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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat

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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2013, 15:43
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I also had to choose between B and E, but I picked E, because the second part of the sentence starting with "instead" seemed to signal the beginning of a new thought, and I thought that it should be placed in an independent clause. Because it will be in an independent clause, it should separated with a conjunction or a semicolon.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2014, 22:39
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According to Manhattan, OA is E.
But my choice was B as ';' is used between 2 independent sentences. Is E an independent sentence? :!: :!:
Anyone please explain!! :?
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2014, 07:40
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scofield1521 wrote:
According to Manhattan, OA is E.
But my choice was B as ';' is used between 2 independent sentences. Is E an independent sentence? :!: :!:
Anyone please explain!! :?


Dear Scofield,

The later part of E, i.e instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers, is an independent clause. The correct way to judge whether a clause is an independent clause or not is to see, whether all alone, it makes any sense or not. The best way to do that is by using a full-stop, instead of the punctuation.

The second part does make sense and moreover, the presence of the word instead doesn't makes a clause dependent. The word instead just suggest that some topic is continued from the last sentence.

Thus B is incorrect and E is acceptable.

Hope this helps to resolve your query.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2014, 09:50
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Dear LS,

The instead in the second part of sentence is just continuing the topic from the last sentence.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2014, 11:43
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It's too long so there should be a break for two sentences also the second part should use past perfect, which renders only viable answer E.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2015, 11:38
karlfurt wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.


let's understand the meaning of the sentence:
the labor market in France has not been operating according to the free market principles
BUT introduces a new clause
instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

but instead - 2 contrasting words, using both of them are redundant. if we use but - then we have a fragment, since the part that comes after the conjunction doesn't have a verb.
if we use only instead, then we have a run-on sentence. 2 independent clauses are separated by a comma only.


A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
wrong as mentioned

B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
2 independent clauses are not properly connected.

C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
this answer is awkwardly constructed.
now the underlined portion is an ing modifier.
ing modifier can either modify the entire clause, or present result of the first clause.
neither of the functions of ing modifier is logical here.


D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
this choice changes the meaning. now the focus is on hiring and firing of workers and not on how the labor market is functioning.

E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
this choice correctly uses semi-colon.
its correctly refers to labor market.
the tense is correctly used, and parallel to the first IC.
restricting correctly modifies regulations
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2016, 06:44
plumber250 wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers. Not parallel - wrong!

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers. Very awkward construction, the two sections are not joined properly with a comma

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing. Require a 'but' or similar to contrast the two sections either side of the comma

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled Being is a danger word - avoid at all costs.

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers. Looks good to me, parallel, consistent. I'm happy



Hi,

I have a query for option A. cant we say this is run on . as ,but requires a clause but where is the verb for this sentence.

Please clarify.

Thanks
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2016, 07:33
Pathfinder wrote

Quote:
Hi,

I have a query for option A. cannot we say this is run on. As, but requires a clause but where is the verb for this sentence.

Please clarify.

Thanks


When there is no verb after a fanboy, then it will be called a fragment, since the RHS is just a phrase and not a clause as you have correctly pointed out. On the contrary, B is a run – on, since there are full- fledged clauses, connected by just a comma.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2016, 22:59
Hi Experts / chetan2u / daagh ,


I want to discuss the non-underlined part-

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating

If we are discussing about the past decade--shouldn't we use past tense..?
If it was written Since past decade--> In that case present perfect tense should be used.

But in this scenario we are discussing about PAST. So, how the usage of present perfect tense is correct.
Can you please shed some light into it..?

Additionally, is it correct approach to try to parallel operating and functioning in this sentence...??
If so, the first part will be in active voice and the second part will be in passive voice.

But, I have learnt that if two things are connected with conjunction then both part should be either in active or in passive voice.....????
Can I say INSTEAD is working as a conjunction here.....??

Please assist.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2016, 15:53
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PrakharGMAT wrote:
Hi Experts / chetan2u / daagh ,


I want to discuss the non-underlined part-

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating

If we are discussing about the past decade--shouldn't we use past tense..?
If it was written Since past decade--> In that case present perfect tense should be used.

But in this scenario we are discussing about PAST. So, how the usage of present perfect tense is correct.
Can you please shed some light into it..?

Additionally, is it correct approach to try to parallel operating and functioning in this sentence...??
If so, the first part will be in active voice and the second part will be in passive voice.

But, I have learnt that if two things are connected with conjunction then both part should be either in active or in passive voice.....????
Can I say INSTEAD is working as a conjunction here.....??

Please assist.


1. Use of since: The word since is used to refer to a point in time, not a period of time. Hence since the past decade in any case would be wrong. Since 2006 would be correct.

2. Use of present perfect: You would be right if past decade were actually a time period in the past; however it is not. The past decade indicates a time interval that started 10 years ago and the present moment is at the end of the 10 year span; the period is ending now. The verb has not been operating is used to indicate that the operation is not going on at this moment, the moment in which the past decade is ending, and it has not been going on during the past decade. For an action which started in the past and is still continuing, we use a present perfect - here not operating is the action.

3. The mixing of active and passive voice on two sides of a conjunction is allowed. See the following example ( from Manhattan SC guide):
The shuttle launch TOOK place flawlessly and WAS SEEN on television.... correct.

Hope the above explanations help.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2018, 12:03
karlfurt wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

(A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

(B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers

(C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing

(D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled

(E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers


daagh
Sir i have one confusion in concept of ICs.
An Ic must have subject and verb so E here is IC and 2 ics cannot be connected by , so b is wrong.
But my doubt is if i read it without "instead"
i can say
subject is :Its functioning
verb:has been stifled
but the use of instead gives me a feeling of this being part being a dependent clause so how to differentiate. Please guide.
Instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
is this a sentence.
is not is like saying
In place of ,its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
(in place of x happening ,,,,then what ,,what else is happening)?
So how is this an Ic?
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New post 17 Dec 2018, 12:17
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'Instead' means, "on the contrary, but, etc ", just an introductory remark. 'Instead of' means 'in the place of'. Please do not get confused between the two.
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