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Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences m

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Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences m  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2016, 05:32
4
17
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

76% (01:02) correct 24% (01:14) wrong based on 1159 sessions

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Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences meted out to a group of Czech rock musicians called the Plastic People of the Universe, Charter 77 was established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals to be a human rights group.

(A) Charter 77 was established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals to be

(B) Charter 77 had been established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals as

(C) Charter 77 established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals were

(D) dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals established Charter 77 as

(E) dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals had established Charter 77 to be
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Re: Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences m  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2016, 07:19
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inakihernandez wrote:
Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences meted out to a group of Czech rock musicians called the Plastic People of the Universe, Charter 77 was established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals to be a human rights group.

(a) Charter 77 was established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals to be

(b) Charter 77 had been established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals as

(c) Charter 77 established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals were

(d) dissidents writers, philosophers, and other professionals established Charter 77 as

(e) dissidents writers, philosophers, and other professionals had established Charter 77 to be


People were inspired by the Helsinki Accords, not Charter 77. Hence we can remove A, B and C
In the option E, past perfect tense is incorrect as we are not talking about two different events.
Past Perfect tense is used when we need to show that one event took place before other.

Correct Option: D
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Re: Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences m  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2016, 10:37
inakihernandez wrote:
Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences meted out to a group of Czech rock musicians called the Plastic People of the Universe, Charter 77 was established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals to be a human rights group.

(a) Charter 77 was established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals to be

(b) Charter 77 had been established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals as

(c) Charter 77 established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals were

(d) dissidents writers, philosophers, and other professionals established Charter 77 as

(e) dissidents writers, philosophers, and other professionals had established Charter 77 to be


establish someone / something as someone / something is the correct idiomatic form

A, B and C uses passive form further E and B uses perfect tense, hence incorrect....

We are left with only (D)

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Re: Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences m  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2016, 01:37
inakihernandez wrote:
Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences meted out to a group of Czech rock musicians called the Plastic People of the Universe, Charter 77 was established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals to be a human rights group.

(a) Charter 77 was established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals to be

(b) Charter 77 had been established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals as

(c) Charter 77 established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals were

(d) dissidents writers, philosophers, and other professionals established Charter 77 as

(e) dissidents writers, philosophers, and other professionals had established Charter 77 to be


this want to cheat us to think that Charter 77 can not be a group. but in face it is name of a group and so d is logic.
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Re: Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences m  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2016, 07:38
Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences meted out to a group of Czech rock musicians called the Plastic People of the Universe, Charter 77 was established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals to be a human rights group.

(a) Charter 77 was established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals to be -- Modifier issue - illogical

(b) Charter 77 had been established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals as -- Modifier issue - illogical

(c) Charter 77 established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals were -- Modifier issue - illogical

(d) dissidents writers, philosophers, and other professionals established Charter 77 as - Correct

(e) dissidents writers, philosophers, and other professionals had established Charter 77 to be -- Past perfect is not needed

Answer D
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Re: Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences m  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2017, 14:21
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Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences meted out to a group of Czech rock musicians called the Plastic People of the Universe, Charter 77 was established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals to be a human rights group.

Issues: Modifier Construction | Idiom

Analysis:
1. "Inspired by... and outraged by..." modify what follows immediately after comma. It is non-sensical to say that "Charter 77" was inspired and outraged. The correct noun here is the compound noun - "dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals"
- Eliminate (A), (B) and (C)
2. Also it is unidiomatic to say
"established X to be Y". "established X as Y" is more preferable.
- Eliminate (E)

(a) Charter 77 was established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals to be

(b) Charter 77 had been established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals as

(c) Charter 77 established by dissident writers, philosophers, and other professionals were

(d) dissidents writers, philosophers, and other professionals established Charter 77 as

(e) dissidents writers, philosophers, and other professionals had established Charter 77 to be

Answer: (d)
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Re: Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences m  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2017, 15:40
Option d corrects the error of modifier and idiom

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Re: Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences m  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2017, 23:50
IMO : D

Chapter 7 cannot be inspired by X & outraged by Y (wrong modifier usage)

So A,B & C are out.

D is correct.

E is wrong for wrong usage of had as there is no sequential events.

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Re: Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences m  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2017, 07:22
verb-ed modifier modifies the noun next to it. Hence we can eliminate A B C.
Between D and E.
E has 2 errors.
1 - Established X as Y - idiom
2 - The outraged and inspired .. established these things happened like a cause and effect. so there is no need for past perfect.
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Re: Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences m  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 23:23
Correct idiom :

X was established as Y.
Not
X was established to be Y.
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Re: Inspired by the Helsinki Accords and outraged by the harsh sentences m  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2018, 19:36
Could anyone please explain the use of 'to be' vs 'as' in the context of this question? i.e. How should we confirm that charter77 was established as a human rights group, rather than to be a human rights group?

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