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# In 1988 services moved ahead of manufacturing as the main

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Re: In 1988 services moved ahead of manufacturing as the main  [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2018, 20:36
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RanjanSury wrote:
Dear experts,

My problem is with question no. 27.
Can we assume that practicality of a particular definition and difficulty of applying a particular definition are correlated ??

Moreover, the passage says that the classical definition is hard to sustain. Does this mean that it is more difficult to apply this definition ??

How do we go about tacking such a question ? What's the idea or logic here ?

Thanks
Ranjan

Yes, the passage says that the US gov's definition is more practical, where practical means "of or concerned with the actual doing or use of something rather than with theory and ideas." So the more practical something is, the easier it is to apply.

"Sustain" in this context means "to keep up" or "maintain". The classical definition is hard to maintain because it is inaccurate in many instances. In other words, it is difficult to consistently apply the classical definition in practice. This definition might work in some cases, but it will fail in many cases.

For example, the passage implies that electric utilities and computer programming should be classified as "services", but according to the classical definition, they would not qualify as services. So the classical definition fails. Again, this implies that the classical definition is hard to maintain and impractical.
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Re: In 1988 services moved ahead of manufacturing as the main  [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2018, 20:55
Quote:
26. The author of the passage is primarily concerned with
(A) discussing research data underlying several definitions
(B) arguing for the adoption of a particular definition
(C) exploring definitions of a concept
(D) comparing the advantages of several definitions
(E) clarifying some ambiguous definitions

with regard to option C, is the author merely exploring the definitions? is he not finding faults with the definitions...isn't that the purpose?
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Re: In 1988 services moved ahead of manufacturing as the main  [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2018, 07:47
---------------------------------------------------
P1 - service > manufacturing ; 2 definitions.
P2 - new USG definition; some problems in this definition.
Main idea - A few definitions of service are given. and problems in a definitions are described.

26. The author of the passage is primarily concerned with
(A) discussing research data underlying several definitions - no
(B) arguing for the adoption of a particular definition - though he rejected one, not in favor of any definition.
(C) exploring definitions of a concept - yes this one is close.
(D) comparing the advantages of several definitions --- no.
(E) clarifying some ambiguous definitions --- no clarification

C
------------------------------------------------

27. In comparing the United States government's definition of services with the classical definition, the author suggests that the classical definition is

lines to look for - the classical definition is hard to sustain. (B) more difficult to apply

------------------------------------------------

28. The passage suggests which of the following about service workers in the United States?

lines to look for - Thus, the many service workers employed by manufacturers bookkeepers or janitors, for example-would fall under the industrial rather than the services category. ---- so many worker employed by many organizations are not considered service worker.

(A) The number of service workers may be underestimated by the definition of services used by the government. --- if above lines are true then this should also be true.
(B) There were fewer service workers than agricultural workers before 1988. --- this one is not discussed.
(C) The number of service workers was almost equal to the number of workers employed in manufacturing until 1988. --- we don't know about prior to 1988.
(D) Most service workers are employed in service occupations rather than in service industries. --- opposite and wrong.
(E) Most service workers are employed in occupations where they provide services that do not fall under the classical definition of services. --- this is about US gov definition.
-------------------------------------------------

29. The author of the passage mentions which of the following as one disadvantage of the United States government's definition of services?

lines to look for - It categorizes workers based on their company's final product rather than on the actual work the employees perform.
(C) It is based on the final product produced rather than on the type of work performed.
-------------------------------------------------

30. The author refers to "service workers employed by manufacturers" (line 15) primarily in order to point out
(B) a flaw in the United States government's definition of services
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Re: In 1988 services moved ahead of manufacturing as the main  [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2018, 07:53
ENEM wrote:
Quote:
26. The author of the passage is primarily concerned with
(A) discussing research data underlying several definitions
(B) arguing for the adoption of a particular definition
(C) exploring definitions of a concept
(D) comparing the advantages of several definitions
(E) clarifying some ambiguous definitions

with regard to option C, is the author merely exploring the definitions? is he not finding faults with the definitions...isn't that the purpose?

for first definition, author gave definition and example. for 2nd one, author gave definition, said few things about it such as it is hard to apply, The broader, classical definition. for 3rd, author explained a lot. and later on gave some flaws in it. I think C fits the best in it.

Hope it helped.
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Re: In 1988 services moved ahead of manufacturing as the main  [#permalink]

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02 May 2018, 23:33
26. The author of the passage is primarily concerned with
(A) discussing research data underlying several definitions --> Out of scope, no research data mentioned in the passage
(B) arguing for the adoption of a particular definition --> Author does not support or propose any definition but merely points out flaws
(C) exploring definitions of a concept --> Correct. Author merely explores the definitions and analyzes them.
(D) comparing the advantages of several definitions --> There are no advantages mentioned in the passage to compare
(E) clarifying some ambiguous definitions --> No clarifications provided in the passage but merely flaws are pointed out.

27. In comparing the United States government's definition of services with the classical definition, the author suggests that the classical definition is
(A) more pragmatic --> 2nd para line 1 the author says US govt. definition is more practical hence implying classical def is less practical.
(B) more difficult to apply --> Correct. 2nd para line 1 the author says US govt. definition is more practical hence implying classical def is less practical.
(C) less ambiguous --> At the end of 2nd para the author proves how ambiguous the classical definition is.
(D) more widely used --> Out of scope. No mention of extent of usage in the passage.
(E) more arbitrary --> 2nd para last line clearly mentions arbitrariness of 2nd def but no mention on the comparison of this aspect in the passage.

28. The passage suggests which of the following about service workers in the United States?
(A) The number of service workers may be underestimated by the definition of services used by the government. --> Correct. 2nd para last 2 lines lead to this conclusion.
(B) There were fewer service workers than agricultural workers before 1988. --> Out of scope, no mention of how things were before 1988 especialy in agri sector in US.
(C) The number of service workers was almost equal to the number of workers employed in manufacturing until 1988. --> This is a vague assumption. We do not know if the percentages were equal or service was less. The passage just mentions that in 1988 services went up to be more than manufacturing.
(D) Most service workers are employed in service occupations rather than in service industries. --> Can't say this for sure as there are no certain facts confirming this.
(E) Most service workers are employed in occupations where they provide services that do not fall under the classical definition of services. --> Can't say this for sure as there are no certain facts confirming this.

29. The author of the passage mentions which of the following as one disadvantage of the United States government's definition of services?
(A) It is less useful than the other definitions mentioned in the passage. --> Not mentioned anywhere in the passage.
(B) It is narrower in scope than the other definitions mentioned in the passage. --> Not mentioned anywhere in the passage.
(C) It is based on the final product produced rather than on the type of work performed. --> Correct. 2nd para 3rd last line says this directly.
(D) It does not recognize the diversity of occupations within the service industries. --> Out of scope - diversity of occupations is not our problem.
(E) It mis-classifies many workers who are employed in service industries. --> Opposite is true.

30. The author refers to "service workers employed by manufacturers" (line 15) primarily in order to point out
(A) a type of worker not covered by the United States government's system of classifying occupations --> Completely incorrect as the everything other than manufacturing and agri is covered in services category.
(B) a flaw in the United States government's definition of services --> Correct. 2nd para last 2 lines clearly point to this.
(C) a factor that has influenced the growth of the service economy in the United States --> Out of scope.
(D) a type of worker who is classified on the basis of work performed rather than on the basis of the company's final product --> Opposite is true.
(E) the diversity of the workers who are referred to as service workers --> Out of scope. We arenot bothered about the diversity of the workers.
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Re: In 1988 services moved ahead of manufacturing as the main  [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2019, 21:25
AjiteshArun GMATNinjaTwo
Can you please clarify Q1 why E is wrong and
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Re: In 1988 services moved ahead of manufacturing as the main  [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2019, 05:02
1
teaserbae wrote:
AjiteshArun GMATNinjaTwo
Can you please clarify Q1 why E is wrong and
The author starts by introducing the first definition, and then points out that it is not a good one. Then the author introduces the second definition and proceeds to list out the issues with that second definition as well.

Option E: clarifying some ambiguous definitions.

The problem with this is the word clarifying. To clarify something means to make it clearer. The author is not looking to (a) make the definitions easier to understand or (b) remove the ambiguities in the two definitions. The author is looking to tell us what the weaknesses of those definitions are.
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Re: In 1988 services moved ahead of manufacturing as the main   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2019, 05:02

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