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QOTD: Well-known businessman Arnold Bergeron

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QOTD: Well-known businessman Arnold Bergeron [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 211: Critical Reasoning


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Journalist: Well-known businessman Arnold Bergeron has long been popular in the state, and he has often talked about running for governor, but he has never run. However, we have just learned that Bergeron has fulfilled the financial disclosure requirement for candidacy by submitting a detailed list of his current financial holdings to the election commission. So, it is very likely that Bergeron will be a candidate for governor this year.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the journalist's argument?

A. Has anybody else who has fulfilled the financial disclosure requirement for the upcoming election reported greater financial holdings than Bergeron?
B. Is submitting a list of holdings the only way to fulfill the election commission's financial disclosure requirements?
C. Did the information recently obtained by the journalists come directly from the election commission?
D. Have Bergeron's financial holdings increased in value in recent years?
E. Had Bergeron also fulfilled the financial disclosure requirements for candidacy before any previous gubernatorial elections?

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QOTD: Well-known businessman Arnold Bergeron [#permalink]

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The journalist concludes that "it is very likely that Bergeron will be a candidate for governor this year." How does the journalist arrive at this conclusion?

  • Arnold Bergeron (AB) is a well-known businessman who has long been popular in the state.
  • AB has often talked about running for governor, but he has never actually run for governor.
  • According to recent news, AB has fulfilled the financial disclosure requirement for candidacy.

In other words, AB has taken a step that WOULD be necessary if he actually wanted to become a candidate. But does this necessarily imply that Bergeron will very likely be a candidate for governor this year?

The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the journalist's argument?

Quote:
A. Has anybody else who has fulfilled the financial disclosure requirement for the upcoming election reported greater financial holdings than Bergeron?

In order to run for governor, a candidate would first have to submit a detailed list of his/her current financial holdings to the election commission. The requirement is that the candidate SUBMIT this information. The passage does NOT mention any requirements based on the CONTENTS of that financial information.

In other words, according to the passage, a potential candidate simply needs to submit the required information. It doesn't matter whether the candidate has greater financial holdings than the other potential candidates. Choice (A) is irrelevant and can be eliminated.

Quote:
B. Is submitting a list of holdings the only way to fulfill the election commission's financial disclosure requirements?

We already know that AB has fulfilled the election commission's financial disclosure requirements. Even if there are other ways to fulfill those requirements, it still seems as though AB has taken the first step towards running for governor. The answer to choice (B) might provide interesting information, but it would not help us evaluate the journalists' argument or conclusion. Eliminate (B).

Quote:
C. Did the information recently obtained by the journalists come directly from the election commission?

The passage tells us that the journalist has learned that AB has fulfilled the financial disclosure requirement for candidacy. Regardless of whether that knowledge came directly from the election commission or from a secondary or tertiary source makes little difference.

Sure, knowing whether the journalist got the information from an unreliable source could certainly affect the argument. But would we be able to determine the reliability of the source just by answering this question? For example, say that the answer to (C) were, "No, the information was obtained from the town council, which received its information directly from the election commission." Okay, we've answered the question, but do we have any grounds for questioning the accuracy of the information?

Certain answers to this question could impact the author's argument. But we are looking for the question whose answer would be "most useful", so let's see if we can do better.

Quote:
D. Have Bergeron's financial holdings increased in value in recent years?

As explained for choice (A), we are not aware of any requirements based on the details of a potential candidate's holdings. According to the passage, a potential candidate fulfills the election commission's financial disclosure requirements simply by submitting the required information. As far as we can tell, it makes no difference whether AB's financial holdings have increased, decreased, or stayed the same. Eliminate (D).

Quote:
E. Had Bergeron also fulfilled the financial disclosure requirements for candidacy before any previous gubernatorial elections?

AB has taken a step that WOULD be necessary if he actually wanted to become a candidate. Based on that information, the journalist concludes that AB is very likely be a candidate for governor this year.

But what if AB has taken this same step before other previous gubernatorial elections? We know that AB has never run before, so if the answer to (E) is "Yes," then AB has, in the past, completed this step without subsequently running for governor.

In other words, if the answer is "Yes," then AB has a history of completing this step without actually running for governor. So, taking that step would not be evidence that AB is actually going to run. Since the journalist's argument is based solely on that piece of evidence, this would hurt the argument.

If, however, this is the first time that AB has taken this step, then it is stronger evidence that AB will actually run.

Answering this question would be much more useful than answering the question listed in choice (C), so (E) is the best answer.
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Re: QOTD: Well-known businessman Arnold Bergeron [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2018, 05:33
B
If submitting the list is the only criteria then the argument is strengthened.
If there are other criteria's as well then the argument is weakened.

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Re: QOTD: Well-known businessman Arnold Bergeron [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2018, 05:37
pkshankar wrote:
B
If submitting the list is the only criteria then the argument is strengthened.
If there are other criteria's as well then the argument is weakened.

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It still doesn't confirm us whether he had submitted the list only for the purpose of participating in the elections. There might be another reason for the same. E on the other hand would give us profound example if something like this was done by him previously only to participate in an election. If yes, it will strengthen the argument. If no, it would mean that he submitted the list already during an election but not to participate in it --> weakening the argument.


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Re: QOTD: Well-known businessman Arnold Bergeron [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2018, 07:27
Journalist: Well-known businessman Arnold Bergeron has long been popular in the state, and he has often talked about running for governor, but he has never run. However, we have just learned that Bergeron has fulfilled the financial disclosure requirement for candidacy by submitting a detailed list of his current financial holdings to the election commission. So, it is very likely that Bergeron will be a candidate for governor this year.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the journalist's argument?

A. Has anybody else who has fulfilled the financial disclosure requirement for the upcoming election reported greater financial holdings than Bergeron? -Anybody else is out of scope
B. Is submitting a list of holdings the only way to fulfill the election commission's financial disclosure requirements? -Even if there is any other way still the financial disclosure requirement has been completed.
C. Did the information recently obtained by the journalists come directly from the election commission? -Out of scope
D. Have Bergeron's financial holdings increased in value in recent years? -Out of scope
E. Had Bergeron also fulfilled the financial disclosure requirements for candidacy before any previous gubernatorial elections? -Correct. If he had fulfilled this requirement in previous elections as well then it would cast doubt on the appearance of Arnold as a candidate.
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Re: QOTD: Well-known businessman Arnold Bergeron [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2018, 07:11
gmatexam439 wrote:
Journalist: Well-known businessman Arnold Bergeron has long been popular in the state, and he has often talked about running for governor, but he has never run. However, we have just learned that Bergeron has fulfilled the financial disclosure requirement for candidacy by submitting a detailed list of his current financial holdings to the election commission. So, it is very likely that Bergeron will be a candidate for governor this year.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the journalist's argument?

A. Has anybody else who has fulfilled the financial disclosure requirement for the upcoming election reported greater financial holdings than Bergeron? -Anybody else is out of scope
B. Is submitting a list of holdings the only way to fulfill the election commission's financial disclosure requirements? -Even if there is any other way still the financial disclosure requirement has been completed.
C. Did the information recently obtained by the journalists come directly from the election commission? -Out of scope
D. Have Bergeron's financial holdings increased in value in recent years? -Out of scope
E. Had Bergeron also fulfilled the financial disclosure requirements for candidacy before any previous gubernatorial elections? -Correct. If he had fulfilled this requirement in previous elections as well then it would cast doubt on the appearance of Arnold as a candidate.


How do I tackle answer choices like E? I didn't understand the word gubernatorial. I heard it for the first time. On the other hand I thought C is good because if the reporter has not heard from trusted or authentic source then argument weakens.

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Re: QOTD: Well-known businessman Arnold Bergeron [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2018, 09:42
What info would it make it more likely/less likely that AB is running for office? We know from the past that there were instances when it seemed like he was going to run but end up not running.

Answer choices are between B and E. Everything else is not mentioned as evidence or does not affect the conclusion.

B. Is submitting a list of holdings the only way to fulfill the election commission's financial disclosure requirements?
If yes - then sure, he might be applying.
If not, and there are other ways to to fulfill the requirements, does it still make it less likely? If I can submit Form A and Form B, but I forgot to bring Form A and submit Form B instead, does that affect whether or not I'm applying? Nope - because I'm still applying

E. Had Bergeron also fulfilled the financial disclosure requirements for candidacy before any previous gubernatorial elections?
If yes - hold on... AB backed out in previous races... doing this again might show that hes not serious about contending this time around
If not - this is not like last time... maybe AB is serious this time
Re: QOTD: Well-known businessman Arnold Bergeron   [#permalink] 31 Jan 2018, 09:42
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