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In the United States, certain states use the death penalty to punish

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In the United States, certain states use the death penalty to punish  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2017, 16:03
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In the United States, certain states use the death penalty to punish those who commit murder. Other states do not use the death penalty in such cases, but sentence murderers to life in prison instead. In the states that do use the death penalty, the murder rate per 100,000 persons is higher than the rate in the states that do not use the death penalty. Thus, the death penalty only causes more murders and should be repealed in all states to reduce the murder rate.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

A) Each state that has enacted the death penalty in murder cases over the last twenty years has seen a decline in the murder rate since the passage of those laws.
B) Many consider the death penalty to be morally wrong in all cases and oppose it regardless of the potential deterrent to murder.
C) In states that use the death penalty, some murderers are still only sentenced to life in prison.
D) The annual rate of non-violent crime is lower in states with the death penalty than it is in states without the death penalty.
E) In each state that uses the death penalty, over 60 percent of the state's citizens support the death penalty and believe that it is an effective deterrent to murder.

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Re: In the United States, certain states use the death penalty to punish  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2017, 10:57
According to E,Each state that has enacted the death penalty in murder cases over the last twenty years has seen a decline in the murder rate since the passage of those laws. That means,there was an improvement. May be there was already higher murder rate in those states.E is perfect
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Re: In the United States, certain states use the death penalty to punish  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2018, 08:26
bkpolymers1617 wrote:
In the United States, certain states use the death penalty to punish those who commit murder. Other states do not use the death penalty in such cases, but sentence murderers to life in prison instead. In the states that do use the death penalty, the murder rate per 100,000 persons is higher than the rate in the states that do not use the death penalty. Thus, the death penalty only causes more murders and should be repealed in all states to reduce the murder rate.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

A) Each state that has enacted the death penalty in murder cases over the last twenty years has seen a decline in the murder rate since the passage of those laws.
B) Many consider the death penalty to be morally wrong in all cases and oppose it regardless of the potential deterrent to murder.
C) In states that use the death penalty, some murderers are still only sentenced to life in prison.
D) The annual rate of non-violent crime is lower in states with the death penalty than it is in states without the death penalty.
E) In each state that uses the death penalty, over 60 percent of the state's citizens support the death penalty and believe that it is an effective deterrent to murder.


Hi chetan2u VeritasKarishma

Can you please help in understanding why is the correct option A here?

Isn't A opposing the premise(In the states that do use the death penalty, the murder rate per 100,000 persons is higher than the rate in the states that do not use the death penalty) in the Argument.Please help in understanding this

Thanks!
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Re: In the United States, certain states use the death penalty to punish  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2018, 08:57
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gmat1393 wrote:
bkpolymers1617 wrote:
In the United States, certain states use the death penalty to punish those who commit murder. Other states do not use the death penalty in such cases, but sentence murderers to life in prison instead. In the states that do use the death penalty, the murder rate per 100,000 persons is higher than the rate in the states that do not use the death penalty. Thus, the death penalty only causes more murders and should be repealed in all states to reduce the murder rate.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

A) Each state that has enacted the death penalty in murder cases over the last twenty years has seen a decline in the murder rate since the passage of those laws.
B) Many consider the death penalty to be morally wrong in all cases and oppose it regardless of the potential deterrent to murder.
C) In states that use the death penalty, some murderers are still only sentenced to life in prison.
D) The annual rate of non-violent crime is lower in states with the death penalty than it is in states without the death penalty.
E) In each state that uses the death penalty, over 60 percent of the state's citizens support the death penalty and believe that it is an effective deterrent to murder.


Hi chetan2u VeritasKarishma

Can you please help in understanding why is the correct option A here?

Isn't A opposing the premise(In the states that do use the death penalty, the murder rate per 100,000 persons is higher than the rate in the states that do not use the death penalty) in the Argument.Please help in understanding this

Thanks!


Hi..

The argument talks of relative rates in two different cases and then shifts the scope to overall effect of one of the case
Places with death penalty have more crime per 100,000 person than at places with no death penalty. Then the argument claims death penalty is not a deterrent as it increase the crime rate.
So just because it is more as compared to no death penalty, the argument makes an extreme conclusion that death penalty is not resulting in lesser crime rate.

Choice A corrects this by saying that overall the rate has gone down when compared to previous years even though it is more when compared to areas following non death penalty .
Thus weakens the argument
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Re: In the United States, certain states use the death penalty to punish  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2018, 09:06
gmat1393 Option A tells us, after passage the law , murder rate of the state has been declining for last 20 yrs but (as per the premise in the argument) still its rate is more than other states.....So may be the law is not enough , you should think another way to decline the murder rate at a fast rate BUT THE LAW IS DEFINITELY A HELPFUL MEASURE TO DECLINE THE RATE...It dosnt opppose the primes

Hope it helps
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In the United States, certain states use the death penalty to punish  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Sep 2018, 11:59
If we look at it

The conclusion is: Thus, the death penalty only causes more murders and should be repealed in all states to reduce the murder rate.

Something that would weaken the conclusion would be:

1- Death penalty actually reduces the murder rate.

2- There other factors that increase murder rate.

On a side note, can we say that the 100,000 is considered a representative sample? If yes then his conclusion would be plausible.

In general you are mainly concerned with addressing the conclusion rather than premises.

Hope this helps!

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Originally posted by Salsanousi on 11 Sep 2018, 10:03.
Last edited by Salsanousi on 11 Sep 2018, 11:59, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In the United States, certain states use the death penalty to punish  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2018, 10:43
Only A is the weakening the argument, rest are either out of scope or considers tangential issues.
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Re: In the United States, certain states use the death penalty to punish &nbs [#permalink] 11 Sep 2018, 10:43
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