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Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su

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Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 28 Nov 2017, 16:03
1
18
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

74% (00:48) correct 26% (01:02) wrong based on 1048 sessions

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 12th Edition, 2009

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 47
Page: 666

Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this summer, bringing to 34 the number of wild birds successfully raised since transplants from Norway began in 1975.

(A) bringing
(B) and brings
(C) and it brings
(D) and it brought
(E) and brought

OG says "D) There are too many possible referents for it."

1. Can anyone point those referents
2. Also it can acts a placeholder for the action and in that case construction is correct (although i agree that A would be more precise)

Originally posted by vikram4689 on 21 Jan 2012, 02:00.
Last edited by hazelnut on 28 Nov 2017, 16:03, edited 2 times in total.
Reformatted the question.
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Re: Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 23:37
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SajjitaKundu wrote:
Five fledgeling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this summer, bringing to 34 the number of wild birds successfully raised since transplants from Norway began in 1975.

A. bringing
B. and brings
C. and it brings
D. and it brought
E. and brought
Please answer with the expanation to your chosen reply! Thanks in advance!


Five fledgeling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this summer, bringing to 34 the number of wild birds successfully raised since transplants from Norway began in 1975.
In this sentence, "BRINGING" is modifying the act "Five fledgling sea eagles leaving their nests" presented in previous sentence, a correct use.

Kindly note that "Leaving the nests" and "Change in number to 34" are not two DIFFERENT acts. Hence use of AND is incorrect in remaining options. Moreover, use of IT is incorrect to refer an ACT "Leaving the nests".

Hope the explanation is helpful
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Re: Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2012, 10:33
1
it here may be ref to either western Scotland or summer as these two are the only singular existing...
IMO choice D is wordy ...moreover, for it to function as a placeholder, there are certain conditions for e.g
1) to postpone infinitive
2) to postpone THAT clause...n so on..
n since it is doing none of these functions, it is not required..
Also choice A is a classical example of verb+ ing modifier that is showing the result of the action of the preceding clause...
thats my 2 cents on this..
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A WAY TO INCREASE FROM QUANT 35-40 TO 47 : http://gmatclub.com/forum/a-way-to-increase-from-q35-40-to-q-138750.html

Q 47/48 To Q 50 + http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-final-climb-quest-for-q-50-from-q47-129441.html#p1064367

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Re: Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2012, 19:54
1
ok here are the examples
1) To postpone infinitive subjects...e.g. To eat Fast food is not a good habit
now here, the infinitive (TO EAT FAST FOOD, which is also the subject) is postponed with the use of placeholder IT .....
It is not a good habit to eat fast food.
the original sentence has no grammatical error, but the GMAC rejects it because it is not written in a stylish manner.
2) To postpone That clause...e.g That we all scaled the mountain gave us confidence.....
Again, That-clause similar to the infinitives will be postponed with the use of placeholder IT .....
It gave us confidence that we all scaled the mountain...
3) It sounds awkward when a sentence starts with an infinitive or That-clause and it is logical to postpone them on stylish grounds. Similarly, we can also postpone infinitive and that clause when they appear as objects in the sentence.
now if we see the original question, we can easily delete choice D on stylish grounds.
Also plz check ur inbox, i have fwd a page on placeholder IT.
Correct me if i am wrong.
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Q 47/48 To Q 50 + http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-final-climb-quest-for-q-50-from-q47-129441.html#p1064367

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Re: Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2012, 22:58
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(A) bringing - Correct Choice
(B) and brings - and brings forms a clause for which there will be no subject
(C) and it brings - it does not refer to any noun/pronoun clearly
(D) and it brought - it does not refer to any noun/pronoun clearly
(E) and brought - Awkward clause formation by the use of "and brought"
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Re: Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2017, 09:21
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Harishkotha wrote:
298. Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this summer, bringing to 34 the number of wild birds successfully raised since transplants from Norway began in 1975.
(A) bringing
(B) and brings
(C) and it brings
(D) and it brought
(E) and brought


The confusion here is in A and E but it becomes clear once you look at the meaning. The eagles leaving and bringing are not happening simultaneously BUT because the eagles left the number of wild birds was raised.

Anyone can correct if my reasoning is wrong.
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Re: Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2017, 17:04
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 22:44
Five fledgeling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this summer, bringing to 34 the number of wild birds successfully raised since transplants from Norway began in 1975.

A. bringing
B. and brings
C. and it brings
D. and it brought
E. and brought

Please answer with the expanation to your chosen reply! Thanks in advance!
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Re: Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2017, 05:10
SajjitaKundu wrote:
Five fledgeling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this summer, bringing to 34 the number of wild birds successfully raised since transplants from Norway began in 1975.

A. bringing
B. and brings
C. and it brings
D. and it brought
E. and brought

Please answer with the expanation to your chosen reply! Thanks in advance!


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Re: Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 20:20
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Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this summer, bringing to 34 the number of wild birds successfully raised since transplants from Norway began in 1975.

(A) bringing - Correct
(B) and brings - Subject verb agreement issue - eagles brings
(C) and it brings - Pronoun it tries to refer to the entire action
(D) and it brought - Pronoun it tries to refer to the entire action
(E) and brought - the Eagles themselves didn't directly bring the number to 34; they left their nests, and that action (of leaving the nest) brought the number to 34. so, the birds didn't directly bring the number up to 34, but they are clearly the ones most proximately responsible for that increase.

Answer A
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Re: Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2020, 10:55
Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this summer, bringing to 34 the number of wild birds successfully raised since transplants from Norway began in 1975.

(A) bringing (correct - VERB-ing is modifying the entire preceding clause)
(B) and brings (AND connects two related but equally important thoughts)
(C) and it brings (use of it )
(D) and it brought (same as C)
(E) and brought (same as B)
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Re: Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2020, 21:20
This seems like a fairly simple question, but let's be careful. This could be tricky: there is only one word underlined – which means that you can't use multiple rules to eliminate options here.

Let’s look at C and D first?

What is ‘it’ doing here? What does it refer to? There is no clear referent/antecedent and this is not a placeholder pronoun.

What about ‘brings’ and ‘brought’ ?
Seagulls --> left nests --> and brings (incorrect)
Seagulls --> left nests --> and it brought (incorrect)

Eliminate Options B, C, D, and E. You are now left with Option A – ‘bringing’

‘Bringing’ is a present participle modifier after the clause ‘… western Scotland this summer’ which indicates the result/effect of the clause.

Option A is the right answer.
Hope this helps!
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Re: Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2020, 03:08
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Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

vikram4689 wrote:
Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this summer, bringing to 34 the number of wild birds successfully raised since transplants from Norway began in 1975.

(A) bringing
(B) and brings
(C) and it brings
(D) and it brought
(E) and brought



Choice A: This answer choice maintains subject-verb agreement and proper pronoun use throughout the sentence. Moreover, this answer choice correctly utilizes a different verb form in the subordinate clause. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice B: This answer choice features a subject-verb disagreement between "eagles" and "brings". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice C: This answer choice repeats the error found in Option B. Additionally, it is unclear what the pronoun "it" refers to. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice D: This answer choice repeats the pronoun ambiguity error found in Option C. Moreover, as the second clause is illustrating the results of the first clause the verb "brought" should not parallel the verb "left". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice E: This answer choice repeats the parallelism error found in Option D. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Hence, A is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of "Avoiding Pronoun Ambiguity on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~1 minute):



All the best!
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Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2020, 09:20
vikram4689 wrote:
Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this summer, bringing to 34 the number of wild birds successfully raised since transplants from Norway began in 1975.

(A) bringing
(B) and brings
(C) and it brings
(D) and it brought
(E) and brought


One quick additional thought on B) C) D) and E):
Structurally, the comma before and is not even appropriate. Even if "leaving the nests and bringing up the number" were two different actions done by the sea eagles, the comma + and would not be the right structure for simply connecting two actions, the comma makes it flawed.
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Re: Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2020, 07:42
PARALLELISM, MEANING


Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this summer, bringing to 34 the number of wild birds successfully raised since transplants from Norway began in 1975.



(A) bringing ----------- CORRECT.


(B) and brings ------------ Incorrect parallelism and wrong verb number. "bring" is a verb and could only be parallel to "left". However, the subject would be "eagles", which is a plural subject.


(C) and it brings ------------- "eagles" are not an "it". In case they are using "it" as an idiomatic holder, then it would be ambiguous.


(D) and it brought ---------- "eagles" are not an "it". In case they are using "it" as an idiomatic holder, then it would be ambiguous.


(E) and brought ----------- Changes the meaning. "brought" would be parallel to "left", whose subject is EAGLES. This answer implies that the "brought" was an action intentionally done by the eagles, which makes no sense.
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Re: Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this su   [#permalink] 15 Feb 2020, 07:42
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