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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2016, 10:13
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Icecream87 wrote:
That the past tense in A is the only element that differentiates the answer choice to D is debatable. I chose D because the book still exists and still lays out the foundation of a unified theory today. So the tense doesn't have to match the past "published”.


Laying of foundation is an event that can happen only at a particular point of time; the action cannot be in simple present tense, i.e., something that regularly happens. Mimesis laid the foundation long time ago; it may still be an important book, but foundation laying was started and completed in the past. Hence past simple is the appropriate tense.
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New post 18 Jan 2017, 13:00
Could you please explain? I thought it would be correct to have the subject after the comma.
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New post 19 Jan 2017, 01:50
SourabhRoy25 wrote:
Could you please explain? I thought it would be correct to have the subject after the comma.


The subject "Mimesis" is after the comma. Could you elaborate your query? There are two opening modifiers in parallel (joined by "and") referring to the subject - the modifiers are:

1. First published in 1946
2. comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2017, 05:58
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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days correct

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both , Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days change in meaning

Use of present tense of lay/laying is wrong.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2018, 08:11
Hi everyone,

According to my Manhattan prep book, it is not recommended to put together different forms of verbs if these verbs describe the same thing.
Hence sentence with "First published"+ "comparing"+"book"+ "written by"+"laid" - looks wrong for me.

For me, the grammatical correct will be "First published in 1946, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible and laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days".
So why it is grammatically correct to put together "First published" and "comparing"?

Thanks for answers!
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Mar 2018, 11:56
It's appalling really that this is even a prompt... there is not a writer nor editor in their right minds who'd agree that this is written concisely and in a way that affords a reader ease in understanding that which is being conveyed.

just senseless. to introduce a new subject with "and". mind boggling. the sentence is stylistically flawed and utterly convoluted.

that being said, c is obviously incorrect on the basis of grammatical error.

Originally posted by destinyawaits on 10 Jan 2018, 13:07.
Last edited by destinyawaits on 18 Mar 2018, 11:56, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2018, 11:27
Eliminate C and D for using lays. The event being discussed occurred in the past - in 1946. Hence, past tense 'laid' is appropriate.

Eliminate B for using the pronoun 'his' before the noun. I think that it is a poor construction to use pronoun before the noun except in the case of a dependent clause which will be succeeded by the noun.

Eliminate E for the wrong comparison of two books instead of the ideas discussed in the book.

Therefore, the answer must be A.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2018, 23:19
The sentence is written correct the way it is. The sentence is in simple past, so "lays" is not the correct tense.

option E is wrong because what Mimesis did cannot be seen in the option.
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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2018, 07:24
daagh wrote:
Let us just get hold of the gist.

1. A book first - published - in 1946 – a past participle is rightly used.
2. A book is -comparing - something ( even as of today) so a present participle – comparing – is rightly used.
3. Comparison is between the way world appears in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible. Comparison is not between the whole books of Odyssey and Bible.
4. The book laid the foundation for something beginning from early times to his days. - To his days - is the key here, restricting the foundation as something of a past and not applicable at the moment. So the correct expression for this will be a simple past – laid -.

It may be seen that only A fits in

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach – laid - the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days –
Right choice

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.
Wrong because, comparison should come first and then the laying the foundation

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
wrong

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
wrong

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
E – Compares Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible which alters the intent.


Hi,

I marked B because I thought the focus is on how the book compared the two worlds.
So ... First published,....while laying foundation...., compared....

this is the only difference in A and B..

Please explain
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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2018, 10:15
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma pikolo2510 gmatexam439 nightblade354

Can you please help me with A/C ?

First published in 1946, (published is a verb-ed modifier)

and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, (comparing seems
to be gerund here)

Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, (why is this subject so far placed from modifier: published)

laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
. (main verb)

Quote:
(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days


Mimesis, (yes, this is the subject that published modifies)

a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, (a modifier in between two coma)

compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible,

and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(both verbs are now in parallel)

Why do we not need that between world and appears?
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2018, 00:30
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adkikani wrote:
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma pikolo2510 gmatexam439 nightblade354

Can you please help me with A/C ?

First published in 1946, (published is a verb-ed modifier)

and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, (comparing seems
to be gerund here)

Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, (why is this subject so far placed from modifier: published)

laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
. (main verb)

Quote:
(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days


Mimesis, (yes, this is the subject that published modifies)

a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, (a modifier in between two coma)

compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible,

and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(both verbs are now in parallel)

Why do we not need that between world and appears?


the word 'comparing' in option A is not a gerund. It is a verb-ing modifier. If it were used as a gerund, there has to be a verb in that part of the sentence which is not seen.

Also, important thing to note here is a verbing and verbed modifier can be parallel. https://gmatclub.com/forum/verb-ed-verb ... 26923.html

Although option C is grammatically correct, the verb 'lays' is incorrect. The action of 'lay' is something that happened in the past and doesn't continue today. hence Option C is incorrect. Read @daagh's explanation, which is the first post of this thread for why using present tense 'lays' is incorrect.

Hope this helps.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2018, 18:02
daagh wrote:
First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days.

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both , Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days


daagh,

Sir, is "published" and "comparing" parallel in option A ?
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2018, 00:10
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Yes!

Please see the following example

Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending

A
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world &nbs [#permalink] 12 Aug 2018, 00:10

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