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One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways aft

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One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways aft  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 23 Jan 2019, 04:23
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One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways after it becomes part of mainland China in 1997 as long as a capitalist Hong Kong is useful to China; that a capitalist Hong Kong will be useful to China as long as Hong Kong is prosperous; and that Hong Kong will remain prosperous as long as it retains its capitalist ways.

If the predictions above are correct, which of the following further predictions can logically be derived from them?


(A) If Hong Kong fails to stay prosperous, it will no longer remain part of mainland China.

(B) If Hong Kong retains its capitalist ways until 1997, it will be allowed to do so afterward.

(C) If there is a world economic crisis after 1997, it will not adversely affect the economy of Hong Kong.

(D) Hong Kong will be prosperous after 1997

(E) The citizens of Hong Kong will have no restrictions placed on them by the government of mainland China.

Originally posted by acer2knight on 04 Jul 2009, 18:41.
Last edited by Bunuel on 23 Jan 2019, 04:23, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways aft  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2019, 00:06
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acer2knight wrote:
One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways after it becomes part of mainland China in 1997 as long as a capitalist Hong Kong is useful to China; that a capitalist Hong Kong will be useful to China as long as Hong Kong is prosperous; and that Hong Kong will remain prosperous as long as it retains its capitalist ways.

If the predictions above are correct, which of the following further predictions can logically be derived from them?


(A) If Hong Kong fails to stay prosperous, it will no longer remain part of mainland China.

(B) If Hong Kong retains its capitalist ways until 1997, it will be allowed to do so afterward.

(C) If there is a world economic crisis after 1997, it will not adversely affect the economy of Hong Kong.

(D) Hong Kong will be prosperous after 1997

(E) The citizens of Hong Kong will have no restrictions placed on them by the government of mainland China.


Following is what the argument says about HK:

If retains capitalist ways, then will remain prosperous
If prosperous, then useful to China
If useful to China, can retain Capitalist ways

Which of the following predictions can be derived?

(A) If Hong Kong fails to stay prosperous, it will no longer remain part of mainland China.

No, we don't know under which conditions will it not be a part of China.

(B) If Hong Kong retains its capitalist ways until 1997, it will be allowed to do so afterward.

Correct. If it stays capitalist till 1997, it will remain prosperous. If it remains prosperous, it will be useful to China. If it is useful, it will be allowed to retain capitalist ways. Hence, if it stays capitalist till 1997, it will be allowed to retain those ways afterwards too.

(C) If there is a world economic crisis after 1997, it will not adversely affect the economy of Hong Kong.

No data about this.

(D) Hong Kong will be prosperous after 1997

Cannot say. We don't know whether it will retain its capitalist ways till 1997. If it doesn't retain capitalist ways, it may not remain prosperous till 1997. Then what happens after 1997, we don't know. We cannot say that it will be prosperous after 1997.

(E) The citizens of Hong Kong will have no restrictions placed on them by the government of mainland China.

No data about this.

Answer (B)
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Re: One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways aft  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2009, 23:59
One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways after it becomes part of mainland China in 1997 as long as a capitalist Hong Kong is useful to China;

This can be diagrammed as


(1) capitalist Hong Kong is useful to China ---> Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways after it becomes part of mainland China in 1997

a capitalist Hong Kong will be useful to China as long as Hong Kong is prosperous;


(2) Hong Kong is prosperous ---> a capitalist Hong Kong will be useful to China

joining (1) and (2)

(3) Hong Kong is prosperous ---> Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways after it becomes part of mainland China in 1997


Hong Kong will remain prosperous as long as it retains its capitalist ways.

(4) it retains capitalist ways ---> Hong Kong will remain prosperous

joining (3) and (4)

it retains capitalist ways --->Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways after it becomes part of mainland China in 1997

Conclusion
If Hong kong retains capitalist ways, it can keep them after it becomes part of mainland China in 1997

Answer choice B is exactly this
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Re: Hong Kong is useful to China  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2009, 11:58
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noboru wrote:
One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways after it becomes part of mainland China in 1997 as long as a capitalist Hong Kong is useful to China; that a capitalist Hong Kong will be useful to China as long as Hong Kong is prosperous; and that Hong Kong will remain prosperous as long as it retains its capitalist ways.
If the predictions above are correct, which of the following further predictions can logically be derived from them?
(A) If Hong Kong fails to stay prosperous, it will no longer remain part of mainland China >> it cannot be inferred that if HK is not prosperous it will be kicked out of mainland China.
(B) If Hong Kong retains its capitalist ways until 1997, it will be allowed to do so afterward >> yes, because capitalist=>prosperous=>useful to China=>capitalist
(C) If there is a world economic crisis after 1997, it will not adversely affect the economy of Hong Kong >> nothing can be said about impact of crisis on HK
(D) Hong Kong will be prosperous after 1997. >> only if it retains its capitalist ways, so this cannot be predicted too
(E) The citizens of Hong Kong will have no restrictions placed on them by the government of mainland China.>>irrelevant

IMO B. OA?
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Re: Hong Kong is useful to China  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2010, 20:01
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noboru wrote:
One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways after it becomes part of mainland China in 1997 as long as a capitalist Hong Kong is useful to China; that a capitalist Hong Kong will be useful to China as long as Hong Kong is prosperous; and that Hong Kong will remain prosperous as long as it retains its capitalist ways.
If the predictions above are correct, which of the following further predictions can logically be derived from them?
(A) If Hong Kong fails to stay prosperous, it will no longer remain part of mainland China.
(B) If Hong Kong retains its capitalist ways until 1997, it will be allowed to do so afterward.
(C) If there is a world economic crisis after 1997, it will not adversely affect the economy of Hong Kong.
(D) Hong Kong will be prosperous after 1997.
(E) The citizens of Hong Kong will have no restrictions placed on them by the government of mainland China.


I vote for B since

Capitalist HK -- useful to CN since Capitalist HK is prosperous and HK is prosperous since it is a capitalist economy.

Also stimulus talks of the merger of HK with CN in 1997 and so if HK can remain prosperous by virtue of being either being a socialistic or capitalist will be allowed to remain so.

Hence option B.
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Re: One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways aft  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2016, 11:35
IMO B

A. WRONG. HK has to abandon its capitalist setup if it is not useful to China anymore. It is nowhere mentioned in the argument that China will release HK if it fails.
B. CORRECT. China would allow HK to exercise capitalism after 1997 if HK was already doing that
C & E WRONG. Out of scope info
D WRONG. It is not implied from the argument that HK will continue to prosper in future
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Re: One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways aft  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2019, 10:09
acer2knight wrote:
One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways after it becomes part of mainland China in 1997 as long as a capitalist Hong Kong is useful to China; that a capitalist Hong Kong will be useful to China as long as Hong Kong is prosperous; and that Hong Kong will remain prosperous as long as it retains its capitalist ways.


If the predictions above are correct, which of the following further predictions can logically be derived from them?


(A) If Hong Kong fails to stay prosperous, it will no longer remain part of mainland China.

Passage does not say whether Hong Kong will be a part of China or not if the earlier one fails to stay prosperous. It only mentions if HonG Kong's capitalist ways suits to China, it will let Hong Kong to continue with those ways.

(B) If Hong Kong retains its capitalist ways until 1997, it will be allowed to do so afterward.

This can be inferred because if HK does not retain its capitalist ways until 1997, HK may not remain useful for China and may not let HK to continue with its capitalist ways.

(C) If there is a world economic crisis after 1997, it will not adversely affect the economy of Hong Kong.

Can't be inferred. World economic crisis not mentioned.

(D) Hong Kong will be prosperous after 1997

Irrelevant.

(E) The citizens of Hong Kong will have no restrictions placed on them by the government of mainland China.

Irrelevant.
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Re: One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways aft  [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2019, 18:00
Hi, I am not sure why D is incorrect. Can I get some explanation for that please?
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Re: One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways aft  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2019, 03:25
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jaykpatel21 I am using condition technique i.e. necessary and sufficient condition.

Retain -> useful
useful -> prosperous
prosperous -> retain

With this map , if Honkong is not prosperous then it is not useful
if not useful then wont be retain so I chose A. Can you help me to understand why B is correct?
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One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways aft  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2019, 03:44
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For A,
It is written that HK won't be the part of China which cannot be inferred. The passage talks about retaining its capitalist ways.
For B,
This can be inferred because if Hong kong does not retain its capitalist ways until 1997, Hong kong may not remain useful for China and may not let Honk Kong to continue with its capitalist ways.
B is correct

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One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways aft  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2019, 23:30
prags1989 wrote:
jaykpatel21 I am using condition technique i.e. necessary and sufficient condition.

Retain -> useful
useful -> prosperous
prosperous -> retain

With this map , if Honkong is not prosperous then it is not useful
if not useful then wont be retain so I chose A. Can you help me to understand why B is correct?


To add to what jay said, the passage is talking about the usefulness of “Capitalistic Hong Kong”, and not “Hong Kong” itself.

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One analyst predicts that Hong Kong can retain its capitalist ways aft   [#permalink] 07 Sep 2019, 23:30
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