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RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest

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RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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Researchers report that the earliest surviving Mohican inscriptions on stone tablets, written with natural inks and imitated the Inca style of calligraphy, date from the eighth century B.

A. written with natural inks and imitated

B. written with natural inks and imitating

C. which were written with natural inks that imitated

D. which were written with natural inks and imitating

E. which was written with natural inks and which imitated

Day 14 Question of the Verbal Contest: Race Against the GMAT Club Timer
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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2015, 10:34
souvik101990 wrote:
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Researchers report that the earliest surviving Mohican inscriptions on stone tablets, written with natural inks and imitated the Inca style of calligraphy, date from the eighth century B.

A. written with natural inks and imitated

B. written with natural inks and imitating

C. which were written with natural inks that imitated

D. which were written with natural inks and imitating

E. which was written with natural inks and which imitated

Day 14 Question of the Verbal Contest: Race Against the GMAT Club Timer
Please make sure to post a brief reply without revealing your solution to enter the contest!


Good question. Focus on meaning!
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RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2015, 10:48
There is a parallelism error 3-2 split of imitating vs imitated in comparison with written.
Thus B and D can be eliminated.
C gives a wrong meaning that inks imitated calligraphy style whereas inscriptions on tablets do that.
Out of A and E, A looks concise and good.
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RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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Researchers report that the earliest surviving Mohican inscriptions on stone tablets, written with natural inks and imitated the Inca style of calligraphy, date from the eighth century B.

A. written with natural inks and imitated-> does not modify preceding clause

B. written with natural inks and imitating-> both correctly modify preceding clause

C. which were written with natural inks that imitated->which refers to stone tablets - does not make sense

D. which were written with natural inks and imitating->which refers to stone tablets - does not make sense

E. which was written with natural inks and which imitated->which refers to stone tablets - does not make sense

Awaiting OA.
Hope I am right!

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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2015, 13:44
Since the subject of the statement is the Incriptions, so use of 'which' word seems wrong since it tries to shift the focus on Tablets, instead of Inscriptions..
Out of the remaining options, it's easy to make out...
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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2015, 16:46
Good question. Checking about two different time frames, when it was written and when it is imitating.

I think I picked the right answer. Waiting for OA.
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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2015, 19:16
This question wants to convey a fact about inscription
Particular type of inscriptions ( mohican on stone tablets and not on wood)
It says those inscriptions date back to Some time.
The underlined modifier's plays the role of providing additional info about the Imacriptions. There is comma before this modifier and we have only one action prior to this modifier.

This action is the researchers stating. It doesn't make sense for the words to modify this action.

The intended meaning is to give a specific non essential info abt the inscriptions.

This is done by using " which " which refers back to inscriptions.

Hence D.
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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2015, 19:48
"which" is necessary to refer to the "Mohican inscriptions".... it can skip the prepositional phrase.."on stone tables". So C,D,E remain.

"inscriptions" is plural so E is out because it uses "was" instead of "were".

As per C: "natural inks" imitated the "inca style"

As per D: "Mohican inscriptions" imitated the "inca style".

Hence D makes more sense.

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RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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Pure play of parallelism and logical reference for the pronoun ‘which’
Written and imitating are participial modifiers that befit the context. It is wrong to think that a past participle cannot be combined with a present participle. There are official examples to prove this point.

We can dispose of the pronoun issue of ‘which’ in one stroke that it is wrongly referring to the tablets rather than to the inscriptions. But then arguments surface that on the tablets is an essential prepositional modifier and therefore the inscriptions indeed are the logical reference. However, even after winking at this issue, we can still arrive at the right answer.

A. written with natural inks and imitated --- pseudo parallelism; meaning changes that the stone tablets imitated the Incas; it is the inscriptions that imitated. Here 'imitated' is a working past tense verb and not a past participle

B. written with natural inks and imitating --- Correct

C. which were written with natural inks that imitated ---What imitated the Inca?; definitely not the natural inks.

D. which were written with natural inks and imitating --- structurally unparallel; this sentence is trying to join a subordinate clause with a phrase by using the parallel conjunction ‘and’

E. which was written with natural inks and which imitated --- which 'was written' is plain S-V number mismatch


P.S. eighth century B should be eighth century B.C., I suppose.
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Last edited by daagh on 16 May 2017, 04:59, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2015, 20:18
Hi Daagh,

"on stone tablets" is a prepositional phrase, so "which" can rightly refer to the "inscriptions" IMO.

Here we are referring to the "specific set" of inscriptions which are earliest surviving... so "which" is necessary IMO.

Can you pls clarify how and why you depose "which" right away..

Parallelism is definitely not good in D though...

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RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2015, 20:49
Of course, as already pointed by me, I did anticipate such a response. By dispose of, I meant that I can dispose of worrying about the use of which; But what about the other points, I have raised about C and E; If you admit D is bad in parallelism, then what is the right answer?
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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2015, 20:53
B....because of correct modifier usage
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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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C and E are perfectly clear and out.

"which" makes or breaks between B and D. :)

I am not that strong where things go down so close..

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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2015, 21:11
Welcome Dom, one day you will become strong; my kudos to you for your spirited debate and willingness to accept the other side of the point.
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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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The answer is in the Question stem :-D :-D (in the end)
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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2015, 01:27
Took me about 20 seconds. Can't look past one obvious answer
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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2015, 03:55
dominicraj wrote:
C and E are perfectly clear and out.

"which" makes or breaks between B and D. :)

I am not that strong where things go down so close..

Regards,
Dom.


dominicraj

"Which", must be separated by a comma and 99.9% of the time (not to say always) refers to what is glued to it, in this case "stone tablets". This construction wouldn´t make sense for the official answer.
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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2015, 06:56
Good one. Paraellism of participles. Meaning is the key here.
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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2015, 09:30
Seems like there are many disagreements. Awaiting OA.
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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2015, 10:54
Which can refer to the correct and logical antecedent but after that all sentences have some problem, so C, D, and E gone. Out of A and B.. B seems parallel as participle phrases are parallel when referring to the same subject.
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Re: RAGCT 2015 Day 14: Researchers report that the earliest   [#permalink] 31 Jul 2015, 10:54

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