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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world

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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2018, 09:15
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma pikolo2510 gmatexam439 nightblade354

Can you please help me with A/C ?

First published in 1946, (published is a verb-ed modifier)

and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, (comparing seems
to be gerund here)

Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, (why is this subject so far placed from modifier: published)

laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
. (main verb)

Quote:
(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days


Mimesis, (yes, this is the subject that published modifies)

a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, (a modifier in between two coma)

compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible,

and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(both verbs are now in parallel)

Why do we not need that between world and appears?
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2018, 23:30
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adkikani wrote:
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma pikolo2510 gmatexam439 nightblade354

Can you please help me with A/C ?

First published in 1946, (published is a verb-ed modifier)

and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, (comparing seems
to be gerund here)

Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, (why is this subject so far placed from modifier: published)

laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
. (main verb)

Quote:
(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days


Mimesis, (yes, this is the subject that published modifies)

a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, (a modifier in between two coma)

compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible,

and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(both verbs are now in parallel)

Why do we not need that between world and appears?


the word 'comparing' in option A is not a gerund. It is a verb-ing modifier. If it were used as a gerund, there has to be a verb in that part of the sentence which is not seen.

Also, important thing to note here is a verbing and verbed modifier can be parallel. https://gmatclub.com/forum/verb-ed-verb ... 26923.html

Although option C is grammatically correct, the verb 'lays' is incorrect. The action of 'lay' is something that happened in the past and doesn't continue today. hence Option C is incorrect. Read @daagh's explanation, which is the first post of this thread for why using present tense 'lays' is incorrect.

Hope this helps.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2018, 17:02
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daagh wrote:
First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days.

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both , Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days


daagh,

Sir, is "published" and "comparing" parallel in option A ?
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2018, 23:10
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ammu

Yes!

Please see the following example

Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending

A
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2018, 08:07
daagh wrote:
ammu

Yes!

Please see the following example

Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending

A


Hello Sir,

In the below sentence, I have highlighted the two verbs and both are doing the same job, describing the action. Now my question for you is, "Despite being published in 1946 if Mimesis still compares (the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible), then why it can not lay the foundation every time someone reads it?"

Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days.

Another question. Please do check the parallelism in this part of the sentence, "the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible".
Why we can't accept the same parallelism in "compares" and "lays"?
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2018, 09:51
How is first published and comparing, modifies mimesis. Published is by someone and comparing is by mimesis it self.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world &nbs [#permalink] 09 Oct 2018, 09:51

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