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Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia

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Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 26 Feb 2019, 03:35
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Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia call for unprecedented reductions in the amounts of pollutants manufacturers are allowed to discharge into the environment. It will take costly new pollution control equipment requiring expensive maintenance to comply with these regulations. Resultant price increases for Risemian manufactured goods will lead to the loss of some export markets. Clearly, therefore, annual exports of Risemian manufactured goods will in the future occur at diminished levels.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument in the editorial?


(A) The need to comply with the new regulations will stimulate the development within Risemia of new pollution control equipment for which a strong worldwide demand is likely to emerge.

(B) The proposed regulations include a schedule of fines for noncompliance that escalate steeply in cases of repeated noncompliance.

(C) Savings from utilizing the chemicals captured by the pollution control equipment will remain far below the cost of maintaining the equipment.

(D) By international standards, the levels of pollutants currently emitted by some of Risemia's manufacturing plants are not considered excessive.

(E) The stockholders of most of Risemia's manufacturing corporations exert substantial pressure on the corporations to comply with environmental laws.

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Originally posted by enigma123 on 15 Nov 2011, 17:01.
Last edited by Bunuel on 26 Feb 2019, 03:35, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2011, 03:08
5
Hi egnima,

First, you should not boldface your confused choices. You make other cannot improve through critical thinking. Second, just spoil your choices in the question. OK? Please, edit your question :D. Thank you so much.

Let's I try to help you:

New regulation will make the price of good increase => decrease the export

Quote:
A. the need to comply with the new regulations will stimulate the development within Risemia of new pollution control equipment (NPCE) for which a strong worldwide demand is likely to emerge.

In this choice, you will realize that NPCE will become popular all over the world, and price of all product relate to that industry also increase while the demand is still remain comparably to the last year. So, export of Risemia will not be affected by increased price

Quote:
D. By international standards, the levels of pollutants currently emitted by some of Risemia's manufacturing plants are not considered excessive.


Does it stick to price, the main factor affected to the export of Risemia? This choice talk about standard of good. Ok, before and after regulation. The quality of Risemia products is acceptable. It does not prove anything. Rights?

Hope that help.
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Re: Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2014, 09:43
1
A is the right choice. It weakens the assumptions that the author has made.

the author's statement is basically - "price increase will lead to the loss of some export markets, therefore, annual exports will be at diminished levels. " the author has assumed that some losses in the export markets WON'T be offset by anything else to keep the export levels the same.. so we need to chose a option that weakens this assumption.


Option C is definitely wrong, because it serves the opposite purpose.. it basically says " the savings from reusing the filtered chemicals will be far less than the maintenance cost" i.e the maintenance costs will still be very high anyway.
This is actually strengthens the arguement rather than weakening it.
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Re: Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2014, 08:47
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souvik101990 wrote:
Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Sri Lanka call for unprecedented reductions in the amounts of pollutants manufacturers are allowed to discharge into the environment. It will take costly new pollution control equipment requiring expensive maintenance to comply with these regulations. Resultant price increases for Sri Lankan manufactured goods will lead to the loss of some export markets. Clearly therefore, annual exports of Sri Lankan manufactured goods will in the future occur at diminished levels.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument in the editorial?

A. the need to comply with the new regulations will stimulate the development within Sri Lanka of new pollution control equipment for which a strong worldwide demand is likely toemerge.
B. the proposed regulations include a schedule of fines for noncompliance that escalate steeply in cases of repeated noncompliance.
C. Savings from utilizing the chemicals captured by the pollution control equipment will remain far below the cost of maintaining the equipment.
D. By international standards, the levels of pollutants currently emitted by some of Sri Lanka's manufacturing plants are not considered excessive.
E. The stockholders of most of Sri Lanka's manufacturing corporations exert substantial pressure on the corporations to comply with environmental laws.

OA and Winner: In 24 hours


price (up) -> exports (down) ... now we have to ask ourselves what weakes this... in other words price (up) + xxx -> exports (not down)

only A gives us a reason to believe that the exports wont go down, because:
1.) a strong demand for the equipement will emerge
2.) new equipment will be developed that can be sold because there is a demand for it...
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Re: Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2014, 08:49
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the answer has to be A : the need to comply with the new regulations will stimulate the development within Sri Lanka of new pollution control equipment for which a strong worldwide demand is likely toemerge.

the conclusion is : annual exports of Sri Lankan manufactured goods will in the future occur at diminished levels.

to undermine this we need to show that somehow this is not happening .this is exactly what A does .
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Re: Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2014, 09:33
1
souvik101990 wrote:
Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Sri Lanka call for unprecedented reductions in the amounts of pollutants manufacturers are allowed to discharge into the environment. It will take costly new pollution control equipment requiring expensive maintenance to comply with these regulations. Resultant price increases for Sri Lankan manufactured goods will lead to the loss of some export markets. Clearly therefore, annual exports of Sri Lankan manufactured goods will in the future occur at diminished levels.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument in the editorial?

A. the need to comply with the new regulations will stimulate the development within Sri Lanka of new pollution control equipment for which a strong worldwide demand is likely toemerge.
B. the proposed regulations include a schedule of fines for noncompliance that escalate steeply in cases of repeated noncompliance.
C. Savings from utilizing the chemicals captured by the pollution control equipment will remain far below the cost of maintaining the equipment.
D. By international standards, the levels of pollutants currently emitted by some of Sri Lanka's manufacturing plants are not considered excessive.
E. The stockholders of most of Sri Lanka's manufacturing corporations exert substantial pressure on the corporations to comply with environmental laws.

OA and Winner: In 24 hours


Crux (conclusion) of the argument: Annual exports of Sri Lankan manufactured goods will in the future occur at diminished levels.

So now you need an answer choice which can negate the above claim and make the above statement doubtful.

A. This statement brings an option which adds to the negation of the conclusion.
B. Irrelevant. This statement does not help us with any additional information as to why the exports will not diminish. Moreover this statement talks about more taxation thereby increasing the cost.
C. This statement strengthens a claim that whatever measure SL govt has put in place is a costly affair.
D. What international standard thinks about these measures is irrelevant to us.
E. Out of scope of the above statement.
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Re: Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2014, 10:09
1
Must be A

Any answer choice which supports the development of these costly equipment will weaken's the argument !!

A: Provide New information, & if true clearly weaken's the argument
B : Out of Scope : As What other provisions this particular law will implement is of no use.
C: Out of Scope : if this is true then it will effect bottom line of companies, no use
D : Very attractive choice but wrong, because we are not interested in world wide pollutants / pollution norms, secondly it mentioned some manufacturing companies which is wrong.
E : Out of Scope irrelevant what stake holders do...

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Re: Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2014, 10:14
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Conclusion :annual exports of Sri Lankan manufactured goods will in the future occur at diminished levels.

A. the need to comply with the new regulations will stimulate the development within Sri Lanka of new pollution control equipment for which a strong worldwide demand is likely to emerge. (Correct )
This shows that in future there will be an increase in demand of the pollution control equipment and Sri Lanka can increase their annual exports in future thereby weakening the conclusion.
B. the proposed regulations include a schedule of fines for noncompliance that escalate steeply in cases of repeated noncompliance.
Imposing fines will increase Manufactured goods of the industry cost of production, which results in decrease in Sri Lanka's exports thereby supporting the argument.
C. Savings from utilizing the chemicals captured by the pollution control equipment will remain far below the cost of maintaining the equipment.
-Out of scope
D. By international standards, the levels of pollutants currently emitted by some of Sri Lanka's manufacturing plants are not considered excessive.
-This option is clearly wrong being out of scope
E. The stockholders of most of Sri Lanka's manufacturing corporations exert substantial pressure on the corporations to comply with environmental laws.
Out of scope
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Re: Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2016, 04:54
TooLong150 wrote:
Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia call for unprecedented reductions in the amounts of pollutants manufacturers are allowed to discharge into the environment. It will take costly new pollution control equipment requiring expensive maintenance to comply with these regulations. Resultant price increases for Risemian manufactured goods will lead to the loss of some export markets.Clearly therefore, annual exports of Risemian manufactured goods will in the future occur at diminished levels.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument in the editorial?

A. the need to comply with the new regulations will stimulate the development within Risemia of new pollution control equipment for which a strong worldwide demand is likely to emerge.
B. the proposed regulations include a schedule of fines for noncompliance that escalate steeply in cases of repeated noncompliance.
C. Savings from utilizing the chemicals captured by the pollution control equipment will remain far below the cost of maintaining the equipment.
D. By international standards, the levels of pollutants currently emitted by some of Risemia's manufacturing plants are not considered excessive.
E. The stockholders of most of Risemia's manufacturing corporations exert substantial pressure on the corporations to comply with environmental laws.

Posting here, because the other topic for this question has the OA clearly highlighted.


Conclusion says that annual exports will diminish in R because new equipment will require expensive maintenance. Cost increase will lead to loss in some markets.

In order to weaken the conclusion, we should find out something that shows that new equipment will actually or likely to increase the export.

Only option A does that :)
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Re: Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2016, 09:20
TooLong150 wrote:
Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia call for unprecedented reductions in the amounts of pollutants manufacturers are allowed to discharge into the environment. It will take costly new pollution control equipment requiring expensive maintenance to comply with these regulations. Resultant price increases for Risemian manufactured goods will lead to the loss of some export markets.Clearly therefore, annual exports of Risemian manufactured goods will in the future occur at diminished levels.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument in the editorial?

A. the need to comply with the new regulations will stimulate the development within Risemia of new pollution control equipment for which a strong worldwide demand is likely to emerge.
B. the proposed regulations include a schedule of fines for noncompliance that escalate steeply in cases of repeated noncompliance.
C. Savings from utilizing the chemicals captured by the pollution control equipment will remain far below the cost of maintaining the equipment.
D. By international standards, the levels of pollutants currently emitted by some of Risemia's manufacturing plants are not considered excessive.
E. The stockholders of most of Risemia's manufacturing corporations exert substantial pressure on the corporations to comply with environmental laws.

Posting here, because the other topic for this question has the OA clearly highlighted.



Ok so there is a chain as below

Reductions in the amounts of pollutants--->New pollution control equipment--->expensive maintenance--->price increases --->diminished level of exports


Based on preliminary examination of options only (A) and (C) can be contenders

(A) the need to comply with the new regulations will stimulate the development within Risemia of new pollution control equipment for which a strong worldwide demand is likely to emerge.

Infact option (A) states that it is an opportunity to boost export by the sale of pollution control equipments

Increase in Exports possible.

(C) Savings from utilizing the chemicals captured by the pollution control equipment will remain far below the cost of maintaining the equipment.

Savings > Cost of maintaining the equipment.

This choice goes halfway and doesn't prove anything it is just a casual statement / comment and doesn't weaken the conclusion...

Hence answer must be (A) :-D :x :lol:
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Re: Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2016, 02:33
1
IMO

A -This choice has 2 strong reasons that it is a weakner.
If the demand of such devices increases in the future,then other countries will start to import the same device , which will lead to -
First, they will know why the Manu. goods' export prices increased in Risemia and Second, one more branch of exportation will open in Risemia(exporting such devices) .Thus, the Export will not diminish definitely. - does not destroy but definitely weakens.


B - if companies will not follow the regulations, then some fines likely to be deducted . that will also add in the same goods' prices, which will again lead to decrease in the export of good. - Strengthens

C - Cost is really high - Same, it will also lead to decrease in the export of goods. - Strengthens

D - This choice is really interesting but the Argument has not talked that the Regulations in Risemia are imposed because of International Standards - Out of scope
E - Clearly out of scope.


Hope it helps. :)
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Re: Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia  [#permalink]

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Re: Editorial: Regulations recently imposed by the government of Risemia   [#permalink] 26 Feb 2019, 03:35
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