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Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the

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Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 07:35
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Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the eater ill, but only recently has it been established that the illness is caused by a toxin present in the quail’s body only under certain conditions.

(A) Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes

(B) Europeans have long known quail eating is sometimes able to make

(C) Eating quail has long been known to Europeans to sometimes make

(D) It has long been known to Europeans that quail eating will sometimes make

(E) It has long been known to Europeans that quail, when it is eaten, has sometimes made


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SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN
January 1980
Volume 242, Issue 1

Since ancient times it has been known in Europe and North Africa that the European migratory quail, Coturnix, was good eating but that eating it sometimes made the eater deathly ill. More recently it has been established that the cause of illness is a unique kind of food poisoning now named coturnism. The symptoms include difficulty in breathing, impaired speech, nausea, weakness and loss of feeling in the legs and partial paralysis; death may result. The reason the explicit connection between these symptoms and eating quail took so long to establish is that only certain of the birds are toxic to human beings at certain times of the year and in certain parts of their migratory range, so that the symptoms were often attributed to other causes.

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Re: Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 08:07
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aragonn wrote:

Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the eater ill, but only recently has it been established that the illness is caused by a toxin present in the quail’s body only under certain conditions.

(A) Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes - Seems OK...Let's evaluate other choices for concision and clarity....

(B) Europeans have long known quail eating is sometimes able to make - Similar to A...But A is superior...eliminate B

(C) Eating quail has long been known to Europeans to sometimes make - Change of word order...Doesn't bring any clarity ...eliminate C

(D) It has long been known to Europeans that quail eating will sometimes make - wrong use of tense...eliminate D

(E) It has long been known to Europeans that quail, when it is eaten, has sometimes made -"when it is eaten" -Unwarranted use of passive. A is far superior --Wrt concision and clarity of meaning....eliminate E



Ans : A
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Re: Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 10:38
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I think the most important thing which will help us to eliminate the answer choices is Subject Verb Pair

Looking at the statment 'Europeans' is Plural therefore 'have' is the correct verb and 'eating quail' is Singular therefore makes is also the correct verb, in my opinion A seems correct lets look at the other choices to see if we can find some error
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Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the eater ill, but only recently has it been established that the illness is caused by a toxin present in the quail’s body only under certain conditions.

(A) Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes -> seems Ok to me as per above evaluation

(B) Europeans have long known quail eating is sometimes able to make -> what is the need for 'able to' here??

(C) Eating quail has long been known to Europeans to sometimes make -> Subject Verb error as discussed above

(D) It has long been known to Europeans that quail eating will sometimes make -> incorrect use of will, as 'sometimes make' alone tells that there is a possibility of illness

(E) It has long been known to Europeans that quail, when it is eaten, has sometimes made -> I don't how to explain it but it's such a bad construction it seems like it is not the eating but quail itself causes the illness
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Re: Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 10:54
Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the eater ill, but only recently has it been established that the illness is caused by a toxin present in the quail’s body only under certain conditions.

(A) Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes( no error,correct)

(B) Europeans have long known quail eating is sometimes able to make(awkward)

(C) Eating quail has long been known to Europeans to sometimes make( passive construction with change in intended meaning)

(D) It has long been known to Europeans that quail eating will sometimes make(quail eating seems awkward,simple future tense is not necessary,simple present would be a better choice)

(E) It has long been known to Europeans that quail, when it is eaten, has sometimes made ( when is used to refer to time,use of when and sometimes makes the meaning ambiguous)

Will go with choice A

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Re: Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 17:40
(A) Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes

Here first of all we can look for subject verb agreement and proper usage.
'Europeans' is Plural therefore 'have' - correct verb
'eating quail' is Singular - correct verb
eating quail is a better usage than quail eating. Best choice......Correct Option



(B) Europeans have long known quail eating is sometimes able to make

Subject verb agreement is present in this option. But able to is an unwarranted usage. Also the use of quail eating.
Sentence construction is akward here.....incorrect option


(C) Eating quail has long been known to Europeans to sometimes make

issue with subject verb agreement. Should have been 'makes' since eating quail is singular.....incorrect option

(D) It has long been known to Europeans that quail eating will sometimes make

will sometimes make.. indicates possibility of getting the illness ..changes the meaning of the sentence....incorrect
option


(E) It has long been known to Europeans that quail, when it is eaten, has sometimes made

Has sometimes made ....wrong usage and changes the intended meaning of the sentence...incorrect option


IMO Ans A
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Re: Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 21:31
IMHO A should be the correct choice.

Option B --> Europeans have long known quail eating

Changes the intended meaning



Option C--> to Europeans to sometimes make

this structure is awkwardly constructed



Option D--> quail eating will sometimes make

As per the intended meaning, there is no need for future tense. Hence Incorrect



Option E--> that quail, when it is eaten, has sometimes made

Again it changes the intended meaning


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Re: Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 22:36
Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the eater ill, but only recently has it been established that the illness is caused by a toxin present in the quail’s body only under certain conditions.

(A) Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes - Correct

(B) Europeans have long known quail eating is sometimes able to make -awkward - the phrase quail eating is unclear; are the quail eating something or they are being eaten

(C) Eating quail has long been known to Europeans to sometimes make - illogical meaning - What has long been known is not the eating but the result of the eating: that the eater can become ill

(D) It has long been known to Europeans that quail eating will sometimes make -awkward - the phrase quail eating is unclear; are the quail eating something or they are being eaten

(E) It has long been known to Europeans that quail, when it is eaten, has sometimes made- Tense issue - has made should be in the simple present tense to match the simple present tense verb is; the phrase "when it is eaten" is redundant

Answer A
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New post 17 Nov 2018, 22:49
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Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the eater ill, but only recently has it been established that the illness is caused by a toxin present in the quail’s body only under certain conditions.

(A) Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes

(B) Europeans have long known quail eating is sometimes able to make

(C) Eating quail has long been known to Europeans to sometimes make

(D) It has long been known to Europeans that quail eating will sometimes make

(E) It has long been known to Europeans that quail, when it is eaten, has sometimes made

Quail eating is lousy. Eating quail is the standard expression. Therefore, let's first remove B and D. In E, the past perfect 'has made' is the culprit, which spoils the general nature of a scientific fact.
Between A and C, The passive structure of C is its undoing. A remains as the correct choice.

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Re: Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2018, 01:02
Do we have a subject verb issue in this sentence? Make and makes?

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New post 18 Nov 2018, 06:21
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No. 'Europeans' is not the subject. The gerund 'eating' is the subject. Therefore 'makes' is correct.
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New post 18 Nov 2018, 06:53
isnt A a bit ambiguous??

eating quail sometimes .... makes ....

eating quail... someetimes makes...
aragonn please respond daagh
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Re: Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2018, 08:25
aragonn wrote:

Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the eater ill, but only recently has it been established that the illness is caused by a toxin present in the quail’s body only under certain conditions.

(A) Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes

(B) Europeans have long known quail eating is sometimes able to make

(C) Eating quail has long been known to Europeans to sometimes make

(D) It has long been known to Europeans that quail eating will sometimes make

(E) It has long been known to Europeans that quail, when it is eaten, has sometimes made


Official Explanation:


Choice A is best. Choice B is awkward: that is preferable after known to introduce the clause describing what Europeans have long known, and quail eating is . . . able is unidiomatic. Choices C, D, and E are also awkward; more-over, will. . .make in D and has. . .made in E are inappropri-ate to describe a condition that holds true in the present as well as in the future or the past.
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Re: Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2018, 08:40
AdityaHongunti - As daagh sir mentioned

eating something - this suppose to be a singular noun. that is why 'makes' is used. Perhaps this post can help you.

https://e-gmat.com/blogs/functions-verbing-gmat-verbal/
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Re: Europeans have long known that eating quail sometimes makes the  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2018, 13:07
Got A. But i do not understand “but only recently has it been established that ....”. Why “has it been” not “it has been”?
can someone explain, thanks

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