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How to get 6.0 AWA on GMAT ....my guide

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New post 07 Jan 2014, 10:54
I created this account solely so I could thank ChineseBurned and add validity to this thread. I took the GMAT late November 2013, and recieved a 6 on my AWA. All I did was study this thread, and I used no other study sources. This is the single most important and useful study material out there for AWA. Thank you, and I would highly recommend anyone studying for AWA to use this, memorize the exact words and sentences you are going to use, and just fill in the blanks for the specific topic presented.

Thanks!!!
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New post 08 Jan 2014, 05:42
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A collection of Few AWA essays for reference. Hope it helps .
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New post 28 Apr 2014, 04:34
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I also got 6 in AWA. Here are my thoughts

AWA - Here are my notes that i used for the exam

Points to note:
1) Write at least 4-5 paragraphs. I normally wrote 4 paras.
- In the first para, I re-iterated what the author concluded or recommended. Then explained the evidence the author gave to support the conclusion. In the end, I focused on suggesting that the conclusion is flawed and the reasons are explained in the following paragraphs
- Second and third paras, I attacked two or three flaws or discussed the unstated assumptions that the author has not considered.
- Forth para, I said that the argument is flawed and then gave reasons as to how can the author make the argument more logically acceptable.

You can used any of the examples in different paras to create the structure of the essay. I practised around 20 paras before the exam so that the main structure was embedded in my brain and I just needed to identify the flaws and logically argue those points.

Para 1
- Citing facts drawn from the....
- In the argument, the author concludes that [X is Y]. The conclusion is based on the following two facts: (1) [Fact 1] ; (2) [Fact 2]
- [X] recommends that...... To support this recommendation, the author points out that....
- Based on [X], the author predicts/recommends/concludes that [X is Y]
- The line of reasoning is problematic for several reasons.
- The conclusion is not warranted by the evidence and is unconvincing for several reasons
- Neither of the reasons provide sufficient support
- This conclusion is not convincing as it stands

Para 2 and 3
- First of all, the author's conclusion goes beyond the evidence.
- Secondly, the author fails to mention/consider/establish [X] and/or [Y]
- The author's argument is based on the assumption [X]
- The only reason offered by the author is the claim that.....
- Withoug compelling evidence to support this critical assumption, the author's recommendation/conclusion is not worthy of consideration.
- But the authors generalisation is based on [X] is unreliable
- The statistics cited in the [X] maybe misleading because .....
- The problem with the argument is that [X] is/are not necessarily representative of the views of [Y] in general.

Para 4
- The conclusion is not convincing as it stands
- Consequently, I am not convinced that .....
- In conclusion, to convince me that [X], the author would have to provide evidence that.....
- In conclusion, the argument is weak. To make the argument more logically acceptable, the author must demonstrate that.....
- In addition, to further strengthen the argument, the author must provide evidence to show that....
- The argument is weak because it depends on an oversimplified assumption about the causal connection between [X] and [Y]. To strengthen the argument, the author must identify and explore relevant factors beyond [X] before concluding [Y]
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New post 06 Jul 2014, 08:46
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http://tips00.blogspot.in/2012/08/how-t ... -gmat.html


The argument that <restate argument> omits some very important considerations that are necessary to get a full 360-degree view of the described scenario. The argument does not provide substantive evidence to be able to prove or even support the main conclusion from the given premises.

First, the argument readily assumes that…

Second, the argument claims that…

Lastly, the argument fails to account for the fact that…

In summary, the argument is extremely flawed because of the above-mentioned reasons and hence comes across as weak and unconvincing to the reader. If the author had mentioned all the relevant facts that are essential to objectively assess the situation under consideration, the argument would have been much stronger. Without this information, the argument remains unsubstantiated and open to debate.


 Now that you’ve typed out your template, take 3-4 mins to read the question and JOT DOWN 3 loopholes. Write them down on your scratchpad, do not memorize.
 Fill in the <restate argument> part in the introduction.



The argument claims <restate argument> omits some very important considerations that are essential to get a full 360-degree view of the described scenario. The argument does not provide substantial evidence to be able to prove or even support the main conclusion from the given premises.

First, the argument readily assumes that…<The assumed cause-effect relationship>
There could be multiple reasons for...<The assumed blah blah...>. For example..... <for loophole 1> Another example..... <for loophole 2>. Hence, the argument fails to convince the reader that… <The assumed cause-effect relationship>

Second, the argument claims that… <Any secondary assumed cause-effect relationship>. <Discuss it again as loophole 3. Give example as well.> This is again a very weak and flimsy assertion as it does not portray any correlation between <cause> and <effect>

Lastly, the argument fails to account for…<negative effect of cause> Without backing evidences and examples from <any related area>, one is left with the impression that the claim is more of a wishful thinking rather than substantive evidence. As a consequence, this conclusion has no legs to stand on.

In a nutshell, the argument is extremely flawed because of the above-mentioned reasons and hence appear as fragile and questionable to the reader. If the author had come up with relevant facts necessary to objectively assess the situation under consideration, the argument would have been much credible. Without this information, the argument remains sceptical and open to debate.
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New post 28 Oct 2014, 07:26
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Here is Chineseburned AWA guide in pdf format. :lol:
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New post 13 Nov 2014, 08:53
chineseburned wrote:
Guide to Perfect 6.0 AWA GMAT Score

Related AWA Resources:


I took the GMAT twice and scored 6.0 each time. I did put a lot of time in it the first time....too much actually. Being a non-native speaker and having not written a damn essay (of any kind) in many many years, I was very scared of the AWA. So, I went through every guide that I could find and wrote nearly 25-30 essays. Even had a friend grade them for me.....Pathetic, huh?

Anyway, for my second time, I just looked over my templates I created and wrote one of each the day before test just to refresh my memory on faster typing without making too many typos......

So, here it is....Enjoy, and please do not blame me if the 6.0 percentile goes down to 80 soon :-D



AWA GUIDE

by Chineseburned

1. General Structure



Intro - Restate argument, point out flaws or state intention to discuss them below
1st Para - First,...
2nd Para - Second/In addition,...
3rd Para - Third/Finally,...
Conclusion - The argument is flawed/weak/unconvincing because of the above -mentioned...Ultimately, the argument can be strengthened if/by...


2. Structural Word (should be all over the essays)



  1. Supporting examples - for example, to illustrate, for instance, because, specifically
  2. Additional support - furthermore, in addition, similarly, just as, also, as a result, moreover
  3. Importance - surely, truly, undoubtedly, clearly, in fact, most importantly
  4. Contrast - on the contrary, yet, despite, rather, instead, however, although, while
  5. Decide against - one cannot deny that, it could be argued that, granted, admittedly
  6. Ying-yang - on the one hand/on the other hand
  7. Concluding - therefore, in summary, consequently, hence, in conclusion, ultimately, in closing


3. Templates



Intro:
The argument claims that ....(restate)
Stated in this way the argument:
a) manipulates facts and conveys a distorted view of the situation
b) reveals examples of leap of faith, poor reasoning and ill-defined terminology
c) fails to mention several key factors, on the basis of which it could be evaluated
The conclusion of the argument relies on assumptions for which there is no clear evidence. Hence, the argument is weak/unconvincing and has several flaws.

1st Para:
First, the argument readily assumes that......
This statement is a stretch....
For example,...
Clearly,...
The argument could have been much clearer if it explicitly stated that...

2nd Para:
Second, the argument claims that....
This is again a very weak and unsupported claim as the argument does not demonstrate any correlation between....and...
To illustrate,...
While,...
However,....indeed....
In fact, it is not at all clear...rather....
If the argument had provided evidence that.....then the argument would have been a lot more convincing.

3rd Para:
Finally,...
(pose some questions for the argument).....Without convincing answers to these questions, one is left with the impression that the claim is more of a wishful thinking rather than substantive evidence.

Conclusion:
In conclusion, the argument is flawed for the above-mentioned reasons and is therefore unconvincing. It could be considerably strengthened if the author clearly mentioned all the relevant facts....
In order to assess the merits of a certain situation/decision, it is essential to have full knowledge of all contributing factors. In this particular case....
Without this information, the argument remains unsubstantiated and open to debate.

4. Going from the templates to full-fledged essays




ESSAY QUESTION:
The following appeared in the editorial section of a national news magazine:[/b]

"The rating system for electronic games is similar to the movie rating system in that it provides consumers with a quick reference so that they can determine if the subject matter and contents are appropriate. This electronic game rating system is not working because it is self regulated and the fines for violating the rating system are nominal. As a result an independent body should oversee the game industry and companies that knowingly violate the rating system should be prohibited from releasing a game for two years."

Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. Point out flaws in the argument's logic and analyze the argument's underlying assumptions. In addition, evaluate how supporting evidence is used and what evidence might counter the argument's conclusion. You may also discuss what additional evidence could be used to strengthen the argument or what changes would make the argument more logically sound.


YOUR RESPONSE:
Quote:
The argument claims that the electronic games rating system, although similar to the movie rating system, is not working because it is self regulated and violation fines are nominal, Hence, the gaming rating system should be overseen by an independent body. Stated in this way the argument fails to mention several key factors, on the basis of which it could be evaluated. The conclusion relies on assumptions, for which there is no clear evidence. Therefore, the argument is rather weak, unconvincing, and has several flaws.

First, the argument readily assumes that because the electronic game rating system is self regulated, it is not working well. This statement is a stretch and not substantiated in any way. There are numerous examples in other areas of business or commerce, where the entities are self regulated and rather successful. For instance, FIA, the Formula1 racing organization is self regulated. Yet, the sport is very popular and successful, drawing millions of spectators around the world each year. Tickets are rather expensive, races are shown on pay-per-view, and nearly all drivers are paid very well. Another example is the paralleled movie rating system that the argument mentions. The author fails to clarify whether it is working well, but it is clear that the movie rating system is pretty well received by people, who often base their decisions to go see a movie with kids or not on the movie rating. It has never been a case when someone would feel cheated by the movie rating and express disappointment afterwards. Since the movie rating system is also self regulated, it follows that this regulatory method is working pretty well and it is not obvious how it can be the reason for the poor electronic game rating system. The argument would have been much clearer if it explicitly gave examples of how the self regulatory system led to bad ratings and customer dissatisfaction.

Second, the argument claims that any violation fees for bad electronic game ratings are nominal. It thus suggests that this is yet another reason for the rating system not working. This is again a very weak and unsupported claim as the argument does not demonstrate any correlation between the monetary amount of the fines and the quality of the electronic game rating system. In fact, the argument does not even draw a parallel with the mentioned movie rating system and its violation fines. If any such correlation had been shown for the movie rating system, which supposedly works well, then the author would have sounded a bit more convincing. In addition, if the argument provided evidence that low violation fines lead to electronic game manufacturers to ignore any regulations with respect to the game rating system, the argument could have been strengthened even further.

Finally, the argument concludes that an independent body should oversee the game industry and companies that violate the rating system, should be punished. From this statement again, it is not at all clear how an independent regulatory body can do a better job than a self regulated one. Without supporting evidence and examples from other businesses where independent regulatory bodies have done a great job, one is left with the impression that the claim is more of a wishful thinking rather than substantive evidence. As a result, this conclusion has no legs to stand on.

In summary, the argument is flawed and therefore unconvincing. It could be considerably strengthened if the author clearly mentioned all the relevant facts. In order to assess the merits of a certain situation, it is essential to have full knowledge of all contributing factors.


5. Final tips



  • During the tutorial type in a few sentences in the mock essay window to get used to the keyboard.
  • Again during the tutorial, jot down on your notebook the basic structure of your essays or the opening sentences in case you get too nervous and forget them when the clock starts ticking.
  • Write as much as you can. Try to write at least 500 words per essay.
  • Always have the e-rater in mind as your potential reviewer. Remember that the human rater will make every effort to grade just like the e-rater. In that sense, keep your structure and volume in mind over actual quality/content.
  • Be careful of spelling mistakes. Double check words that you normally know you misspell (e.g. exercise). Try to finish 2-3 minutes before time is up so you can slowly re-read your essay for the purposes of spell checking. Do not reorganize/delete sentences/paragraphs with less than 2 min left.
  • No matter how great you thought your essays went, try to stay humble and focused - remember this was just a warm-up and the real stuff hasn't started yet!

Good luck!

Image




I think the Kudos (highest ever) speak for themselves about this brilliant post.
Great Job!

However, if i may, a small SC error that was kind of poking me, is mentioned below (highlighted above too)

"Therefore, the argument is rather weak, unconvincing, and has several flaws."

Parallelism error ( 'weak' 'convincing' not parallel with the phrase ' has several flaws' )

Nevermind :)

I would rather place the above template as an amazing art of work. ( No reverse causation for the last 4 words please :-D )
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New post 15 Dec 2014, 16:34
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Thanks so much for this. I scored a 6.0 on the AWA. I followed the template and totally ripped apart the argument.
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New post 04 Jan 2015, 20:32
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Thank you so much chineseburned! I got a 6.0 on the essay! I followed your template but added the additional paragraph that Veritas recommended. For those studying for the exam, this is the breakdown of my essay on test day:

Introduction: Restated the argument and pointed out the flaws.

Para 2: The most serious and obvious flaw that I saw in the argument - CORRELATION DOES NOT EQUAL CAUSATION. (I agree with a previous post. If your argument doesn't have a correlation/causation flaw then don't force this issue)

Para 3: The 2nd obvious flaw - applying a general rule to the entire population.

Para 4: Other factors that the author did not take into account that could affect the result. (EX: Not just the company's expense will affect the bottom line....other factors includes competition, the sales team, marketing, social media, etc.)

Para 5: Stating the argument does have some merit...but the author needs to provide additional evidence to support this conclusion. This paragraph wasn't that long...maybe 3 sentences MAX.

Conclusion: My conclusion paragraph was only 2 sentences and I simply restated the intro but changed up the wording.

Some final thoughts:
-I wrote over 600 words. (Write until you are right!)
-I only had 3 minutes left for proof-reading, which wasn't enough time to go thru the entire essay (but apparently it didn't affect my grade).
-I heavily used COPY and PASTE on exam day. This definitely saved me some time. I didn't abbreviate any titles or phrases.
-I practiced writing at least 3 essays before game day. So don't spend too much time studying the essay. Just memorize the template and use your valuable time to study the verbal and quant.
-6.0 was 92% percentile
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New post 22 Jan 2015, 11:19
OFFICIAL FRAME FOR GMAT WRITING MODIFIED A LITTLE BIT BY ME (5.5 WRITING)
CHINESEBURN'S TEMPLATE STILL WORKS VERY VERY VERY WELL IN 2015.
THANK YOU SO MUCH

Introduction
1. According to the argument,…
2. Stated in this way, the argument fails to mention several key issues, on the basis of which it could be more comprehensively evaluated.
3. The conclusion of the argument relies on assumptions for which there is not enough clear evidence. As a result, the argument has a few faults and becomes weak and unconvincing.

Body
Para 1:
1. To begin with, the argument readily assumes that…
2. While this assumption is tempting, it is by no means a certainty.
3. To illustrate,…
4. Clearly,…
5. The argument would be more airtight if it explicitly gave more information about…
Para 2:
1. Moreover, the argument claims that…
2. This is also a weak and unsupported claim because it does not fully demonstrate correlation among/between…and…
3. In fact,…
4. If any such correlation were addressed, the author would sound a bit more convincing.
Para 3:
1. Finally, the argument concludes that
2. From this statement again, it is not at all clear how … can...
3. Without sufficient and careful consideration of other…, the argument is more of a wishful thinking rather than substantive claim.
Conclusion
1. In conclusion, the argument is faulty for the above stated reasons and is therefore unpersuasive. It could be considerably reinforced if it more thoroughly addressed all relevant factors directly influencing…
2. In order to access merits of any situation, it is essential to comprehend all contributing factors.
3. Without this information, the argument remains unsubstantiated and open to debate.
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How to Prepare for the GMAT Essay Section

Try to make the most of the time you have to prepare for the GMAT Analytical Writing Assessment (the GMAT essay section). Write practice essays under exam conditions, take notes on a variety of official essay topics, and exploit resources such as my two GMAT essay books. This page provides details about each strategy.

Practice, Practice and More Practice

You could study many "model" GMAT essays and review every available essay-writing tip, yet still perform poorly on the actual exam. That's because there’s no substitute for putting yourself to the task under simulated exam conditions.

Compose as many practice essays as you reasonably have time for, responding to the official GMAT essay prompts. In so doing:

Always practice under timed conditions. Unless you're put under the pressure of time, you really won’t be ready for the test.

Always use a word processor for your practice tests. Be sure to use only the GMAT word processor's limited editing functions.

Evaluate your practice essays. Practicing isn’t all that helpful if you make the same blunders again and again. After composing an essay, evaluate and score it based on the official criteria. Then reflect on your weaknesses and concentrate on improving in those areas the next time. Don’t worry if you don’t produce perfect models. Concentrate instead on improving your performance next time.

Take Notes on a Variety of Official Essay Prompts

From the official GMAT website download the current list of Argument Analysis prompts. Select any 10-15 Arguments. For each one, spend about 5 minutes brainstorming and making notes. Even if none of the prompts you selected appears on your exam, this exercise will go a long way toward ensuring that you don't find yourself paralyzed, or stuck, during the actual exam.

My book GMAT—Answers to the Real Essay Questions (published by Peterson's) contains sample essays for more than a hundred GMAT Argument Analysis prompts. Randomly select from Part 3 as many essays as you reasonably have time to study. For each essay:

Identify the types of reasoning problems that the essay discusses and that you learned about in Part 1 of the book.

Highlight transition phrases, which connect the essay's points of critique. Then make a special effort to incorporate similar phrases into your practice essays.

CAVEAT: Don’t try to memorize the book's sample essays. GMAT readers are familiar with the book and will recognize plagiarism when they see it. There’s nothing wrong with borrowing ideas, reasons and transition phrases from the book's sample essays. Do try, however, to include your own specific examples. And be sure to express your ideas in your own words.

If your analytical-writing skills need significant improvement, further help is available in my book Writing Skills for the GRE-GMAT (also published by Peterson's). The book places special emphasis on building rhetorical writing skills, organizing your GMAT essay, and avoiding or correcting common language, grammar and mechanical problems.

The book also explores additional (less frequent) reasoning problems with Arguments in the official pool. Finally, to help improve and polish your analytic and writing skills, the book contains a variety of reinforcement exercises for the Argument Analysis writing task.
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New post 07 May 2016, 10:54
I got perfect score on AWA thanks to chineseburned!!!!
really incredible post!!! :)
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New post 21 Jul 2016, 09:16
*just hypothesizing*
Guys, don't you think that adcom could penalise for such "tricks" if they check out one's essay? Say a bunch of people applying to HBS; clearly, the majority took a look on this topic/forum. Then there is a high probability this applicants would follow the same template. So HBS would see a lot of similar essays, and that's not good IMO.
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New post 21 Jul 2016, 16:00
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manlog wrote:
*just hypothesizing*
Guys, don't you think that adcom could penalise for such "tricks" if they check out one's essay? Say a bunch of people applying to HBS; clearly, the majority took a look on this topic/forum. Then there is a high probability this applicants would follow the same template. So HBS would see a lot of similar essays, and that's not good IMO.


Good point! To me, the problem lies with the GMAT scoring system. There is no reason quality/content couldn't be scored in a fair manner; see APLAC's and AP Lit's 9 point scale as needed. From an ADCOM's/prospective student's perspective, it seems to be a student would be dumb to have known about a template that seemingly guarantees him or her a 6 and not use it. Thus, I don't think an ADCOM can see it in any other way than that the student was resourceful, which is probably good, but at worst I think they just call it a draw and it doesn't really help/hurt you. From my understanding, the main time they care about the AWA score is when they have questions about the authenticity of who wrote the application essays. If you write those genuinely, I doubt there will be any issue. Definitely a fair point to raise, though.

It is also probably worth noting that this template has been around for 8 years and there are no reports of it being an issue (to my knowledge).
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New post 19 Dec 2016, 14:52
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Forgot to post here, but thank you so much for this resource!
I received a 6.0 on both my AWA's with just the practice on my mock exams.
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New post 09 Feb 2017, 01:07
Hello everyone, this is a great guide! From my personal experience, I realized that you could take what he said as a rough outline, since it's way more than enough to draft the argument essay. I created a powerpoint that acted as a more generalized guide, but it is still thanks to Chinese Burned. It's for those who prefer it in a powerpoint format.
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New post 27 Mar 2017, 23:25
Is the AWA scored by computer or by a live person? If it is done by computer, does anyone have any insight on how the algorithm evaluates the overall strength of the writing? Thanks.
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New post 28 Mar 2017, 10:12
mrkirby131 wrote:
Is the AWA scored by computer or by a live person? If it is done by computer, does anyone have any insight on how the algorithm evaluates the overall strength of the writing? Thanks.


How AWA Scaled Scores are Calculated

In three steps, here's how your AWA score is determined:
Your essay is evaluated and scored independently on a 0-6 scale (in full-point increments) by a GMAT reader and by E-Rater.
If E-Rater's score is within 1 point of the human reader's score, then your final AWA score is the simple average of these two scores. (AWA scores are in half-point intervals.)
If E-Rater's score differs from the human reader's score by more than 1 point, then a second, very experienced reader will read and grade the essay, and your final AWA score will be the simple average of the scores awarded by the two human readers. (E-Rater's score will be disregarded.)

Example: E-rater assigns a score of 3 to an essay. A GMAT reader assigns a score of 4 to the same essay. Since the difference is within 1 point, the final AWA score for the essay is 3.5 (on the 0-6 scale).

Example: E-rater assigns a score of 3 to an essay. A GMAT reader assigns a score of 5 to the same essay. (The difference is greater than 1 point.) A second human reader reads the essay and assigns a score of 4 to it. The final AWA score is 4.5 (the average of 4 and 5).


Your AWA Percentile Rank
In addition to your AWA scaled score of 0–6, you'll receive an AWA percentile rank (0% to 99%) for your writing. This rank indicates how you performed relative to all other test takers. For example, a percentile rank of 60% indicates that you scored higher than 60% of all other test takers and lower than 40% of all other test takers.

NOTE: Percentile rankings indicate how you performed relative to the entire GMAT test-taking population during the most recent 3-year period.
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Re: How to get 6.0 AWA on GMAT ....my guide  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2017, 10:40
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I got a 6.0, thanks to the original author!!!!!!!!!!!

My tips, memorize the non-specific phrases he's using here. As soon as I sat down I wrote these on the whiteboard scratch pad they give you. The format the author here posts is perfect too.

Example:

Paragraph 1:
- The argument claims that
- fails to mention several key factors
-The conclusion of the argument relies on assumptions for which there is no clear evidence. Hence, the argument is weak/unconvincing and has several flaws.

Paragraph 2: (argue against an assumed point)
- First, the argument readily assumes that
- The argument could have been much clearer if it explicitly stated that

Paragraph 3: (argue against another assumed point)
- Second, the argument claims that
- This is again a very weak and unsupported claim as the argument does not demonstrate any correlation between....and
- If the argument had provided evidence that.....then the argument would have been a lot more convincing.

Paragraph 4: (include things that the argument should have included)
- (pose some - two is fine - questions for the argument)
- Without convincing answers to these questions, one is left with the impression that the claim is more of a wishful thinking rather than substantive evidence. (rewrite to be less wordy though, I can tell the author's native language isn't English here).

Paragraph 5: (Conclusion)
- the argument is flawed for the above-mentioned reasons and is therefore unconvincing.
- It could be considerably strengthened if the author clearly mentioned all the relevant facts
- Without this information, the argument remains unsubstantiated and open to debate. (I liked this as a final line).


So yeah, you still have to include an actual argument against - thing that are specific to the argument, but I found this outline, and the use of these phrases made it much easier to focus on the argument specifics that I wanted to include, and made my essay well formatted. I didn't expect a 6.0, but got it.

SUPER PROPS TO THIS BLOG!!!!! I DON'T KNOW WHO YOU ARE, AND YOU WROTE THIS YEARS AGO, BUT I MAJOR CREDIT FOR HELPING ME ACE THIS ESSAY. THANKS A BUNCH!
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Re: How to get 6.0 AWA on GMAT ....my guide  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2017, 06:18
This still works. I never wrote a full AWA essay or even created an outline before taking the real test. I typed out the template once everyday for 7 days straight right before the test. I also typed (copied) out sample essays previously written by others using different keyboards to get used to typing on different keyboards.

I got a 6.0 on the actual test. YMMV
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Re: How to get 6.0 AWA on GMAT ....my guide  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2017, 12:04
THIS STILL WORKS.

Got a 6.0 on my AWA. God bless the creator of this template!


chineseburned wrote:
Guide to Perfect 6.0 AWA GMAT Score

Related AWA Resources:


I took the GMAT twice and scored 6.0 each time. I did put a lot of time in it the first time....too much actually. Being a non-native speaker and having not written a damn essay (of any kind) in many many years, I was very scared of the AWA. So, I went through every guide that I could find and wrote nearly 25-30 essays. Even had a friend grade them for me.....Pathetic, huh?

Anyway, for my second time, I just looked over my templates I created and wrote one of each the day before test just to refresh my memory on faster typing without making too many typos......

So, here it is....Enjoy, and please do not blame me if the 6.0 percentile goes down to 80 soon :-D



AWA GUIDE

by Chineseburned

1. General Structure



Intro - Restate argument, point out flaws or state intention to discuss them below
1st Para - First,...
2nd Para - Second/In addition,...
3rd Para - Third/Finally,...
Conclusion - The argument is flawed/weak/unconvincing because of the above -mentioned...Ultimately, the argument can be strengthened if/by...


2. Structural Word (should be all over the essays)



  1. Supporting examples - for example, to illustrate, for instance, because, specifically
  2. Additional support - furthermore, in addition, similarly, just as, also, as a result, moreover
  3. Importance - surely, truly, undoubtedly, clearly, in fact, most importantly
  4. Contrast - on the contrary, yet, despite, rather, instead, however, although, while
  5. Decide against - one cannot deny that, it could be argued that, granted, admittedly
  6. Ying-yang - on the one hand/on the other hand
  7. Concluding - therefore, in summary, consequently, hence, in conclusion, ultimately, in closing


3. Templates



Intro:
The argument claims that ....(restate)
Stated in this way the argument:
a) manipulates facts and conveys a distorted view of the situation
b) reveals examples of leap of faith, poor reasoning and ill-defined terminology
c) fails to mention several key factors, on the basis of which it could be evaluated
The conclusion of the argument relies on assumptions for which there is no clear evidence. Hence, the argument is weak/unconvincing and has several flaws.

1st Para:
First, the argument readily assumes that......
This statement is a stretch....
For example,...
Clearly,...
The argument could have been much clearer if it explicitly stated that...

2nd Para:
Second, the argument claims that....
This is again a very weak and unsupported claim as the argument does not demonstrate any correlation between....and...
To illustrate,...
While,...
However,....indeed....
In fact, it is not at all clear...rather....
If the argument had provided evidence that.....then the argument would have been a lot more convincing.

3rd Para:
Finally,...
(pose some questions for the argument).....Without convincing answers to these questions, one is left with the impression that the claim is more of a wishful thinking rather than substantive evidence.

Conclusion:
In conclusion, the argument is flawed for the above-mentioned reasons and is therefore unconvincing. It could be considerably strengthened if the author clearly mentioned all the relevant facts....
In order to assess the merits of a certain situation/decision, it is essential to have full knowledge of all contributing factors. In this particular case....
Without this information, the argument remains unsubstantiated and open to debate.

4. Going from the templates to full-fledged essays




ESSAY QUESTION:
The following appeared in the editorial section of a national news magazine:[/b]

"The rating system for electronic games is similar to the movie rating system in that it provides consumers with a quick reference so that they can determine if the subject matter and contents are appropriate. This electronic game rating system is not working because it is self regulated and the fines for violating the rating system are nominal. As a result an independent body should oversee the game industry and companies that knowingly violate the rating system should be prohibited from releasing a game for two years."

Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. Point out flaws in the argument's logic and analyze the argument's underlying assumptions. In addition, evaluate how supporting evidence is used and what evidence might counter the argument's conclusion. You may also discuss what additional evidence could be used to strengthen the argument or what changes would make the argument more logically sound.


YOUR RESPONSE:
Quote:
The argument claims that the electronic games rating system, although similar to the movie rating system, is not working because it is self regulated and violation fines are nominal, Hence, the gaming rating system should be overseen by an independent body. Stated in this way the argument fails to mention several key factors, on the basis of which it could be evaluated. The conclusion relies on assumptions, for which there is no clear evidence. Therefore, the argument is rather weak, unconvincing, and has several flaws.

First, the argument readily assumes that because the electronic game rating system is self regulated, it is not working well. This statement is a stretch and not substantiated in any way. There are numerous examples in other areas of business or commerce, where the entities are self regulated and rather successful. For instance, FIA, the Formula1 racing organization is self regulated. Yet, the sport is very popular and successful, drawing millions of spectators around the world each year. Tickets are rather expensive, races are shown on pay-per-view, and nearly all drivers are paid very well. Another example is the paralleled movie rating system that the argument mentions. The author fails to clarify whether it is working well, but it is clear that the movie rating system is pretty well received by people, who often base their decisions to go see a movie with kids or not on the movie rating. It has never been a case when someone would feel cheated by the movie rating and express disappointment afterwards. Since the movie rating system is also self regulated, it follows that this regulatory method is working pretty well and it is not obvious how it can be the reason for the poor electronic game rating system. The argument would have been much clearer if it explicitly gave examples of how the self regulatory system led to bad ratings and customer dissatisfaction.

Second, the argument claims that any violation fees for bad electronic game ratings are nominal. It thus suggests that this is yet another reason for the rating system not working. This is again a very weak and unsupported claim as the argument does not demonstrate any correlation between the monetary amount of the fines and the quality of the electronic game rating system. In fact, the argument does not even draw a parallel with the mentioned movie rating system and its violation fines. If any such correlation had been shown for the movie rating system, which supposedly works well, then the author would have sounded a bit more convincing. In addition, if the argument provided evidence that low violation fines lead to electronic game manufacturers to ignore any regulations with respect to the game rating system, the argument could have been strengthened even further.

Finally, the argument concludes that an independent body should oversee the game industry and companies that violate the rating system, should be punished. From this statement again, it is not at all clear how an independent regulatory body can do a better job than a self regulated one. Without supporting evidence and examples from other businesses where independent regulatory bodies have done a great job, one is left with the impression that the claim is more of a wishful thinking rather than substantive evidence. As a result, this conclusion has no legs to stand on.

In summary, the argument is flawed and therefore unconvincing. It could be considerably strengthened if the author clearly mentioned all the relevant facts. In order to assess the merits of a certain situation, it is essential to have full knowledge of all contributing factors.


5. Final tips



  • During the tutorial type in a few sentences in the mock essay window to get used to the keyboard.
  • Again during the tutorial, jot down on your notebook the basic structure of your essays or the opening sentences in case you get too nervous and forget them when the clock starts ticking.
  • Write as much as you can. Try to write at least 500 words per essay.
  • Always have the e-rater in mind as your potential reviewer. Remember that the human rater will make every effort to grade just like the e-rater. In that sense, keep your structure and volume in mind over actual quality/content.
  • Be careful of spelling mistakes. Double check words that you normally know you misspell (e.g. exercise). Try to finish 2-3 minutes before time is up so you can slowly re-read your essay for the purposes of spell checking. Do not reorganize/delete sentences/paragraphs with less than 2 min left.
  • No matter how great you thought your essays went, try to stay humble and focused - remember this was just a warm-up and the real stuff hasn't started yet!

Good luck!

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Re: How to get 6.0 AWA on GMAT ....my guide   [#permalink] 24 Aug 2017, 12:04

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