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In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is

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In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is  [#permalink]

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The Official Guide For GMAT® Quantitative Review, 2ND Edition

In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b ?

(1) x - 3 is a factor of x^2 + bx + 12.
(2) 4 is a root of the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0.

Data Sufficiency
Question: 62
Category: Algebra First- and second-degree equations
Page: 157
Difficulty: 600


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Re: In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2014, 02:15
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SOLUTION

In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b ?[b][/b]

(1) x-3 is a factor of x^2 + bx + 12 --> simply means that x=3 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 (if x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 then x^2+bx+12=(x-3)(x-k)=0, for some k, so x=3 is on of the roots of the equation) --> substitute x=3: 3^2+3b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

(2) 4 is a root of x^2 + bx + 12 = 0 --> the same here, substitute x=4: 4^2+4b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

Answer: D.
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Re: In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2014, 02:51
From S1:x-3 is a factor of the given equation=>x=3 is a root of the equation.Putting x=3 in the eq x^2+bx+12 we can get the value of b.Hence sufficient.
From S2:4 is a root of the equation=>Putting x=4 in the equation we can find out b.Sufficient.
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Re: In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 13:25
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In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b ?

(1)\(x - 3\) is a factor of \(x^2 + bx + 12\)

as \((x-3)\) is one of the factor, this means that \(x = 3\) is one of the roots of the equation \(x^2 + bx + 12\)

In order to get 12 = we only have one value after 3 and that is 4 as \(4 * 3 = 12\)

Hence, \(bx = 4x + 3x = 7x\), value of \(b = 7\)

Hence, (1) ===== is SUFFICIENT

(2) 4 is a root of the equation \(x^2 + bx + 12 = 0\)

As 4 is one of the roots, the other root will be 3

Hence, \(bx = 4x + 3x = 7x\), value of \(b = 7\)

Hence, (2) ===== is SUFFICIENT

Hence, Answer is D

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Re: In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2018, 09:10
Bunuel wrote:
The Official Guide For GMAT® Quantitative Review, 2ND Edition

In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b ?

(1) x - 3 is a factor of x^2 + bx + 12.
(2) 4 is a root of the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0.

Data Sufficiency
Question: 62
Category: Algebra First- and second-degree equations
Page: 157
Difficulty: 600


GMAT Club is introducing a new project: The Official Guide For GMAT® Quantitative Review, 2ND Edition - Quantitative Questions Project

Each week we'll be posting several questions from The Official Guide For GMAT® Quantitative Review, 2ND Edition and then after couple of days we'll provide Official Answer (OA) to them along with a slution.

We'll be glad if you participate in development of this project:
1. Please provide your solutions to the questions;
2. Please vote for the best solutions by pressing Kudos button;
3. Please vote for the questions themselves by pressing Kudos button;
4. Please share your views on difficulty level of the questions, so that we have most precise evaluation.

Thank you!



From st 1: x - 3 is a factor of x^2 + bx + 12

x - 3 = 0 or x = 3

Put x = 3 in x^2 + bx + 12 = 0. This gives us x = -7 -----> Sufficient

From st 2: 4 is a root of the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0

means x = 4,

Put x = 4 in x^2 + bx + 12 = 0. This gives us x = -7 ------> Sufficient

(D)
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Re: In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2018, 11:13
Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTION

In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b ?[b][/b]

(1) x-3 is a factor of x^2 + bx + 12 --> simply means that x=3 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 (if x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 then x^2+bx+12=(x-3)(x-k)=0, for some k, so x=3 is on of the roots of the equation) --> substitute x=3: 3^2+3b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

(2) 4 is a root of x^2 + bx + 12 = 0 --> the same here, substitute x=4: 4^2+4b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

Answer: D.


I'm a bit confused as to the term 'root' and specifically the phrase '4 is a root of x^2' here. How should this be interpreted?

I thought of it as the factor of 12 (i.e. 4x = 12).

Thanks ahead of time.
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Re: In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2018, 11:18
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energy2pe wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTION

In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b ?[b][/b]

(1) x-3 is a factor of x^2 + bx + 12 --> simply means that x=3 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 (if x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 then x^2+bx+12=(x-3)(x-k)=0, for some k, so x=3 is on of the roots of the equation) --> substitute x=3: 3^2+3b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

(2) 4 is a root of x^2 + bx + 12 = 0 --> the same here, substitute x=4: 4^2+4b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

Answer: D.


I'm a bit confused as to the term 'root' and specifically the phrase '4 is a root of x^2' here. How should this be interpreted?

I thought of it as the factor of 12 (i.e. 4x = 12).

Thanks ahead of time.


"root" is the same as "solution"

We can say "x = 3 is a solution to the equation 2x = 6" or we can say "3 is a root of the equation 2x = 6"

Cheers,
Brent
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Re: In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2018, 11:32
GMATPrepNow wrote:
energy2pe wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTION

In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b ?[b][/b]

(1) x-3 is a factor of x^2 + bx + 12 --> simply means that x=3 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 (if x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 then x^2+bx+12=(x-3)(x-k)=0, for some k, so x=3 is on of the roots of the equation) --> substitute x=3: 3^2+3b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

(2) 4 is a root of x^2 + bx + 12 = 0 --> the same here, substitute x=4: 4^2+4b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

Answer: D.


I'm a bit confused as to the term 'root' and specifically the phrase '4 is a root of x^2' here. How should this be interpreted?

I thought of it as the factor of 12 (i.e. 4x = 12).

Thanks ahead of time.


"root" is the same as "solution"

We can say "x = 3 is a solution to the equation 2x = 6" or we can say "3 is a root of the equation 2x = 6"

Cheers,
Brent


Ahh, got it. Thanks.

Fan of the youtube channel btw--I've subscribed : )
Re: In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is &nbs [#permalink] 10 Jun 2018, 11:32
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