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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2016, 10:13
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Icecream87 wrote:
That the past tense in A is the only element that differentiates the answer choice to D is debatable. I chose D because the book still exists and still lays out the foundation of a unified theory today. So the tense doesn't have to match the past "published”.


Laying of foundation is an event that can happen only at a particular point of time; the action cannot be in simple present tense, i.e., something that regularly happens. Mimesis laid the foundation long time ago; it may still be an important book, but foundation laying was started and completed in the past. Hence past simple is the appropriate tense.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2016, 20:01
First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days.

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible
It seems like 'his' is referring to Mimesis which is nonsensical. Thus, I eliminated this option.

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
The treatise was published in 1946 (past), and it laid the foundation of X beginning from very early times to the author's days. Mimesis compares the ways the world appears... is a fact and thus we can use the present tense, but present tense can't be used with foundation when a time period is mentioned. If we were to use present tense then the latter part of the sentence should look like this - and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature. I believe that although this version would have been grammatically correct, it wouldn't have the merit to qualify as the correct answer choice as a vital information - the time period - is missing

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
Commits the same mistake as C does. Lays -> Laid

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
This is not the intended comparison.

Left with Option A.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2017, 13:00
Could you please explain? I thought it would be correct to have the subject after the comma.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2017, 01:50
SourabhRoy25 wrote:
Could you please explain? I thought it would be correct to have the subject after the comma.


The subject "Mimesis" is after the comma. Could you elaborate your query? There are two opening modifiers in parallel (joined by "and") referring to the subject - the modifiers are:

1. First published in 1946
2. comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2017, 05:58
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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days correct

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both , Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days change in meaning

Use of present tense of lay/laying is wrong.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2018, 08:11
Hi everyone,

According to my Manhattan prep book, it is not recommended to put together different forms of verbs if these verbs describe the same thing.
Hence sentence with "First published"+ "comparing"+"book"+ "written by"+"laid" - looks wrong for me.

For me, the grammatical correct will be "First published in 1946, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible and laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days".
So why it is grammatically correct to put together "First published" and "comparing"?

Thanks for answers!
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Mar 2018, 11:56
It's appalling really that this is even a prompt... there is not a writer nor editor in their right minds who'd agree that this is written concisely and in a way that affords a reader ease in understanding that which is being conveyed.

just senseless. to introduce a new subject with "and". mind boggling. the sentence is stylistically flawed and utterly convoluted.

that being said, c is obviously incorrect on the basis of grammatical error.

Originally posted by destinyawaits on 10 Jan 2018, 13:07.
Last edited by destinyawaits on 18 Mar 2018, 11:56, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2018, 11:27
Eliminate C and D for using lays. The event being discussed occurred in the past - in 1946. Hence, past tense 'laid' is appropriate.

Eliminate B for using the pronoun 'his' before the noun. I think that it is a poor construction to use pronoun before the noun except in the case of a dependent clause which will be succeeded by the noun.

Eliminate E for the wrong comparison of two books instead of the ideas discussed in the book.

Therefore, the answer must be A.
Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world   [#permalink] 13 Mar 2018, 11:27

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