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Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset

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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2019, 00:18
shrutig87 wrote:
This question seems to have an error in every answer.

Choice C - "it" pronoun error. We donot know what it refers to - impact or daylight saving time.
Choice E - "may" and "possible increase" are redundant


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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2019, 21:21
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Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, have been shown to be neutral, at best???research indicates that it may actually increase the number of car accidents occurring on the Monday after the clocks spring forward???some countries do not observe it.

A - Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, have been shown to be neutral, at best???research indicates that it may actually increase

B - Even though the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral, at best???research indicates that it actually increases

C - Since the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral, at best???research indicates that it actually increases

D - Because the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral???at best, research indicates that it may actually result in an increase in

E - Because Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to have a neutral impact, at best???research indicates that it may actually result in a possible increase in


hi , is there any subject verb agreement issue in above question ...because while i was answering this question i noticed a split ...."that it may actually result in an increase" in few options and "indicates that it actually increases" i few other...
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2019, 02:02
Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, have been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it may actually increase the number of car accidents occurring on the Monday after the clocks spring forward—some countries do not observe it.


OPTION A AND B are deceiving because of the presence of apparent contrast, present in them.
If. We read just the underlined portion of the sentence, it’s possible to make the mistake of eliminating the options C,D and E. However from the last part (“some countries do not observe it.”) it’s clear that the the sentence does not require contrast.
Hence we can eliminate options A&B.

A - Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, have been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it may actually increase>> This option is wrong due to the reason mention above. Also the use of ‘Have been’ is incorrect. It should be ‘has been’ as ‘impact’ is a singular

B - Even though the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it actually increases
>> We can eliminate B due to the reason mentioned at first

C - Since the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it actually increases
>>Correct option

D - Because the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral—at best, research indicates that it may actually result in an increase in
>>The result has already proven that the result . Hence the usage ‘may actually result’ is incorrect’.
Also the placement of ‘at-the best’ is incorrect’. If you remove the parts separated by comma and hyphen, then the sentence condenses to “Because….at the best some countries….”

E - Because Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to have a neutral impact, at best—research indicates that it may actually result in a possible increase in >> Same errors of option D have been repeated here
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2020, 15:31
If we just get rid of the part of the sentence in between the dashes then we would actually get the true meaning of the sentence.

Dashes -- are just providing extra information on how the impact of DST is neutral at best.

Meaning :- Since DST is neutral at best, some countries do not take it up

Even though/ Despite DST is neutral at best, some countries do not take it up would be Incorrect as there is no contrast in it. If there were contrast, it would have been

Even though/ Despite DST is neutral at best, some countries takes it up.

Hence only C conveys the intended meaning and thus the correct answer.
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2020, 20:36
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By the time we reach the point where it says “have been shown to be neutral” we know that SVA is being tested here. Based on this we can quickly eliminate Option A. We are then left with:

B – Even though the impact of DST, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it actually increases the number of car accidents occurring on the Monday after the clocks spring forward—some countries do not observe it.

Look at these sentences with ‘even though’:
I bought the video game, even though it was expensive.
Even though his car wasn’t in perfect shape, Jake still won the race.

The use of ‘even though’ in this question does not satisfy the above structure. There is no contradiction or contrast that follows the use of ‘even though’. The negative effect that is given (increase in the number of accidents) is not used here as contrast but as a reason why some countries don’t observe it. We can eliminate this.

C – Since the impact of DST, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it actually increases the number of car accidents occurring on the Monday after the clocks spring forward—some countries do not observe it.

C is to the point. Since impact of DST is neutral at best or negative, some countries do not follow it. This is the right answer.

D – Because the impact of DST, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral—at best, research indicates that it may actually result in an increase in the number of car accidents occurring on the Monday after the clocks spring forward—some countries do not observe it.

Here the structure is not what is required. It changes the intended meaning. We need the phrase to say: neutral, at best (and not neutral—at best,). We can eliminate this option.

E – Because DST, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to have a neutral impact, at best—research indicates that it may actually result in a possible increase in the number of car accidents occurring on the Monday after the clocks spring forward—some countries do not observe it.

Redundancy – ‘may’ and ‘possible’ together. Eliminate this option.

Hope this helps.
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2020, 04:45
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Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

Skyline393 wrote:
Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, have been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it may actually increase the number of car accidents occurring on the Monday after the clocks spring forward—some countries do not observe it.

A - Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, have been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it may actually increase

B - Even though the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it actually increases

C - Since the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it actually increases

D - Because the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral—at best, research indicates that it may actually result in an increase in

E - Because Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to have a neutral impact, at best—research indicates that it may actually result in a possible increase in


Choice A: Option A uses "have" to refer to the singular noun "Daylight Saving Time". Furthermore, this option distorts the meaning of the sentence; the use of "Despite" indicates contrast, which does not make sense as the sentence is providing a reason why some countries do not adopt Daylight Saving Time. Thus, Option A is incorrect.

Choice B: Option B shares the second flaw of Option A, as it uses the term "Even though", which also shows contrast. Thus Option B is also incorrect.

Choice C: Option C preserves the intended meaning of the sentence, maintains proper subject-verb agreement, and utilizes proper comma placement. Thus, Option C is the correct answer.

Choice D: In Option D we can see an issue with the placement of the phrase "at best". This phrase should be separated from "neutral" by a comma, modifying it to indicate that the impact of Daylight Saving Time is, in the most positive interpretation, only neutral and never positive. Here, the comma has been placed after at best; thus, if we remove the information between two commas, the sentence will read "Because the impact of Daylight Saving Time, research indicates that it may actually result in an increase in...after the clocks spring forward—some countries do not observe it.", which is not a complete sentence. Therefore, Option D is incorrect.

Choice E: Option E repeats the comma placement error of Option D. Removing the information between commas will result in an incomplete sentence. Furthermore, "may actually result in a possible increase" is wordy and redundant. Thus, Option E is incorrect.

Hence, C is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of “Extra Information between Two Commas”, you may want to watch the following video (~1 minute):



All the best!
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2020, 22:27
Hey generis, VeritasKarishma
Can’t at the onset of which refer to the whole phrase “impact of daylight saving time”?
I mean isn’t daylight saving time a prep phrase?
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2020, 21:06
Can someone explain why we can't eliminate C based on the fact that the subject is "the impact", and "some countries do not observe it (the impact)" does not make sense?
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2020, 17:43
shrutig87 wrote:
This question seems to have an error in every answer.

Choice C - "it" pronoun error. We donot know what it refers to - impact or daylight saving time.
Choice E - "may" and "possible increase" are redundant


It refers to impact, DST is standard it can't be increased or decreased. so it can not refer to dst
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2020, 19:12
tadada50 wrote:
Can someone explain why we can't eliminate C based on the fact that the subject is "the impact", and "some countries do not observe it (the impact)" does not make sense?
Hi tadada50,

Pronoun ambiguity is usually not a major issue. That is, we should look for other, more reliable splits before taking a call on the basis of pronoun ambiguity. Although the it in the correct option could refer to impact, option C remains the best of the five options given to us.
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2020, 23:07
Hi Experts,

Could you please tell me why C is a better option that B? Doesn't it intend to communicate the meaning that it is shown to be neutral but it increases ?
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2020, 18:23
archanam9449 wrote:
Hi Experts,

Could you please tell me why C is a better option that B? Doesn't it intend to communicate the meaning that it is shown to be neutral but it increases ?
Hi archanam9449,

You may want to take a look at this post.
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2020, 17:06
generis wrote:
avin2788 wrote:
Two doubts -

1. Despite is used when there are contradictory sentences - which is present in this case. However, the correct option uses "Since".

2. "at best—research indicates that it may actually increase" - why "may" word is omitted in the correct option?

Hi avin2788 ,
Quote:
1. Despite is used when there are contradictory sentences - which is present in this case. However, the correct option uses "Since".


In this case, although it may seem as if we have a contradiction, we don't have one.

Research has proven that Daylight Saving Time is neutral at best.
Research has also shown that car accidents increase on the Monday after the time switch.

Daylight Saving Time at best does not help (is unproductive).
At worse, it is unproductive and counterproductive—it causes accidents is counterproductive).

Because Daylight Saving Time has neutral or bad effects, some countries do not use it.
Since DST has neutral or bad effects, some countries do not use it.

No contradiction exists.
X is neutral at best and bad at worst, so some countries do not use it.
Quote:
2. "at best—research indicates that it may actually increase" - why "may" word is omitted in the correct option?

May is omitted because it is unnecessary.
It also dilutes the sentence.
Accidents either increase or they do not.
The research shows that accidents do increase.
The "may" is a hedge or a filler.

If Daylight Saving Time is at best neutral in terms of fulfilling its original intent
to conserve energy;
and if DST does increase car accidents (not possibly increase accidents),
the logic underlying some countries' rejection of DST is stronger. :)



Even though possibly and may seems redundant, I agree to disagree that using "may" alone is wrong/redundant. Infact I believe may should be the part of the correct answer.

For any research of such kind, most of the times a sample is picked out which may or may not be representative of the underlying population distribution (Researchers arrive at a conclusion by picking up an unbiased sample and doing statistical signifance testing. However, it can be very well true that they don't arrive at any conclusion which at best shows here (it is either negative or neutral, definitely not positive). Now since research might show that they are not confident in their results, they probably will not make an definite conclusion for eg: it increases accidents (this is totally far fetched in an experimental setup).

I think the context of the question "may" seem possible to me.

Let me know if this doesn't make sense or I am drowning in my emotions :P

Thanks anyways for all your helpful explanations throughout this forum!

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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset   [#permalink] 23 Apr 2020, 17:06

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