Consumer advocate: There is no doubt that the government &nbs [#permalink] 20 Mar 2017, 22:35
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