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Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,

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Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Critical Reasoning
Question no. 187

Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, decreasing the likelihood that those with real aptitude for such music will be performing it. Audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music’s greatness and will thus decamp to other genres. So to maintain classical music’s current meager popularity, we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?

(A) Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.

(B) Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.

(C) Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.

(D) It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.

(E) The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity.

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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2017, 18:00
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mihir0710 wrote:
I was torn between Option E and C and finally chose E ...But OA says C..
What is wrong with E ?
Can someone explain ...

The critic's conclusion is that "we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field "in order to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity". How does the author reach this conclusion?

  • Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, and, as a result, it is becoming less likely that those with real aptitude for classical music will be performing it. This implies that the quality of classical music performances is declining.
  • As the quality of the performances decreases, those performances will become less likely to showcase the greatness of classical music. Thus, audiences will become less likely to appreciate the greatness of classical music.
  • If audiences do not appreciate the greatness of classical music, they will chose to listen to other types of music.
  • To summarize: less qualified performers => weaker performances that do no showcase the greatness of classical music => audiences who do not appreciate the greatness of classical music => audiences moving away from classical music and opting to listen to other types of music instead

The author then concludes that "we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field" in order to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity". Notice the word must; this implies that if we do NOT encourage more young musicians to enter the field, we will not be able to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity".

We are asked, "Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?"

Quote:
A. Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.

The critic's argument does not discuss why fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music. If fewer and fewer musicians believe that they have an aptitude for classical music, that might explain why fewer and fewer musicians are choosing to study classical music. Choice (A) doesn't seem to weaken the critic's reasoning, so (A) can be eliminated.

Quote:
B. Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.

The author's argument is not concerned with explaining classical music's current meager popularity. Rather, the author discusses what he/she believes must be done to maintain the current level of popularity. Choice (B) can be eliminated because it does not weaken the critic's reasoning.

Quote:
C. Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.

The critic reasons that audiences will move away from classical music as they listen to weaker performances of classical music. However, if most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances, it doesn't matter if the quality of the performances is in decline. Those people can still listen to old recordings and thus still appreciate the greatness of classical music. This breaks the critic's line of reasoning, so (C) is a solid choice.

Quote:
D. It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.

The author does not argue that it will not be possible to enjoy classical music performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre. Instead, the author argues that classical performances by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre will fail to convey the greatness of classical music and thus cause audiences to listen to other types of music. Choice (D) does not weaken the critic's reasoning, so it can be eliminated.

Quote:
E. The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity.

The author does not claim that appreciation for the greatness of classical music is the ONLY necessary requirement for maintaining the current level of popularity. The popularity can certainly be affected by other factors, such as understanding why classical music attained its original popularity. Even if the continued popularity of classical music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why classical music attained its original popularity, the popularity of classical music might still be in jeopardy unless more young musicians enter the field. (E) can be eliminated, and we're left with (C).
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2017, 09:09
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Critical Reasoning
Question no. 187

Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, decreasing the likelihood that those with real aptitude for such music will be performing it. Audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music’s greatness and will thus decamp to other genres. So to maintain classical music’s current meager popularity, we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?
A. Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.
B. Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.
C. Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.
D. It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.
E. The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity.




I was torn between Option E and C and finally chose E ...But OA says C..
What is wrong with E ?
Can someone explain ...
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2017, 15:35
Saurabh01IIM wrote:
My answer is E .. even I need explanaton for the same


E is wrong because it is out of scope, unclear and too general. Most weaken/strengthen OAs have superlatives and are specific to the prompt i.e if MOST people come to classical music by listening to old recordings, then the position that the genre will suffer because of low interest by the new generation of musicians is weakened.
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2017, 19:03
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Its C... since we need to weaken the argument and in order to do so, we need to show alternate way of maintaining the popularity of old music...C gives that alternate reason since people can listen to recordings and still maintain its popularity.

whereas E shows popularity depends on audiences too...for that live performances has to happen and for same young musicians need to learn that genre of music...its more of a strengthener i feel.

Pls let me know if the reasoning is correct and if you like my explanation, help me with Kudos :)

Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, decreasing the likelihood that those with real aptitude for such music will be performing it. Audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music’s greatness and will thus decamp to other genres. So to maintain classical music’s current meager popularity, we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?
A. Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.
B. Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.
C. Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.
D. It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.
E. The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity. - E shows popularity depends on audiences too...for that live performances has to happen and for same young musicians need to learn that genre of music...its more of a strengthener i feel.
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2017, 08:34
Cleaned bowled by this question .
Chose B
After seeing the explanation i see B is not affecting the argument at all.It only talks about the meagre popularity because of profusion of other genres.
But it no way tells that it will weaken the argument .
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2017, 13:30
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GMATNinja wrote:
mihir0710 wrote:
I was torn between Option E and C and finally chose E ...But OA says C..
What is wrong with E ?
Can someone explain ...

The critic's conclusion is that "we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field "in order to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity". How does the author reach this conclusion?

  • Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, and, as a result, it is becoming less likely that those with real aptitude for classical music will be performing it. This implies that the quality of classical music performances is declining.
  • As the quality of the performances decreases, those performances will become less likely to showcase the greatness of classical music. Thus, audiences will become less likely to appreciate the greatness of classical music.
  • If audiences do not appreciate the greatness of classical music, they will chose to listen to other types of music.
  • To summarize: less qualified performers => weaker performances that do no showcase the greatness of classical music => audiences who do not appreciate the greatness of classical music => audiences moving away from classical music and opting to listen to other types of music instead

The author then concludes that "we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field" in order to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity". Notice the word must; this implies that if we do NOT encourage more young musicians to enter the field, we will not be able to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity".



This part of the explanation made things crystal clear ..
Thank you @GMATNinja


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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 01:02
@GMATNinja & @GMATNinjaTwo

Hi. I'm really confused with this question. I stuck with B&C, but I think B may be better.
Below is my reasoning.
I hope you can help me point out if I misunderstand anything, so that I can understand clearly the logic of this question and the answer choices.
The logic for this argument is:
(a)Fewer people study CM -> (b)fewer talents play & more non-talents play CM
-> (c)audience will not appreciate the music -> (d) switch to other music
Conclusion: To keep CM popular -> encourage more people to study CM
Assumption: if people switch to other music -> CM will not be popular
Which one weakens the argument?
Opt (B) Classical music???s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.
This one says that profusion of other genres CAUSES Classical music???s current meager popularity (causal relationship).
So CM popularity is due to music genres profusion, not by the number of CM students or how those students perform. This one casts doubt on the assumption mentioned above, suggesting that since music genres profusion CAUSED CM popularity, in the future,(even if people switch to other music genres) as long as there???s a profusion of genres, CM will probably still be popular.
The conclusion is therefore weakened.

Option (C) Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.
The stimulus says (c)audience will not appreciate the music ???(d) switch to other music
This option says about people who appreciate CM, and the reasons why they do so.
So from the stimulus, if people listen to performances by not-gifted musicians, they will not appreciate CM; which means that if people appreciate CM, they don???t listen to performances by not-gifted musicians.
Opt (C) says most people appreciate CM b/c they listened to old recordings. Of course, old recordings are presumably made by talented CM musicians,
So C EITHER strengthens the argument by providing a specific example for a premise in the stimulus OR doesn???t do anything to the argument b/c it repeats the premise.
GMAT Ninja said:
???The critic reasons that audiences will move away from classical music as they listen to weaker performances of classical music. However, if most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances, it doesn't matter if the quality of the performances is in decline. Those people can still listen to old recordings and thus still appreciate the greatness of classical music. This breaks the critic's line of reasoning, so (C) is a solid choice.???
This option talks about ???people who appreciate classical music??? and the premise says ???Audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music???s???. OK, so among people who appreciate CM, most appreciate because they listen to old recording; among people who DON???T appreciate, they don???t appreciate because of what? We don???t know. For the current status (when CM is still popular), most who appreciate b/c of old recordings (not b/c of the performances) So in the future, if the recordings still exist, then people will probably continue to appreciate CM irrespective of the performances quality, meaning that CM popularity will be maintained ??? breaks the conclusion.
So with C, there are confusing interpretations of the implied meaning.
And between B&C, it???s hard to choose which one is outright better!
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2017, 15:26
romeotc wrote:
GMATNinja & GMATNinjaTwo

Hi. I'm really confused with this question. I stuck with B&C, but I think B may be better.
Below is my reasoning.
I hope you can help me point out if I misunderstand anything, so that I can understand clearly the logic of this question and the answer choices.
The logic for this argument is:
(a)Fewer people study CM -> (b)fewer talents play & more non-talents play CM
-> (c)audience will not appreciate the music -> (d) switch to other music
Conclusion: To keep CM popular -> encourage more people to study CM
Assumption: if people switch to other music -> CM will not be popular
Which one weakens the argument?
Opt (B) Classical music???s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.
This one says that profusion of other genres CAUSES Classical music???s current meager popularity (causal relationship).
So CM popularity is due to music genres profusion, not by the number of CM students or how those students perform. This one casts doubt on the assumption mentioned above, suggesting that since music genres profusion CAUSED CM popularity, in the future,(even if people switch to other music genres) as long as there???s a profusion of genres, CM will probably still be popular.
The conclusion is therefore weakened.

Option (C) Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.
The stimulus says (c)audience will not appreciate the music ???(d) switch to other music
This option says about people who appreciate CM, and the reasons why they do so.
So from the stimulus, if people listen to performances by not-gifted musicians, they will not appreciate CM; which means that if people appreciate CM, they don???t listen to performances by not-gifted musicians.
Opt (C) says most people appreciate CM b/c they listened to old recordings. Of course, old recordings are presumably made by talented CM musicians,
So C EITHER strengthens the argument by providing a specific example for a premise in the stimulus OR doesn???t do anything to the argument b/c it repeats the premise.
GMAT Ninja said:
???The critic reasons that audiences will move away from classical music as they listen to weaker performances of classical music. However, if most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances, it doesn't matter if the quality of the performances is in decline. Those people can still listen to old recordings and thus still appreciate the greatness of classical music. This breaks the critic's line of reasoning, so (C) is a solid choice.???
This option talks about ???people who appreciate classical music??? and the premise says ???Audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music???s???. OK, so among people who appreciate CM, most appreciate because they listen to old recording; among people who DON???T appreciate, they don???t appreciate because of what? We don???t know. For the current status (when CM is still popular), most who appreciate b/c of old recordings (not b/c of the performances) So in the future, if the recordings still exist, then people will probably continue to appreciate CM irrespective of the performances quality, meaning that CM popularity will be maintained ??? breaks the conclusion.
So with C, there are confusing interpretations of the implied meaning.
And between B&C, it???s hard to choose which one is outright better!

Let's take a close look at your analysis for choice (B):

Quote:
Opt (B) Classical music???s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.
This one says that profusion of other genres CAUSES Classical music???s current meager popularity (causal relationship).
So CM popularity is due to music genres profusion, not by the number of CM students or how those students perform. This one casts doubt on the assumption mentioned above, suggesting that since music genres profusion CAUSED CM popularity, in the future,(even if people switch to other music genres) as long as there???s a profusion of genres, CM will probably still be popular.
The conclusion is therefore weakened.

Choice (B) explains the current MEAGER popularity. The profusion of other genres is not what MAKES classical music popular. Rather, the profusion of other genres LIMITS the popularity of classical music. The author is concerned with maintaining the current MEAGER level of popularity.

As for choice (C), you stated: "among people who DON'T appreciate, they don't appreciate because of what? We don't know."

This is true, but we don't care about the people who DON'T appreciate classical music. The author is only concerned with preventing the people who DO appreciate classic music from decamping to other genres.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2017, 08:20
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Critical Reasoning
Question no. 187

Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, decreasing the likelihood that those with real aptitude for such music will be performing it. Audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music’s greatness and will thus decamp to other genres. So to maintain classical music’s current meager popularity, we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?

(A) Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.

(B) Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.

(C) Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.

(D) It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.

(E) The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity.


Just squeezed my brains as much as possible. We can all come to agree that it is between E and C: I feel the reason E should be eliminated is that of the " in part" bit. which means its just one other reason for people to maintain the popularity - then more people playing/learning is still needed - hence not a weakner.
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Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2017, 06:52
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GMATNinja wrote:
mihir0710 wrote:
I was torn between Option E and C and finally chose E ...But OA says C..
What is wrong with E ?
Can someone explain ...

The critic's conclusion is that "we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field "in order to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity". How does the author reach this conclusion?

  • Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, and, as a result, it is becoming less likely that those with real aptitude for classical music will be performing it. This implies that the quality of classical music performances is declining.
  • As the quality of the performances decreases, those performances will become less likely to showcase the greatness of classical music. Thus, audiences will become less likely to appreciate the greatness of classical music.
  • If audiences do not appreciate the greatness of classical music, they will chose to listen to other types of music.
  • To summarize: less qualified performers => weaker performances that do no showcase the greatness of classical music => audiences who do not appreciate the greatness of classical music => audiences moving away from classical music and opting to listen to other types of music instead

The author then concludes that "we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field" in order to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity". Notice the word must; this implies that if we do NOT encourage more young musicians to enter the field, we will not be able to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity".

We are asked, "Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?"

Quote:
A. Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.

The critic's argument does not discuss why fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music. If fewer and fewer musicians believe that they have an aptitude for classical music, that might explain why fewer and fewer musicians are choosing to study classical music. Choice (A) doesn't seem to weaken the critic's reasoning, so (A) can be eliminated.

Quote:
B. Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.

The author's argument is not concerned with explaining classical music's current meager popularity. Rather, the author discusses what he/she believes must be done to maintain the current level of popularity. Choice (B) can be eliminated because it does not weaken the critic's reasoning.

Quote:
C. Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.

The critic reasons that audiences will move away from classical music as they listen to weaker performances of classical music. However, if most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances, it doesn't matter if the quality of the performances is in decline. Those people can still listen to old recordings and thus still appreciate the greatness of classical music. This breaks the critic's line of reasoning, so (C) is a solid choice.

Quote:
D. It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.

The author does not argue that it will not be possible to enjoy classical music performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre. Instead, the author argues that classical performances by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre will fail to convey the greatness of classical music and thus cause audiences to listen to other types of music. Choice (D) does not weaken the critic's reasoning, so it can be eliminated.

Quote:
E. The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity.

The author does not claim that appreciation for the greatness of classical music is the ONLY necessary requirement for maintaining the current level of popularity. The popularity can certainly be affected by other factors, such as understanding why classical music attained its original popularity. Even if the continued popularity of classical music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why classical music attained its original popularity, the popularity of classical music might still be in jeopardy unless more young musicians enter the field. (E) can be eliminated, and we're left with (C).


Hi GMATNinja

How are you ?
Thanks for the explanation i have attempted this question multiple times but always got it wrong , but after reading your explanation i think i can answer this question type. :-)

Regards,
Arvind
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2017, 11:29
this question has classical pattern in C.
A,B,D are out of scope.
Read carefully -> E is out of scope too.
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2017, 12:06
GMATNinja wrote:
mihir0710 wrote:
I was torn between Option E and C and finally chose E ...But OA says C..
What is wrong with E ?
Can someone explain ...

The critic's conclusion is that "we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field "in order to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity". How does the author reach this conclusion?

  • Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, and, as a result, it is becoming less likely that those with real aptitude for classical music will be performing it. This implies that the quality of classical music performances is declining.
  • As the quality of the performances decreases, those performances will become less likely to showcase the greatness of classical music. Thus, audiences will become less likely to appreciate the greatness of classical music.
  • If audiences do not appreciate the greatness of classical music, they will chose to listen to other types of music.
  • To summarize: less qualified performers => weaker performances that do no showcase the greatness of classical music => audiences who do not appreciate the greatness of classical music => audiences moving away from classical music and opting to listen to other types of music instead

The author then concludes that "we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field" in order to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity". Notice the word must; this implies that if we do NOT encourage more young musicians to enter the field, we will not be able to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity".

We are asked, "Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?"

Quote:
A. Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.

The critic's argument does not discuss why fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music. If fewer and fewer musicians believe that they have an aptitude for classical music, that might explain why fewer and fewer musicians are choosing to study classical music. Choice (A) doesn't seem to weaken the critic's reasoning, so (A) can be eliminated.

Quote:
B. Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.

The author's argument is not concerned with explaining classical music's current meager popularity. Rather, the author discusses what he/she believes must be done to maintain the current level of popularity. Choice (B) can be eliminated because it does not weaken the critic's reasoning.

Quote:
C. Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.

The critic reasons that audiences will move away from classical music as they listen to weaker performances of classical music. However, if most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances, it doesn't matter if the quality of the performances is in decline. Those people can still listen to old recordings and thus still appreciate the greatness of classical music. This breaks the critic's line of reasoning, so (C) is a solid choice.

Quote:
D. It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.

The author does not argue that it will not be possible to enjoy classical music performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre. Instead, the author argues that classical performances by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre will fail to convey the greatness of classical music and thus cause audiences to listen to other types of music. Choice (D) does not weaken the critic's reasoning, so it can be eliminated.

Quote:
E. The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity.

The author does not claim that appreciation for the greatness of classical music is the ONLY necessary requirement for maintaining the current level of popularity. The popularity can certainly be affected by other factors, such as understanding why classical music attained its original popularity. Even if the continued popularity of classical music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why classical music attained its original popularity, the popularity of classical music might still be in jeopardy unless more young musicians enter the field. (E) can be eliminated, and we're left with (C).



Hi GMATNinja

I think when we are talking about weaken the reasoning, we want to find the point which break the chain...

based on your summary : weaker performances that do no showcase the greatness of classical music => audiences who do not appreciate the greatness of classical music => audiences moving away from classical music and opting to listen to other types of music instead

now, if people move yo another genre not because of less quality of classical music, but because of perfusion of other music
this break the chain and make weak the reasoning

am I wrong?
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2017, 04:20
GMATNinja wrote:
mihir0710 wrote:
I was torn between Option E and C and finally chose E ...But OA says C..
What is wrong with E ?
Can someone explain ...

The critic's conclusion is that "we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field "in order to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity". How does the author reach this conclusion?

  • Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, and, as a result, it is becoming less likely that those with real aptitude for classical music will be performing it. This implies that the quality of classical music performances is declining.
  • As the quality of the performances decreases, those performances will become less likely to showcase the greatness of classical music. Thus, audiences will become less likely to appreciate the greatness of classical music.
  • If audiences do not appreciate the greatness of classical music, they will chose to listen to other types of music.
  • To summarize: less qualified performers => weaker performances that do no showcase the greatness of classical music => audiences who do not appreciate the greatness of classical music => audiences moving away from classical music and opting to listen to other types of music instead

The author then concludes that "we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field" in order to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity". Notice the word must; this implies that if we do NOT encourage more young musicians to enter the field, we will not be able to "maintain classical music’s current meager popularity".

We are asked, "Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?"

Quote:
A. Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.

The critic's argument does not discuss why fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music. If fewer and fewer musicians believe that they have an aptitude for classical music, that might explain why fewer and fewer musicians are choosing to study classical music. Choice (A) doesn't seem to weaken the critic's reasoning, so (A) can be eliminated.

Quote:
B. Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.

The author's argument is not concerned with explaining classical music's current meager popularity. Rather, the author discusses what he/she believes must be done to maintain the current level of popularity. Choice (B) can be eliminated because it does not weaken the critic's reasoning.

Quote:
C. Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.

The critic reasons that audiences will move away from classical music as they listen to weaker performances of classical music. However, if most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances, it doesn't matter if the quality of the performances is in decline. Those people can still listen to old recordings and thus still appreciate the greatness of classical music. This breaks the critic's line of reasoning, so (C) is a solid choice.

Quote:
D. It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.

The author does not argue that it will not be possible to enjoy classical music performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre. Instead, the author argues that classical performances by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre will fail to convey the greatness of classical music and thus cause audiences to listen to other types of music. Choice (D) does not weaken the critic's reasoning, so it can be eliminated.

Quote:
E. The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity.

The author does not claim that appreciation for the greatness of classical music is the ONLY necessary requirement for maintaining the current level of popularity. The popularity can certainly be affected by other factors, such as understanding why classical music attained its original popularity. Even if the continued popularity of classical music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why classical music attained its original popularity, the popularity of classical music might still be in jeopardy unless more young musicians enter the field. (E) can be eliminated, and we're left with (C).


Hi GMATNinja,

Thanks for the wonderful explanation!

But, still I have a doubt in option E. Option E gives you an alternate explanation (other factor) which can help maintain the classical music's current meagre popularity. Hence, how it won't be a weakener? Could you please explain me the same?

Thanks in advance! :)
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2017, 05:21
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snjainpune wrote:
Hi GMATNinja,

But, still I have a doubt in option E. Option E gives you an alternate explanation (other factor) which can help maintain the classical music's current meagre popularity. Hence, how it won't be a weakener? Could you please explain me the same?

Thanks in advance! :)


If you look at E carefully, it says
"The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity."

It has 3 mistakes.
1. It talks about the generic music genre, not only about classical music.
2. It says "depends in part" , that means it is giving a reason which is one of the reasons out of 100.
3. Why the audiences will understand? We are only here to judge what the audiences love to hear and not what they understand.

Hope that makes sense.

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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2017, 11:37
Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, decreasing the likelihood that those with real aptitude for such music will be performing it. Audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music’s greatness and will thus decamp to other genres. So to maintain classical music’s current meager popularity, we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?

(A) Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music. -looks good. Lets keep this. for now

(B) Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners. -this can be one of the reason, but its not discussed in the argument. out of scope.

(C) Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances. -Looks better than A. Correct. Since the people won't judge a genre by a live event, we can say that the critic's reasoning will go for a toss.

(D) It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre. -There are so many possibilities out there. out of scope.

(E) The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity. -we are talking about the loss of popularity and not about continued popularity.
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2017, 21:52
soodia wrote:
Hi GMATNinja
I think when we are talking about weaken the reasoning, we want to find the point which break the chain...
based on your summary : weaker performances that do no showcase the greatness of classical music => audiences who do not appreciate the greatness of classical music => audiences moving away from classical music and opting to listen to other types of music instead
now, if people move yo another genre not because of less quality of classical music, but because of perfusion of other music
this break the chain and make weak the reasoning
am I wrong?

mrinal0308 wrote:
snjainpune wrote:
Hi GMATNinja,
But, still I have a doubt in option E. Option E gives you an alternate explanation (other factor) which can help maintain the classical music's current meagre popularity. Hence, how it won't be a weakener? Could you please explain me the same?
Thanks in advance! :)

If you look at E carefully, it says
"The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity."
It has 3 mistakes.
1. It talks about the generic music genre, not only about classical music.
2. It says "depends in part" , that means it is giving a reason which is one of the reasons out of 100.
3. Why the audiences will understand? We are only here to judge what the audiences love to hear and not what they understand.
Hope that makes sense.
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Thanks mrinal0308 for the explanation!

To elaborate on your second point, the popularity can depend on multiple factors. Take a restaurant, for example. One person might argue that its success depends on the quality of the food. Another person might argue that its success depends on the price of the food. A third person might argue that its success depends on the ambience (atmosphere, décor, etc.). I might PROVE that the success depends on the ambience, but the success can ALSO depend on price and quality. There are multiple necessary requirements for success.

In this passage, the popularity can be partly affected by appreciation of the greatness of classical music AND partly affected by perfusion of other music. BOTH factors affect popularity. We can't ignore the former just because the latter is true.

I hope that helps!
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Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2018, 16:21
Hi GMATNinja - Please comment?
(C) Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances.
Per my understanding option C is a big stretch. It assumes that classical musicians , gifted or not gifted, somehow can't produce good live performance but can make appreciable classical music recordings.
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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music,  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2018, 03:34
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Critical Reasoning
Question no. 187

Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, decreasing the likelihood that those with real aptitude for such music will be performing it. Audiences who hear these performances will not appreciate classical music’s greatness and will thus decamp to other genres. So to maintain classical music’s current meager popularity, we must encourage more young musicians to enter the field.

Simplified argument: Since lesser people are studying classical music, fewer people with a real aptitude are going to perform it. This will reduce its popularity and hence we must encourage more of the young musicians to start performing it

Prethinking Weakeners - Think of scenarios in which even if young musicians enter this music field, they cannot maintain its popularity. Maybe young musicians who plan to enter this field have inculcated some western touch to this music which will not be appreciated by the audience OR audience prefers the older classical performances much more than the new music.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the music critic’s reasoning?

(A) Musicians who choose to study classical music do so because they believe they have an aptitude for the music.
This gives us no reason to believe why young people will not be able to maintain classical music's popularity. Not relevant.

(B) Classical music’s current meager popularity is attributable to the profusion of other genres of music available to listeners.
So what? We are not concerned with reasons why the current popularity is the way it is? Again, this gives us no reason to believe why young people will not be able to maintain classical music's popularity. Not relevant.

(C) Most people who appreciate classical music come to do so through old recordings rather than live performances. Ahh. So this means getting younger people to perform will not help maintain the popularity as the majority of people prefer recordings to live performances. So will getting more people to perform help the music's cause? Not likely!

(D) It is possible to enjoy the music in a particular genre even when it is performed by musicians who are not ideally suited for that genre.Well, this is not relevant to our argument. It does not even talk about young people. Eliminate!

(E) The continued popularity of a given genre of music depends in part on the audiences being able to understand why that genre attained its original popularity.
Okay. So this means explaining to the audience why the genre attained whatever popularity it did could help maintain the popularity of the genre. Sure, it could be one contributing factor in maintaining the popularity. But remember the argument never says getting young people to perform is the ONLY way to maintain its popularity. There could be others. All we are concerned about is can young people performing aid the cause or not? And this choice gives us no reason in either proving or disproving that. Eliminate!



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Re: Music critic: Fewer and fewer musicians are studying classical music, &nbs [#permalink] 10 Jun 2018, 03:34
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