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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2014, 12:29
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How A can be correct?
Verb-ed modifier, and verb-ing modifier
How can this structure be correct?
Please remove these unofficial wrong questions from the forum
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2014, 13:11
daagh,

Thanks for your explanation. The trick lies in identifying the use of the word 'compare' and 'lay' here. Even I marked C and now i see why it is wrong !!

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2014, 06:05
Is the original version missing a comma after Auerbach?
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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both , Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
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Re: New Project - First published in 1946, [#permalink]

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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both , Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days



(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.
laying it compared !! Wrong.
(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
compares and lays!! wrong.
(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
it is not laying now!! Wrong
(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both , Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
Change in meaning!!

IMO: A is the answer. What is OA?
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Re: New Project - First published in 1946, [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2014, 01:02
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My Answer is C.
A,B,D,E can be eliminated by avoiding long sequences of modifiers that modify the same noun.
C corrects the error by the structure Modifier+noun+modifier. The verbs "compares" and "lays" are in my opinion OK. Mimesis compares, and Mimesis lays.
what is the OA?

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Re: New Project - First published in 1946, [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2014, 02:55
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According to me, Option A is right.

Please post the OA.

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Re: New Project - First published in 1946, [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2014, 03:15
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IMO is A as meaning and comparison are intact.

What is OA?
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Re: New Project - First published in 1946, [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2014, 10:15
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Went with C, but the word "lays" seems incorrect.

The word "laid" in option A looks good when using with "early times to his days"
Inclined towards A.
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Re: New Project - First published in 1946, [#permalink]

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2014, 01:52
In C "his days" could modify Homer or Auerbach?
A is the best choice because it "laid" the foundation. Not "lays" as in D (it's over, happened once, after it's initial release).
It is a good question, and I feel such a concept could be tested. People should not be too quick to write it off just because it's from an unknown source. Where is it from, though?

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2014, 12:46
First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

a) first published in 1946, and comparing the way... Modifiers modifying Mimesis.
b) Mimesis laid the foundation beginning from very early time to his days - Past tense is appropriately used here as a time frame is given.


(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days - Looks good. Correct

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible. - Changes the placement of modifiers and hence the meaning

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days - Incorrect tense.

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days - Incorrect tense

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both , Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days - Incorrect comparison

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2014, 16:01
Choosed C on the first go .................................... :cry:

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2015, 13:43
BN1989 wrote:
C is the best answer in my opinion.

For all the other options "first published in" modifies Mimesis, which it needs to touch. Furthermore "and" after a comma is only used to connect two main clauses and "first published in" obviously isn't a main clause since there's no subject.

However, the tenses in C should be past, so I don't really see a clear correct answer, I'd just say that C is the best.



You should recognize that C is a trap (given that this the 3rd MOST challenging GMAT Club SC question). The modifier issue is too obvious to be the core problem. Upon closer observation, you realize that there are essentially two modifiers ('First published' participial phrase...and the 'comparing' participial phrase) and both modify Mimesis, which is acceptable. The major problem with answer choice C that eliminates it is the use of the word 'lays', which is the past tense of 'lie'. If we were talking about the present, then Mimesis would 'lay' the foundation and not 'lie' the foundation. Since we are now referring to a past event, what we need is 'laid', which is the past tense of 'lay'.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2015, 04:00
tushain wrote:
How A can be correct?
Verb-ed modifier, and verb-ing modifier
How can this structure be correct?
Please remove these unofficial wrong questions from the forum
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We can parallel the past participle modifier with present participle modifier.

For example -

Ram dedicated to work hard, and studying 6 hours a day, scored 700 in GMAT

Here 'dedicated to work hard' is an essential past participle modifier and 'studying 6 hours a day' is a non-essential present participle modifier.

What we can not do is - we can not parallel a past tense verb with a past participle modifier.

Ram determined to work hard and studied 6 hours a day. (Incorrect)

here 'determined to work' is a past participle modifier and 'studied' is a past tense verb

Now how to distinguish a past tense verb from a past participle??

The famous 'to be' test.

Substitute 'to be' form of the verb just in front of the past participle/past tense verb.
After substitution, is the sentence makes sense -> it is the past tense verb

Hope it helped.

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2015, 16:10
I got this question right on second attempt but took almost 3 mins.. is there a method or trick for quickly answering almost fully underlined sentences ? Any advice / help is highly appreciated
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2015, 17:26
daagh wrote:
Let us just get hold of the gist.

1. A book first - published - in 1946 – a past participle is rightly used.
2. A book is -comparing - something ( even as of today) so a present participle – comparing – is rightly used.
3. Comparison is between the way world appears in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible. Comparison is not between the whole books of Odyssey and Bible.
4. The book laid the foundation for something beginning from early times to his days. - To his days - is the key here, restricting the foundation as something of a past and not applicable at the moment. So the correct expression for this will be a simple past – laid -.

It may be seen that only A fits in

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach – laid - the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days –
Right choice

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.
Wrong because, comparison should come first and then the laying the foundation

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
wrong

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
wrong

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
E – Compares Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible which alters the intent.


A cannot be correct because "a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach" is a nonessential clause with no closing comma. It should be eliminated first.

Last edited by decadecaf on 14 Jan 2015, 06:44, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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IMHO,

Choice A is the right answer.
I think there is a little typo error in Choice A.

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

There must be a COMMA after AUERBACH.
If there is no COMMA, the Choice A will be option with MODIFIER error and can be elimated straigth away.

Most people are confused with Choice C.
Though C is gramatically correct, it alters the meanig of the sentence.
Original sentence says : BY COMAPARING, MIMESIS LAID FOUNDATION
Where as C states : MIMESIS COMPARES AND LAYS FOUNDATION

Put everything aside, In GMAT "conveying the intended meaning" takes first place, ahead of any other Grammar rule.

CHOICE D: LAYS is wrong. because action ended in the past (beginning from the very early times to his days ). so LAID.

Hope doubts are clear.

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2015, 11:24
Quote:
First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days.


I did not choose A because of the lack of a comma after Auerback - can someone explain why one isn't needed there? It seems to me that 'a philosophical treatise written by Auerback' is not part of the main clause and that, without the comma, Mimesis is excluded from the main clause. Will a comma ever be the difference between a correct / incorrect answer?

** Update - I missed the posts above; I agree that the answer is incorrect without the comma.

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2015, 04:40
Okay, I went with A. And reason is explained below. If you find me wrong anywhere, please let me know.
daagh wrote:
First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
Answer

(B) and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.
laying foundation in starting and compared in last as explained by others

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
In this one, Mimesis<Subject> compares<verb> the ways....... Bible, and lays<verb with subject Mimesis> the foundation.......
When subject is same then there should not be comma before and in second verb{MGGMAT SC}
Mimesis, bla bla bla ..., compares .....[not comma] and lays ...... .
and tense lays[present tense] does not go with the meaning.


(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
tense laid is better than lays


(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both , Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
comparing books itself is wrong

(OA under spoiler after 5 answers)

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world   [#permalink] 21 Apr 2015, 04:40

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