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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Dendrochronology, the study of tree-rin

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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Dendrochronology, the study of tree-rin [#permalink]

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Passage-20 [url=http://gmatclub.com/forum/all-gmat-prep-rcs-collection-176232.html]GMATPrep RCs-Collection(Main article)[/url]
Dendrochronology, the study of tree-ring records to glean information about the past, is possible because each year a tree adds a new layer of wood between the existing wood and the bark. In temperate and subpolar climates, cells added at the growing season's start are large and thin-walled, but later the new cells that develop are smaller and thick-walled; the growing season is followed by a period of dormancy. When a tree trunk is viewed in cross section, a boundary line is normally visible between the small-celled wood added at the end of the growing season in the previous year and the large-celled spring wood of the following year's growing season. The annual growth pattern appears as a series of larger and larger rings. In wet years rings are broad; during drought years they are narrow, since the trees grow less. Often, ring patterns of dead trees of different, but overlapping, ages can be correlated to provide an extended index of past climate conditions.

However, trees that grew in areas with a steady supply of groundwater show little variation in ring width from year to year; these "complacent" rings tell nothing about changes in climate. And trees in extremely dry regions may go a year or two without adding any rings, thereby introducing uncertaintiesinto the count. Certain species sometimes add more than one ring in a single year, when growth halts temporarily and then starts again.
1. The passage suggests which of the following about the ring patterns of two trees that grew in the same area and that were of different, but overlapping, ages?
A. The rings corresponding to the overlapping years would often exhibit similar patterns.
B. The rings corresponding to the years in which only one of the trees was alive would not reliably indicate the climate conditions of those years.
C. The rings corresponding to the overlapping years would exhibit similar patterns only if the trees were of the same species.
D. The rings corresponding to the overlapping years could not be complacent rings.
E. The rings corresponding to the overlapping years would provide a more reliable index of dry climate conditions than of wet conditions.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A


2. In the highlighted text, "uncertainties" refers to
A. dendrochronologists' failure to consider the prevalence of erratic weather patterns
B. inconsistencies introduced because of changes in methodology
C. some tree species' tendency to deviate from the norm
D. the lack of detectable variation in trees with complacent rings
E. the lack of perfect correlation between the number of a tree's rings and its age

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


3. The passage is primarily concerned with
A. evaluating the effect of climate on the growth of trees of different species
B. questioning the validity of a method used to study tree-ring records
C. explaining how climatic conditions can be deduced from tree-ring patterns
D. outlining the relation between tree size and cell structure within the tree
E. tracing the development of a scientific method of analyzing tree-ring patterns

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA

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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Dendrochronology, the study of tree-rin [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2014, 20:31

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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Dendrochronology, the study of tree-rin [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2014, 14:54
Time taken: 05:10mins

1. The passage suggests which of the following about the ring patterns of two trees that grew in the same area and that were of different, but overlapping, ages?
A. The rings corresponding to the overlapping years would often exhibit similar patterns.Sort of. But the option is too wide in scope. This option adds climate conditions and a lot more in "similar patterns"
B. The rings corresponding to the years in which only one of the trees was alive would not reliably indicate the climate conditions of those years.No we need both the trees to be alive to analyse climate conditions
C. The rings corresponding to the overlapping years would exhibit similar patterns only if the trees were of the same species.Its not necessary to be the same species
D. The rings corresponding to the overlapping years could not be complacent rings.They can be
E. The rings corresponding to the overlapping years would provide a more reliable index of dry climate conditions than of wet conditions.Correct.


2. In the highlighted text, "uncertainties" refers to
A. dendrochronologists' failure to consider the prevalence of erratic weather patternsUncertainty is wrt the determination of age of tree in years of drought or sporadic growth spurts
B. inconsistencies introduced because of changes in methodologyThere is no mention of change in methodology
C. some tree species' tendency to deviate from the normSort of. But this makes it sound like the tree deviates intentionally. Sometimes, like in cases of drought, trees are compelled to introduce inconsistent ring patterns.
D. the lack of detectable variation in trees with complacent ringsNope
E. the lack of perfect correlation between the number of a tree's rings and its ageYes. Sometimes due to climate or owing to the species that the tree is, there is inconsistencies with the tree-ring patterns.


3. The passage is primarily concerned with
A. evaluating the effect of climate on the growth of trees of different speciesWe are not discussing different species here.
B. questioning the validity of a method used to study tree-ring recordsWe are not questioning anything. It is just a description of the method
C. explaining how climatic conditions can be deduced from tree-ring patternsCorrect.
D. outlining the relation between tree size and cell structure within the treeThere is no mention of tree-size contributing to ring formation. Only age is introduced as a factor.
E. tracing the development of a scientific method of analyzing tree-ring patternsWe do not have any explanation of history of method of analysing tree-ring patterns

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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Dendrochronology, the study of tree-rin [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2014, 23:33
1. The passage suggests which of the following about the ring patterns of two trees that grew in the same area and that were of different, but overlapping, ages?
A. The rings corresponding to the overlapping years would often exhibit similar patterns.
B. The rings corresponding to the years in which only one of the trees was alive would not reliably indicate the climate conditions of those years.
C. The rings corresponding to the overlapping years would exhibit similar patterns only if the trees were of the same species.
D. The rings corresponding to the overlapping years could not be complacent rings.
E. The rings corresponding to the overlapping years would provide a more reliable index of dry climate conditions than of wet conditions.

Ans - D

In the passage it is stated that often, ring patterns of dead trees of different, but overlapping, ages can be correlated to provide an extended index of past climate conditions. Start of second passage states that "complacent" rings tell nothing about changes in climate. Hence it can be deduced that rings corresponding to overlapping years couldn't be complacent rings.

2. In the highlighted text, "uncertainties" refers to
A. dendrochronologists' failure to consider the prevalence of erratic weather patterns
B. inconsistencies introduced because of changes in methodology
C. some tree species' tendency to deviate from the norm
D. the lack of detectable variation in trees with complacent rings
E. the lack of perfect correlation between the number of a tree's rings and its age

Ans - D

First paragraph states how temperature and climate systematically affect tree growth. Start of second paragraph states that trees that grew in areas with a steady supply of groundwater show little variation in ring width from year to year; these "complacent" rings tell nothing about changes in climate. So these trees don't exhibit the typical variations due to climate and temperature changes that trees would normally exhibit.

3. The passage is primarily concerned with
A. evaluating the effect of climate on the growth of trees of different species
B. questioning the validity of a method used to study tree-ring records
C. explaining how climatic conditions can be deduced from tree-ring patterns
D. outlining the relation between tree size and cell structure within the tree
E. tracing the development of a scientific method of analyzing tree-ring patterns

Ans - C

Author outlines how the methods of Dendrochronology are used and in second paragraph he mentions certain limitations of their applicability.

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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Dendrochronology, the study of tree-rin [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2014, 07:42
5min 10sec

A E C (all correct)

OA also updated.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Dendrochronology, the study of tree-rin [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2014, 21:13
PiyushK wrote:
5min 10sec

A E C (all correct)

OA also updated.


Can you please explain question 1. A seems too strong to be the correct answer. We don't know whether trees would exhibit similar patterns. Since comparison of ring patterns different tress with overlapping ages can provide extended information, we can say that these rings are not complacent rings.

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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Dendrochronology, the study of tree-rin [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2014, 06:23
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desaichinmay22 wrote:
PiyushK wrote:
5min 10sec

A E C (all correct)

OA also updated.


Can you please explain question 1. A seems too strong to be the correct answer. We don't know whether trees would exhibit similar patterns. Since comparison of ring patterns different tress with overlapping ages can provide extended information, we can say that these rings are not complacent rings.

That is the reason why the author is saying that ring patterns are corroborated among trees and conclusion about climatic conditions can be arrived at. There will be differences between two trees, but majority will exhibit the similar pattern and that is what Option A) is saying.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Dendrochronology, the study of tree-rin [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2015, 18:38
1A,2E,3E(incorrect)

4 minutes 5 seconds

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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Dendrochronology, the study of tree-rin [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2015, 07:31
Darn. Was thrown off by Para1 :(
6:30mins. Q2 wrong.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Dendrochronology, the study of tree-rin [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2016, 13:23
5:30
all correct.
600 level passage.

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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Dendrochronology, the study of tree-rin [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2016, 06:08
Time Taken : 6 mins. All Correct. Easy Passage. :)
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Dendrochronology, the study of tree-rin [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2017, 05:32
Took 5 mins 40 seconds , including almost 3 minutes to read. All correct
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Dendrochronology, the study of tree-rin   [#permalink] 30 Nov 2017, 05:32
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