GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 14 Nov 2019, 21:39

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 31 Jul 2006
Posts: 418
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 04 Nov 2019, 02:08
3
60
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (01:03) correct 34% (01:13) wrong based on 3252 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.


(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent

(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent

(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably



https://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/26/business/women-are-close-to-being-majority-of-law-students.html

Some important obstacles still remain. Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar exams,the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not kept pace. In New York, for example, where women represent more than 41 percent of the associates at law firms, fewer than 14 percent of the partners are women, according to the National Association of Law Placement.

Originally posted by Nsentra on 28 Oct 2006, 19:17.
Last edited by Bunuel on 04 Nov 2019, 02:08, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2922
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jan 2018, 11:21
7
6
Quote:
(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent

This one is a gift from the GMAT gods: “… the proportion of (blah blah)… HAVE not risen…”

Nope, that’s a classic subject-verb error. We can get rid of (A). Thank you for giving us something easy for once, GMAT!

Quote:
(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably

(B) has exactly the same subject-verb error as (A): “… the proportion… HAVE not risen…” So (B) is gone, too.

Isn’t this exciting?

Quote:
(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

Well, this works just fine: “the proportion… has not risen comparably.” Let’s keep (C).

Quote:
(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent

Well, there are two things that are different in (D) than in (C). One is that the word “comparably” is used in (C), but “to a comparable extent” appears in its place in (D). Honestly, I don’t know if this is a big deal. “Comparably” seems more succinct to me, but I’m not sure that “to a comparable extent” is necessarily WRONG. I certainly wouldn’t eliminate (D) based on that alone, even though I mildly prefer the shorter version in (C).

The other weird issue is the use of “yet” at the beginning of the underlined portion. So that gives us “Despite the increasing number of women…, yet the proportion of women judges…” That’s wrong: both “yet” and “despite” begin dependent clauses, so now the sentence just consists of two dependent clauses in a row. That’s not OK.

So (D) is out.

Quote:
(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

And (E) has exactly the same problem as (D): two consecutive dependent clauses does NOT give us a legitimate sentence.

So we can eliminate (E), and (C) is our answer.
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: all videos by topic

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.
General Discussion
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 25 Aug 2007
Posts: 657
WE 1: 3.5 yrs IT
WE 2: 2.5 yrs Retail chain
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 May 2010, 21:32
2
2
This is from OG12. OE is:

Agreement; Rhetorical construction

When a number of plural nouns appear in phrases between a singular subject and the verb, it can be easy to overlook the true subject of the verb. Here, judges, partners, firms, and women all occur between the singular subject, proportion, and the verb, which should also be singular, has risen. Concise expression is particularly important in a long construction; to a comparable extent may be more concisely expressed as comparably.

A Plural verb, have risen, does not agree with the singular subject, proportion.

B Have risen does not agree with proportion; here, women applies only to judges, not to partners at major law firms.

C Correct. In this sentence, has risen agrees with proportion, and comparably is more
concise than to a comparable extent. The modifying clause who are women follows
(1) judges and (2) partners at major law firms as closely as is possible given the content of the sentence; this positioning has the virtue of being clear in its meaning.

D The contrast has already been introduced by despite, so the addition of yet is illogical and ungrammatical; to a comparable extent is wordy.

E Despite introduces the contrast; adding yet is illogical and results in an ungrammatical construction.

The correct answer is C.
_________________
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5180
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jan 2011, 08:00
5
The issue here is not the right answer but the outlook of GMAC. We thought that the grammar of the relative pronouns’ obedience to the 'noun - touch' rule is an important one, rather even an inexorable one. But in this issue, OG has made it clear that grammar is compromisable to context.

The question is now whether how far can we go by such a blatant flexibility of OG? The irony is that even this may change tomorrow. But that is GMAT for you, the big boss.
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't pole-vault above 630, spare 30 hours and you can fly on top.
"Winners never quit and quitters never win". (+919884544509)
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: My Thread Master Bschool Threads-->Krannert(Purdue),WP Carey(Arizona),Foster(Uwashngton)
Joined: 28 Jun 2011
Posts: 810
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Sep 2013, 09:31
2
[quote="papillon86"]Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent-- The proportion is singular, so it should be has and not have.

(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably--Same as A

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably--Correct usage of sub-verb

(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent-- With Despite, yet is absolutely not required.

(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably--Same as D
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 20 Jan 2014
Posts: 139
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Marketing
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Sep 2014, 22:45
1
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent : plural verb for proportion
(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably : plural verb for proportion
(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably
(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent : Yet and despite in same scentence cant be used
(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably : Yet and despite in same scentence cant be used
_________________
Consider +1 Kudos Please :)
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Dec 2012
Posts: 116
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 12 Jan 2016, 23:21
Can some one help me in understanding the phrase "at major law firms who are women" --> Here its confusing that law firms being women.. Kindly help

Originally posted by sowragu on 12 Jan 2016, 23:19.
Last edited by sowragu on 12 Jan 2016, 23:21, edited 1 time in total.
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5180
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Jan 2016, 23:31
1
‘Who’ refers to the partners and not to the firms. ‘At major law firms’ is an essential part of the partners. After all, the pronoun’ who’ cannot refer to the non-human term ‘firms’
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't pole-vault above 630, spare 30 hours and you can fly on top.
"Winners never quit and quitters never win". (+919884544509)
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Feb 2015
Posts: 75
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Jan 2016, 21:11
1
1
In D and E, is the presence of "yet" (which I understand is redundant) the only issue or is there any other issue as well, because this seems quite a tricky one to understand.
Intern
Intern
avatar
S
Joined: 07 Apr 2013
Posts: 9
CAT Tests
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Feb 2017, 03:16
Hi Expert,

I have a doubt in the option C
the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms "who" are women has not risen comparably.

The placement of who looks tricky in the sense, to what it is referring to, the law firms or the women.

Could you please advice.

I take was option D bit I ignored the 'yet' part.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 01 Jan 2016
Posts: 53
GPA: 3.75
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Feb 2017, 08:25
1
1
Quote:
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent
(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably
(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably
(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent
(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably


Not an expert here but think I can help you with this one..

Despite X, Y is the form. Therefore delete D,E
Also "The proportion HAS not HAVE". Therefore delete A,B.
Answer is C

Who HAS to refer to a person Therefore the pronoun "who" refers to "partners", skipping over the propositional phrase "at major law firms." This is called as a noun modifier modifying a slightly far away noun. The prep phrase "at major law firm" has to be next to the "partners" because it modifies the noun "partners".

See more about noun modifier modifying a slightly far away noun here: https://gmatclub.com/forum/noun-modifie ... 35868.html. Really good article on it by e-gmat.
_________________

If you like it, give kudos. Thanks :)


The price of success is hard work, dedication to the job at hand, and the determination that whether we win or lose, we have applied the best of ourselves to the task at hand.
~Vince Lombardi
Retired Moderator
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2854
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Feb 2017, 10:59
1
pallavi01 wrote:
Hi Expert,

I have a doubt in the option C
the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms "who" are women has not risen comparably.

The placement of who looks tricky in the sense, to what it is referring to, the law firms or the women.

Could you please advice.

I take was option D bit I ignored the 'yet' part.



The pronoun "who" can only refer to people. Therefore "firms" cannot be antecedent of "who". Hence "who" is not ambiguous.

In option D, "despite" and "yet" are redundant.
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Joined: 19 Mar 2014
Posts: 918
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.5
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jul 2017, 10:53
1
2
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent

- Important word here is proportion, and it should refer to a singular verb, here the usage of "have" is incorrect
- "to a comparable extent" is wordy and "comparably" can be preferred


(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably

- Again, usage of "have" is incorrect
- Proportion in this case only compares with women judges and partners at major law firms, note the missing reference of women for partners, which implies that the proportion is of all women judges and all partners (male or female) at major law firm


(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

- CORRECT
- Proportion is clearly between "judges and partners at major law firms who are women"
- usage of comparably is correct


(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent

- As the word "despite" already brings in the contrast to this sentence, usage of "yet" is redundant here as it makes the sentence awkward.

(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

- As the word "despite" already brings in the contrast to this sentence, usage of "yet" is redundant here as it makes the sentence awkward.

Hence, Answer is C

Did you like the answer? Kudos :good
_________________
"Nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not: nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not: the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent."

Best AWA Template: https://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html#p470475
Current Student
avatar
B
Joined: 22 Sep 2016
Posts: 156
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V35
GPA: 4
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Aug 2017, 07:22
But that should be the last principle, right? It doesn't take precedence over grammatical rules. I just feel that "who" is not modifying the correct nouns.
_________________
Desperately need 'KUDOS' !!
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5180
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Aug 2017, 10:30
Top Contributor
1
The grammar underlying the using of relative pronouns is that a relative pronoun can modify a slightly distant noun if it is not able to modify the word before it if logic doesn't permit and if the intervening phrase is essentially defining the eligible noun. (called a critical mission modifier by MGMAT)

Now let us look at choice C.

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably ---
1. Logic does not permit the inanimate firms to be related to 'who'
2. 'at major law firms' is defining the noun 'partners' as the practitioners of law at these firms are called technically 'partners'
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't pole-vault above 630, spare 30 hours and you can fly on top.
"Winners never quit and quitters never win". (+919884544509)
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2913
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Aug 2017, 14:39
3
rekhabishop wrote:

But that should be the last principle, right? It doesn't take precedence over grammatical rules. I just feel that "who" is not modifying the correct nouns.



Hello rekhabishop,

Although you have already gotten quite few explanations for your doubt, I would just like to add my two cents. It might just help. :-)

It is true that who and other relative pronoun modifiers modify the preceding noun entity. However, it is not necessary that this preceding noun entity will always be a single or double word noun entity. These modifier can also modify the preceding noun phrase.

This is what we see happening in Choice A and C of this official sentence.

In these choices, the noun modifier who modifies not the preceding noun word law firms but the preceding noun phrase judges and partners at major law firms.

There are two reasons for such modification:

Firstly, who cannot be used to refer to inanimate object. So who logically refers to judges and partners.

Secondly, this phrase at major law firms cannot be placed anywhere else in the sentence without violating the intended meaning. Since at major law firms is meant to modify judges and partners, at major law firms has to be written close to this entity. This is the reason why who can jump over at major law firms to refer to judges and partners.

There are many official sentences in which noun modifiers modify a slightly far-away noun.

For more details, explanations, and official examples, please review our very famous article named Noun Modifiers can Modify slightly far away noun in the following link:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9782
Location: Pune, India
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Sep 2017, 04:45
1
papillon86 wrote:
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent
(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably
(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably
(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent
(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably


Please support with explanations!!
And also explain wy the remianing options are incorrect.

Thanks


Responding to a pm:
Quote:
Can you please help me with this question. I'm confused with the usage of "who" here. As I know it should refer to "judjes and partners" but took place right after "law firms" which is in the answer choice C. How is that possible?


"who are women" is a noun modifier. It modifies "judges and partners".
Noun modifiers should be as close to the noun as possible but it is not necessary that they touch the noun. Also, the reference should not be ambiguous.
"who are women" can certainly not refer to law firms so this usage is correct.
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >
Board of Directors
User avatar
D
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 4831
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
WE: Business Development (Commercial Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jan 2018, 11:48
1
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 196: Sentence Correction


Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS
For All QOTD Questions Click Here


Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent

(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent

(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably


Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


With (C) for the highlighted errors in the options...

_________________
Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 1194
Location: India
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
GPA: 4
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jan 2018, 12:44
1
1
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent -SV agreement

(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably -SV agreement

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent -Despite ...... yet ... --> incorrect construction

(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably -[color=#ff0000]Despite ...... yet ... --> incorrect
_________________
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 08 Jun 2015
Posts: 418
Location: India
GMAT 1: 640 Q48 V29
GMAT 2: 700 Q48 V38
GPA: 3.33
Reviews Badge
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jan 2018, 10:23
2
+1 for option C. Clear explanation given in the post above. However , there is a point I would like to add.

There can be some confusion over pronoun who modifying law firms. Keep in mind that noun modifier (phrase following who) can modify slightly far away noun if the propositional phrase in between can't be placed anywhere else. Moreover in usage of pronouns be guided by logic. Just think - How can law firms be women ?? - Not possible. Hence who has to refer back to partners & judges. It is judges and partners who are women.

Pretty much all other options are a clear case of S-V agreement and use of despite-yet (wrong usage). Hence answer option C is correct.

Experts please correct my line of reasoning ...
_________________
" The few , the fearless "
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and   [#permalink] 09 Jan 2018, 10:23

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 36 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne