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# QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness

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QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2017, 12:59
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69% (01:15) correct 31% (02:29) wrong based on 868 sessions

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 93: Sentence Correction

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As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

(A) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

(B) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind as an adult.

(C) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision would be rated about 20/500; qualifying it to be legally blind if an adult.

(D) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500; an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind.

(E) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision, which would be deemed legally blind for an adult, would be rated about 20/500.

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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2017, 13:01
4
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Quote:
A. As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

That first “it” looks like a problem to me. Because it is the subject of the second clause, “it” will generally refer back to the subject of the first clause – in this case, “a baby.” (For more on this, check out our YouTube webinar on pronouns, or keep an eye on our Topic of the Week list for more articles about GMAT pronouns.)

Anyway, if that first “it” refers to “a baby”, it’s illogical: “a baby would be rated about 20/500…” That doesn’t make sense. It’s the vision that’s rated 20/500. (A) is gone.

Quote:
B. A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind as an adult.

The pronoun thing isn’t an issue anymore, but the meaning is still warped: “… a rudimentary sense of vision that would be… legally blind as an adult.” The vision wouldn’t be legally blind; the baby would. (B) is out, too.

Quote:
C. As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision would be rated about 20/500; qualifying it to be legally blind if an adult.

I think we could argue about that “it” after the semicolon. It arguably refers to “vision” here, and that wouldn’t make sense.

But far more importantly, the semicolon doesn’t work, because “qualifying it to be legally blind if an adult” is just a modifier, not a full independent clause. (C) can be eliminated.

Quote:
D. A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500; an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind.

Hm, this seems fine. The vision is “rated about 20/500”, and that makes sense. We have full independent clauses on each side of the semicolon. It’s a little bit funky to see the last clause (“an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind”) so radically transformed from the other answer choices, but there’s nothing at all wrong with it. It’s as clear as it gets. Keep (D).

Quote:
E. As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision, which would deemed legally blind for an adult, would be rated about 20/500.

Again, we have a “rudimentary sense of vision, which would be deemed legally blind for an adult…” And that makes no sense. (E) can be eliminated, and (D) is the correct answer.
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2017, 21:22
As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

(A) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.-----"It" is ambiguous here ...seems as it refers to baby not rudimentary sense of vision--wrong

(B) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind as an adult.---comparison issue ....vision is compared to adult

(C) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision would be rated about 20/500; qualifying it to be legally blind if an adult.--fragment after semicolon..here i thnik "its" is fine

(D) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500; an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind.--looks ok

(E) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision, which would deemed legally blind for an adult, would be rated about 20/500.--changes the focus of the sentence ..
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2017, 01:05
sobby wrote:
As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

(A) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.-----"It" is ambiguous here ...seems as it refers to baby not rudimentary sense of vision--wrong

(B) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind as an adult.---comparison issue ....vision is compared to adult

(C) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision would be rated about 20/500; qualifying it to be legally blind if an adult.--fragment after semicolon..here i thnik "its" is fine

(D) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500; an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind.--looks ok

(E) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision, which would deemed legally blind for an adult, would be rated about 20/500.--changes the focus of the sentence ..

Similar thought process, i also finally ended up with option D
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2017, 01:28
1
IMO D

As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

(A) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision. -- use of 'it' is not clear . Is it referring to baby or vision? - out

(B) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind as an adult. -- comparison is not right here . out

(C) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision would be rated about 20/500; qualifying it to be legally blind if an adult. -- use of 'it' not clear . It is referring to womb. out

(D) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500; an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind. - this is it . perfect split as new sentence begin after ; correct comparison

(E) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision, which would deemed legally blind for an adult, would be rated about 20/500. - same problem of 'it' as stated above .out
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2017, 01:58
Option D
Chucking the unnecessary parts:
A baby emerges from womb with a vision that would be rated xyz; an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind.
Tenses are correct in both parts while vision is compared with vision.
What is the OA?

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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2017, 12:16
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 93: Sentence Correction

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As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

(A) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

(B) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind as an adult.

(C) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision would be rated about 20/500; qualifying it to be legally blind if an adult.

(D) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500; an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind.

(E) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision, which would deemed legally blind for an adult, would be rated about 20/500.

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

Original construction is faulty and hence, the true meaning is not being conveyed here. There is a confusion in the pronoun "it" which seems to be referring to sense of vision (I am a critic so not assuming that it refers to baby)Hence, A is wrong.
B- Final phrase is awkward and is continuous.
C- Semi-colon? not independent clauses
D- One independent clause describes a baby’s vision, the other an adult’s; the two independent but linked main clauses are correctly separated with a semicolon
E- Wrong
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2017, 23:23
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 93: Sentence Correction

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As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

(A) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

(B) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind as an adult.

(C) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision would be rated about 20/500; qualifying it to be legally blind if an adult.

(D) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500; an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind.

(E) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision, which would deemed legally blind for an adult, would be rated about 20/500.

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

GMATNinja, I solved this question by eliminating answer A because it used pronoun "it" for "baby"; and answer C and E because both used "its" for "baby".

Can we safely conclude that this is the valid reason to eliminate these choices?
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2017, 00:02
As is used for -
Comparison
Simultaneous action
To give reason.

According to context, /as/ seems like used for showing simultaneous action but it is not correct.

How emerging of baby from womb and rating its vision can be a simultaneous action.
Eliminate A, C, E

B says : Vision would be blind as an adult. That's akward.

IMO D

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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2017, 18:59
septwibowo wrote:
GMATNinja, I solved this question by eliminating answer A because it used pronoun "it" for "baby"; and answer C and E because both used "its" for "baby".

Can we safely conclude that this is the valid reason to eliminate these choices?

I agree that the "it" is a huge problem in answer choice (A), as mentioned here: https://gmatclub.com/forum/qotd-as-a-ba ... l#p1917257.

Good question about (C) and (E), though. In both of them, "its" could, in theory, be considered ambiguous, since "its" could refer to either "baby" or "womb." But pronoun ambiguity isn't an absolute rule on the GMAT (more on pronouns and ambiguity in this webinar), and I don't think that the pronoun is unclear in (C) and (E). At the very least, I wouldn't eliminate (C) or (E) based solely on the pronoun. And in both cases, there are much better reasons (described here) why (C) and (E) are wrong.

I hope this helps!!
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2017, 10:25
septwibowo wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 93: Sentence Correction

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As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

(A) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

(B) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind as an adult.

(C) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision would be rated about 20/500; qualifying it to be legally blind if an adult.

(D) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500; an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind.

(E) As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision, which would deemed legally blind for an adult, would be rated about 20/500.

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

GMATNinja, I solved this question by eliminating answer A because it used pronoun "it" for "baby"; and answer C and E because both used "its" for "baby".

Can we safely conclude that this is the valid reason to eliminate these choices?

pronoun "it" can be used for the babies of either sex.
that should not be the reason to eliminate the choices..

eg. is it a girl or a boy?
the baby is crying. it is not feeling well.
I did not disturb the baby because it was sleeping.
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2017, 19:08
GMATNinja wrote:
septwibowo wrote:
GMATNinja, I solved this question by eliminating answer A because it used pronoun "it" for "baby"; and answer C and E because both used "its" for "baby".

Can we safely conclude that this is the valid reason to eliminate these choices?

I agree that the "it" is a huge problem in answer choice (A), as mentioned here: https://gmatclub.com/forum/qotd-as-a-ba ... l#p1917257.

Good question about (C) and (E), though. In both of them, "its" could, in theory, be considered ambiguous, since "its" could refer to either "baby" or "womb." But pronoun ambiguity isn't an absolute rule on the GMAT (more on pronouns and ambiguity in this webinar), and I don't think that the pronoun is unclear in (C) and (E). At the very least, I wouldn't eliminate (C) or (E) based solely on the pronoun. And in both cases, there are much better reasons (described here) why (C) and (E) are wrong.

I hope this helps!!

Hi GMATNinja,

I still don't understand how "it" is a problem in A as "it" can't refer to baby, but in choice C and E, "its" referring to baby is not a definite error. "Its" referring to baby or womb won't make sense, so that should be enough to eliminate C and E. I understand there are other errors in C and E.

Can "its" referring to "baby" considered okay?

Thanks for your help!

YT
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2017, 03:00
yt770 wrote:
Hi GMATNinja,

I still don't understand how "it" is a problem in A as "it" can't refer to baby, but in choice C and E, "its" referring to baby is not a definite error. "Its" referring to baby or womb won't make sense, so that should be enough to eliminate C and E. I understand there are other errors in C and E.

Can "its" referring to "baby" considered okay?

Thanks for your help!

YT

Hello YT/ yt770,

I will be glad to help you out with this one.

Let's take a look at the original sentence:

As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

In the structure it would be rated..., pronoun it cannot refer to a baby because this reference does not make logical sense. A baby cannot be rated 20/500. Per the context of the sentence, only the sense of vision can be rated so.

Now, the way the original sentence is written, the antecedent of both the instances of pronoun it must refer to the same noun entity. However, pronoun it in the structure if it were an adult... cannot refer to the sense of vision because a sense of vision cannot be an adult.

So, in Choice A, usage of pronoun is incorrect because their reference is not logical.

Now let's talk about Choice C and E. IMHO, usage of pronoun it in Choices C and E are not ambiguous because the sentence won't make sense if it is deemed to refer to any other noun entity apart from a baby. But yes, these two choices have other very definite errors and hence, can be rejected easily.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2017, 01:26
Quote:
Now let's talk about Choice C and E. IMHO, usage of pronoun it in Choices C and E are not ambiguous because the sentence won't make sense if it is deemed to refer to any other noun entity apart from a baby. But yes, these two choices have other very definite errors and hence, can be rejected easily.

Thanks for your response!! Actually, I still have a doubt. In C and E, "its" is not ambiguous and "its" refer to a baby. How is this not a definite error? I totally understand the other errors that make C and E wrong, but what's confusing to me is the usage of "it/its" to refer to a baby. Shouldn't the correct pronoun is his/her/who to refer to a baby? In that context "its" must be wrong.

Thanks!
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2017, 11:30
1
sdlife wrote:

Thanks for your response!! Actually, I still have a doubt. In C and E, "its" is not ambiguous and "its" refer to a baby. How is this not a definite error? I totally understand the other errors that make C and E wrong, but what's confusing to me is the usage of "it/its" to refer to a baby. Shouldn't the correct pronoun is his/her/who to refer to a baby? In that context "its" must be wrong.

Thanks!

Hello sdlife,

Thank you for the query.

The pronoun his is specifically used for boys and her specifically for girls. The sentence does not want to suggest that only baby boys are or baby girls are born with a very rudimentary sense of vision.

The sentence intends to convey that any baby is born with a such a vision. Since this reference is not gender specific, use of pronoun it/its for a baby is correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2018, 23:52
Why is the usage of 'would be ' correct over here? shouldn't it be 'is rated'?
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2018, 17:18
anchitahuja wrote:
Why is the usage of 'would be ' correct over here? shouldn't it be 'is rated'?

In order to say a baby's sight "is rated about 20/500", somebody would actually have to rate the baby's eyesight "when it emerges from the darkness of the womb." And while maybe that could happen using some sort of interesting technology, it seems unlikely that a baby would willingly participate in an eye test as soon as it's born.

Since the actual act of rating the baby's eyesight might not actually happen, it makes sense to use the conditional "would": if somebody were to rate the baby's eyesight as soon as it's born, it would rate about 20/500.

I hope this helps!
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness &nbs [#permalink] 25 Mar 2018, 17:18
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