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# Evaluate Revision: While political discourse and the media

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While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2009, 05:35
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Question Stats:

56% (01:34) correct 44% (01:49) wrong based on 922 sessions

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While political discourse and the media in the United States have focused on the rise of job outsourcing, few have mentioned the sharp fall of talent “insourcing,” or the drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students since 2001, and its dire results. The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come. The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures. What distinguishes the decline of talent insourcing from the rise of job outsourcing is that the former can be easily rectified by a policy change of the United States government.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America?

A. What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America?
B. How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing?
C. Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America?
D. What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?
E. What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students?
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2012, 12:31
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What a great problem. For all our international friends on these forums, come to America to study!

Okay, so the problem...

One thing we should be very careful of on CR is accurately interpreting the question. Make sure you don't rush through the question! Here it is:

"The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America?"

One possible mistake I see is mistaking this question as asking about the author's claim regarding government policy changes on insourcing, in which case the answer would be E.

Instead, the author's claim about the impact of decreased insourcing is the concern here. He basically makes two claims to that effect:

- The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology.
- The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures.

So let's see how well each of these options will help us to evaluate either of those claims.

A. What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America? - Doesn't address impact of decline in insourcing.

B. How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing? - Let's come back to this later if necessary.

C. Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America? Doesn't address impact of decline in insourcing. (Instead, this addresses the source of the problem.)

D. What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students? Yes! The author makes a very explicit claim that as a result of decreased international enrollment, American students "will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures." The answer to the question in choice D will either confirm or deny that claim.

E. What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students? Doesn't address impact of decline in insourcing.

Clearly D is the way to go.

Hope this helps.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2009, 11:47
hogann wrote:
While political discourse and the media in the United States have focused on the rise of job outsourcing, few have mentioned the sharp fall of talent “insourcing,” or the drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students since 2001, and its dire results. The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come. The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures. What distinguishes the decline of talent insourcing from the rise of job outsourcing is that the former can be easily rectified by a policy change of the United States government.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America?

A. What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America?
B. How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing?
C. Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America?
D. What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?
E. What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students?

I would go with D. I am not sure of my answer or reasoning but this is how I look at this.

If we get the answer to D, one of the claims "... and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures" will be resolved. If the opportunities are great then the claim can be evaluated to be wrong. And if the opportunities are short, then the claim would be true.

All other choices don't really seem to be disturbing the conclusion in any way. But, I am not sure about the answer. What is the OA and OE?
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2011, 17:16
D is the winner here.

A simple use of Variance test can ascertain it to be the correct choice:

D) What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?
Ans 1: American grad students have NO opportunity to interact with non-student foreigners => Strengthen the argument that " American grad students will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures"

Ans 2: (polar opposite of Ans 1) American grad students will have LOT OF opportunity to interact with non-student foreigners => Weaken the argument.

Since the polar opposite answers result in polar opposite results (Strengthen Vs Weaken) the Question is the most relevant one to evaluate the argument.

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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2012, 09:20
Look for answer choice which relates to this sentence in given passage "they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures. "

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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2012, 19:24
The question asks for "the impact of decreased insourcing in America " which in the given passage, the authors related to cultural knowledge learned from foreign students.

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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2012, 16:19
D.
Decreased insourcing leads to less exposure of american students to foreign students. D addresses the idea of how grad students will get this opportunity.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2012, 22:50
hogann wrote:
While political discourse and the media in the United States have focused on the rise of job outsourcing, few have mentioned the sharp fall of talent “insourcing,” or the drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students since 2001, and its dire results. The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come. The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures. What distinguishes the decline of talent insourcing from the rise of job outsourcing is that the former can be easily rectified by a policy change of the United States government.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America?

A. What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America?
B. How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing?
C. Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America?
D. What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?
E. What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students?

Overview:

IN-SOURCING is ignored.
students can learn from foregin culture because of in-sourced students.

to support authors claim "they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures."

1. Opportunity to learn is the question...this does not answer..INSUFFICIENT
2. Out of scope .. INSUFFICIENT
3. There would be some number, but it is about learning opportunity.. INSUFFICIENT
4. This directly questions whether we have any other means to learn about foreign cultures..SUFFICIENT
5. MAY not be SUFFICIENT
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2012, 10:08
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The most important thing in this argument is finding the conclusion.

The conclusion of this argument = The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the counctry will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs

Choice D clearly shows whether the American students can learn the culture and perspective from foreigners who come to US in other roles beside students such as traveler, businessmen, etc will impact American students in other ways.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2012, 02:33
Guys I do have a doubt regarding C.
If my answer to C is that there is a decline of 50,000 foreign born graduates in American colleges, then it strengthens the argument but if my answer to the question is just 10, i.e there is a decline of 10 foreign born graduates, then there may not be any effect on American students learning.
Please let me know if I am missing something.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2012, 02:43
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Marcab wrote:
Guys I do have a doubt regarding C.
If my answer to C is that there is a decline of 50,000 foreign born graduates in American colleges, then it strengthens the argument but if my answer to the question is just 10, i.e there is a decline of 10 foreign born graduates, then there may not be any effect on American students learning.
Please let me know if I am missing something.

Yes, a portion of question
Question says: " sharp fall of talent “insourcing,” or the drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students since 2001, and its dire results."
So there is a sharp fall in number of international students, and this is taken for granted while evaluating answer choices. C doesnt remain a candidate with this.

as shown by others, D it is.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2013, 14:59
1
greatps24 wrote:

OA soon. What is your opinion on the question quality & format?

I have some issues with the wording of the question. For example, the question asks: "The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America?" But the author does not make just one claim. The author makes several claims; the author says the decrease will "hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology", that it will have "serious consequences for years to come", and that it will "negatively affect the global outlook and experience of ... American students". So which claim is the question even talking about?

There's a lot of noise in the question, but if you strip away the superfluous language, and focus on the claim about the global outlook of American students, the question tells us:

"The decrease... will ... negatively affect the global outlook ... of ... American students; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures."

But it's possible that American students can learn about other cultures in other ways - perhaps by interacting with non-students who are 'members of other cultures'. If that were true, then the decrease in insourcing may not have quite the impact the author suggests. So D is the answer.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2013, 21:26
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mohnish104 wrote:

The OA is indeed D. I found the OE as well along with the OA.

The author claims that the "decrease in such insourcing will hurt America's competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come." In addition, the author claims that the decline in insourcing will "negatively affect the global outlook and experience of American students" because they will "not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures." We are asked to find a question whose answer would provide information useful to evaluating the claims of the argument.

(A) The focus of the argument is not on the financial costs of insourcing.

(B) The focus of the argument is not on how insourcing can compensate for outsourcing.

(C) The focus of the argument is not on the specific numbers of foreign-born students, but on the decline in their number instead.

(D) CORRECT. The argument assumes that the students will not have contact with foreigners through channels other than school. This choice asks whether the students have such contact elsewhere. If the answer to this question is "yes", the author's claims carry less weight.

(E) A government policy might have an effect on insourcing, but it would not necessarily have an effect on the specific claims of the argument.

Hope this helps!!
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2014, 22:10
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the question asks you for a consideration that will help in evaluating the author's "claim regarding the IMPACT of decreased insourcing". there are 2 such claims:
1: decreased insourcing compromises america's competitiveness in research and technology;
2: decreased insourcing is detrimental to the global outlook of american students because they won't be exposed to foreigners.

choice (e), while relevant to the last sentence of the passage, will do nothing to establish or undermine the integrity of the above 2 claims. choice (d), on the other hand, has a direct bearing on the integrity of claim number 2.

you must read the question very, very, very carefully!

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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2014, 13:34
Quote:
What say for B)

Does it includes external information?? and this is irrelevant for this question???

The questions stem says, "The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased in-sourcing in America?

To evaluate this claim, answer choice does no good. Whether the in-sourcing will help in addressing the problems of out-sourcing is not the question's intent. Hence, out of scope.
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Evaluate Revision: While political discourse and the media  [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2015, 20:14
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This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning : Evaluate" Revision Project.

While political discourse and the media in the United States have focused on the rise of job outsourcing, few have mentioned the sharp fall of talent “insourcing,” or the drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students since 2001, and its dire results. The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come. The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures. What distinguishes the decline of talent insourcing from the rise of job outsourcing is that the former can be easily rectified by a policy change of the United States government. The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America?

A. What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America?

B. How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing?

C. Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America?

D. What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?

E. What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students?
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Re: Evaluate Revision: While political discourse and the media  [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2015, 13:17
Aurhors argument : American students will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures

Choice D - D. What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?
If they have other opportunities such as going on a month long trip to different countries, every semester then they can interact with foreigners
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Re: Evaluate Revision: While political discourse and the media  [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2015, 13:58
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souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning : Evaluate" Revision Project.

While political discourse and the media in the United States have focused on the rise of job outsourcing, few have mentioned the sharp fall of talent “insourcing,” or the drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students since 2001, and its dire results. The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come. The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures. What distinguishes the decline of talent insourcing from the rise of job outsourcing is that the former can be easily rectified by a policy change of the United States government. The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America?

A. What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America?

B. How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing?

C. Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America?

D. What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?

E. What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students?

From the answers available, choice D is correct because it is the only one that directly affects the impact of insourcing. However, I think the question isn't that great because the main impact of insourcing that the author mentions is to 'America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come'. The part of learning from different cultures is a secondary impact, and I thought the main impact should be what needs to be evaluated.
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Evaluate Revision: While political discourse and the media  [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2015, 08:38
aviram wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning : Evaluate" Revision Project.

While political discourse and the media in the United States have focused on the rise of job outsourcing, few have mentioned the sharp fall of talent “insourcing,” or the drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students since 2001, and its dire results. The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come. The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures. What distinguishes the decline of talent insourcing from the rise of job outsourcing is that the former can be easily rectified by a policy change of the United States government. The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America?

A. What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America?

B. How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing?

C. Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America?

D. What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?

E. What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students?

From the answers available, choice D is correct because it is the only one that directly affects the impact of insourcing. However, I think the question isn't that great because the main impact of insourcing that the author mentions is to 'America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come'. The part of learning from different cultures is a secondary impact, and I thought the main impact should be what needs to be evaluated.

I also have the same reasoning and same question that why are we not considering the loss of technical and research competitiveness , i found E more appealing for this reason as it directly answers the core problem , which is number of foreign students , may be i am wrong in thinking. Please suggest .
I am noticing a pattern in Manhattan questions that difficult questions are not full proof.

thanks
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2015, 13:21
hogann wrote:
While political discourse and the media in the United States have focused on the rise of job outsourcing, few have mentioned the sharp fall of talent “insourcing,” or the drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students since 2001, and its dire results. The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come. The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures. What distinguishes the decline of talent insourcing from the rise of job outsourcing is that the former can be easily rectified by a policy change of the United States government.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America?

A. What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America?
B. How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing?
C. Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America?
D. What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?
E. What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students?

I think this question is tricky because there are really two different claims made about the impact of decreased insourcing. One is that "The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come." and the other is "The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures."

The answer must address either claim so I believe the most relevant question is D.
Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu &nbs [#permalink] 06 Dec 2015, 13:21

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