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# Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,

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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Critical Reasoning
Question no. 187

Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, decreasing the likelihood that those with real aptitude for such music will be performing it. Audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music’s greatness and will thus decamp to other genres. So to maintain classical music’s current meager popularity, we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?
A. Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.
B. Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.
C. Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.
D. It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.
E. The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity.

I was torn between Option E and C and finally chose E ...But OA says C..
What is wrong with E ?
Can someone explain ...
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
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Its C... since we need to weaken the argument and in order to do so, we need to show alternate way of maintaining the popularity of old music...C gives that alternate reason since people can listen to recordings and still maintain its popularity.

whereas E shows popularity depends on audiences too...for that live performances has to happen and for same young musicians need to learn that genre of music...its more of a strengthener i feel.

Pls let me know if the reasoning is correct and if you like my explanation, help me with Kudos

Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, decreasing the likelihood that those with real aptitude for such music will be performing it. Audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music’s greatness and will thus decamp to other genres. So to maintain classical music’s current meager popularity, we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?
A. Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.
B. Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.
C. Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.
D. It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.
E. The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity. - E shows popularity depends on audiences too...for that live performances has to happen and for same young musicians need to learn that genre of music...its more of a strengthener i feel.
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
@GMATNinja & @GMATNinjaTwo

Hi. I'm really confused with this question. I stuck with B&C, but I think B may be better.
Below is my reasoning.
I hope you can help me point out if I misunderstand anything, so that I can understand clearly the logic of this question and the answer choices.
The logic for this argument is:
(a)Fewer people study CM -> (b)fewer talents play & more non-talents play CM
-> (c)audience will not appreciate the music -> (d) switch to other music
Conclusion: To keep CM popular -> encourage more people to study CM
Assumption: if people switch to other music -> CM will not be popular
Which one weakens the argument?
Opt (B) Classical music???s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.
This one says that profusion of other genres CAUSES Classical music???s current meager popularity (causal relationship).
So CM popularity is due to music genres profusion, not by the number of CM students or how those students perform. This one casts doubt on the assumption mentioned above, suggesting that since music genres profusion CAUSED CM popularity, in the future,(even if people switch to other music genres) as long as there???s a profusion of genres, CM will probably still be popular.
The conclusion is therefore weakened.

Option (C) Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.
The stimulus says (c)audience will not appreciate the music ???(d) switch to other music
This option says about people who appreciate CM, and the reasons why they do so.
So from the stimulus, if people listen to performances by not-gifted musicians, they will not appreciate CM; which means that if people appreciate CM, they don???t listen to performances by not-gifted musicians.
Opt (C) says most people appreciate CM b/c they listened to old recordings. Of course, old recordings are presumably made by talented CM musicians,
So C EITHER strengthens the argument by providing a specific example for a premise in the stimulus OR doesn???t do anything to the argument b/c it repeats the premise.
GMAT Ninja said:
???The critic reasons that audiences will move away from classical music as they listen to weaker performances of classical music. However, if most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances, it doesn't matter if the quality of the performances is in decline. Those people can still listen to old recordings and thus still appreciate the greatness of classical music. This breaks the critic's line of reasoning, so (C) is a solid choice.???
This option talks about ???people who appreciate classical music??? and the premise says ???Audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music???s???. OK, so among people who appreciate CM, most appreciate because they listen to old recording; among people who DON???T appreciate, they don???t appreciate because of what? We don???t know. For the current status (when CM is still popular), most who appreciate b/c of old recordings (not b/c of the performances) So in the future, if the recordings still exist, then people will probably continue to appreciate CM irrespective of the performances quality, meaning that CM popularity will be maintained ??? breaks the conclusion.
So with C, there are confusing interpretations of the implied meaning.
And between B&C, it???s hard to choose which one is outright better!
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
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romeotc wrote:
GMATNinja & GMATNinjaTwo

Hi. I'm really confused with this question. I stuck with B&C, but I think B may be better.
Below is my reasoning.
I hope you can help me point out if I misunderstand anything, so that I can understand clearly the logic of this question and the answer choices.
The logic for this argument is:
(a)Fewer people study CM -> (b)fewer talents play & more non-talents play CM
-> (c)audience will not appreciate the music -> (d) switch to other music
Conclusion: To keep CM popular -> encourage more people to study CM
Assumption: if people switch to other music -> CM will not be popular
Which one weakens the argument?
Opt (B) Classical music???s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.
This one says that profusion of other genres CAUSES Classical music???s current meager popularity (causal relationship).
So CM popularity is due to music genres profusion, not by the number of CM students or how those students perform. This one casts doubt on the assumption mentioned above, suggesting that since music genres profusion CAUSED CM popularity, in the future,(even if people switch to other music genres) as long as there???s a profusion of genres, CM will probably still be popular.
The conclusion is therefore weakened.

Option (C) Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.
The stimulus says (c)audience will not appreciate the music ???(d) switch to other music
This option says about people who appreciate CM, and the reasons why they do so.
So from the stimulus, if people listen to performances by not-gifted musicians, they will not appreciate CM; which means that if people appreciate CM, they don???t listen to performances by not-gifted musicians.
Opt (C) says most people appreciate CM b/c they listened to old recordings. Of course, old recordings are presumably made by talented CM musicians,
So C EITHER strengthens the argument by providing a specific example for a premise in the stimulus OR doesn???t do anything to the argument b/c it repeats the premise.
GMAT Ninja said:
???The critic reasons that audiences will move away from classical music as they listen to weaker performances of classical music. However, if most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances, it doesn't matter if the quality of the performances is in decline. Those people can still listen to old recordings and thus still appreciate the greatness of classical music. This breaks the critic's line of reasoning, so (C) is a solid choice.???
This option talks about ???people who appreciate classical music??? and the premise says ???Audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music???s???. OK, so among people who appreciate CM, most appreciate because they listen to old recording; among people who DON???T appreciate, they don???t appreciate because of what? We don???t know. For the current status (when CM is still popular), most who appreciate b/c of old recordings (not b/c of the performances) So in the future, if the recordings still exist, then people will probably continue to appreciate CM irrespective of the performances quality, meaning that CM popularity will be maintained ??? breaks the conclusion.
So with C, there are confusing interpretations of the implied meaning.
And between B&C, it???s hard to choose which one is outright better!

Let's take a close look at your analysis for choice (B):

Quote:
Opt (B) Classical music???s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.
This one says that profusion of other genres CAUSES Classical music???s current meager popularity (causal relationship).
So CM popularity is due to music genres profusion, not by the number of CM students or how those students perform. This one casts doubt on the assumption mentioned above, suggesting that since music genres profusion CAUSED CM popularity, in the future,(even if people switch to other music genres) as long as there???s a profusion of genres, CM will probably still be popular.
The conclusion is therefore weakened.

Choice (B) explains the current MEAGER popularity. The profusion of other genres is not what MAKES classical music popular. Rather, the profusion of other genres LIMITS the popularity of classical music. The author is concerned with maintaining the current MEAGER level of popularity.

As for choice (C), you stated: "among people who DON'T appreciate, they don't appreciate because of what? We don't know."

This is true, but we don't care about the people who DON'T appreciate classical music. The author is only concerned with preventing the people who DO appreciate classic music from decamping to other genres.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
GMATNinja wrote:
mihir0710 wrote:
I was torn between Option E and C and finally chose E ...But OA says C..
What is wrong with E ?
Can someone explain ...

The critic's conclusion is that "we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field "in order to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity". How does the author reach this conclusion?

• Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, and, as a result, it is becoming less likely that those with real aptitude for classical music will be performing it. This implies that the quality of classical music performances is declining.
• As the quality of the performances decreases, those performances will become less likely to showcase the greatness of classical music. Thus, audiences will become less likely to appreciate the greatness of classical music.
• If audiences do not appreciate the greatness of classical music, they will chose to listen to other types of music.
• To summarize: less qualified performers => weaker performances that do no showcase the greatness of classical music => audiences who do not appreciate the greatness of classical music => audiences moving away from classical music and opting to listen to other types of music instead

The author then concludes that "we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field" in order to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity". Notice the word must; this implies that if we do NOT encourage more young musicians to enter the field, we will not be able to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity".

We are asked, "Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?"

Quote:
A. Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.

The critic's argument does not discuss why fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music. If fewer and fewer musicians believe that they have an aptitude for classical music, that might explain why fewer and fewer musicians are choosing to study classical music. Choice (A) doesn't seem to weaken the critic's reasoning, so (A) can be eliminated.

Quote:
B. Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.

The author's argument is not concerned with explaining classical music's current meager popularity. Rather, the author discusses what he/she believes must be done to maintain the current level of popularity. Choice (B) can be eliminated because it does not weaken the critic's reasoning.

Quote:
C. Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.

The critic reasons that audiences will move away from classical music as they listen to weaker performances of classical music. However, if most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances, it doesn't matter if the quality of the performances is in decline. Those people can still listen to old recordings and thus still appreciate the greatness of classical music. This breaks the critic's line of reasoning, so (C) is a solid choice.

Quote:
D. It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.

The author does not argue that it will not be possible to enjoy classical music performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre. Instead, the author argues that classical performances by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre will fail to convey the greatness of classical music and thus cause audiences to listen to other types of music. Choice (D) does not weaken the critic's reasoning, so it can be eliminated.

Quote:
E. The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity.

The author does not claim that appreciation for the greatness of classical music is the ONLY necessary requirement for maintaining the current level of popularity. The popularity can certainly be affected by other factors, such as understanding why classical music attained its original popularity. Even if the continued popularity of classical music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why classical music attained its original popularity, the popularity of classical music might still be in jeopardy unless more young musicians enter the field. (E) can be eliminated, and we're left with (C).

Hi GMATNinja

I think when we are talking about weaken the reasoning, we want to find the point which break the chain...

based on your summary : weaker performances that do no showcase the greatness of classical music => audiences who do not appreciate the greatness of classical music => audiences moving away from classical music and opting to listen to other types of music instead

now, if people move yo another genre not because of less quality of classical music, but because of perfusion of other music
this break the chain and make weak the reasoning

am I wrong?
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
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GMATNinja wrote:
mihir0710 wrote:
I was torn between Option E and C and finally chose E ...But OA says C..
What is wrong with E ?
Can someone explain ...

The critic's conclusion is that "we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field "in order to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity". How does the author reach this conclusion?

• Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, and, as a result, it is becoming less likely that those with real aptitude for classical music will be performing it. This implies that the quality of classical music performances is declining.
• As the quality of the performances decreases, those performances will become less likely to showcase the greatness of classical music. Thus, audiences will become less likely to appreciate the greatness of classical music.
• If audiences do not appreciate the greatness of classical music, they will chose to listen to other types of music.
• To summarize: less qualified performers => weaker performances that do no showcase the greatness of classical music => audiences who do not appreciate the greatness of classical music => audiences moving away from classical music and opting to listen to other types of music instead

The author then concludes that "we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field" in order to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity". Notice the word must; this implies that if we do NOT encourage more young musicians to enter the field, we will not be able to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity".

We are asked, "Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?"

Quote:
A. Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.

The critic's argument does not discuss why fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music. If fewer and fewer musicians believe that they have an aptitude for classical music, that might explain why fewer and fewer musicians are choosing to study classical music. Choice (A) doesn't seem to weaken the critic's reasoning, so (A) can be eliminated.

Quote:
B. Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.

The author's argument is not concerned with explaining classical music's current meager popularity. Rather, the author discusses what he/she believes must be done to maintain the current level of popularity. Choice (B) can be eliminated because it does not weaken the critic's reasoning.

Quote:
C. Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.

The critic reasons that audiences will move away from classical music as they listen to weaker performances of classical music. However, if most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances, it doesn't matter if the quality of the performances is in decline. Those people can still listen to old recordings and thus still appreciate the greatness of classical music. This breaks the critic's line of reasoning, so (C) is a solid choice.

Quote:
D. It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.

The author does not argue that it will not be possible to enjoy classical music performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre. Instead, the author argues that classical performances by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre will fail to convey the greatness of classical music and thus cause audiences to listen to other types of music. Choice (D) does not weaken the critic's reasoning, so it can be eliminated.

Quote:
E. The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity.

The author does not claim that appreciation for the greatness of classical music is the ONLY necessary requirement for maintaining the current level of popularity. The popularity can certainly be affected by other factors, such as understanding why classical music attained its original popularity. Even if the continued popularity of classical music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why classical music attained its original popularity, the popularity of classical music might still be in jeopardy unless more young musicians enter the field. (E) can be eliminated, and we're left with (C).

Hi GMATNinja,

Thanks for the wonderful explanation!

But, still I have a doubt in option E. Option E gives you an alternate explanation (other factor) which can help maintain the classical music's current meagre popularity. Hence, how it won't be a weakener? Could you please explain me the same?

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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
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snjainpune wrote:
Hi GMATNinja,

But, still I have a doubt in option E. Option E gives you an alternate explanation (other factor) which can help maintain the classical music's current meagre popularity. Hence, how it won't be a weakener? Could you please explain me the same?

If you look at E carefully, it says
"The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity."

It has 3 mistakes.
1. It talks about the generic music genre, not only about classical music.
2. It says "depends in part" , that means it is giving a reason which is one of the reasons out of 100.
3. Why the audiences will understand? We are only here to judge what the audiences love to hear and not what they understand.

Hope that makes sense.

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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]

The author says "So to maintain classical music???s current MEAGER popularity, we must...."

He is asking for reasons that could maintain the MEAGER (poor) popularity. Where is it implied that he is looking for reasons to INCREASE the popularity. I just do not see it.

Regards!
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
Hi GMATNinja

Kindly explain as to where am I going wrong with such line of thinking:

Option A: My interpretation:
Because most people are taking up classical music simply on the basis of their ‘personal belief’ and not the ‘actual talent’, inclusion of more youngsters into this genre will eventually not affect the quality of classical music / will not raise the quality of this genre. Hence, a weakener.

Option C: My interpretation:
Because audience is appreciating classical music by listening to old recordings, their taste of such music is likely to be of very high quality. This tends to further strengthen the conclusion: because such audience will not appreciate current music quality in a live performance, the need to encourage younger talent is desired.

Thanks
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
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andresan wrote:

The author says "So to maintain classical music???s current MEAGER popularity, we must...."

He is asking for reasons that could maintain the MEAGER (poor) popularity. Where is it implied that he is looking for reasons to INCREASE the popularity. I just do not see it.

Regards!

Here "meager" means "deficient in quantity". So "meager popularity" just implies that classical music is not very popular. The music critic is not interested in INCREASING the level of popularity. Instead, the music critic is talking about MAINTAINING (keeping the same) the current level of popularity (as opposed to LOSING even more listeners).

Shobhit7 wrote:
Hi GMATNinja

Kindly explain as to where am I going wrong with such line of thinking:

Option A: My interpretation:
Because most people are taking up classical music simply on the basis of their ‘personal belief’ and not the ‘actual talent’, inclusion of more youngsters into this genre will eventually not affect the quality of classical music / will not raise the quality of this genre. Hence, a weakener.

Option C: My interpretation:
Because audience is appreciating classical music by listening to old recordings, their taste of such music is likely to be of very high quality. This tends to further strengthen the conclusion: because such audience will not appreciate current music quality in a live performance, the need to encourage younger talent is desired.

Thanks

Quote:
(A) Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music

(A) tells us that musicians choose to study classical music because they believe they have an aptitude for it. We are trying to encourage more young musicians to enter the field. Well, what if we encourage more musicians to believe that they have an aptitude for classical music? Given (A), that would certainly help maintain classical music's popularity.

We have no idea how much talent is out there and what portion of those with sufficient talent believe that they have an aptitude for classical music. By itself, (A) is not a reason why we could not encourage more musicians to believe and thus encourage them to study classical music.

Quote:
(C) Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.

MOST people appreciate classical music because of old recordings, NOT live performances. Your interpretation of (C) directly contradicts this statement. (C) tells us that the quality of live performances will have little impact on appreciation of classical music--old recordings will always be there, regardless of what happens with future live performances. (C) tells us that we don't need to worry so much about the quality of future live performances, if our goal is simply to maintain appreciation of classical music's greatness and, thus, prevent listeners from decamping (departing) to other genres.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
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Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, decreasing the likelihood that those with real aptitude for such music will be performing it. Audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music’s greatness and will thus decamp to other genres. So to maintain classical music’s current meager popularity, we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?

Pre-thinking:
This argument presents a cause-effect relation where
Cause: appreciation of performances
Effect: raise in popularity of CM
The assumption made by the author is that the current popularity of classical music is significantly dependent by these performances.
A way in which we can weaken this assumption is to imagine another factor, other than the performances, from which the popularity of classical music depends on. For example I guess that a lot of people passionate about classical music would listen to it by vinyls.
So any statement suggesting that the popularity of CM depends actually on another factor will weaken the author's argument

(A) Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.
What musicians believe is irrelevant to the argument since is the decreased number of musicians that leads to the decrease of popularity of CM according to the author. Hence incorrect

(B) Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.
Although this answer choice offers an alternative cause to the decrease in popularity of classical music it doesn't decrease our belief in the conclusion that adding more musicians to the fields will reestablish the CM popularity. Hence incorrect

(C) Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.
This is in line with our Prethinking. If popularity depends on old recordings rather than performances increasing the # of young musicians will likely have no effect. Hence correct

(D) It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.
This answer does not impact the argument since there is no relation between being able to enjoy CM even when the performance is not suited and the popularity of the genre. Hence incorrect

(E) The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity.
Here we have two problems. First the argument is concerned with CM while this statement talks in a general way. Secondly "in part" could mean several things. For example it could mean significantly, and this would impact the argument, or it could mean not in a significant way, and this would not impact the argument. Hence incorrect.
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]

I still do not know why choice D. is incorrect.

Choice D. implies that even if we do NOT encourage more young musicians to enter the field, we will still be able to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity" because the audience still enjoys the music! This destroys the necessary condition in the conclusion.

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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
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varotkorn wrote:

I still do not know why choice D. is incorrect.

Choice D. implies that even if we do NOT encourage more young musicians to enter the field, we will still be able to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity" because the audience still enjoys the music! This destroys the necessary condition in the conclusion.

Hi varotkorn,

You're right, but look at the way option D is worded: "It is possible to enjoy the music..." This option does nothing except say that something is not a 0. Option C, on the other hand, puts a "most" next to whatever it says. Now we have to choose. Option C and option D both weaken the argument, but which one is better? Which one "most weakens" the argument?

In other words, D is not "wrong wrong". It is just not as good as C.
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Critical Reasoning
Question no. 187

Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, decreasing the likelihood that those with real aptitude for such music will be performing it. Audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music’s greatness and will thus decamp to other genres. So to maintain classical music’s current meager popularity, we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?

(A) Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.

(B) Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.

(C) Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.

(D) It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.

(E) The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity.

Argument Evaluation

Situation
Fewer musicians are studying classical music. This reduces the likelihood that those performing the music will have real aptitude for it, which in turn reduces audience's appreciation of classical music performances.

Reasoning
What evidence would cast the most doubt on the support provided for the conclusion that encouraging more young musicians to study classical music is necessary in order to maintain the genre's meager popularity? The music critic's argument is that because fewer talented classical musicians are performing, audiences hearing their performances will fail to appreciate the genre, and thus will abandon it. The critic reasons that to solve this problem, it will be necessary to encourage more young musicians to study classical music so that audiences will eventually be exposed to more talented classical performers and decide the genre is worthwhile after all. The argument would be weakened, for example, by evidence that hearing unremarkable live performances does not really drive many people away from classical music, or that the number of audience members hearing great performances does not depend much on the number of talented performers, or that encouraging young musicians to study classical music is either ineffective or not the only effective way to increase the number of talented classical performers.

(A) This does not weaken the critic's reasoning. However much confidence musicians studying classical music have in their own talent, a decline in the total number of classical musicians will probably result in a decline in the number of truly talented classical musicians, just as the critic assumes.

(B) The critic is only proposing a way to at least maintain classical music's current meager popularity, which might be accomplished even if the profusion of other genres prevents classical music's popularity from increasing.

(C) Correct. This suggests that classical music's meager popularity could at least be maintained by encouraging people to listen to great old recordings of classical music rather than by increasing the supply of great live performances.

(D) This does weaken the argument slightly. But even if a few audience members manage to enjoy mediocre classical music performances, they might still be more strongly drawn to other genres with more talented performers.

(E) Listeners exposed to more impressive live performances of classical music by talented performers would probably better understand why classical music was once popular than would listeners exposed only to mediocre classical performances.

AjiteshArun

I marked option B for the reasoning mentioned:

Lack of A( fewer musicians) leads to Lack of B( low quality of Classical music) Leads to Lack of C ( audience will not appreciate Classical music) leads to lack of D ( Low popularity of Classical music).

Conclusion: To maintain lack of D( Meagre popularity of Classical music), must encourage young musicians (necessary condition).

Question stem: Weaken the reasoning.

Option B: Meagre popularity of Classical music ( Lack of D) is because of other Genre available to audience (alternate cause) l. So basically, 'encouraging young people to study Classical music will not help maintain popularity since the reason for meagre popularity is availability of genre (option B).

As per my understanding whole argument evolves mentioning causes of one to another eventually leading to 'Meagre popularity of Classical music'.
Whereas option B breaks the reasoning by stating alternate cause for such Meagre popularity.

Please help where I am faltering in my reasoning. I tried figure out multiple times, however, couldn't find the flaw.

Thanks

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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
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gmatassassin88 wrote:
AjiteshArun

I marked option B for the reasoning mentioned:

Lack of A( fewer musicians) leads to Lack of B( low quality of Classical music) Leads to Lack of C ( audience will not appreciate Classical music) leads to lack of D ( Low popularity of Classical music).

Conclusion: To maintain lack of D( Meagre popularity of Classical music), must encourage young musicians (necessary condition).

Question stem: Weaken the reasoning.

Option B: Meagre popularity of Classical music ( Lack of D) is because of other Genre available to audience (alternate cause) l. So basically, 'encouraging young people to study Classical music will not help maintain popularity since the reason for meagre popularity is availability of genre (option B).

As per my understanding whole argument evolves mentioning causes of one to another eventually leading to 'Meagre popularity of Classical music'.
Whereas option B breaks the reasoning by stating alternate cause for such Meagre popularity.

Please help where I am faltering in my reasoning. I tried figure out multiple times, however, couldn't find the flaw.

Thanks
Hi gmatassassin88,

Let's start by focusing on the beginning of the conclusion:
So to maintain classical music’s current meager popularity, we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field.

The author wants to maintain classical music's current meager popularity. He or she is concerned more about the future than the past ("decreasing the likelihood that those with real aptitude for such music will be performing it", "audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music’s greatness and will thus decamp to other genres"). All of this tells us what the author says will happen. That is, the popularity of classical music will decrease further ("audiences... will thus decamp to other genres").

Option B gives us the reason for classical music's "current meager popularity". In other words, B tells us why the popularity of classical music is as low as it is. It doesn't, however, give us any reason to believe that it is not essential that we "encourage more young musicians to enter the field".

1. Profusion of other genres → 2. current meager popularity → 3. fewer and fewer musicians studying/later performing classical music → 4. popularity decreases further → 5. Therefore, we must address (3) to maintain (2).

Option B gives us the reason for (2), but it doesn't mean that we should go against the (3) to (5) chain.
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
AjiteshArun wrote:
gmatassassin88 wrote:
AjiteshArun

I marked option B for the reasoning mentioned:

Lack of A( fewer musicians) leads to Lack of B( low quality of Classical music) Leads to Lack of C ( audience will not appreciate Classical music) leads to lack of D ( Low popularity of Classical music).

Conclusion: To maintain lack of D( Meagre popularity of Classical music), must encourage young musicians (necessary condition).

Question stem: Weaken the reasoning.

Option B: Meagre popularity of Classical music ( Lack of D) is because of other Genre available to audience (alternate cause) l. So basically, 'encouraging young people to study Classical music will not help maintain popularity since the reason for meagre popularity is availability of genre (option B).

As per my understanding whole argument evolves mentioning causes of one to another eventually leading to 'Meagre popularity of Classical music'.
Whereas option B breaks the reasoning by stating alternate cause for such Meagre popularity.

Please help where I am faltering in my reasoning. I tried figure out multiple times, however, couldn't find the flaw.

Thanks
Hi gmatassassin88,

Let's start by focusing on the beginning of the conclusion:
So to maintain classical music’s current meager popularity, we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field.

The author wants to maintain classical music's current meager popularity. He or she is concerned more about the future than the past ("decreasing the likelihood that those with real aptitude for such music will be performing it", "audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music’s greatness and will thus decamp to other genres"). All of this tells us what the author says will happen. That is, the popularity of classical music will decrease further ("audiences... will thus decamp to other genres").

Option B gives us the reason for classical music's "current meager popularity". In other words, B tells us why the popularity of classical music is as low as it is. It doesn't, however, give us any reason to believe that it is not essential that we "encourage more young musicians to enter the field".

1. Profusion of other genres → 2. current meager popularity → 3. fewer and fewer musicians studying/later performing classical music → 4. popularity decreases further → 5. Therefore, we must address (3) to maintain (2).

Option B gives us the reason for (2), but it doesn't mean that we should go against the (3) to (5) chain.

AjiteshArun

Thanks for the explanation

I believe I have understood where I was going wrong.After considering option B , I also considered going against the premises in the argument.

However with this understanding, correct answer choice also breaks the chain of reasoning.So please clarify the difference between option B & correct answer choice, since both are going against the chain.

Thanks

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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
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gmatassassin88 wrote:
Thanks for the explanation

I believe I have understood where I was going wrong.After considering option B , I also considered going against the premises in the argument.

However with this understanding, correct answer choice also breaks the chain of reasoning.So please clarify the difference between option B & correct answer choice, since both are going against the chain.

Thanks
That's the point: option B does not break the chain. It merely tells us why the popularity is where it currently is. The author, on the other hand, is concerned about what happens next. ~Fewer musicians, (even) lower popularity levels. The author feels that the only way to fix this new problem is to ~bring in more musicians. Therefore, the problem the author wants to tackle is different from the original problem ("meager popularity"). Keep in mind that option B gives us the reason only for the current level of popularity.

The correct option breaks the chain by attacking the connection between "fewer and fewer musicians studying/later performing classical music" and "audiences will thus decamp to other genres". It does this by telling us that most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances. This means that in order to maintain the current popularity of classical music, it may not be necessary to encourage more young musicians to enter the field.
Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, [#permalink]
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