GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 21 Aug 2018, 15:15

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Current Student
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 5120
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2015, 11:24
5
20
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

54% (00:47) correct 46% (01:07) wrong based on 994 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Researchers report that the earliest surviving Mohican inscriptions on stone tablets, written with natural inks and imitated the Inca style of calligraphy, date from the eighth century B.

A. written with natural inks and imitated

B. written with natural inks and imitating

C. which were written with natural inks that imitated

D. which were written with natural inks and imitating

E. which was written with natural inks and which imitated

Day 14 Question of the Verbal Contest: Race Against the GMAT Club Timer

_________________
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4530
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 16 May 2017, 05:59
7
4
Pure play of parallelism and logical reference for the pronoun ‘which’
Written and imitating are participial modifiers that befit the context. It is wrong to think that a past participle cannot be combined with a present participle. There are official examples to prove this point.

We can dispose of the pronoun issue of ‘which’ in one stroke that it is wrongly referring to the tablets rather than to the inscriptions. But then arguments surface that on the tablets is an essential prepositional modifier and therefore the inscriptions indeed are the logical reference. However, even after winking at this issue, we can still arrive at the right answer.

A. written with natural inks and imitated --- pseudo parallelism; meaning changes that the stone tablets imitated the Incas; it is the inscriptions that imitated. Here 'imitated' is a working past tense verb and not a past participle

B. written with natural inks and imitating --- Correct

C. which were written with natural inks that imitated ---What imitated the Inca?; definitely not the natural inks.

D. which were written with natural inks and imitating --- structurally unparallel; this sentence is trying to join a subordinate clause with a phrase by using the parallel conjunction ‘and’

E. which was written with natural inks and which imitated --- which 'was written' is plain S-V number mismatch

P.S. eighth century B should be eighth century B.C., I suppose.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Originally posted by daagh on 30 Jul 2015, 21:06.
Last edited by daagh on 16 May 2017, 05:59, edited 1 time in total.
##### General Discussion
Current Student
Joined: 20 Mar 2014
Posts: 2643
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
Schools: Kellogg '18 (M)
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.7
WE: Engineering (Aerospace and Defense)
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2015, 11:34
souvik101990 wrote:

Researchers report that the earliest surviving Mohican inscriptions on stone tablets, written with natural inks and imitated the Inca style of calligraphy, date from the eighth century B.

A. written with natural inks and imitated

B. written with natural inks and imitating

C. which were written with natural inks that imitated

D. which were written with natural inks and imitating

E. which was written with natural inks and which imitated

Day 14 Question of the Verbal Contest: Race Against the GMAT Club Timer

Good question. Focus on meaning!
Retired Moderator
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 1162
Location: India
RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2015, 11:48
There is a parallelism error 3-2 split of imitating vs imitated in comparison with written.
Thus B and D can be eliminated.
C gives a wrong meaning that inks imitated calligraphy style whereas inscriptions on tablets do that.
Out of A and E, A looks concise and good.
_________________

The only time you can lose is when you give up. Try hard and you will suceed.
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

http://gmatclub.com/forum/rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html
When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions
Avoid posting from unreliable sources.

My posts
http://gmatclub.com/forum/beauty-of-coordinate-geometry-213760.html#p1649924
http://gmatclub.com/forum/calling-all-march-april-gmat-takers-who-want-to-cross-213154.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/possessive-pronouns-200496.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/double-negatives-206717.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-greatest-integer-function-223595.html#p1721773

Intern
Joined: 30 May 2015
Posts: 48
WE: Analyst (Internet and New Media)
RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2015, 11:54
2
Researchers report that the earliest surviving Mohican inscriptions on stone tablets, written with natural inks and imitated the Inca style of calligraphy, date from the eighth century B.

A. written with natural inks and imitated-> does not modify preceding clause

B. written with natural inks and imitating-> both correctly modify preceding clause

C. which were written with natural inks that imitated->which refers to stone tablets - does not make sense

D. which were written with natural inks and imitating->which refers to stone tablets - does not make sense

E. which was written with natural inks and which imitated->which refers to stone tablets - does not make sense

Awaiting OA.
Hope I am right!

Rgds,
Dhruva
Intern
Joined: 20 Mar 2015
Posts: 16
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2015, 14:44
Since the subject of the statement is the Incriptions, so use of 'which' word seems wrong since it tries to shift the focus on Tablets, instead of Inscriptions..
Out of the remaining options, it's easy to make out...
Manager
Joined: 14 Feb 2012
Posts: 54
Location: United States
WE: Project Management (Consulting)
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2015, 17:46
Good question. Checking about two different time frames, when it was written and when it is imitating.

I think I picked the right answer. Waiting for OA.
Manager
Joined: 21 Jul 2014
Posts: 74
Location: United States
WE: Project Management (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2015, 20:16
This question wants to convey a fact about inscription
Particular type of inscriptions ( mohican on stone tablets and not on wood)
It says those inscriptions date back to Some time.
The underlined modifier's plays the role of providing additional info about the Imacriptions. There is comma before this modifier and we have only one action prior to this modifier.

This action is the researchers stating. It doesn't make sense for the words to modify this action.

The intended meaning is to give a specific non essential info abt the inscriptions.

This is done by using " which " which refers back to inscriptions.

Hence D.
Current Student
Joined: 05 Apr 2015
Posts: 416
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2015, 20:48
"which" is necessary to refer to the "Mohican inscriptions".... it can skip the prepositional phrase.."on stone tables". So C,D,E remain.

"inscriptions" is plural so E is out because it uses "was" instead of "were".

As per C: "natural inks" imitated the "inca style"

As per D: "Mohican inscriptions" imitated the "inca style".

Hence D makes more sense.

Regards,
Dom.
Current Student
Joined: 05 Apr 2015
Posts: 416
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2015, 21:18
Hi Daagh,

"on stone tablets" is a prepositional phrase, so "which" can rightly refer to the "inscriptions" IMO.

Here we are referring to the "specific set" of inscriptions which are earliest surviving... so "which" is necessary IMO.

Can you pls clarify how and why you depose "which" right away..

Parallelism is definitely not good in D though...

Regards,
Dom.
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4530
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2015, 21:49
Of course, as already pointed by me, I did anticipate such a response. By dispose of, I meant that I can dispose of worrying about the use of which; But what about the other points, I have raised about C and E; If you admit D is bad in parallelism, then what is the right answer?
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Intern
Joined: 03 Jun 2014
Posts: 16
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 640 Q50 V26
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 3: 730 Q50 V38
GPA: 2.72
WE: General Management (Energy and Utilities)
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2015, 21:53
B....because of correct modifier usage
Current Student
Joined: 05 Apr 2015
Posts: 416
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2015, 22:05
2
C and E are perfectly clear and out.

"which" makes or breaks between B and D.

I am not that strong where things go down so close..

Regards,
Dom.
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4530
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2015, 22:11
Welcome Dom, one day you will become strong; my kudos to you for your spirited debate and willingness to accept the other side of the point.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Current Student
Joined: 28 Sep 2013
Posts: 97
Location: United States (NC)
Concentration: Operations, Technology
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2015, 00:11
1
The answer is in the Question stem (in the end)
_________________

_________________________________

Intern
Joined: 08 Apr 2013
Posts: 22
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2015, 02:27
Intern
Joined: 11 Nov 2014
Posts: 38
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V31
GMAT 2: 720 Q50 V37
GPA: 3.6
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2015, 04:55
dominicraj wrote:
C and E are perfectly clear and out.

"which" makes or breaks between B and D.

I am not that strong where things go down so close..

Regards,
Dom.

dominicraj

"Which", must be separated by a comma and 99.9% of the time (not to say always) refers to what is glued to it, in this case "stone tablets". This construction wouldn´t make sense for the official answer.
Retired Moderator
Status: On a mountain of skulls, in the castle of pain, I sit on a throne of blood.
Joined: 30 Jul 2013
Posts: 347
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2015, 07:56
Good one. Paraellism of participles. Meaning is the key here.
Intern
Joined: 04 Nov 2013
Posts: 39
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GPA: 4
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2015, 10:30
Seems like there are many disagreements. Awaiting OA.
_________________

Please kudos if you found this post helpful. I am trying to unlock the tests

Current Student
Joined: 03 May 2014
Posts: 69
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 680 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 700 Q49 V35
GPA: 3.6
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2015, 11:54
Which can refer to the correct and logical antecedent but after that all sentences have some problem, so C, D, and E gone. Out of A and B.. B seems parallel as participle phrases are parallel when referring to the same subject.
_________________

Beat verbal, Beat GMAT...
Trying Hard to do that.....

Kudos if my post helped you

Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest &nbs [#permalink] 31 Jul 2015, 11:54

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 43 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Events & Promotions

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.