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International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the

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International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2020, 14:14
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A
B
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D
E

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Question Stats:

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International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank have exposed them to insolvency, since borrowers, hard pressed by changes in interest rates and oil prices, have found repayment impossible.


A. International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank have exposed them

B. International loans that are extensive in size and exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks expose the lenders

C. International loans, extensive in size and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank, expose them

D. Extensive international loans, exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks, have exposed the lenders

E. Extensive international loans, in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank, have exposed them



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Re: International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 06:07
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A. International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank have exposed them - use of "them is incorrect. Moreover, "and" must be followed by "that"

B. International loans that are extensive in size and exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks expose the lenders- Missing "that" after and.

C. International loans, extensive in size and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank, expose them- use of "them" is incorrect.

D. Extensive international loans, exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks, have exposed the lenders- correct choice.

E. Extensive international loans, in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank, have exposed them- use of "them" is incorrect.
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Re: International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 10:08
Why not Option E .

Please clarify @e-gmat
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Re: International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 15:01
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Between B and D, one of the glaring issues in B is that B has tense incompatibility between underlined portion (present) and non-underlined portion (past).
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Re: International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 02:34
International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank have exposed them to insolvency, since borrowers, hard pressed by changes in interest rates and oil prices, have found repayment impossible.


A. International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank have exposed them -- "them" has no specific unambiguous referent

B. International loans that are extensive in size and exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks expose the lenders -- "that are extensive and that are exceeding" is wrong parallelism

C. International loans, extensive in size and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank, expose them -- same as A

D. Extensive international loans, exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks, have exposed the lenders -- CORRECT, parallelism issue in B is fixed and converted to adjective and participial modifiers

E. Extensive international loans, in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank, have exposed them -- same as A

So, the answer is D
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Re: International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2020, 19:11
International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank have exposed them to insolvency, since borrowers, hard pressed by changes in interest rates and oil prices, have found repayment impossible.

* Subject verb pair [ "International loans have exposed" ; "that are extensive"; " borrowers have found" ] - this seems okay but [ " in some cases exceeding" ]- not used appropriately. Thus Subject verb error is there
* Tense form [ Present & Past ] - conveys intended meaning
* If-then condition - Not used
* Subjunctive Verb - Not used
* Pronoun [ "them" has ambiguity in terms of antecedent; them refers to whom its not clear ,whether is refers to international loans or bank ] - Incorrect
* Modifier [ "that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank" correctly modifies "International loans" ; "hard pressed by changes in interest rates and oil prices" correctly modifies "borrowers" ] - correct
* Parallelism [ that are extensive "and" in some cases exceeding ] - parallelism error
* Comparison - not used
* Idioms - not used

Now lets check each & every option for more further clarification.

A. International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank have exposed them


1. parallelism error
2. "them" has ambiguity in terms of antecedent

- Incorrect

B. International loans that are extensive in size and exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks expose the lenders

- It removes the pronoun error while using "lenders" but still have parallel issues. Hence incorrect


C. International loans, extensive in size and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank, expose them

1. "extensive in size and in some cases exceeding" not parallel
2. "them" has ambiguity in terms of antecedent

- Incorrect

D. Extensive international loans, exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks, have exposed the lenders

- Removes the parallelism & pronoun error. Hence correct

E. Extensive international loans, in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank, have exposed them

- "them" has ambiguity in terms of antecedent. Hence incorrect.
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Re: International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2020, 19:12
anks2190 wrote:
Why not Option E .

Please clarify @e-gmat





International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank have exposed them to insolvency, since borrowers, hard pressed by changes in interest rates and oil prices, have found repayment impossible.

* Subject verb pair [ "International loans have exposed" ; "that are extensive"; " borrowers have found" ] - this seems okay but [ " in some cases exceeding" ]- not used appropriately. Thus Subject verb error is there
* Tense form [ Present & Past ] - conveys intended meaning
* If-then condition - Not used
* Subjunctive Verb - Not used
* Pronoun [ "them" has ambiguity in terms of antecedent; them refers to whom its not clear ,whether is refers to international loans or bank ] - Incorrect
* Modifier [ "that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank" correctly modifies "International loans" ; "hard pressed by changes in interest rates and oil prices" correctly modifies "borrowers" ] - correct
* Parallelism [ that are extensive "and" in some cases exceeding ] - parallelism error
* Comparison - not used
* Idioms - not used

Now lets check each & every option for more further clarification.

A. International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank have exposed them


1. parallelism error
2. "them" has ambiguity in terms of antecedent

- Incorrect

B. International loans that are extensive in size and exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks expose the lenders

- It removes the pronoun error while using "lenders" but still have parallel issues. Hence incorrect


C. International loans, extensive in size and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank, expose them

1. "extensive in size and in some cases exceeding" not parallel
2. "them" has ambiguity in terms of antecedent

- Incorrect

D. Extensive international loans, exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks, have exposed the lenders

- Removes the parallelism & pronoun error. Hence correct

E. Extensive international loans, in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank, have exposed them

- "them" has ambiguity in terms of antecedent. Hence incorrect.



Hope it helps :)
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Re: International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2020, 08:17
[quote="Bunuel"]International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank have exposed them to insolvency, since borrowers, hard pressed by changes in interest rates and oil prices, have found repayment impossible.


A. International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank have exposed them

B. International loans that are extensive in size and exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks expose the lenders

C. International loans, extensive in size and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank, expose them

D. Extensive international loans, exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks, have exposed the lenders

E. Extensive international loans, in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank, have exposed them

if have done is used without time indicator, it shows an action finished in the past but is new and important to present. have exposed and have found are fit with each other because they show actions finished in the past. in choice b, expose can not fit with have found. simple past show a condition exist indefinitely which can not go with an action finished in the past. choice b is gone
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International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2020, 09:26
Bunuel wrote:
International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank have exposed them to insolvency, since borrowers, hard pressed by changes in interest rates and oil prices, have found repayment impossible.


A. International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank have exposed them

B. International loans that are extensive in size and exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks expose the lenders

C. International loans, extensive in size and in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank, expose them

D. Extensive international loans, exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks, have exposed the lenders

E. Extensive international loans, in some cases exceeding the total equity of the lending bank, have exposed them



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The real struggle here is between option B and D.
Both sentence structure are absolutely fine.
In option B, there is no parallelism issue.
International loans that are
extensive in size-adjective
exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks-adjective

What's the real issue with B ?
exceeding in some cases the total equity of the lending banks expose the lenders
It seems exceeding the total equity of lending banks expose the lenders.
But that's not the case.
Extensive international loans have exposed the lenders.
This option D is correct.
Hope it helps :)
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International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the   [#permalink] 10 Jul 2020, 09:26

International loans that are extensive and in some cases exceeding the

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