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# Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more

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Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 21 Jan 2020, 07:19
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

40% (02:29) correct 60% (02:37) wrong based on 308 sessions

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Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more in line with its European and Japanese counterparts are often met with the objection that curtailing the schools’ three-month summer vacation would violate an established United States tradition dating from the nineteenth century. However, this objection misses its mark. True, in the nineteenth century the majority of schools closed for three months every summer, but only because they were in rural areas where successful harvests depended on children’s labor. If any policy could be justified by those appeals to tradition, it would be the policy of determining the length of the school year according to the needs of the economy.

Which one of the following principles, if accepted, would provide the strongest justification for the conclusion?

(A) That a given social policy has traditionally been in force justifies maintaining that policy only if doing so does not conflict with more pressing social needs.

(B) Appeals to its own traditions cannot excuse a country from the obligation to bring its practices in line with the legitimate expectations of the rest of the world.

(C) Because appeals to tradition often serve to mask the real interests at issue, such appeals should be disregarded.

(D) Traditional principles should be discarded when they no longer serve the needs of the economy.

(E) The actual tradition embodied in a given practice can be accurately identified only by reference to the reasons that originally prompted that practice.

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Originally posted by broall on 01 Oct 2017, 22:51.
Last edited by Bunuel on 21 Jan 2020, 07:19, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2017, 00:45
Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more in line with its European and Japanese parallel are often met with the exception that reduce the schools' three-month summer vacation would disobey an established United States tradition linked with from the nineteenth century.
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Re: Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2017, 03:54
broall wrote:
Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more in line with its European and Japanese counterparts are often met with the objection that curtailing the schools’ three-month summer vacation would violate an established United States tradition dating from the nineteenth century. However, this objection misses its mark. True, in the nineteenth century the majority of schools closed for three months every summer, but only because they were in rural areas where successful harvests depended on children’s labor. If any policy could be justified by those appeals to tradition, it would be the policy of determining the length of the school year according to the needs of the economy.

Which one of the following principles, if accepted, would provide the strongest justification for the conclusion?

(A) That a given social policy has traditionally been in force justifies maintaining that policy only if doing so does not conflict with more pressing social needs.

(B) Appeals to its own traditions cannot excuse a country from the obligation to bring its practices in line with the legitimate expectations of the rest of the world.

(C) Because appeals to tradition often serve to mask the real interests at issue, such appeals should be disregarded.

(D) Traditional principles should be discarded when they no longer serve the needs of the economy.

(E) The actual tradition embodied in a given practice can be accurately identified only by reference to the reasons that originally prompted that practice.

Source: LSAT

will go with E ...here the argument is focusing on the reason behind the summer holiday in 19th century and now .
As in argument , reason behind implementing a policy is now no longer the case , so the policy can be changed....means one should focus on the reason that started that particular policy ..
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Re: Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2017, 09:49
1
broall wrote:
Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more in line with its European and Japanese counterparts are often met with the objection that curtailing the schools’ three-month summer vacation would violate an established United States tradition dating from the nineteenth century. However, this objection misses its mark. True, in the nineteenth century the majority of schools closed for three months every summer, but only because they were in rural areas where successful harvests depended on children’s labor. If any policy could be justified by those appeals to tradition, it would be the policy of determining the length of the school year according to the needs of the economy.

Which one of the following principles, if accepted, would provide the strongest justification for the conclusion?

(A) That a given social policy has traditionally been in force justifies maintaining that policy only if doing so does not conflict with more pressing social needs.

(B) Appeals to its own traditions cannot excuse a country from the obligation to bring its practices in line with the legitimate expectations of the rest of the world.

(C) Because appeals to tradition often serve to mask the real interests at issue, such appeals should be disregarded.

(D) Traditional principles should be discarded when they no longer serve the needs of the economy.

(E) The actual tradition embodied in a given practice can be accurately identified only by reference to the reasons that originally prompted that practice.

Source: LSAT

The objection is that the reduction in the summer vacation would violate the tradition of giving a three month summer vacation. The conclusion is "The argument misses its mark" because the "The tradition is not just the 3 month vacation, the actual tradition can be traced by referring to the actual reason behind that practice i.e to make the child labour available for harvesting season"
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Re: Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more  [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2019, 10:01
We are looking for a general reason that follows the logic of the statement.

As per the answer choice statistics, most people were able to narrow it down to the choices D and E.

In this case, D seems appealing because it seems to follow the rationale of the given argument and even recycles some of the language (e.g. "good for the economy").

However, when we have a closer look at both D and E we notice that it is actually the statement in AC E that follows the rationale of the OS.
We are not abandoning a tradition merely for the sake of the economy, but we evaluate a tradition based on its original intention.

Hope this helps.

Regards,
Chris
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Re: Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more  [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2020, 07:24
broall wrote:
Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more in line with its European and Japanese counterparts are often met with the objection that curtailing the schools’ three-month summer vacation would violate an established United States tradition dating from the nineteenth century. However, this objection misses its mark. True, in the nineteenth century the majority of schools closed for three months every summer, but only because they were in rural areas where successful harvests depended on children’s labor. If any policy could be justified by those appeals to tradition, it would be the policy of determining the length of the school year according to the needs of the economy.

Which one of the following principles, if accepted, would provide the strongest justification for the conclusion?

(A) That a given social policy has traditionally been in force justifies maintaining that policy only if doing so does not conflict with more pressing social needs.

(B) Appeals to its own traditions cannot excuse a country from the obligation to bring its practices in line with the legitimate expectations of the rest of the world.

(C) Because appeals to tradition often serve to mask the real interests at issue, such appeals should be disregarded.

(D) Traditional principles should be discarded when they no longer serve the needs of the economy.

(E) The actual tradition embodied in a given practice can be accurately identified only by reference to the reasons that originally prompted that practice.

Check out TWIN QUESTION here: https://gmatclub.com/forum/proposals-fo ... 14840.html
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Re: Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more   [#permalink] 21 Jan 2020, 07:24
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