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# Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness

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Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness on  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 04 Jun 2013, 01:52
2
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Question Stats:

80% (01:48) correct 20% (02:02) wrong based on 589 sessions

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Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness on consumers, saying that if we accept moral responsibility for our effects on the environment, then products that directly or indirectly harm the environment ought to be avoided. Unfortunately it is usually impossible for consumers to assess the environmental impact of a product, and thus impossible for them to consciously restrict their purchases to environmentally benign products. Because of this impossibility there can be no moral duty to choose products in the way these environmentalists urge, since ___________.

Which one of the following principles provides the most appropriate completion for the argument?

(A) a moral duty to perform an action is never based solely on the effects the action will have on other people
(B) a person cannot possibly have a moral duty to do what he or she is unable to do
(C) moral considerations should not be the sole determinants of what products are made available to consumers
(D) the morally right action is always the onew whose effects produce the least total harm
(E) where a moral duty exists, it supersedes any legal duty and any other kind of duty

Originally posted by parthnakarani on 03 Jun 2013, 21:18.
Last edited by Zarrolou on 04 Jun 2013, 01:52, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness  [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2017, 02:00
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Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness on consumers, saying that ifwe accept moral responsibility for our effects on the environment, then products that directly or indirectly harm the environment ought to be avoided. Unfortunately
it is usually impossible for consumers to assess the environmental impact of a product, and thus impossible for them to consciously restrict their purchases to environmentally benign products. Because of this impossibility there can be no moral duty to choose products in the way these environmentalists urge, since __________________·

Which one of the following principles provides the most appropriate completion for the argument?

(A) a moral duty to perform an action is never based solely on the effects the action will have on other people
(B) a person cannot possibly have a moral duty to do what he or she is unable to do
(C) moral considerations should not be the sole determinants of what products are made available to consumers
(D) the morally right action is always the one whose effects produce the least total harm
(E) where a moral duty exists, it supersedes any legal duty and any other kind of duty

Source: LSAT
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Re: Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2013, 00:23
Premise1: If consumers accept moral responsibility==> they will restrict their purchases of products that directly or indirectly harm the environment.

Premise 2: Since consumers cannot assess the environment impact of a product ==> they cannot restrict their purchases

Conclusion: no moral duty to choose products in the way these environmentalists urge, since.................

The conclusion just connects two premises above.Please see the words in red, you will see the connection.

B says a person who is unable to assess the environment impact of a product cannot have moral duty. B connect the premise 1 and premise 2, hence it's correct.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness on  [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2015, 18:35
went with B by POE.

we need an answer choice that would explain why the method proposed by environmentalists would not work.
the argument says that people want to limit, but can't determine whether the product has negative effects on environment.

(A) a moral duty to perform an action is never based solely on the effects the action will have on other people
effects on other people has nothing to do with the environment.

(B) a person cannot possibly have a moral duty to do what he or she is unable to do
looks good, if a person doesn't know that a product might harm environment, then he has no knowledge if what he does is right or not. thus, moral duty cannot be evaluated.

(C) moral considerations should not be the sole determinants of what products are made available to consumers
this is not what we need. products made available to consumers - talks about completely different thing.

(D) the morally right action is always the onew whose effects produce the least total harm
even if it is, it does not explain that the method environmentalists proposed would not work.

(E) where a moral duty exists, it supersedes any legal duty and any other kind of duty
irrelevant.
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26 Mar 2017, 23:33
2
Many environmentalists have urged environmental
awareness on consumers, saying that if we accept
moral responsibility for our effects on the
environment, then products that directly or
indirectly harm the environment ought to be
avoided. Unfortunately it is usually impossible for
consumers to assess the environmental impact of a
product, and thus impossible for them to consciously
restrict their purchases to environmentally benign
products. Because of this impossibility there can be
no moral duty to choose products in the way these
environmentalists urge, since ______.
Which one of the following principles provides the
most appropriate completion for the argument?

(A) a moral duty to perform an action is never
based solely on the effects the action will have
on other people
(B) a person cannot possibly have a moral duty to
do what he or she is unable to do
(C) moral considerations should not be the sole
determinants of what products are made
available to consumers
(D) the morally right action is always the one
whose effects produce the least total harm
(E) where a moral duty exists, it supersedes any
legal duty and any other kind of duty
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Re: Many environmentalists have urged  [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2017, 21:30
given that it is usually impossible for consumers to assess the environmental impact of a product
since the person is unable to understand what her moral duties are and how to achieve them we cannot except the person to do so.
Option B is correct: It states
a person cannot possibly have a moral duty to do what he or she is unable to do
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Re: Many environmentalists have urged  [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2017, 21:31
given that it is usually impossible for consumers to assess the environmental impact of a product
since the person is unable to understand what her moral duties are and how to achieve them we cannot except the person to do so.
Option B is correct: It states
a person cannot possibly have a moral duty to do what he or she is unable to do
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Updated on: 01 Jul 2017, 04:16
in fill-in-blank questions, if it is a strengthen (there is a word "since______"), probably, there will be no negative words.
I believe it should be A (awareness) -> B (moral) -> C (harmful product to the environment)
main premise: C -> B, main conclusion: no A

Originally posted by chesstitans on 01 Jul 2017, 04:10.
Last edited by chesstitans on 01 Jul 2017, 04:16, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Many environmentalists have urged  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2017, 04:12
I hardly see the argument structure. Can you help me paraphrase and simplify the whole argument.

I am lost while tracking the main conclusion and the main premise.
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Re: Many environmentalists have urged  [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2017, 20:13
3
chesstitans wrote:
I hardly see the argument structure. Can you help me paraphrase and simplify the whole argument.

I am lost while tracking the main conclusion and the main premise.

Ah, a question about moral principles... sounds like the LSAT to me!

Start with conclusion, which is that "there can be no moral duty to choose products in the way these environmentalists urge." In other words, there can be no moral duty to avoid products that directly or indirectly harm the environment. Why not?

• It is usually impossible for consumers to assess the environmental impact of a product.
• If consumers can't assess the environmental impact of a product, then they can't know whether that product directly or indirectly harms the environment.
• If consumers don't know whether products directly or indirectly harm the environment, then consumers cannot "consciously restrict their purchases to environmentally benign products."

If every product had a label indicating whether the product harmed the environment, then, according to many environmentalists, consumers would have a moral duty to purchase only environmentally benign products. But if consumers cannot assess the environmental impact of a product, then then have no way to decide between harmful and benign products. Consumers can't have a moral duty to choice between harmful and benign products if those consumers cannot differentiate between harmful and benign products.

See if that helps!
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Re: Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness on  [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2017, 06:58
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness on  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2017, 08:25
GMATNinja wrote:
chesstitans wrote:
I hardly see the argument structure. Can you help me paraphrase and simplify the whole argument.

I am lost while tracking the main conclusion and the main premise.

Ah, a question about moral principles... sounds like the LSAT to me!

Start with conclusion, which is that "there can be no moral duty to choose products in the way these environmentalists urge." In other words, there can be no moral duty to avoid products that directly or indirectly harm the environment. Why not?

• It is usually impossible for consumers to assess the environmental impact of a product.
• If consumers can't assess the environmental impact of a product, then they can't know whether that product directly or indirectly harms the environment.
• If consumers don't know whether products directly or indirectly harm the environment, then consumers cannot "consciously restrict their purchases to environmentally benign products."

If every product had a label indicating whether the product harmed the environment, then, according to many environmentalists, consumers would have a moral duty to purchase only environmentally benign products. But if consumers cannot assess the environmental impact of a product, then then have no way to decide between harmful and benign products. Consumers can't have a moral duty to choice between harmful and benign products if those consumers cannot differentiate between harmful and benign products.

See if that helps!

sallysea, I am sorry but I just need to have a quick talk with verbal expert.
hi, gmatninja.
1/ Well, so, LSAT has different methods to solve CR questions? I really need to know how a student with a major in law uses reasons .It is because the way you present the flow of logics and reasoning does not sound like any step in gmat at all.

2/ Currently, I am only familiar with reading from left to right, and from head to tail, not vice versa. Will I be fine in the real GMAT?
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Re: Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness  [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2017, 09:05
1
1
Because of this impossibility there can be no moral duty to choose products in the way these environmentalists urge, since
-> "Since" implies there should be a premise supporting the conclusion that there can be no moral duty to choose products in the way the environmentalists urge.
SO we should find a reason supporting this.

(A) a moral duty to perform an action is never based solely on the effects the action will have on other people
It does not affect the conclusion.
(B) a person cannot possibly have a moral duty to do what he or she is unable to do
Yes. It supports the conclusion.
(C) moral considerations should not be the sole determinants of what products are made available to consumers
Irrelevant.
(D) the morally right action is always the one whose effects produce the least total harm
Irrelevant to the conclusion
(E) where a moral duty exists, it supersedes any legal duty and any other kind of duty
Irrelevant to the conclusion
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Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness  [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2017, 05:43
Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness on consumers, saying that if we accept moral responsibility for our effects on the environment, then products that directly or indirectly harm the environment ought to be avoided. Unfortunately it is usually impossible for consumers to assess the environmental impact of a product, and thus impossible for them to consciously restrict their purchases to environmentally benign products. Because of this impossibility there can be no moral duty to choose products in the way these environmentalists urge, since __________________·

Which one of the following principles provides the most appropriate completion for the argument?

(A) a moral duty to perform an action is never based solely on the effects the action will have on other people
(B) a person cannot possibly have a moral duty to do what he or she is unable to do
(C) moral considerations should not be the sole determinants of what products are made available to consumers
(D) the morally right action is always the one whose effects produce the least total harm
(E) where a moral duty exists, it supersedes any legal duty and any other kind of duty

Fill in the blanks questions are generally of two types. It is asking you to either assume a missing information so that the passage can be completed or conclude the passage based on the given information.
In this passage it is asking us to assume and based on that assumption we need to conclude that "Because of this impossibility there can be no moral duty to choose products in the way these environmentalists urge".
The correct answer here is "b" because if the consumer doesn't know anything about the impact of the product that he is buying on the environment how can he be morally dutiful for the impacts that the product might have.
Rest other options do not fit in the blank.
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Re: Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2017, 08:26
broall wrote:
Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness on consumers, saying that ifwe accept moral responsibility for our effects on the environment, then products that directly or indirectly harm the environment ought to be avoided. Unfortunately
it is usually impossible for consumers to assess the environmental impact of a product, and thus impossible for them to consciously restrict their purchases to environmentally benign products. Because of this impossibility there can be no moral duty to choose products in the way these environmentalists urge, since __________________·

Which one of the following principles provides the most appropriate completion for the argument?

(A) a moral duty to perform an action is never based solely on the effects the action will have on other people
(B) a person cannot possibly have a moral duty to do what he or she is unable to do
(C) moral considerations should not be the sole determinants of what products are made available to consumers
(D) the morally right action is always the one whose effects produce the least total harm
(E) where a moral duty exists, it supersedes any legal duty and any other kind of duty

Source: LSAT

hi

think this way
as per the argument, people cannot distinguish between products harmful or not harmful, so it cannot be their moral duty
"B" directly says that

hope this helps
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Re: Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness  [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2017, 03:22
Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness on consumers, saying that ifwe accept moral responsibility for our effects on the environment, then products that directly or indirectly harm the environment ought to be avoided. Unfortunately
it is usually impossible for consumers to assess the environmental impact of a product, and thus impossible for them to consciously restrict their purchases to environmentally benign products. Because of this impossibility there can be no moral duty to choose products in the way these environmentalists urge, since __________________·

Which one of the following principles provides the most appropriate completion for the argument?

(A) a moral duty to perform an action is never based solely on the effects the action will have on other people -action on other people? out of scope
(B) a person cannot possibly have a moral duty to do what he or she is unable to do -Correct
(C) moral considerations should not be the sole determinants of what products are made available to consumers -Out of scope
(D) the morally right action is always the one whose effects produce the least total harm -Out of scope
(E) where a moral duty exists, it supersedes any legal duty and any other kind of duty -Out of scope
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Re: Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness  [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2018, 00:03
Hi abhimahna, bb,

This is a repeated post can you please merge the topics. Please check the below link for reference.
https://gmatclub.com/forum/many-environ ... 53763.html

Thank you
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Re: Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness  [#permalink]

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23 May 2018, 07:38
(A) a moral duty to perform an action is never based solely on the effects the action will have on other people -- incorrect
(B) a person cannot possibly have a moral duty to do what he or she is unable to do -- gives the reason to hold the conclusion right
(C) moral considerations should not be the sole determinants of what products are made available to consumers -- incorrect
(D) the morally right action is always the onew whose effects produce the least total harm -- good but not helping
(E) where a moral duty exists, it supersedes any legal duty and any other kind of duty -- out of scope
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Re: Many environmentalists have urged environmental awareness &nbs [#permalink] 23 May 2018, 07:38
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