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# Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are

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19 Jun 2018, 23:36
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62% (01:26) correct 38% (01:27) wrong based on 1965 sessions

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The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 245

Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are now exploring the more ancient Olmec culture for the legacy it had for succeeding Mesoamerican societies.

(A) historians are now exploring the more ancient Olmec culture for the legacy it had for succeeding Mesoamerican societies

(B) historians’ exploration is now of the more ancient Olmec culture's legacy to the Mesoamerican societies succeeding them

(C) the legacy of the more ancient Olmec culture to the Mesoamerican societies that succeeded them is what historians are now exploring

(D) the more ancient Olmec culture is now being explored by historians for its legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies

(E) the Olmec culture is more ancient and had a legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies that historians are now exploring

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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2018, 18:50
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2
Blackishmamba wrote:
sqube wrote:
Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are now exploring the more ancient Olmec culture for the legacy it had for succeeding Mesoamerican societies.

(A) historians are now exploring the more ancient Olmec culture for the legacy it had for succeeding Mesoamerican societies: 'Olmec culture' is Overshadowed; not 'Historians'. Modifier Error.

(B) historians’ exploration is now of the more ancient Olmec culture's legacy to the Mesoamerican societies succeeding them: 'Olmec culture' is Overshadowed; not 'Historians's exloration'. Modifier Error.

(C) the legacy of the more ancient Olmec culture to the Mesoamerican societies that succeeded them is what historians are now exploring: 'Olmec culture' is Overshadowed; not 'legacy'. Modifier Error.

(D) the more ancient Olmec culture is now being explored by historians for its legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies: concise and correct choice.

(E) the Olmec culture is more ancient and had a legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies that historians are now exploring: incorrect usage of 'had'.

All I see in choice E is a meaning error.

The nice thing about legacies is that they never go away. (Or, depending on the legacy in question, maybe that's not such a nice thing? )

Though the Olmec culture may be long gone, its legacy is still intact in the present, so the use of the past tense "had" is not appropriate here. The question writer gives us a hint about the tense by connecting the present tense "is" with the past tense "had." It can be completely fine to have two different tenses in the same sentence, but there has to be a good reason for the tense shift. In this case, there isn't a good reason for it at all.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2018, 04:49
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Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are now exploring the more ancient Olmec culture for the legacy it had for succeeding Mesoamerican societies.

(A) historians are now exploring the more ancient Olmec culture for the legacy it had for succeeding Mesoamerican societies: 'Olmec culture' is Overshadowed; not 'Historians'. Modifier Error.

(B) historians’ exploration is now of the more ancient Olmec culture's legacy to the Mesoamerican societies succeeding them: 'Olmec culture' is Overshadowed; not 'Historians's exloration'. Modifier Error.

(C) the legacy of the more ancient Olmec culture to the Mesoamerican societies that succeeded them is what historians are now exploring: 'Olmec culture' is Overshadowed; not 'legacy'. Modifier Error.

(D) the more ancient Olmec culture is now being explored by historians for its legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies: concise and correct choice.

(E) the Olmec culture is more ancient and had a legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies that historians are now exploring: incorrect usage of 'had'.
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2018, 04:40
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the more ancient Olmec culture should follow the opening modifier as correctly done in D. E Changes the meaning altogether.
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2018, 08:58
According to option D, the more ancient Olmec culture is now being explored by historians for its legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies.
But I have doubt on underlined part. Is it right to use to+Ving form here?

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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2018, 04:30
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Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are now exploring the more ancient Olmec culture for the legacy it had for succeeding Mesoamerican societies.

(A) historians are now exploring the more ancient Olmec culture for the legacy it had for succeeding Mesoamerican societies - Historians are not overshadowed. Incorrect

(B) historians’ exploration is now of the more ancient Olmec culture's legacy to the Mesoamerican societies succeeding them - Same as A

(C) the legacy of the more ancient Olmec culture to the Mesoamerican societies that succeeded them is what historians are now exploring - Incorrectly modifies the legacy

(D) the more ancient Olmec culture is now being explored by historians for its legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies - Correctly modifies Olmec Culture. Use of being is correct as a verb in progressive tense. I guess so.

(E) the Olmec culture is more ancient and had a legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies that historians are now exploring[/quote]. Incorrect. Parallelism error.

Thanks,
GyM
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2018, 13:36
Can somebody explain the usgae of prepositional phrase for it's legacy to succeeding mesoamerican societies

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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2018, 06:12
A,B - Modifier issue.
C,E - ... societies "that" --> incorrectly referring to societies.

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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2018, 09:04
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ABHI
Quote:
can somebody explain the usgae of prepositional phrase for it's legacy to succeeding mesoamerican societies

We must take that there is no apostrophe for 'its.'
The usage 'for its legacy to' simply means 'for its contribution to.'
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2018, 09:36
gvij2017 wrote:
According to option D, the more ancient Olmec culture is now being explored by historians for its legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies.
But I have doubt on underlined part. Is it right to use to+Ving form here?

Hi ,

Use if being here is absolutely correct. Here the emphasis of the sentence is on the present development taking place. Historians are exploring now. So to show present continuous tense being has to be used.
Hope it helps.
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2018, 12:52
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Don't listen to folks above. E is 100 % grammatically correct, but it has meaning issues: "that" seems to modify Mesoamerican societies, but in original text Olmec culture "is now being explored". So D is correct.

(D) the more ancient Olmec culture is now being explored by historians for its legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies

(E) the Olmec culture is more ancient and had a legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies that historians are now exploring
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2018, 03:25
I completely deny with the answer choice considered correct in the Qs.
the more ancient Olmec culture is now being explored by historians for its legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies.
This form is not accepted in gmat.
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2018, 06:49
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Actually, 'to' is not an infinitive here. It is used as a proposition to adjectively modify the on-coming noun 'societies.'
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2018, 17:21
1
sqube wrote:
Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are now exploring the more ancient Olmec culture for the legacy it had for succeeding Mesoamerican societies.

(A) historians are now exploring the more ancient Olmec culture for the legacy it had for succeeding Mesoamerican societies: 'Olmec culture' is Overshadowed; not 'Historians'. Modifier Error.

(B) historians’ exploration is now of the more ancient Olmec culture's legacy to the Mesoamerican societies succeeding them: 'Olmec culture' is Overshadowed; not 'Historians's exloration'. Modifier Error.

(C) the legacy of the more ancient Olmec culture to the Mesoamerican societies that succeeded them is what historians are now exploring: 'Olmec culture' is Overshadowed; not 'legacy'. Modifier Error.

(D) the more ancient Olmec culture is now being explored by historians for its legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies: concise and correct choice.

(E) the Olmec culture is more ancient and had a legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies that historians are now exploring: incorrect usage of 'had'.

All I see in choice E is a meaning error.
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2018, 19:20
GMATNinja: Thanks a lot for the explanation.
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2018, 22:31
1
hazelnut wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 245

Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are now exploring the more ancient Olmec culture for the legacy it had for succeeding Mesoamerican societies.

(A) historians are now exploring the more ancient Olmec culture for the legacy it had for succeeding Mesoamerican societies
(B) historians’ exploration is now of the more ancient Olmec culture's legacy to the Mesoamerican societies succeeding them
(C) the legacy of the more ancient Olmec culture to the Mesoamerican societies that succeeded them is what historians are now exploring
(D) the more ancient Olmec culture is now being explored by historians for its legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies
(E) the Olmec culture is more ancient and had a legacy to succeeding Mesoamerican societies that historians are now exploring

So here the opening modifier Long Overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations will modify something..
A and B are out as it cannot modify the historians or exploration (meaning)

C is also out.

out of D and E, D makes sense as E changes the meaning

the more ancient Olmec Culture v/s the Olmec culture is more ancient
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2018, 23:41
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Primarily a Question of meaning game here rather than grammatical counts.
D gives the best meaning ans structure.

Any Feedback / Kudos - more than welcome !!
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2018, 01:22
Thinking about parallem, if choose D, it will be like
" Long overshadowed by Maya and Aztec civilization, the more ancient Olmec culture........"
does "the more ancient olmec culture" make sense here? Should't it be "the Olmec culture"?
I thought the only choose that make sense when thinking about the parallem is E.

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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2018, 02:26
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Vivic!
E has woefully lost the original intent. The original says that the historians are exploring the Olmec culture while E says that the historians are exploring the succeeding Mesoamerican societies.
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Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are  [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2019, 03:53
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Why can the legacy of the more ancient Olmec culture not be overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec Civilizations? (Why is C wrong?)
Re: Long overshadowed by the Maya and Aztec civilizations, historians are   [#permalink] 16 Mar 2019, 03:53

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