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Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th

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Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 Nov 2018, 00:22
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Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

(A) Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of

(B) Like recycling ancient Egyptian architectural materials to construct

(C) Just as ancient Egyptian architectural materials were recycled in the construction of

(D) Just as they recycled ancient Egyptian architectural materials in constructing

(E) Just like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in constructing

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Sentence Correction-Collection of Ron Purewal's "elliptical construction/analogies" for SC Challenges


Originally posted by AbdurRakib on 15 Jun 2016, 03:14.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 12 Nov 2018, 00:22, edited 1 time in total.
edited typo
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Re: Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2016, 20:44
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Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of the that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

1)
Like -> Compares two nouns and "so" is used for reason.
Like X, Y is the proper usage

2) Just as X, so Y
It shows the comparison of X and Y and X and Y should be parallel

A) Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of -> Eliminated because of Reason 1
B) Like recycling ancient Egyptian architectural materials to construct -> Eliminated because of Reason 1

C) Just as ancient Egyptians architectural materials were recycled in the construction of -> Correct

D) Just as they recycled ancient Egyptian architectural materials in constructing
The next part of the sentence is a clause and "They" cannot be compared to "ancient Greek materials"

E) Just like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in constructing
Just Like X Y is comparison marker and is used to compare two nouns.
Just Like X so Y is wrong usage
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Re: Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 05:40
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AbdurRakib wrote:
Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of the that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

A) Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of
B) Like recycling ancient Egyptian architectural materials to construct
C) Just as ancient Egyptians architectural materials were recycled in the construction of
D) Just as they recycled ancient Egyptian architectural materials in constructing
E) Just like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in constructing



Like vs Just as !!
Usage of like is incorrect hence a,b and e are out.
D is out because of parallelism
C is the answer

OE please !
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Re: Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 07:49
2
AbdurRakib wrote:
Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of the that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

A) Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of
B) Like recycling ancient Egyptian architectural materials to construct
C) Just as ancient Egyptians architectural materials were recycled in the construction of
D) Just as they recycled ancient Egyptian architectural materials in constructing
E) Just like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in constructing



'So' in underlined part indicates that we need 'as' or 'just as'. A, B and E are out

Parallelism must be between ' ancient Greek materials from the construction of the that city were reused' and 'ancient Egyptians architectural materials were recycled'. C correctly maintains the parallelism.

In choice 'D', its not clear what 'they' is referring to.
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Re: Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 08:14
AbdurRakib wrote:
Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of the that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

A) Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of
B) Like recycling ancient Egyptian architectural materials to construct
C) Just as ancient Egyptians architectural materials were recycled in the construction of
D) Just as they recycled ancient Egyptian architectural materials in constructing
E) Just like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in constructing


Just as ancient Egyptians architectural materials were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of the that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

Answer must be (C)...
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Re: Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 14:51
Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of the that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

A) Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of
B) Like recycling ancient Egyptian architectural materials to construct
C) Just as ancient Egyptian architectural materials were recycled in the construction of
D) Just as they recycled ancient Egyptian architectural materials in constructing
E) Just like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in constructing

Straight C
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Re: Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2017, 02:43
Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of the that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

Idiom is being tested here.
Most common idioms in official guide are:
1) Just as........X.........so.......Y......

2) Like X, Y

3) Unlike X, Y
4)Consider.......
5) Either..or......
6) Neither....nor..........
7) Not only........but also..........
8) Both............and............
9) More than
10) Between.........and........
11) From.............to...........

Coming back to the question:
Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of the that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

1) What is being compared here?
Ancient Egyptian architectural materials (X) and ancient Greek material (Y)

X has to be parallel to Y

Correct idiom is Just as .........so........ (shows similarity)

2) Why only this idiom?
Because like is underlined and so is not (this gives us a hint).

3) Modifiers:
that were recycled should be in past tense because the non-underlined portion is also in past tense and past tense conveys the clear meaning in this sentence.
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Re: Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 18:48
Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of the that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

A) Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of - “like X, Y” (X and Y are nouns) and “Just as M, so N” (M and N are clauses).
B) Like recycling ancient Egyptian architectural materials to construct - Incorrect usage of Like
C) Just as ancient Egyptian architectural materials were recycled in the construction of - Correct
D) Just as they recycled ancient Egyptian architectural materials in constructing - Parallelism issue; no antecedent for “they”
E) Just like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in constructing - Incorrect usage of Like

Answer C
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Re: Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2018, 04:17
Hi GMATNinja generis VeritasPrepKarishma

Is my understanding correct that usage of like + noun
is correct in (A) to show a comparison? It is - so - after the coma
that makes this choice incorrect.
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Re: Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2018, 06:20
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adkikani wrote:
Hi GMATNinja generis VeritasPrepKarishma

Is my understanding correct that usage of like + noun
is correct in (A) to show a comparison? It is - so - after the coma
that makes this choice incorrect.


I have discussed the use of like here: https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2016/06/like-vs-gmat/

The correct comparison would be Like A, B ...

Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, ancient Greek materials from ...

A - Egyptian materials
B - Greek materials
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Re: Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2018, 16:59
Thank you VeritasPrepKarishma

Quick Q: Whenever I see JUST AS, do I need to treat it is as LIKE (like + noun) or AS (as + clause, except its function as role play)
after identifying its use as comparison.
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Re: Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2018, 03:14
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adkikani wrote:
Thank you VeritasPrepKarishma

Quick Q: Whenever I see JUST AS, do I need to treat it is as LIKE (like + noun) or AS (as + clause, except its function as role play)
after identifying its use as comparison.


Just as is "to an equal degree as" or "in the same way as"
So the correct usage would be "... just as happy as ..." OR "Just as clause, so clause" OR "Just as clause, clause"
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Re: Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2018, 07:52

Official Explanation



Diction; Parallelism

When two situations are asserted to be similar, the proper way to express this is with the paired expressions just as . . . so . . ., not like . . . so. Moreover, the two compared situations should be expressed as clauses, not as noun phrases. us the clause ancient Egyptian architectural materials
were recycled . . . is correct, as opposed to a noun phrase like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled . . .

A Just as and a following clause with a passive verb are preferred, but instead this option has like and a following noun phrase (ancient Egyptian materials . . .). It appears, somewhat implausibly, to say that the ancient Greek materials were similar to the earlier ancient Egyptian ones in that both were used by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

B Just as and a following clause with a passive verb are preferred, but instead this option has like and a following noun phrase (recycling ancient Egyptian materials . . .).
It appears illogically to say that the action of recycling was similar to the ancient Greek materials in that both were reused in subsequent centuries.

C Correct. e expressions just as and so are paired to link the two clauses in parallel, and both clauses use the passive construction.

D Just as is used to connect two clauses, which is good, but the rst clause employs the active construction rather than the preferred passive, so there is a failure of parallelism. Also, it is unclear what they refers to. e sentence appears to say illogically that some unidenti ed group’s action of recycling was similar to the ancient Greek materials’ being reused.

E Just as introducing a clause with a passive verb is preferable, but this sentence uses like and a following noun phrase (ancient Egyptian materials . . .). It appears, somewhat implausibly, to say that the ancient Greek materials were similar to the earlier ancient Egyptian ones in that both were used by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders. Correct answer is C.
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Re: Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2018, 09:26
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one issue at a time, to quickly come to a correct answer! Before we dive in, here is the original question, with any major differences between each option highlighted in orange:

Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of the that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

(A) Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of
(B) Like recycling ancient Egyptian architectural materials to construct
(C) Just as ancient Egyptian architectural materials were recycled in the construction of
(D) Just as they recycled ancient Egyptian architectural materials in constructing
(E) Just like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in constructing

After a quick glance over the options, 2 pretty simple differences jump out:

1. Like / Just as / Just like
2. in the construction of / to construct / in constructing


Let's start with #1 on our list: like / just as / just like. We know that later in the sentence, it uses the conjunction "so" to connect the two items being compared. Whenever we compare two items using the word "so" to connect them, we MUST use "as" to introduce the comparison. This is an issue with using proper idioms:

Like X, so Y = WRONG
Just like X, so Y = WRONG
Like X, Y - CORRECT

As X, Y = WRONG
As X, so Y = CORRECT
Just as X, so Y = CORRECT

So let's look at which options use this idiom structure correctly or not:

(A) Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of...so --> Like X, so Y = WRONG
(B) Like recycling ancient Egyptian architectural materials to construct...so --> Like X, so Y = WRONG
(C) Just as ancient Egyptian architectural materials were recycled in the construction of...so --> Just as X, so Y = OK
(D) Just as they recycled ancient Egyptian architectural materials in constructing...so --> Just as X, so Y = OK
(E) Just like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in constructing...so --> Just like X, so Y = WRONG

We can eliminate options A, B, and E because they don't use the proper idiomatic structure. Now, let's take a closer look at options C and D for any more problems. For this part, let's focus on parallel structure.

We can determine by looking at the rest of the sentence that we are comparing ancient Greek building materials to ancient Egyptian building materials. However, not all of the options do this correctly:

(C) Just as ancient Egyptian architectural materials were recycled in the construction of

This option is CORRECT because it uses parallel structure! It compares Egyptian materials to Greek materials, and it also uses parallel structure by saying "the construction of," which appears later in the sentence when discussing Greek materials.

(D) Just as they recycled ancient Egyptian architectural materials in constructing

This option is INCORRECT because it doesn't use parallel structure. It introduces a mysterious "they" into the sentence, which now compares people to materials, which isn't parallel in type. It also doesn't use the parallel "the construction of" to help balance out both sides of the comparison.


There you have it - option C is the correct answer because it uses proper parallel formatting throughout, and it also uses the correct idiomatic structure "Just as X, so Y" to compare two items! Focusing on these two simple grammar problems helped us answer the question quickly and accurately!


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Re: Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in th &nbs [#permalink] 24 Sep 2018, 09:26
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