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Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are

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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2019, 05:37
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lstsch wrote:
Why can the legacy of the more ancient Olmec culture not be overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec Civilizations? (Why is C wrong?)
1. A legacy is what is left behind after someone or something is gone. Why would a civilization overshadow a legacy? We'd expect a civilization to overshadow another civilization.

Remember that we are supposed to look for the intended meaning here, so don't look at C and ask whether it is possible. Instead, check whether it is likely that that the sentence wants to compare two civilizations to the legacy of a third civilization (culture in this case).

2. Option C results in
Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, the legacy of the more ancient Olmec culture to the Mesoamerican societies that succeeded them is what historians are now exploring.

Given that the Olmec culture is older than the others, I'd expect a singular pronoun instead of the them. That is, we'd want the Mesoamerican societies that succeeded it, not succeeded them.

3. X is what historians are exploring is not as direct as X is being explored by historians.
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2019, 06:11
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Quote:
Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are now exploring the more ancient Olmec culture for the legacy it had for succeeding Mesoamerican societies.

(A) historians are now exploring the more ancient Olmec culture for the legacy it had for succeeding Mesoamerican societies
(B) historians’ exploration is now of the more ancient Olmec culture's legacy to the Mesoamerican societies succeeding them
(C) the legacy of the more ancient Olmec culture to the Mesoamerican societies that succeeded them is what historians are now exploring
(D) the more ancient Olmec culture is now being explored by historians for its legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies
(E) the Olmec culture is more ancient and had a legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies that historians are now exploring


C. Let's appreciate that it is the more ancient Olmec culture rather than the Maya and Aztec cultures that is being explored by the historians and not the Olmec culture's legacy to the succeeding generations. Here the comparison goes haywire by comparing a legacy of Olmec culture with the Maya and Aztec cultures

E. The historians are not exploring any succeeding Mesoamerican societies either. Per se, C and E substantially alter the original intent.

D: The expression ' the more ancient " is just an adjective that describes the Olmec and should be taken as a single unit. I do not think one should think about a parallelism issue in this.

For example--The 16th president, Lincoln is revered much more than many other presidents. Here because we have described Lincoln as the 16th president, it is not necessary that we describe others as the 20th president or 14th president and so on. Nor should we drop the noun modifier before the subject because we have not used a similar modifier for the other side.

Even E describes Olmec culture as more ancient, while it is not describing Maya and Aztec with any such adjectives. Therefore, parallelism is a non-issue in the given case.
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2019, 02:28
lstsch wrote:
Why can the legacy of the more ancient Olmec culture not be overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec Civilizations? (Why is C wrong?)

First, (C) is illogical.

Take another look: "the legacy of the more ancient Olmec culture to the Mesoamerican societies that succeeded them." If the Olmec culture is more ancient, this is the culture that was succeeded, so we'd want the singular pronoun "it."

But even if you missed this issue, our goal is to compare options and pick the one that's best. Between (C) and (D), we have a choice between a sentence indicating that the Olmec culture was overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, and an option indicating that the legacy of the Olmec culture was overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations. It's more logical to compare legacies with legacies and cultures with cultures (or civilizations,) and so (D) is better than (C).

I hope that helps!
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are   [#permalink] 13 Apr 2019, 02:28

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