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# Over the past two years, legislators have been revising environmental

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Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1348
Location: Malaysia
Over the past two years, legislators have been revising environmental  [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2017, 06:54
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

70% (01:22) correct 30% (01:36) wrong based on 217 sessions

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Over the past two years, legislators have been revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent them.

A. legislators have been revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent them

B. legislators have revised environmental regulations and created new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies circumventing them

C. legislators are revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent

D. while legislators have been revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions, it is increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent them

E. legislators have revised environmental regulations and created new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent

_________________
"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

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"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1348
Location: Malaysia
Re: Over the past two years, legislators have been revising environmental  [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2017, 06:58
2
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ziyuen wrote:
Over the past two years, legislators have been revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent them.

A. legislators have been revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent them
B. legislators have revised environmental regulations and created new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies circumventing them
C. legislators are revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent
D. while legislators have been revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions, it is increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent them
E. legislators have revised environmental regulations and created new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent

OFFICIAL SOLUTION

This problem provides two major decision points: the tense of the verb "revise," and the presence or absence of the pronoun "them."

You should note that the only portion of the sentence not underlined is a signal of timeline "over the past two years." This is an ongoing event that started in the past, suggesting that you'll need the "have revised" or "have been revising" tense. Choices B and C do not provide tenses that will work with the timeline, and can be eliminated.

From there you need to look at the pronoun "them." This pronoun is unnecessary, as you would never say "created new restrictions that are difficult for companies to circumvent the restrictions." Since only choice E avoids the pronoun and provides a logical verb tense, choice E is correct.
_________________
"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

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Joined: 26 Dec 2016
Posts: 28
Re: Over the past two years, legislators have been revising environmental  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2018, 11:55
hazelnut wrote:
ziyuen wrote:
Over the past two years, legislators have been revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent them.

A. legislators have been revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent them
B. legislators have revised environmental regulations and created new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies circumventing them
C. legislators are revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent
D. while legislators have been revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions, it is increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent them
E. legislators have revised environmental regulations and created new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent

OFFICIAL SOLUTION

This problem provides two major decision points: the tense of the verb "revise," and the presence or absence of the pronoun "them."

You should note that the only portion of the sentence not underlined is a signal of timeline "over the past two years." This is an ongoing event that started in the past, suggesting that you'll need the "have revised" or "have been revising" tense. Choices B and C do not provide tenses that will work with the timeline, and can be eliminated.

From there you need to look at the pronoun "them." This pronoun is unnecessary, as you would never say "created new restrictions that are difficult for companies to circumvent the restrictions." Since only choice E avoids the pronoun and provides a logical verb tense, choice E is correct.

Looking at the tense first, B does support "have revised" which contradicts "Choices B & C do not provide tenses that will work with the timeline..." on that alone.
Intern
Joined: 15 May 2017
Posts: 20
Re: Over the past two years, legislators have been revising environmental  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2019, 17:11
hazelnut wrote:
ziyuen wrote:
Over the past two years, legislators have been revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent them.

A. legislators have been revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent them
B. legislators have revised environmental regulations and created new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies circumventing them
C. legislators are revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent
D. while legislators have been revising environmental regulations and creating new restrictions, it is increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent them
E. legislators have revised environmental regulations and created new restrictions that are increasingly difficult for companies to circumvent

OFFICIAL SOLUTION

This problem provides two major decision points: the tense of the verb "revise," and the presence or absence of the pronoun "them."

You should note that the only portion of the sentence not underlined is a signal of timeline "over the past two years." This is an ongoing event that started in the past, suggesting that you'll need the "have revised" or "have been revising" tense. Choices B and C do not provide tenses that will work with the timeline, and can be eliminated.

From there you need to look at the pronoun "them." This pronoun is unnecessary, as you would never say "created new restrictions that are difficult for companies to circumvent the restrictions." Since only choice E avoids the pronoun and provides a logical verb tense, choice E is correct.

Why is "A wrong? Consider this example from Cambridge Dictionary:

"Geminates and partial geminates circumvent the restriction, because the place features are not uniquely parsed as attributes of a segment in the coda position.
From Cambridge English Corpus"

Re: Over the past two years, legislators have been revising environmental   [#permalink] 16 Aug 2019, 17:11
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