GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 20 Aug 2018, 02:07

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# QOTD: In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners have

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

MBA Section Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 5121
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
QOTD: In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners have  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Oct 2017, 12:21
11
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

71% (00:49) correct 29% (01:06) wrong based on 529 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 91
Page: 688

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 123: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners have cut prices; their wines have been priced to sell, and they are.

(A) have been priced to sell, and they are
(B) are priced to sell, and they have
(C) are priced to sell, and they do
(D) are being priced to sell, and have
(E) had been priced to sell, and they have

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

_________________
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 1909
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: QOTD: In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners have  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Oct 2017, 12:22
8
1
1
Heh. I kind of hate this question, and that’s exactly why we chose it for a QOTD. Yeah, it’s a verb tense question, but as with most GMAT SC verb tense questions, it’s mostly a question of thinking somewhat deeply about meaning. If you’re using different verb tenses, then the actions must logically happen at different times. (And we’ll have a lot more to say about GMAT verb tenses in an upcoming YouTube webinar.)

OK, so let’s start by figuring out WTF this sentence is trying to say. Before the semicolon, we have an action in present perfect tense (“vintners have cut prices”). The use of this tense suggests that the action began in the past, and continues into the present – or at least that the consequences continue in the present.

So whatever happens in the underlined portion, it has to be consistent – somehow – with the timeline that vintners started cutting prices sometime in the past, and then reaped the benefits later.

Quote:
(A) have been priced to sell, and they are

I’m not sure that the verb tenses are 100% wrong here, but they aren’t great. “Vintners have cut prices” (in the past, continuing into the present), the wines “have been priced to sell” (also in the past, continuing into the present), but then we have “they are.” Why is it that the “they are” is suddenly in the present, but the pricing stuff started in the past? I’m not sure that it’s wrong, but I don’t think it’s ideal.

The bigger issue: “they are” is the end of the sentence. “They are”… WHAT, exactly? “They are”… delicious? “They are”… cheap? “They are”… getting me drunk after I drink two bottles for breakfast?

(Oops, did I say that last part out loud? I don’t drink wine for breakfast… anymore. But there were some interesting times in Argentina…)

Anyway, you have to make a big, fat, weird leap to assume that the word “selling” is implied at the end of the sentence. There’s no grammatical reason why we would be able to make that assumption. And so we don’t actually know what the sentence is trying to say if the sentence just ends with “they are.”

So (A) is out, even if you’re able to give the verb tenses the benefit of the doubt.

Quote:
(B) are priced to sell, and they have

We have a very similar problem in (B) as in (A): “they have”… what, exactly? “They have”… been fermented from leftover potato pancakes instead of grapes? “They have”… caused Johnny Depp to destroy another hotel room in a drunken haze? “They have”… made Mike tipsy and happy after a long day of surfing?

We can’t just assume that the word “sold” would magically appear after the “have.” Again, there’s no grammatical reason why we can just carry another form of the verb “to sell” to the end of the sentence.

(B) is gone, too.

Quote:
(C) are priced to sell, and they do

OK, this is a weird aspect of the English language: various forms of the verb “to do” functions sort of like a pronoun, except that it can refer back to a verb instead of a noun. Consider the following examples:

• Mike always wanted to surf in Chile, and last year, he did. → “did” refers back to the verb “to surf”
• Charlie wanted to eat nine pretzels in one day, and on his last trip to Munich, he did. → “did” refers back to the verb phrase “to eat nine pretzels in one day”, and that sounds awesome

So in (C), the meaning actually makes sense: if “do” refers back to the verb “to sell”, we’re OK. “... the wines are priced to sell, and they [sell].” No problem.

The verb tenses also work pretty well here: vintners “have cut prices” (starting in the past, continuing into the present), and THEN we see the consequences in the present (“the wines are priced to sell, and they [sell]”).

We probably can’t do much better than (C).

Quote:
(D) are being priced to sell, and have

(D) has the same general issue as in (A) and (B): “they have”… what, exactly? Plus, the verb tenses aren’t great here. Why would we use the present progressive “are being priced” – which emphasizes that an action is happening right now – only to switch back to “have”… which is presumably present perfect tense, if it were followed by a participle (i.e., “have sold”).

In other words, even if we assume that the word “have” magically implies the entire phrase “have sold”, the timeline would still be illogical. So (D) is out.

Quote:
(E) had been priced to sell, and they have

(E) has the same “they have… what?” issue as (D), but now the verb tenses are even worse. “Had been priced to sell” suggests that they had been priced to sell in the distant past, before some other past action. So, um, the wines “had been priced to sell” before “vintners have cut prices”, I guess? I’m not sure that you could use the past perfect “had been” before the present perfect “have cut” – but either way, the timeline is completely illogical.

(E) can be eliminated, and we’re left with (C). Tough question, no?
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal

##### General Discussion
Manager
Joined: 13 Jun 2012
Posts: 179
Location: United States
WE: Supply Chain Management (Computer Hardware)
Re: QOTD: In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners have  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Oct 2017, 18:40
Going with C

Reason- its parallel. are priced to sell, and they do (sell)

saw this question in OG
VP
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1218
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Re: QOTD: In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners have  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Oct 2017, 19:12
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 123: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners have cut prices; their wines have been priced to sell, and they are.

(A) have been priced to sell, and they are
(B) are priced to sell, and they have
(C) are priced to sell, and they do
(D) are being priced to sell, and have
(E) had been priced to sell, and they have

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

The clause after the semicolon should be independent clause
The subject of the clause is " their wines".
We should have correct parallelism. "they do " in C is parallel to are priced to sell .
B ,D and E change have tense error .
_________________

Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 412
Re: QOTD: In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners have  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Aug 2018, 21:39
souvik101990 wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 91
Page: 688

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 123: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners have cut prices; their wines have been priced to sell, and they are.

(A) have been priced to sell, and they are
(B) are priced to sell, and they have
(C) are priced to sell, and they do
(D) are being priced to sell, and have
(E) had been priced to sell, and they have

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

look at choice a.
"and they are " mean "and they are priced to sell" . this is not logic. we can think the phrase is " and they are selling" because there is no "selling " in previous clause.
look at b.
there is no "have, or had" in previous phrase, so we can not use "have"
I had learned gmat , and then my friend have
look at b
"and they do" mean "and they sell" . it is good that "do"refers to "sell"
look at c
E is good "and they have" mean "and they have been priced to sell" . this is grammatical but not logic. before they had been priced to sell and then they have been priced to sell.
Intern
Joined: 15 Jul 2016
Posts: 1
Re: QOTD: In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners have  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Aug 2018, 10:05
Hi,

Though it is clear why C is the correct answer, I would like to know if "their" in their wines and "they" could refer to two entirely different nouns.

IMO, their would refer to Italian Vintners while they would refer to wines, & since both the pronouns refer to different nouns, is the structure of the sentence as per GMAT rules (pronoun ambiguity) acceptable?

Thanks GMATNinja GMATNinjaTWO
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 1909
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: QOTD: In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners have  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Aug 2018, 19:22
578vishnu wrote:
Hi,

Though it is clear why C is the correct answer, I would like to know if "their" in their wines and "they" could refer to two entirely different nouns.

IMO, their would refer to Italian Vintners while they would refer to wines, & since both the pronouns refer to different nouns, is the structure of the sentence as per GMAT rules (pronoun ambiguity) acceptable?

Thanks GMATNinja GMATNinjaTWO

Public Service Announcement: anytime you're asking whether the construction in an official, correct answer is acceptable, the answer is always "yes."

There are two things you ideally want to notice here. First, four of the five answer choices contain "they." If you can see that (D) has both a verb tense and a logic issue, this option is out, and you know that you're going to be left with "they" in the correct answer. So there's no reason to waste brain cells worrying about "they", because you basically don't have a choice once you eliminate (D).

Secondly, the construction might not be ideal, but it's pretty logical. Often, when we use a pronoun in the subject of a clause, that pronoun will refer back to the subject of the previous clause (see this video for more on this particular pronoun issue). The sentence starts with "Italian vintners have cut prices; their wines are..." "Their wines" is the subject of the second clause, and the subject of the first clause was "Italian vintners". So there's no problem there.

Next, we have: "their wines are priced to sell, and they do." Again, "they" is the subject of a clause, and the subject of the previous clause was "their wines." Makes sense for "they" to refer to those wines. (And it's worth reiterating: if we'd been able to get rid of (D), we wouldn't waste any time with the above analysis.)

I hope that helps!
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal

Re: QOTD: In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners have &nbs [#permalink] 15 Aug 2018, 19:22
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Events & Promotions

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.