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Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,

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Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldier's pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
(C) 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2006, 16:13
dwivedys wrote:
ak_idc wrote:
trivikram wrote:
Doesnt A sound like she was ill even before she joined the armed forces?


Thats an excellent idea. A sounds as if she was ill before, and not necessarily ill when she was discharged.


Could you all help me understand how you've arrived at this conclusion?


Heres my take

joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.


joined in 1782 (simple past)
discharged in 1783 (simple past)
because she had become too ill to serve (past perfect?? Are we going back to a perioed before past ?)

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2006, 23:52
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"injured" as a bare infinitive past tense verb is incorrectly used in D.

The answer must be (A).

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2009, 21:46
can someone explain what is function of the word "joined" in this sentence ? as an adjective?
"...joined the Continental Army in 1782...."

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2009, 14:25
Only A keeps correct parallelism. The sentence is linked by three past verb phrases. D violates parallelism because ', injured' is just past participle.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldier's pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2009, 21:27
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|| lism is tested here..

Only A follows it, Hence, A.

joined ....was injured ..was discharged...

Always remember, what comes with the middle string in || lism , that should come in the final string..

Here, was is used with injured but not with joined..so, was should come with last string to follow || lism..

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2009, 11:28
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldier’s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

I will go with A, Because all of these are describing woman for instance,

The first woman to draw a soldiers pension, joined the continental army in 1782....
the first woman to draw a soldiers pension, was injured ( rather than just injured) three times... This modifier makes more sense, This along with the usage of HAD makes A as the best choice.

Correct me IF I am wrong guys !

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2009, 23:03
KC wrote:
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldier's pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being


Agree with A. D is not paralled.

A. Deborah Sampson joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

D. Deborah Sampson joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was too ill to serve.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shuttieff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldier's pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 becayse she had become too ill to serve.

(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

Okay, my problem here is that I thought Deborah was injured as a RESULT of joining the continental army, so why would both events be parallel if they need a different point of emphasis? the OA says the answer is the first which places equal emphasis on all actions... Obviously, I interpreted the question wrong, but how can I avoid making a mistake like that?

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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Choice E is wrong because it's use "having been" and "being" make ambiguity mean something continue happen. Moreover, "having been" and "being" also not paralleled if they are correct (actually they are not as I mentioned)
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2012, 06:59
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you probably had it down to A or D

(A) keeps || and verb tense ( was discharged...because she had become too ill) need had because it happened before she was discharged.)

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2012, 07:52
guys A is correct

D is wrong not only because of tense but also for active verb "injured" used.As doer is not known to us --passive is required so it should be was injured, and was discharged..
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2012, 14:59
I have chosen A as many answer:

A. This answer choice puts all 3 elements in parallel without ruining the intent of the sentence. Past perfect tense is acceptable here because it states that she was too ill and was then discharged.

B. The words "while being..." seems to suggest that she was being discharged at the same time she was injured 3 times. This doesn't really make sense to me. Also, this answer choice is a bit wordy and could be more concise.

C. This answer choice should not separate the 3 parallel elements. Deborah Sampson joined, was injured and was discharged. However, this answer choice places the first 2 elements in parallel and then separates the final element with a comma and a coordinating conjunction. As a result, we have a sentence fragment because 2 independent clauses should be joined with a comma and a coordinating conjunction. Also, "being" is wordy in this case.

D. Parallelism is broken here because "injured" should be "was injured." Currently, it seems to act like a modifier - not sure what it modifies. Either way, it is incorrect.

E. Parallelism is broken again here because "having been injured" is not parallel to joined and discharged. Again "being" is wordy here.

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2012, 16:03
Between A and D .

D . 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was

There should not be a comma after and here . It is either , and she was discharged or ...times and was discharged .


A must be the correct answer.

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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z3nith wrote:
I am confused between A and E.
I am really not sure what does "having been injured" refers to ?



Hi z3nith,

Frankly speaking, I dont know the name of the tense that starts with Having Been, however, I know where to use such tenses.

Here, id the example of such sentence.

Having been to India, I adopted Spirituality.
Here, Having been to India suggests that I went to India first, and then adopted Spirituality. i.e action represented by Having been tense is done prior to main action(adoption of spirituality)

Now, lets take your sentence-

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert
Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw
a soldier’s pension, joined the Continental Army in
1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and
was discharged in 1783 because she had become
too
ill to serve.

(E) 22, having been injured three times and
discharged in 1783, being

Having been injured 3 times - will modify the subject of sentence i.e Deborah Sampson. Now, the sentence says that she was injured first and then joined the Army. NONSENSE Meaning. Hence, incorrect.

On the other hand, Take Away from Choice A, (if correct, I havent analyzed the other choices) is that Active Voice can be parallel to Passive Voice as long as tenses describes the perfect meaning.

For more info,
check this link-
http://www.beatthegmat.com/can-active-v ... 57043.html

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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thangvietnam wrote:
"had done" in A show an action happen before the "joined", "was injured" . This situation is not logic

A can not be right?

in E, "having done" show an action happening before the action of main verb. This situation is also not logic

D is best.



The Problem with D is that you require direct object with the Verb - Injured, when using as Active voice, and there is no one present in the original sentence(option D)

Here is the example with the verb - "injured"

1)While playing, John injured himself. - here, action is done on John himself i.e it is the direct verb of the action Injured.
2) Going at the speed of 100 miles/hour and hence losing control of his car, John injured several people walking in the Boulevard. - Again, action injured is done on several people.

Now, Come to the Original Sentence.

Its saying. Robert Injured 3 times. -> Does not make any sense, because it was Robert who herself got injured 3 times, so we require Passive tense. i.e Robert was injured 3 times. Hence D is incorrect.


On the Other side - Option A is correct because-

She had become too ill to serve, and later she got discharged from the services. Obviously, the sequencing of this sentence is correct, as the action of becoming ill must have been earlier than her relieving date.

Remember, you don't go with hard and fast rules, its all logic that plays in SC

Edit: Making language simpler
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2013, 21:52
I agree that "D" is incorrect because "injured" should be "was injuredd"

but in A "had done" happens before "joined". this is not logic

why A can be correct? pls explain.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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thangvietnam wrote:
I agree that "D" is incorrect because "injured" should be "was injuredd"

but in A "had done" happens before "joined". this is not logic

why A can be correct? pls explain.


No, thats not the case over here. It is of supreme importance to understand the meaning before diving into Grammar. Remember, Grammar is nothing but a set of rules to communicate the meaning in a better way

So, what does the sentence talks about i.e Meaning : The sentence talks about a Deborah Sampson and defines a list of 3 items about her. What are they-
1- joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22,
2- was injured three times, and
3 - was discharged in 1783 because she had become too
ill to serve.

Now, had becomhe is used for doing the sequencing with the action "DISCHARGED", not with the ACTION "joined". If you are still in doubt, check the clause(clause C1) - "because she had become too ill to serve." --> This clause is Subordinate to the Clause (clause C2)- "Deborah was discharged"
i.e Clause C1 is working as an adverbial modifier of the Clause C2

i.e it gives the explanation to why Debrah was discharged, - answer is - because she had become too ill. - this shows that she was ill from a distant past, and then some time in the past(ofcourse after the first event), she got discharged.

Hence, Had become is used to show sequencing with the verb discharged.

Another thought -
Had the sentence been;

was discharged in 1783 because she became too ill to serve. the meaning would have that both the events happened at the same time, and have the same importance.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2013, 01:05
great, thank you, imhimanshu

you already understand the trap, I fall into. I think "had done" modify all the "did" in choice A but infact "had done" modifies only "was discharged"

how do you not fall into the trap like me?

BECAUSE YOU UNDERSTAND THE MEANING BEFORE YOU DIVE INTO GRAMMAR. ?
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to drawa soldier’s pension, joined the Continental Army in1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.
(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

first of all i will say that verb-ed form is either acts as a verb or as a modifier

verb-ed -->this will act as a verb when subject itself does this (verb-ed thing) action ex: alex played well ....here played is acting as verb
verb-ed--->this will act as a modifier when this (verb-ed thing) is not done by the subject.

now coming to question
here the subject is Deborah Sampson
in the non underlined part it is written Deborah Sampson joined......here "joined" acts as a verb
in the underlined part it is written Deborah Sampson...was injured .....,and was discharged....so its list kind of thing x,y,and z therefore x,y,z should be parallel
..now----- joined ,was injured ,and was discharged are all verb so its parallel....
note if in place of was injured....only injured is written and in place of " was discharged "only discharged is written then in that case discharged and injured act as modifier as in option C,D,E.....HENCE it is not parallel to JOINED .....so it is wrong

now choosing answer
(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become(parallel so correct)
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become( meaning is wrong ..in this it means she was injured and discharged simultaneously...which is not the intended meaning)
(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being(...here joined ,was injured are verb while discharged is modifier so non parallel therefore incorrect)
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was(again injured is not parallel.....so incorrect)
(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being( againg discharged is modifier and not verb ,...and therefore not parallel....also it means having been injured and discharged ..both actions are occuring together which is not correct.

hope it helps..
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