GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 18 Nov 2018, 17:00

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
  • How to QUICKLY Solve GMAT Questions - GMAT Club Chat

     November 20, 2018

     November 20, 2018

     09:00 AM PST

     10:00 AM PST

    The reward for signing up with the registration form and attending the chat is: 6 free examPAL quizzes to practice your new skills after the chat.
  • The winning strategy for 700+ on the GMAT

     November 20, 2018

     November 20, 2018

     06:00 PM EST

     07:00 PM EST

    What people who reach the high 700's do differently? We're going to share insights, tips and strategies from data we collected on over 50,000 students who used examPAL.

It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 1396
It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Dec 2007, 02:13
5
30
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

61% (01:42) correct 39% (01:51) wrong based on 1313 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.

(A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises

(B) It was only after Katharine Graham's becoming publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and under her command it had won high praises

(C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

(D) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

(E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post won high praise under her command

https://www.nytimes.com/2001/07/17/obituaries/katharine-graham-former-publisher-of-washington-post-dies-at-84.html

It was only after she succeeded her father and her husband as publisher that The Washington Post, a newspaper in the nation's capital with a modest circulation and more modest reputation, moved into the front rank of American newspapers, reaching new heights when its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal contributed to the resignation of President Richard M. Nixon in 1974. Mrs. Graham's courage in supporting her reporters and editors through the long investigation was critical to its success.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4512
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Oct 2010, 07:25
12
5
Choice A starts with it was and follows up the same with a parallel it was in the second part. It also uses the simple past became to denote an event that occurred in the past. Though wordy, A seems to be without any error. This must be the right choice.


B It should be newspapers and not newspaper- may be a typo, let’s us ignore it. Becoming publisher is sought to be used as a gerund here. But the serious error is in the use of past perfect tense it had won. The context entails a simple past tense i.e. won.

C 1. The adjectival modifier having won high praise does not seem to have a noun to modify. Does it modify Katherine or Katherine’s publishership or The Washington Post?

2. does the pronoun that stand for Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post. Because that is a pronoun and should refer to a noun rather than a clause.

3. Did it win high praise first for reporting Watergate episode that happened in 1974 and then move into the first rank of American newspapers in 1963 after Katherine became the publisher? Isn’t it incongruous?

D is a fragment without a completed verb. Let’s drop it.

E Katharine Graham's becoming is a very inelegant way of writing Katherine Graham became; so not acceptable
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Most Helpful Community Reply
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 25 May 2010
Posts: 130
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jul 2010, 05:36
13
6
aMante wrote:
It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963
that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and it was under her command
that the paper won high praise
for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal


a)It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963
that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and it was under her command
that the paper won high praise

b)It was only after Katharin Graham's becoming publisher of The Wasington Post in 1963
that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and under her commandt it had
won high praise

c)Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that
did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

d)Moving intor the first rank of American newspaper only after Katharine Graham became
its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

e)Moving into the first rank of American newspaper only after Katharine Graham's becoming
its publisher in 1953, The Washington Post won high praise under her command


I can't come up with anything!!!!!!!!
Plz Help!!!!!!!!!!!!!!





Let's break this down so that it will be easier and faster...

A)It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and it was under her command
that the paper won high praise

General structure: Independent clause [,and] Independent clause

Both clauses here are in a form that is used to create emphasis: "it... is/was..... that+subject+verb"
Ex. It is the red dress that I want. (Emphatic structure for, "I want the red dress")

So we have here, "It was only after Graham became..." ,and "it was under.... that the paper won."

Notice that the time modifier for "became" is "in 1963," a specific time indicating the past simple (V2) "became".

So the tenses and sentence structure are good here!


B)It was only after Katharin Graham's becoming publisher of The Wasington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and under her command it had won high praise

The only problem here is the "had won"-- the past perfect (had+V3). There is no indication that the winning had taken place in the past relative to some other point in the past. The entire sentence should be in the past simple.

C)Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

We can stop reading as soon as we get to "and only after that..." "That" is a relative pronoun that is trying to refer to some thing. But there is nothing, no written noun, to which the word "that" refers, and it cannot refer to the entire preceding clause. All pronouns must refer to a written noun that appears in the sentence.

D)Moving intor the first rank of American newspaper only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

Up until the first comma ("Moving into....1963,") is descriptive information. The "moving" is a present participle, an -ing word that is descriptive. After the subject, The Washington Post, there is another modifier starting with the present participle "winning". This second modifier (i.e. descriptive phrase) continues all the way to the end of the sentence, and we are never given a verb for the subject "The Washington Post!"

E)Moving into the first rank of American newspaper only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1953, The Washington Post won high praise under her command

On a grammatically technical level, there is no error here. BUT INTENDED MEANING MATTERS! It is critical to try to understand the meaning that was intended by the original, and the original wanted to emphasize Graham's accomplishments, and hence the emphatic structure explained in A.
General Discussion
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 02 Mar 2008
Posts: 195
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Mar 2008, 21:21
4
I try... A for me

a)It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963
that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and it was under her command
that the paper won high praise

b)It was only after Katharin Graham's becoming publisher of The Wasington Post in 1963
that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and under her command it had
won
high praise ->unnecessary change of tense

c)Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that
did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command -> having won, modifier problem

d)Moving into the first rank of American newspaper only after Katharine Graham became
its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command
-> missing main verb

e)Moving into the first rank of American newspaper only after Katharine Graham's becoming
its publisher in 1953, The Washington Post won high praise under her command -> tense problem, also change the meaning of the original sentence (emphasize Katharine's importance)
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 206
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Oct 2009, 08:52
13
Well guyz the reasons why option A is the best choice are Logical Predication and Parallelism.

Parallelism: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.

Moreover, because of the logical predication the sentence reads correctly without unnecessary usage of words such as 'becoming' and 'moving'

Hope the explanation helps!!
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 17 Apr 2010
Posts: 58
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Oct 2010, 07:40
3
IMO A by POE

(A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal. - No issues , looks good
(B) It was only after Katharin Graham's becoming publisher of The Wasington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and under her commandt it had won high praise
(C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that
did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command
(D) Moving into the first rank of American newspaper only after Katharine Graham became
its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command - Missing the information of Watergate Scandal and moreover the sentence is awkward
(E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post won high praise under her command. Same issue as D

Please consider giving KUDOS if you like my post
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2743
It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Jan 2012, 07:55
Explaining why E is not correct.

It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.

Choice E is incorrect for two reasons. Firstly, it somewhat distorts the intended meaning of the sentence by taking away the emphasis. The original sentence clearly says that The Washington Post became the leading newspaper only after KG took charge of it and it was during her tenure only that the paper won high acclaims for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.

Choice E removes this emphasis. Per this choice, the sentence means that The Washington Post won high praises for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal under KG’s command. By the way, the newspaper moved to first place after KG became the publisher. This point comes as additional information in the sentence. This is certainly not the intended meaning of the sentence.

Also if you compare “after KG’s becoming” with “after KG became”, the latter is better, clearer and more direct. So for these two reasons Choice E is not correct.

Hope this helps.
Shraddha

Image
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 28 Nov 2011
Posts: 301
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Aug 2012, 15:27
4
With answer (A), which is the correct answer, one thing I think that can throw many of is the first 'it was.' Clearly the use of 'it' in this sense does not require an antecedent. Given the proximity of the next 'it', however, one may think that the two 'its' do not refer to the same thing. Nonetheless, the phrase 'it was' should be treated differently from the 'it' in '...that it moved.' This 'it' clearly refers to the Post. The next 'it' in the 'it was...' maintains parallelism with the first 'it was.' Finally the last 'its' refers back to the Post. Quite a lot of 'its.' Hopefully, 'it' will not throw you next time :).
_________________

Christopher Lele
Magoosh Test Prep

Image

Image

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Jan 2015
Posts: 94
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jun 2015, 01:52
1
WaterFlowsUp wrote:
It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.

A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise

B) It was only after Katharine Graham's becoming publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and under her command it had won high praise

C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

D) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Grahame's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post won high praise under her command


B) Verb Tense Problem: Usage of past perfect implies that before Katharine Graham became the newspaper's editor, the newspaper won the prize!

C) Tense problem with modifier: 'having ....' as a modifier is one tense back from the original sentence, causing similar issue as in B
'only after that': GMAT does now allow such ambiguous usage of demonstrative pronouns; notice that there is no suitable noun that we can think of as an antecedent of 'that' here
Also, we need a comma before the second 'and'

D) a Fragment!

E) 'Katharine Graham's becoming' seems less preferable than the clause used in A: 'after Katharine Graham became'

The opening modifier is also too long.
Perhaps, also, 'Moving ...' is not a correct modifier, since this action is not a continuous one.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 07 May 2015
Posts: 87
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Feb 2016, 15:58
Hi daagh , the right answer is marked as A but option uses "IT" for two different things in this question. Is this a correct usage?

Thanks in advance!

aMante wrote:
It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963
that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and it was under her command
that the paper won high praise
for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal


a)It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963
that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and it was under her command
that the paper won high praise

b)It was only after Katharin Graham's becoming publisher of The Wasington Post in 1963
that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and under her commandt it had
won high praise

c)Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that
did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

d)Moving intor the first rank of American newspaper only after Katharine Graham became
its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

e)Moving into the first rank of American newspaper only after Katharine Graham's becoming
its publisher in 1953, The Washington Post won high praise under her command


I can't come up with anything!!!!!!!!
Plz Help!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
S
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1338
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Feb 2016, 01:28
neeraj609, there is no problem with "it" in A because it is only used once as a typical pronoun. In the other two cases ("It was only. . . it was under . . . "), "it" is used as part of a phrase that introduces a modifier. Think of it this way: Under what circumstances did the paper win praise? Under the command of Katherine Graham. So "It was under her command that the paper won high praise." "It" is not referring to a noun at all, but to a set of circumstances.
_________________


Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Board of Directors
User avatar
V
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3615
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Mar 2017, 02:07
(A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise --> CORRECT

(B) It was only after Katharin Graham's becoming publisher of The Wasington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and under her commandt it had won high praise --> WRONG USAGE

(C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command --> Incorrect

(D) Moving into the first rank of American newspaper only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command --> Missing Verb Mistake

(E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post won high praise under her command. --> Meaning Change
_________________

My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place
Blog: Subscribe to Question of the Day Blog
GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.
New! Best Reply Functionality on GMAT Club!
Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free
Check our new About Us Page here.

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 27 Mar 2014
Posts: 81
Schools: ISB '19, IIMA , IIMB
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V30
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jul 2017, 09:04
1
It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.

(A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises.

Correct : Parallelism

(B) It was only after Katharine Graham's becoming publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and under her command it had won high praises

--> use of 'had' is wrong . Incorrect
use of 'had' twist meaning . Washington post won high praises before it came under Katharine.


(C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

Subject : It is singular & Verb : move is plural
Incorrect

(D) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

Modifier, noun , modifier construction : Incorrect

(E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washinton Postwon high praise under her command

no antecedent for "her"

Experts pls comment
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2743
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2017, 09:02
1
rishabhdxt wrote:

Experts pls comment


Hello rishabhdxt,

You have presented a very detailed analysis of this official question. Great job there. :)

However, I would like to adjust your approach towards a few answer choices. So let's begin. :)

rishabhdxt wrote:
(A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises.

Correct : Parallelism


It is true that in Choice A, the two clauses joined by and follows the identical structure and hence maintain perfect parallelism, I hope you understand that this criterion is not a must for two elements to be parallel.

A choice that conveys the intended meaning in correct grammar with parallelism less perfect than in Choice A can be a contender for the correct choice.

But yes, this choice indeed is correct because it is logical and grammatical and clearly conveys the intended meaning.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(B) It was only after Katharine Graham's becoming publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and under her command it had won high praises

--> use of 'had' is wrong . Incorrect
use of 'had' twist meaning . Washington post won high praises before it came under Katharine.


See, parallelism wise, this choice also works. But it has the very evident error that you have correctly mentioned in your analysis.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

Subject : It is singular & Verb : move is plural
Incorrect


I am afraid your reason to reject this answer choice is not correct. Please note the verb for the subject it is did move. So there is no SV number agreement error in this choice.

This choice is incorrect because of the usage of the modifier having won high praise. The modifier having verb-ed has a very specific usage. In modifying a clause, it presents the action done prior to the modified action in the main clause. For example:

1. Having finished his breakfast, Joe went to play tennis.

In the above-mentioned sentence, Joe first finished his breakfast and then went to play tennis. The sentence will convey the same meaning if we change the place of the having verb-ed modifier.

2. Joe went to play tennis, having finished his breakfast.

Both the sentences 1. and 2. convey the same meaning.

With the usage of having won high praise after the action did move, Choice C suggests that The Washington Post first won the praise and then moved to the first rank. This certainly is not the intended meaning.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(D) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

Modifier, noun , modifier construction : Incorrect


Once again, your reason for rejecting this answer choice is not correct.

The opening verb-ing noun modifier Moving into... correctly modifies the subject of the following clause The Washington Post. But there is no verb for the subject The Washington Post.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washinton Postwon high praise under her command

no antecedent for "her"


Your analysis for this choice is also incorrect. The antecedent for the pronoun her is Katharine Graham's. Since her is a possessive pronoun, it can definitely refer to the possessive noun Katharine Graham's.

Just replace Katharine Graham's with her in this choice, and you will see that the sentence still conveys the same meaning.

This choice is incorrect because the expression Katharine Graham's becoming is a little awkward.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 22 May 2017
Posts: 109
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2017, 10:50
egmat wrote:
rishabhdxt wrote:

Experts pls comment


Hello rishabhdxt,

You have presented a very detailed analysis of this official question. Great job there. :)

However, I would like to adjust your approach towards a few answer choices. So let's begin. :)

rishabhdxt wrote:
(A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises.

Correct : Parallelism


It is true that in Choice A, the two clauses joined by and follows the identical structure and hence maintain perfect parallelism, I hope you understand that this criterion is not a must for two elements to be parallel.

A choice that conveys the intended meaning in correct grammar with parallelism less perfect than in Choice A can be a contender for the correct choice.

But yes, this choice indeed is correct because it is logical and grammatical and clearly conveys the intended meaning.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(B) It was only after Katharine Graham's becoming publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and under her command it had won high praises

--> use of 'had' is wrong . Incorrect
use of 'had' twist meaning . Washington post won high praises before it came under Katharine.


See, parallelism wise, this choice also works. But it has the very evident error that you have correctly mentioned in your analysis.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

Subject : It is singular & Verb : move is plural
Incorrect


I am afraid your reason to reject this answer choice is not correct. Please note the verb for the subject it is did move. So there is no SV number agreement error in this choice.

This choice is incorrect because of the usage of the modifier having won high praise. The modifier having verb-ed has a very specific usage. In modifying a clause, it presents the action done prior to the modified action in the main clause. For example:

1. Having finished his breakfast, Joe went to play tennis.

In the above-mentioned sentence, Joe first finished his breakfast and then went to play tennis. The sentence will convey the same meaning if we change the place of the having verb-ed modifier.

2. Joe went to play tennis, having finished his breakfast.

Both the sentences 1. and 2. convey the same meaning.

With the usage of having won high praise after the action did move, Choice C suggests that The Washington Post first won the praise and then moved to the first rank. This certainly is not the intended meaning.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(D) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

Modifier, noun , modifier construction : Incorrect


Once again, your reason for rejecting this answer choice is not correct.

The opening verb-ing noun modifier Moving into... correctly modifies the subject of the following clause The Washington Post. But there is no verb for the subject The Washington Post.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washinton Postwon high praise under her command

no antecedent for "her"


Your analysis for this choice is also incorrect. The antecedent for the pronoun her is Katharine Graham's. Since her is a possessive pronoun, it can definitely refer to the possessive noun Katharine Graham's.

Just replace Katharine Graham's with her in this choice, and you will see that the sentence still conveys the same meaning.

This choice is incorrect because the expression Katharine Graham's becoming is a little awkward.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha




Hi Shraddha,

The explanation is really helpful:)

Can you please cover one more reason pointed out by some folks to eliminate option C.
'that' part in option C
Few have pointed out that 'that' antecedent is ambiguous
That is also present in A

If you can elaborate on this?

Posted from my mobile device
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2743
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2017, 11:10
akshata19 wrote:

Hi Shraddha,

The explanation is really helpful:)

Can you please cover one more reason pointed out by some folks to eliminate option C.
'that' part in option C
Few have pointed out that 'that' antecedent is ambiguous
That is also present in A

If you can elaborate on this?

Posted from my mobile device


Hello akshata19,

Thank you for your appreciation. Means a lot. :-)

I will be more than happy to help you resolve your doubt. :-)

Yes, it is true that there is an error in Choice C pertaining to the usage of that.

The word that in Choice C has been used as a demonstrative pronoun that must be followed by the noun it refers to. For example:

1. Currently, I am working on a project, and this project is very important to me.

2. Some year ago, I found a very old pen in my attic; and that pen, I found out later, belonged to me great-grandfather.

In both the above-mentioned sentences, this and that respectively have been used as a demonstrative pronoun that are followed by the nouns they refer to.

But this is not the case with the usage of that in Choice C.

Firstly, that is not followed by any noun.

Secondly, that in this choice seems to refer to the action of Graham becoming the publisher of the Washington Post in 1963. This is incorrect because a pronoun can never refer to an action.

However, in Choice A, that has been used as a connector and not a pronoun. Hence, it need not refer to any noun entity in the sentence.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 13 Feb 2015
Posts: 12
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jul 2018, 10:30
Is the usage of her for Katharine Graham's correct in the options?
_________________

Before getting into the options, have an idea of what you seek ;)

Thanks & Regards,
Vipul Chhabra

Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4512
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jul 2018, 10:57
Top Contributor
There is no problem with using 'her' and 'Graham's' in the options. 'Her' is a possessive pronoun here (not an object pronoun), and Graham's is a possessive noun. Hence, they can go together
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 12 Mar 2017
Posts: 235
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q49 V27
GPA: 4
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Sep 2018, 07:58
egmat wrote:
rishabhdxt wrote:

Experts pls comment


Hello rishabhdxt,

You have presented a very detailed analysis of this official question. Great job there. :)

However, I would like to adjust your approach towards a few answer choices. So let's begin. :)

rishabhdxt wrote:
(A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises.

Correct : Parallelism


It is true that in Choice A, the two clauses joined by and follows the identical structure and hence maintain perfect parallelism, I hope you understand that this criterion is not a must for two elements to be parallel.

A choice that conveys the intended meaning in correct grammar with parallelism less perfect than in Choice A can be a contender for the correct choice.

But yes, this choice indeed is correct because it is logical and grammatical and clearly conveys the intended meaning.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(B) It was only after Katharine Graham's becoming publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and under her command it had won high praises

--> use of 'had' is wrong . Incorrect
use of 'had' twist meaning . Washington post won high praises before it came under Katharine.


See, parallelism wise, this choice also works. But it has the very evident error that you have correctly mentioned in your analysis.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

Subject : It is singular & Verb : move is plural
Incorrect


I am afraid your reason to reject this answer choice is not correct. Please note the verb for the subject it is did move. So there is no SV number agreement error in this choice.

This choice is incorrect because of the usage of the modifier having won high praise. The modifier having verb-ed has a very specific usage. In modifying a clause, it presents the action done prior to the modified action in the main clause. For example:

1. Having finished his breakfast, Joe went to play tennis.

In the above-mentioned sentence, Joe first finished his breakfast and then went to play tennis. The sentence will convey the same meaning if we change the place of the having verb-ed modifier.

2. Joe went to play tennis, having finished his breakfast.

Both the sentences 1. and 2. convey the same meaning.

With the usage of having won high praise after the action did move, Choice C suggests that The Washington Post first won the praise and then moved to the first rank. This certainly is not the intended meaning.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(D) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

Modifier, noun , modifier construction : Incorrect


Once again, your reason for rejecting this answer choice is not correct.

The opening verb-ing noun modifier Moving into... correctly modifies the subject of the following clause The Washington Post. But there is no verb for the subject The Washington Post.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washinton Postwon high praise under her command

no antecedent for "her"


Your analysis for this choice is also incorrect. The antecedent for the pronoun her is Katharine Graham's. Since her is a possessive pronoun, it can definitely refer to the possessive noun Katharine Graham's.

Just replace Katharine Graham's with her in this choice, and you will see that the sentence still conveys the same meaning.

This choice is incorrect because the expression Katharine Graham's becoming is a little awkward.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha



egmat , AjiteshArun , MagooshExpert , GMATNinja

I am still not clear why "having high won praise" be wrong modifier. Explanation says that

Quote:
With the usage of having won high praise after the action did move, Choice C suggests that The Washington Post first won the praise and then moved to the first rank. This certainly is not the intended meaning.


But I don't understand why can't "The Washington Post first won the praise and then moved to the first rank" be the intended meaning.

Please help
SVP
SVP
User avatar
V
Joined: 15 Jul 2015
Posts: 1843
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V169
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Sep 2018, 19:58
Prateek176 wrote:
egmat , AjiteshArun , MagooshExpert , GMATNinja

I am still not clear why "having high won praise" be wrong modifier. Explanation says that

But I don't understand why can't "The Washington Post first won the praise and then moved to the first rank" be the intended meaning.

Please help
I don't think that having won high praise is necessarily wrong here, although it does complicate the meaning by implying that the high praise bit could be the reason for the move.

Take C out for the awkward construction and ambiguity that the that creates.
_________________

Ascore Prep | Live Online

GMAT Club Bot
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington &nbs [#permalink] 19 Sep 2018, 19:58
Display posts from previous: Sort by

It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.