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# Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81

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Manager
Joined: 13 Jun 2016
Posts: 95
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Technology
Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2016, 17:10
3
11
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (00:57) correct 51% (01:09) wrong based on 347 sessions

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Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81.2 billion.

A. Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81.2 billion
B. Hurricane Katrina caused estimated damages that amounted to a sum of \$81.2 billion
C. Hurricane Katrina estimated damages that amounted to \$81.2 billion
D. Hurricane Katrina caused estimated damages amounting to \$81.2 billion
E. Estimated damages amounting to the sum of \$81.2 billion were caused by Hurricane Katrina
Intern
Joined: 20 Jan 2016
Posts: 42
GMAT 1: 600 Q47 V26
Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2016, 04:27
1
A
amounted to a sum is redundant

B same as A
D is correct
C changes the intended meaning
E same as A

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Intern
Joined: 02 Jan 2014
Posts: 4
Schools: HBS '19
Re: Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81  [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2017, 03:03
Can someone please explain why A and E are incorrect and Why D is correct..
I am unable to understand this sentence.
Marshall & McDonough Moderator
Joined: 13 Apr 2015
Posts: 1682
Location: India
Re: Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81  [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2017, 03:15
2
vishnusivathej wrote:
Can someone please explain why A and E are incorrect and Why D is correct..
I am unable to understand this sentence.

A. Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81.2 billion - Incorrect. Using amount and sum is redundant. Also the option is in passive form.

B. Hurricane Katrina caused estimated damages that amounted to a sum of \$81.2 billion - Incorrect. Redundancy.

C. Hurricane Katrina estimated damages that amounted to \$81.2 billion - Incorrect. Illogical. Hurricane Katrina did not estimate damages.

D. Hurricane Katrina caused estimated damages amounting to \$81.2 billion - Correct.

E. Estimated damages amounting to the sum of \$81.2 billion were caused by Hurricane Katrina - Incorrect. Same errors as in A.

Intern
Joined: 10 Mar 2017
Posts: 2
Re: Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81  [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2017, 16:06
alpham wrote:
Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81.2 billion.

A. Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81.2 billion
B. Hurricane Katrina caused estimated damages that amounted to a sum of \$81.2 billion
C. Hurricane Katrina estimated damages that amounted to \$81.2 billion
D. Hurricane Katrina caused estimated damages amounting to \$81.2 billion
E. Estimated damages amounting to the sum of \$81.2 billion were caused by Hurricane Katrina

I initially thought of D since 'amounting to' and 'sum of ' is redundant. But still have a doubt whether writing caused- estimated damages is correct.
Caused- damages that estimated sounds more apt. Can the experts give their inputs please.
Marshall & McDonough Moderator
Joined: 13 Apr 2015
Posts: 1682
Location: India
Re: Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81  [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2017, 20:48
garima0814 wrote:
alpham wrote:
Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81.2 billion.

A. Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81.2 billion
B. Hurricane Katrina caused estimated damages that amounted to a sum of \$81.2 billion
C. Hurricane Katrina estimated damages that amounted to \$81.2 billion
D. Hurricane Katrina caused estimated damages amounting to \$81.2 billion
E. Estimated damages amounting to the sum of \$81.2 billion were caused by Hurricane Katrina

I initially thought of D since 'amounting to' and 'sum of ' is redundant. But still have a doubt whether writing caused- estimated damages is correct.
Caused- damages that estimated sounds more apt. Can the experts give their inputs please.

The cost of damages amounted to \$81.2b. The cost of damages was not estimated to be \$81.2b.
VP
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1048
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Re: Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2017, 01:28
alpham wrote:
Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81.2 billion.

A. Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81.2 billion
B. Hurricane Katrina caused estimated damages that amounted to a sum of \$81.2 billion
C. Hurricane Katrina estimated damages that amounted to \$81.2 billion
D. Hurricane Katrina caused estimated damages amounting to \$81.2 billion
E. Estimated damages amounting to the sum of \$81.2 billion were caused by Hurricane Katrina

This question tests on redundancy and causal relationship.
Amounted to and sum both convey the same meaning therefore only one is required.

Only C and D remain
C changes the meaning as it suggests that Hurricane Katrina estimated damages .This is nonsensical
So D is the clear answer
Current Student
Joined: 22 Sep 2016
Posts: 156
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V35
GPA: 4
Re: Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2017, 10:39
Shouldn't A be correct?

In D, "amounting" refers to the subject Hurricane Katrina.
Hurricane Katrina is not amounting to \$81.2bn
Intern
Joined: 25 May 2018
Posts: 46
Re: Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81  [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2019, 02:43
A B and E all have the same redundancy. ‘Amount to a sum’.
C changes the sentence to mean that the hurricane estimated the damage. Not only is that not the intended meaning… it makes no sense.

So, D is clearly the right answer.
Re: Estimated damages caused by Hurricane Katrina amounted to a sum of \$81   [#permalink] 21 Feb 2019, 02:43
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