GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 15 Dec 2019, 08:28 ### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.  # M17-14

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59729

### Show Tags

1
3 00:00

Difficulty:   35% (medium)

Question Stats: 73% (01:41) correct 27% (01:51) wrong based on 93 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

A certain amount was deposited at bank A at a rate of $$x$$ percent compounded annually and half that amount was deposited at bank B at a rate of $$y$$ percent compounded annually. In three years, will the total interest on the deposit in bank A be larger than the total interest on the deposit in bank B?

(1) y = 0.8x

(2) The difference between the amounts initially deposited was $100 _________________ Math Expert V Joined: 02 Sep 2009 Posts: 59729 Re M17-14 [#permalink] ### Show Tags Official Solution: Statement (1) by itself is sufficient. It means that $$y \lt x$$. A smaller amount deposited at a smaller rate will grow to a smaller figure than a larger amount deposited at a higher rate. Statement (2) by itself is insufficient. We don't know how the interest paid on the deposits compares with the initial difference of$100.

_________________
Manager  Joined: 06 Mar 2014
Posts: 220
Location: India
GMAT Date: 04-30-2015

### Show Tags

Hi Bunuel,

I have noticed that especially in DS, whenever I am facing a question with regard to SIMPLE INTEREST, AMOUNT, Compounded annually and so on, i get stumped given the limited time frame during a test so I would be grateful if you could suggest me some questions on similar topic that would enable me to understand its most common types and tricky areas.

Placing the values in a given formula is easy. It is getting the synopsis of the qs in a read that would matter.

Thanks in advance Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59729

### Show Tags

earnit wrote:
Hi Bunuel,

I have noticed that especially in DS, whenever I am facing a question with regard to SIMPLE INTEREST, AMOUNT, Compounded annually and so on, i get stumped given the limited time frame during a test so I would be grateful if you could suggest me some questions on similar topic that would enable me to understand its most common types and tricky areas.

Placing the values in a given formula is easy. It is getting the synopsis of the qs in a read that would matter.

Thanks in advance Check Compound Interest Problems in our Special Questions Directory.

Theory on Percent and Interest Problems: math-number-theory-percents-91708.html

All DS Percent and Interest Problems to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=33
All PS Percent and Interest Problems to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=54

Hope this helps.
_________________
Intern  Joined: 20 Jan 2013
Posts: 9
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V30 GMAT 2: 690 Q49 V34 ### Show Tags

x>y only when x and y are greater than 1.

x=0.2 y=0.16 as per statement 1.Therefore,x <y. If the amount is really small this may affect the answer.
Manager  B
Status: As cheeks from my insta feed say: soon...
Joined: 17 Jan 2016
Posts: 56

### Show Tags

experts, please, clarify why the rates cannot be 0 in this case?

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9876
Location: Pune, India

### Show Tags

nurba92 wrote:

experts, please, clarify why the rates cannot be 0 in this case?

If the rate were 0, depositing in a bank at x% compounded annually just doesn't make sense. If there is no interest, what will you compound.

It is similar to saying that if Alex bought A apples, A can be 0. He didn't buy in that case but we are given that he bought. So it doesn't really make sense.
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

CrackVerbal Quant Expert G
Joined: 12 Apr 2019
Posts: 323

### Show Tags

Compound Interest questions test your ability to apply percentage values and exponents. But, they also test your ability to apply logic in inferring certain hidden clues.

This question is actually easy because, interest is compounded annually on the amounts deposited at both the banks. Had one of them been calculated annually and the other half-yearly/quarterly/monthly, this question would have become much more difficult to tackle.

In questions on CI, taking a slightly larger number is advisable because it reduces the possibility of having to deal with vulgar fractions. In this question, let’s assume that $1000 was deposited at bank A and$500 was deposited at bank B. Bank A offers x% interest which is compounded annually, while B offers y% interest which is compounded annually as well.

At this stage, you need to ask yourself this question –> if x = y, where will I get a higher total interest? Your answer to this question would be ‘from bank A’. That’s because the amount that you have invested in A is so much larger (double) than the one you have invested in B that, if the interest rates were same, then, naturally bank A would give you more total interest.

This is when you understand that your answer depends more on knowing what the interest rates are than knowing what was the investment. This should naturally point you in the direction of statement I, but, let’s analyse it and see what it gives us.

Statement I alone says that y = 0.8x or y = ($$\frac{4}{5}$$) x.

Let’s assume the principal invested in bank A as 2P and that in bank B as P. Then,

Amount from bank A = $$2P (1+ \frac{x}{100})^3$$ and

Amount from bank B = $$P (1+ \frac{4x}{500})^3$$ = $$P(1+\frac{x}{125})^3$$.

Clearly, in the second case, the term inside the bracket will be much smaller than the one in the first case. And when you raise it to an integral power, you’ll obtain a smaller value in the second case as compared to the first case.

We can infer that the person obtained a higher total profit from bank A than from bank B.

An alternative approach (and one that’s close to my heart) in analyzing statement I would be to take simple values for the variables and evaluate. I’d pick the investment in A as $1000 and in B as$500. I’d pick x = 10% pa and consequently y = 8% pa. Applying these values, we get,

Amount from bank A = 1000 $$(1.1)^3$$ = 1000 * 1.331 = 1331 and
Amount from bank B = 1000 $$(1.08)^3$$ = 1000 * 1.26 (approximately) = 1260.

Statement I alone is sufficient. Possible answer options are A or D. Answer options B, C and E can be eliminated.

From statement II alone, we can understand that the investments in bank A and bank B are $200 and$100 respectively. However, since the values of x and y can be anything, we cannot conclusively say about which bank will give us a higher interest.

If x is more than y, bank A is naturally going to give you more than bank B.
But, if x is infinitely small when compared to y, bank B can still give more than bank A.

Statement II alone is insufficient, answer option D can be eliminated.
The correct answer option is A.

Hope that helps!
_________________ Re: M17-14   [#permalink] 29 Nov 2019, 00:37
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# M17-14

Moderators: chetan2u, Bunuel  