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If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?

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If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2015, 03:30
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If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2015, 03:40
1
Bunuel wrote:
If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?

(A) a + b
(B) |a| + b
(C) b - a
(D) a/b
(E) -a/b

Kudos for a correct solution.


If ab > 0 the we Infer that a and b both have same sign i.e. either both a and b are Positive or Both a and b are Negative

Now Checking Options:

(A) a + b will be positive for both a and b to be positive hence INCORRECT OPTION

(B) |a| + b will be positive for both a and b to be positive hence INCORRECT OPTION

(C) b - a May be positive for both a and b to be positive (e.g. b=3 and a=2) henceINCORRECT OPTION

(D) a/b will be positive for both a and b to be positive or Negative hence INCORRECT OPTION

(E) -a/b will always be Negative because an and b have same sign so a/b will be positive therefore -a/b will be Negative hence CORRECT

Answer: Option
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Re: If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2015, 06:04
Bunuel wrote:
If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?

(A) a + b
(B) |a| + b
(C) b - a
(D) a/b
(E) -a/b

Kudos for a correct solution.


ab > 0 implies that ab have the same sign. Either both are positive or negative.

Pick 4 Numbers for a and b respectively. Two positives a = 10 and b = 5 and two negatives a = -10 b = -5. Plug in and POE as soon you find any non negative result. E will always be negative.
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Re: If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2015, 18:37
1
Hi All,

These types of questions are perfect for TESTing VALUES. Since the question asks which of the following MUST be NEGATIVE, if an answer can EVER be positive then you can eliminate it immediately.

We're told that AB > 0. We're asked which of the 5 answers MUST be NEGATIVE...

IF....
A = 2
B = 3

Answer A: 2+3 = 5 NOT a match
Answer B: |2| + 3 = 5 NOT a match
Answer C: 3-2 = 1 NOT a match
Answer D: 2/3 = NOT a match

There's only one answer left....

Answer E: -2/3 = This IS a match

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Re: If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2015, 20:49
reto wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?

(A) a + b
(B) |a| + b
(C) b - a
(D) a/b
(E) -a/b

Kudos for a correct solution.


ab > 0 implies that ab have the same sign. Either both are positive or negative.

Pick 4 Numbers for a and b respectively. Two positives a = 10 and b = 5 and two negatives a = -10 b = -5. Plug in and POE as soon you find any non negative result. E will always be negative.


Hi,
if there would have been an answer choice b-lal.., your chosen numbers will give you negative results...
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3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html
4) Base while finding % increase and % decrease : https://gmatclub.com/forum/percentage-increase-decrease-what-should-be-the-denominator-287528.html


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Re: If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2015, 20:59
1
Bunuel wrote:
If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?

(A) a + b
(B) |a| + b
(C) b - a
(D) a/b
(E) -a/b

Kudos for a correct solution.


Hi,
many of us have solved this with picking values..
But it is very important to look at the answer and pick up number ....
There may be many instances where the number picked up may give us a wrong answer and we may have two or three answer left .. we may have to again start with POE in remaining choices, although eventually we will come to correct answer after some more steps...
I feel if we know properties of number , we can easily get to the answer...

in this particular Q, we have both the numbers of same sign..
Therefore any addition, subtraction can give you any answer depending on the values we take...
However multiplication , division and sum of modulus of the numbers(i donot think GMAT will test us in more complicated issues) will always be the ones closer to the answer..
Here the division will always be positive if the fraction is positive ..., But will be -ive if there is a -ive sign in front
Or in other words it will take sign that is in front of fraction...
hence E will be correct..
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html
4) Base while finding % increase and % decrease : https://gmatclub.com/forum/percentage-increase-decrease-what-should-be-the-denominator-287528.html


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Re: If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2015, 06:03
Bunuel wrote:
If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?

(A) a + b
(B) |a| + b
(C) b - a
(D) a/b
(E) -a/b

Kudos for a correct solution.


MANHATTAN GMAT OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

You might solve this problem a different way, but let’s see how a chart would work. First, you need to figure out the possible signs of a and b that match the constraint ab> 0:
Attachment:
2015-06-29_1659.png
2015-06-29_1659.png [ 9.14 KiB | Viewed 3490 times ]


There are two scenarios that match: either a and b are both positive or they are both negative. That is, a and b have the same sign. Now test the answer choices.

(A) a + b: If a and b are both positive, then a + b will be positive. Eliminate (A).

(B) |a| + b: |a| will always be positive. If b is positive, |a | + b will be positive. Eliminate (B).

(C) b - a: If a and b are both positive, b - a could be either positive or negative. If b is 6 and a is 3, 6 - 3 = 3, which is positive. Eliminate (C).

(D) a/b: If a and b are both positive, a/b will be positive. Eliminate (D)

(E) -a/b. If a and b are both positive, -a/b will be negative. If a and b are both negative, -a/b will still be negative. (E) is the correct answer.
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Re: If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2015, 00:51
If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?
If the product of a and b is positive, a and b must have the same sign (either both positive or both negative). Therefore we're looking for the answer choice for which a and b will (with certainty) have opposite signs. E is the only option.
(A) a + b
(B) |a| + b
(C) b - a
(D) a/b
(E) -a/b
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Re: If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2017, 15:57
If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?

This means a & b have same signs.

(A) a + b =====> Positive
(B) |a| + b =====> Positive
(C) b - a =====> Positive
(D) a/b =====> Positive
(E) -a/b =====> Negative

Except for option E, where the value will always be negative, all other options can have positive values.

Hence, Answer is E
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Re: If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2017, 05:04
whenever we see which of the following ,then always start with option E , most of times the answer is hidden at the last option which is commonly used by GMAT to waste the time of aspirant . we see that ab>0 then a or b must be -ve or +ve so only E states that it will be -ve in all cases . hence E
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Re: If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2017, 08:33
Bunuel wrote:
If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?

(A) a + b
(B) |a| + b
(C) b - a
(D) a/b
(E) -a/b


Since ab is greater than zero, a and b are either both positive or both negative. Scanning our answer choices, we see that -a/b must be negative. For example, if a and b are both positive, then -a/b is a negative divided by a positive, which results in a negative quotient. If a and b are both negative, then -a/b is a positive divided by a negative, which also results in a negative quotient.

Answer: E
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Re: If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2019, 16:06
Bunuel wrote:
If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?

(A) a + b
(B) |a| + b
(C) b - a
(D) a/b
(E) -a/b

Kudos for a correct solution.



ab>0

Thus , both a and b are positive or both are negative.

Option E) - a/b

a/b >0 , As both a and b have the same sign. When we multiply positive result of a/b by a negative sign. Ultimate result will be negative.

E is the correct answer.
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Re: If ab > 0, which of the following must be negative?   [#permalink] 21 Feb 2019, 16:06
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