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Evolutionary psychology holds that the human mind is not a

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Evolutionary psychology holds that the human mind is not a [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2010, 11:28
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Evolutionary psychology holds that the human mind is not a "blank slate," but instead that it comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed as a way of solving specific problems human ancestors faced millions of years ago.

(A) the human mind is not a "blank slate," but instead that it comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed as a way of solving
(B) the human mind is not a "blank slate" but instead comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed to solve
(C) the human mind, instead of a "blank slate," it comprises specialized mental mechanisms that have been developed to solve
(D) rather than it being a "blank slate," the human mind comprises specialized mental mechanisms that have been developed as a way of solving
(E) rather than the human mind's being a "blank slate," that it comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed as a way of solving
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Evolutionary psychology [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2010, 12:04
Between A and B, others are plain wrong. Went with A.
B slightly changes the meaning because the original sentencsemphasizes the fact that the human mind developed while in process of solving problems, while B states a human mind developed for the purpose of solving problems. See the shift.

that.... that.... is parrallel.

A.
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Re: Evolutionary psychology [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2010, 12:11
I will provide explanations later on.
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Re: Evolutionary psychology [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2010, 15:10
Pkit wrote:
Evolutionary psychology holds that the human mind is not a "blank slate," but instead that it comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed as a way of solving specific problems human ancestors faced millions of years ago.

(A) the human mind is not a "blank slate," but instead that it comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed as a way of solving
(B) the human mind is not a "blank slate" but instead comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed to solve
(C) the human mind, instead of a "blank slate," it comprises specialized mental mechanisms that have been developed to solve
(D) rather than it being a "blank slate," the human mind comprises specialized mental mechanisms that have been developed as a way of solving
(E) rather than the human mind's being a "blank slate," that it comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed as a way of solving


In C if you remove instead of a "blank slate," it becomes the human mind it .... here it is not required at all
D - rather than it being is awkward
E - human mind's being.. it ... here it is referring to the possessive form of human mind.. not ||.
A That is not required .. as a way of solving is wordy.
D and E also have the same problem of way of solving ..

B rectifies all the problems. it uses to solve ..
human mind is ... but instead comprises .... ||.

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Re: Evolutionary psychology [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2010, 16:37
I narrowed to B and C but did not pick C because of the awkward "it" after "human mind".

B it is.

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Re: Evolutionary psychology [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2010, 21:47
Evolutionary psychology holds that the human mind is not a "blank slate," but instead that it comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed as a way of solving specific problems human ancestors faced millions of years ago.


Now , D and E are wrong because - that rather than is a bad sentence, also note being - so, D and E are out
So, between A , B and C

(A) the human mind is not a "blank slate," but instead that it ( human mind) comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed as a way of solving - that human mind does not sound right , also 'it' can be considered ambiguous as well.

(B) the human mind is not a "blank slate" but instead comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed to solve

(C) the human mind, instead of a "blank slate," it ( human mind) comprises specialized mental mechanisms that have been developed to solve - have been - something that started in past and still continues , where as the original meaning was that these mechanisms were developed . 2nd - but is missing.3rd - it - ambiguous .

I will go with B
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Re: Evolutionary psychology [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2010, 09:51
Straight B
A and C have " it " which does not have a clear noun ....it could mean mind or blank slate !

D and E -- " Being "

hence B is the right choice !

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Re: Evolutionary psychology [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2010, 08:01
Seemed very weird to me.

Idiom : not Y but instead X -
source MGMAT SC page 160.
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Re: Evolutionary psychology holds that the human mind is not a [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2013, 22:17
OA is B.

Intended meaning: Hard problems (Leads)-----------> SPECIALIZED MENTAL MECHANISM to develop ----------->(which in turn leads to ) SOLVE PROBLEMs
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Re: Evolutionary psychology holds that the human mind is not a [#permalink]

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Re: Evolutionary psychology holds that the human mind is not a [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 03:26
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Basically, in this sentence, the parallel structure is not actually "not X but Y"; it's just "X but Y".

background:
structure 1: "not X but Y"
this construction signifies that "X" is expected, normal, or customary in the given situation but that "Y" is what is actually present / has happened / will happen.
for instance:
Restaurant X's "hamburgers" are made not of actual hamburger but of turkey.

structure 2: "X but Y"
this construction signifies some sort of general contrast between X and Y, but lacks the semantic sense that Y is a substitute for X.
for instance:
i am not a doctor but can fix your broken finger.

so, the correct answer to this problem can be understood as a case of structure #2 -- note my example above ("i am not a doctor but can fix your broken finger"), which will also appear incorrect if you try to process it as structure #1.

A: The human mind is not a "blank slate," but instead that it comprises specialized mental mechanisms.
Here, the portions in bold -- is a blank slate (verb + noun phrase) and that it comprises specialized mental mechanisms (that-clause) -- are not parallel forms.
Eliminate A.

OA : The human mind is not a "blank slate" but instead comprises specialized mental mechanisms.
Here, the portions in bold -- is a blank slate (verb + noun phrase) and comprises specialized mental mechanisms (verb + noun phrase) are parallel forms.
In accordance with the rule above, not correctly follows the linking verb is.

(C) The human mind, instead of a "blank slate," it ( human mind) comprises specialized mental mechanisms that have been developed to solve - have been - something that started in past and still continues , where as the original meaning was that these mechanisms were developed . 2nd - but is missing.3rd - it - ambiguous .

D: "rather than it, the human mind comprises" (we can omit "being a 'blank slate'" because it is only a modifier of "it") -- no parallelism whatsoever. "Rather than"-structure required some sort of parallelism:
Rather that Mary, Peter should go.
I bought cheese rather than rice.
With verbs situation is more complicated, but we shouldn't worry about it, because "it" (a word after "rather than") is a pronoun and plays the role of a noun. Here "it" is parallel to "the human mind", but at the same time "it" logically stands for "the human mind", so they are the same thing! (Mary and Peter are different people, and cheese and rice are different products in my examples above)
The second problem with D is that "the human mind" comes after its pronoun "it".
GMAT doesn't like "being" if it's used as a participle.

E: "that rather than the human's mind being X" -- this relative cause is incomplete. "Being" here is a gerund, so it plays the role of a noun. We get: rather than [being]. So what? The thought is completed, of course, in the second that-clause, but it is a mistake. We should complete our "rather than"-thought where we started it (in the first that-clause).
The second mistake is awkwardness. "Something's/somebody's being/doing" provides a hint that the answer is incorrect.

Hence B is the correct answer.
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Re: Evolutionary psychology holds that the human mind is not a [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 05:55
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Evolutionary psychology holds that the human mind is not a "blank slate," but instead that it comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed as a way of solving specific problems human ancestors faced millions of years ago.

(A) the human mind is not a "blank slate," but instead that it comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed as a way of solving

(B) the human mind is not a "blank slate" but instead comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed to solve

(C) the human mind, instead of a "blank slate," it comprises specialized mental mechanisms that have been developed to solve

(D) rather than it being a "blank slate," the human mind comprises specialized mental mechanisms that have been developed as a way of solving
[/b]
(E) rather than the human mind's being a "blank slate," that it comprises specialized mental mechanisms that were developed as a way of solving

To me, this is my hop, step, and jump.
1. have been developed is wrong for something happened some million years ago and therefore C and D are out.
2. 'As a way of solving' ignores the intent involved in the evolution. Therefore A and E are gone.

I would click B and get along. Maybe there are umpteen other pointers to spot the correct choice. But I suspect, that the slug that I am, I might not be fortunate enough to analyze much more.

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Re: Evolutionary psychology holds that the human mind is not a   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2017, 05:55
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