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# Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact

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Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2008, 07:51
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Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact through the reduction or elimination of waste from production processes) has become a goal for companies worldwide, with many realizing significant cost savings from such innovations. Peter Senge and Goran Carstedt see this development as laudable but suggest that simply adopting ecoefficiency innovations could actually worsen environmental stresses in the future. Such innovations reduce production waste but do not alter the number of products manufactured nor the waste generated from their use and discard; indeed, most companies invest in ecoefficiency improvements in order to increase profits and growth. Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today’s global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries. Even a vastly more ecoefficient industrial system could, were it to grow much larger, generate more total waste and destroy more habitat and species than would a smaller, less ecoefficient economy. Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste. Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different
Q4:The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. explain why a particular business strategy has been less successful than was once anticipated
B. propose an alternative to a particular business strategy that has inadvertently caused ecological damage
C. present a concern about the possible consequences of pursuing a particular business strategy
D. make a case for applying a particular business strategy on a larger scale than is currently practiced
E. suggest several possible outcomes of companies’ failure to understand the economic impact of a particular business strategy
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

Q5:According to the passage, an exclusive pursuit of ecoefficiency may cause companies to
A. neglect the development of alternative business models and products
B. keep the number of products that they manufacture unchanged
C. invest capital from increased profits primarily in inefficient and outmoded industries that may prove unprofitable
D. overemphasize the production process as the key to increasing profits and growth
E. focus more on reducing costs than on reducing the environmental impact of production processes
[Reveal] Spoiler:
[spoiler=]A
[/spoiler]

Q6:The passage mentions which of the following as a possible consequence of companies’ realization of greater profits through ecoefficiency?
A. The companies may be able to sell a greater number of products by lowering prices.
B. The companies may be better able to attract investment capital in the global market.
C. The profits may be reinvested to increase economic growth through ecoefficiency.
D. The profits may be used as investment capital for industries that are not ecoefficient.
E. The profits may encourage companies to make further innovations in reducing production waste.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

Q7:The passage implies that which of the following is a possible consequence of a company’s adoption of innovations that increase its ecoefficiency?
A. Company profits resulting from such innovations may be reinvested in that company with no guarantee that the company will continue to make further improvements in ecoefficiency.
B. Company growth fostered by cost savings from such innovations may allow that company to manufacture a greater number of products that will be used and discarded, thus worsening environmental stress.
C. A company that fails to realize significant cost savings from such innovations may have little incentive to continue to minimize the environmental impact of its production processes.
D. A company that comes to depend on such innovations to increase its profits and growth may be vulnerable in the global market to competition from old-style ecoinefficient industries.
E. A company that meets its ecoefficiency goals is unlikely to invest its increased profits in the development of new and innovative ecoefficiency measures.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA
If you have any questions
New!
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2008, 09:10
IMO

C
B
D
B
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2011, 04:51
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2011, 07:37
This is what i got, not sure
4-C
5-A - why 5 is B ?
6-D
7-B
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2011, 07:58
singalong ,

Ans choice D says: D. make a case for applying a particular business strategy on a larger scale than is currently practiced.

--> The passage no were say of applying any new or alternative business strategy. Word in the ans D : "case for applying " - i think this is the catch.
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2011, 08:14
this is what i got:

4 C
5 A
6 D
7 B
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2011, 10:09
3
KUDOS
Quote:
Singalong:

The answer to Q4 is C and you can get that when you outline the passage on your first read - connecting the dots.

As you read the answer choices, it's important that you make clear what "a particular business strategy" refers to.

D. make a case for applying a particular business strategy on a larger scale than is
currently practiced

Key Points
1. What is this "particular business strategy"?
2. Is there a case for applying it on a larger scale than currently practiced?

1. After your first read of the passage, you should be able to break down the following:

First sentence is an introduction of what ecoefficiency is: that it's a goal!
Second sentence provides the PERSPECTIVE: provides peter and goran's perspective. What is this perspective? That ADOPTING ecoefficiency innovations WORSEN the environment!
Next 3 points of the passage help support this perspective: that THIS BUSINESS STRATEGY is bad for the environment for 3 reasons.
Lastly, Peter/Goran encourage folks to focus on ALTERNATIVES, not what they are currently doing which is focusing on ecoefficiency innovations.

The question is a "PRIMARY PURPOSE" - type question. We know it MUST connect the dots throughout the passage in order to qualify as being a correct answer.

So.....applying a business strategy on larger scale....?

Hmmm.....actually, no!. The perspective in this passage is that the current business strategy is BAD. They should be focusing on ALTERNATIVES, not making that strategy even bigger than it is!

So if you used sentence structure to help you breakdown and figure out the author's PERSPECTIVE, you should be able to see that D is COMPLETELY WRONG!

When it comes to reading comprehension passages, you really need to use sentence structure to help you figure out what PERSPECTIVE the author is taking.

THis question is actually from the Official Guide and as such, I did a video tutorial explaining my thought process as I read this passage for the first time. It's only available for my members but if you want to browse the other demos, you'll start seeing that piecing together sentence structure is going to be the key to DOMINATING the RC Section of the GMAT Exam.

Video Explanation
http://www.gmatpill.com/special/verbal- ... iency.html
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2011, 23:39
thanks a lot.
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2012, 21:49
"Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste. Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models."

The last 3 sentences(above) talk about Senge and Carstedt making a point that businesses MUST develop...blah blah.. approach... which offers BUSINESS CASE...

Thats why I chose D.
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2012, 05:33
I have a question on #7.. Majority is going for answer B. But I am not understanding why that is a viable answer because. The passage suggests that the reduction in costs will not alter the total number of products being manufactured.

The last sentence says that Focusing
exclusively on ecoefficiency,
(50) which offers a compelling
to established thinking, may
distract companies from
models.

That is the case unless the authors suggestions is adopted, correct. So I am getting the answer as E.

they will stops innovations.
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2012, 05:18
4 C
5 A
6 D
7 B
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2012, 22:13
C
A
D
B
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2012, 16:15
I don't understand why the answer in Q7 cannot be choice A.

The text says:
"Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today’s global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries".

And that's what choice A says!. Check it out:
"Company profits resulting from such innovations may be reinvested in that
company with no guarantee that the company will continue to make further
improvements in ecoefficiency.
"

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2012, 04:26
I had exactly the same doubt metallicafan.
The explanation for this question suck in OG.

Quote:
The text says:
"Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today’s global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries".

And that's what choice A says!. Check it out:
"Company profits resulting from such innovations may be reinvested in that
company with no guarantee that the company will continue to make further
improvements in ecoefficiency."

This is how I convinced myself that B is better than A.

Text : No guarantee of future effeciency. profits --> old style INEFFICIENT companies
Answer choice : Profits --> ECOFFICIENT companies. No guarantee of future effeciency.

I think the difference lies in the companies where the profits are invested.

Please correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2012, 00:05
vksunder wrote:
Ecoefficiency (measures
to minimize environmental
impact through the reduction
Line or elimination of waste from
(5) production processes) has
become a goal for companies
worldwide, with many realizing
significant cost savings from
such innovations. Peter Senge
(10) and Goran Carstedt see this
development as laudable but
ecoefficiency innovations could
actually worsen environmental
(15) stresses in the future. Such
innovations reduce production
waste but do not alter the number
of products manufactured
nor the waste generated from
(20) their use and discard; indeed,
most companies invest in ecoefficiency
improvements in
order to increase profits and
growth. Moreover, there is
(25) no guarantee that increased
economic growth from ecoefficiency
will come in similarly
ecoefficient ways, since in
today’s global markets,
(30) greater profits may be turned
into investment capital that
could easily be reinvested
in old-style eco-inefficient
industries. Even a vastly
(35) more ecoefficient industrial
system could, were it to grow
much larger, generate more
total waste and destroy more
habitat and species than would
(40) a smaller, less ecoefficient
economy. Senge and Carstedt
argue that to preserve the
global environment and sustain
(45) must develop a new systemic
approach that reduces total
material use and total accumulated
waste. Focusing
exclusively on ecoefficiency,
(50) which offers a compelling
to established thinking, may
distract companies from
models.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q4:
The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. explain why a particular business strategy has been less successful than was once
anticipated
B. propose an alternative to a particular business strategy that has inadvertently
caused ecological damage
C. present a concern about the possible consequences of pursuing a particular
D. make a case for applying a particular business strategy on a larger scale than is
currently practiced
E. suggest several possible outcomes of companies’ failure to understand the
economic impact of a particular business strategy
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q5:
According to the passage, an exclusive pursuit of ecoefficiency may cause companies to
A. neglect the development of alternative business models and products
B. keep the number of products that they manufacture unchanged
C. invest capital from increased profits primarily in inefficient and outmoded
industries that may prove unprofitable
D. overemphasize the production process as the key to increasing profits and growth
E. focus more on reducing costs than on reducing the environmental impact of
production processes
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q6:
The passage mentions which of the following as a possible consequence of companies’
realization of greater profits through ecoefficiency?
A. The companies may be able to sell a greater number of products by lowering
prices.
B. The companies may be better able to attract investment capital in the global
market.
C. The profits may be reinvested to increase economic growth through ecoefficiency.
D. The profits may be used as investment capital for industries that are not
ecoefficient.
E. The profits may encourage companies to make further innovations in reducing
production waste.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q7:
The passage implies that which of the following is a possible consequence of a
company’s adoption of innovations that increase its ecoefficiency?
A. Company profits resulting from such innovations may be reinvested in that
company with no guarantee that the company will continue to make further
improvements in ecoefficiency.
B. Company growth fostered by cost savings from such innovations may allow that
company to manufacture a greater number of products that will be used and
C. A company that fails to realize significant cost savings from such innovations
may have little incentive to continue to minimize the environmental impact of its
production processes.
D. A company that comes to depend on such innovations to increase its profits and
growth may be vulnerable in the global market to competition from old-style ecoinefficient
industries.
E. A company that meets its ecoefficiency goals is unlikely to invest its increased
profits in the development of new and innovative ecoefficiency measures.

Q:6..how it can b D?? m not geting
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2013, 01:43
IMO its,
4.C
5.b
6.d
7.b

What's the OA?

Thanks,
Vaibhav.
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2013, 23:13
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2013, 17:24
2
KUDOS
aankittcoolest wrote:

Q5:According to the passage, an exclusive pursuit of ecoefficiency may cause companies to

Upon a quick scan of the passage, or recalling from our first reading, we can see that the answer is given in the last sentence of the passage:

"Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers... thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models"

A. neglect the development of alternative business models and products
- this is essentially an exact rephrasing of our desired answer

B. keep the number of products that they manufacture unchanged
- this refers to the NUMBER of products, as opposed to the type
- we are concerned that companies will not pursue different products; we don't care about the number of them
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2013, 23:20
manishgeorge wrote:
I have a question on #7.. Majority is going for answer B. But I am not understanding why that is a viable answer because. The passage suggests that the reduction in costs will not alter the total number of products being manufactured.

The last sentence says that Focusing
exclusively on ecoefficiency,
(50) which offers a compelling
to established thinking, may
distract companies from
models.

That is the case unless the authors suggestions is adopted, correct. So I am getting the answer as E.

they will stops innovations.

Hi,

Even i chose E instead of B for the same reason. In option E, there is no content that goes against what is mentioned in the passage. But option B clearly mentions "manufacture greater number of products" which goes against the line " do not alter the number of products manufactured" in the passage. Can someone clarify?
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2013, 21:24
I am confused with Q 4. Why not the answer is option B. Senge and Carstedt propose an alternative.

Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste. Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models.
Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact   [#permalink] 31 Jul 2013, 21:24

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