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# Freud is considered an early expert on the subject of grief

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Freud is considered an early expert on the subject of grief  [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2017, 06:14
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Question 2
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Freud is considered an early expert on the subject of grief. In his writings, one of the primary tasks faced by the bereaved individual was reclaiming the energy that had been invested in the loved one. Later theorists added to our understanding of grief by reflecting on the role of socialization and the relationship with the deceased in the experience of grief. Bowlby identified four phases through which the grieving person passes: numbing, yearning and searching, disorganization and despair, and reorganization. Still others have suggested that responses to grief are predictable, regardless of the individual’s personality characteristics and personal coping skills. A recent theory also suggests that grief is not only psychological but also biological, and represents the individual’s movement toward reintegration and balance.

One concern frequently expressed by critics of the stage models of grief is general misunderstanding about how the stages are experienced. The average person and even many mental health practitioners tend to see the stages of grief as linear and as descriptions of how grief should be experienced. This can make grieving individuals feel as if they must ‘progress’ through the stages in a timely manner and that something is wrong if they do not do so. The authors of the various stage models did not make this assumption, however. Instead, they acknowledged that the way grief is expressed, the timing and sequence of stages, the duration for which grief lasts, and the coping responses used were varied. Another criticism is that these models assume that the outcome of the grief process will be a return to a more ‘normal’ psychological state. Some experts, on the contrary, suggest that a person does not ever return to the state of mind prior to the loss, and long-term grief may be normal for some people. This aspect needs further examination of theories before the merit of this criticism can be objectively judged.

Source: Hidden Victims: The Effects of the Death Penalty on Families of the Accused – Susan F. Sharp
What is the author’s attitude on the theories suggesting stage models of grief?

A. The author considers these theories plausible.
B. The author finds the stages to be predictable.
C. The author questions the chronological nature of the theories.
D. The author is convinced that a final state of normalcy exists.
E. The author finds similarity among the various stage models.
Spoiler: :: OA
A

Which of the following statements is the author most likely to agree with?

A. The latest theories of grief find their base in the work of Freud.
B. The critics of stage models have incorrectly made certain assumptions about the stage model theories.
C. The ‘coming to normalcy’ idea of stage model theories is incorrectly interpreted by the critics of these theories.
D. The stages of grief are linear and time-bound.
E. Socialization can help in refocusing energy invested in the relationship with the deceased.
Spoiler: :: OA
B

Source: ExpertsGlobal

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Re: Freud is considered an early expert on the subject of grief  [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2017, 12:58
Could somebody elaborate on which part of the lecture suggests the author's attitude on the theories?

I just don't get it.
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Re: Freud is considered an early expert on the subject of grief  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2017, 06:26
thalcantero wrote:
Could somebody elaborate on which part of the lecture suggests the author's attitude on the theories?

I just don't get it.

may be that "This aspect needs further examination of theories before the merit of this criticism can be objectively judged."?
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Re: Freud is considered an early expert on the subject of grief  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2018, 20:56

+1 kudos to the posts containing answer explanations of all questions

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Freud is considered an early expert on the subject of grief  [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2018, 07:07
What is the author’s attitude on the theories suggesting stage models of grief?

A. The author considers these theories plausible- Nowhere the author disagrees with the theories discussed. So, this is the correct choice.
B. The author finds the stages to be predictable- The passage does not give any such indications.
C. The author questions the chronological nature of the theories- The author mentions the chronological nature of
the theories but does not question it.
D. The author is convinced that a final state of normalcy exists.-The author discusses state of normalcy withe reference to certain theories but
does not show his conviction for any theory.
E. The author finds similarity among the various stage models-The passage does not give any such indications

Which of the following statements is the author most likely to agree with?

A. The latest theories of grief find their base in the work of Freud.- The first line of suggests a general belief but this author would agree
to it cannot be concluded.
B. The critics of stage models have incorrectly made certain assumptions about the stage model theories.- In the second para it is mentioned -"Another
criticism is that these models assume that the outcome of the grief process will be a return to a more ‘normal’ psychological state..." which shows
that the author would agree that The critics of stage models have incorrectly made certain assumptions about the stage model theories.
C. The ‘coming to normalcy’ idea of stage model theories is incorrectly interpreted by the critics of these theories.- This comes close but
when the author says -"Some experts, on the contrary, suggest that a person does not ever return to the state of mind prior to the loss,
and long-term grief may be normal for some people." makes us believe that the author will not agree with the point in option C.
D. The stages of grief are linear and time-bound.- It cannot be inferred that the author would agree to it.
E. Socialization can help in refocusing energy invested in the relationship with the deceased.- This can be concluded from 1st para but
it cannot be inferred that the author would agree to it.
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Freud is considered an early expert on the subject of grief  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2018, 08:33
dvishal387 wrote:
What is the author’s attitude on the theories suggesting stage models of grief?

A. The author considers these theories plausible- Nowhere the author disagrees with the theories discussed. So, this is the correct choice.
B. The author finds the stages to be predictable- The passage does not give any such indications.
C. The author questions the chronological nature of the theories- The author mentions the chronological nature of
the theories but does not question it.
D. The author is convinced that a final state of normalcy exists.-The author discusses state of normalcy withe reference to certain theories but
does not show his conviction for any theory.
E. The author finds similarity among the various stage models-The passage does not give any such indications

Hello dvishal387, AlexGmat2017, thalcantero, broall, workout

Can you please further elaborate on Q1 - Option : C. The author questions the chronological nature of the theories.

I selected C as the answer as it was more closely associated with below snippet from para 2:

The average person and even many mental health practitioners tend to see the stages of grief as linear and as descriptions of how grief should be experienced. This can make grieving individuals feel as if they must ‘progress’ through the stages in a timely manner and that something is wrong if they do not do so. The authors of the various stage models did not make this assumption, however. Instead, they acknowledged that the way grief is expressed, the timing and sequence of stages, the duration for which grief lasts, and the coping responses used were varied.

The author uses these words such as:
1) as if they must ‘progress’

My interpretation:
when we read these two points OR associated words, I feel we typically sense that author is not aligned. That is how many institutes such as Manhattan / Kaplan teach. they suggest looking out for words and interpret "a change in tone".

So I felt that author is definitely questioning the assertion. I feel option D is more accurate. Option A says author felt these theories "plausible".

If para is using words such as however OR instead to indicate a differing opinion then we can't say that author thinks theories are plausible. I hope, I am able to explain my dilemma.

---
Such interesting counter opinions deserve kudos Pls hit kudos.
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Freud is considered an early expert on the subject of grief  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2018, 22:56
Cinematiccuisine wrote:
dvishal387 wrote:
What is the author’s attitude on the theories suggesting stage models of grief?

A. The author considers these theories plausible- Nowhere the author disagrees with the theories discussed. So, this is the correct choice.
B. The author finds the stages to be predictable- The passage does not give any such indications.
C. The author questions the chronological nature of the theories- The author mentions the chronological nature of
the theories but does not question it.
D. The author is convinced that a final state of normalcy exists.-The author discusses state of normalcy withe reference to certain theories but
does not show his conviction for any theory.
E. The author finds similarity among the various stage models-The passage does not give any such indications

Hello dvishal387, AlexGmat2017, thalcantero, broall, workout

Can you please further elaborate on Q1 - Option : C. The author questions the chronological nature of the theories.

I selected C as the answer as it was more closely associated with below snippet from para 2:

The average person and even many mental health practitioners tend to see the stages of grief as linear and as descriptions of how grief should be experienced. This can make grieving individuals feel as if they must ‘progress’ through the stages in a timely manner and that something is wrong if they do not do so. The authors of the various stage models did not make this assumption, however. Instead, they acknowledged that the way grief is expressed, the timing and sequence of stages, the duration for which grief lasts, and the coping responses used were varied.

The author uses these words such as:
1) as if they must ‘progress’

My interpretation:
when we read these two points OR associated words, I feel we typically sense that author is not aligned. That is how many institutes such as Manhattan / Kaplan teach. they suggest looking out for words and interpret "a change in tone".

So I felt that author is definitely questioning the assertion. I feel option D is more accurate. Option A says author felt these theories "plausible".

If para is using words such as however OR instead to indicate a differing opinion then we can't say that author thinks theories are plausible. I hope, I am able to explain my dilemma.

---
Such interesting counter opinions deserve kudos Pls hit kudos.

Hey, just sharing my view on this question. I hope my reasoning helps.

Option C says the author QUESTIONS the chronological nature of the theory. Instead of getting caught in the word play, please focus on the bigger story. The author simply states that the critics of the stages theory have misunderstood that the stages are supposed to come in certain way whereas the authors of the story made no such assumption and for the author of these theories, the stages can have great degree of variations. So the author of this passage simply states that critics have misunderstood something of these stages theories. He himself does not question it.

I hope it makes sense.
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Re: Freud is considered an early expert on the subject of grief  [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2018, 22:28
urvashis09 wrote:

Hey, just sharing my view on this question. I hope my reasoning helps.

Option C says the author QUESTIONS the chronological nature of the theory. Instead of getting caught in the word play, please focus on the bigger story. The author simply states that the critics of the stages theory have misunderstood that the stages are supposed to come in certain way whereas the authors of the story made no such assumption and for the author of these theories, the stages can have great degree of variations. So the author of this passage simply states that critics have misunderstood something of these stages theories. He himself does not question it.

I hope it makes sense.

Thank you urvashis09. i will try attempting this question again after a month and see if your method can be applied. I usually forget most of the RC questions or logic so it's good to practice same q's again. Thanks again.
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Re: Freud is considered an early expert on the subject of grief  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2018, 08:33
Hi
dvishal387

In your explanation to Q2 B

B. The critics of stage models have incorrectly made certain assumptions about the stage model theories.- In the second para it is mentioned -"Another
criticism is that these models assume that the outcome of the grief process will be a return to a more ‘normal’ psychological state..." which shows
that the author would agree that The critics of stage models have incorrectly made certain assumptions about the stage model theories.

The author in the last sentence disragrds the criticism and therefore this may not be the right reaon. Please elucidate

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Re: Freud is considered an early expert on the subject of grief &nbs [#permalink] 29 Nov 2018, 08:33
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# Freud is considered an early expert on the subject of grief

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