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Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth

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Director
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Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2007, 22:08
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

39% (00:55) correct 61% (01:14) wrong based on 1414 sessions

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Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

(A) Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

(B) Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

(C) Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

(D) Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

(E) Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2015, 00:38
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This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

A. Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

B. Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

C. Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

D. Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

E. Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

Spoiler: :: OE
The original sentence contains several errors. First, the construction "X rather than Y"
requires parallelism between X and Y, but the original sentence pairs an active verb
("accept") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is
incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X,
then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about
reaching India by traveling west.
(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) The construction "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this
choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the
use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce
conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if”
to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.
(C) This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare
the verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the
correct choice.
(D) CORRECT. This choice uses the construction “X rather than Y” to correctly
compare the parallel active verbs “accept” and “sailed.” The uncertainty about
reaching India by traveling west is correctly indicated by the word “whether.”
(E) This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the
verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the correct
choice.
Even if “instead of” were correct, the construction "X instead of Y" requires parallelism
between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one
("was sent"). Finally, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is
used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should
be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.

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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2015, 04:58
13
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'Rather than' for PREFERENCE and 'Instead of' for Replacement.
'Whether' for ALTERNATIVE and 'IF' for Condition or Hypothetical situation.
Active is preferred over Passive voice.

Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

A. Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

B. Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

C. Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

D. Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain - Correct

E. Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.
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General Discussion
Manager
Joined: 05 Jul 2007
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2007, 22:18
1
I say the answer is D
A,B, and E all have passive voice with "was sent", so they're out.
Between C and D, "Rather than accept" tends to agree more with "sailed" than does "Instead of accepting"
Any other thoughts?
Director
Joined: 06 Sep 2006
Posts: 699
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2007, 07:00
Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

If I see something like that on G-day, I would go with B but here I believe they are all wrong or correct me if I am wrong?

'Rather than accepting the wisdom that earth was flat' is a modifier it should modify king & queen not Columbus?
Director
Joined: 26 Feb 2006
Posts: 882
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2007, 07:43
1
Hi Folks,

I do not have OA on this one. I do not remember from where I picked it but it seems quite complicate and controversial.

imo, B is best but I found D as OA in some posts. I cannot go with D for "having been sent by". Having been is generally not accepted in gmat.
Director
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2007, 07:57
Well on a second thought A, B and E can not be the answer because of modifier issues.

We are left with C and D.
I dont like either but we have to pick one so i guess 'rather than' more formal than 'instead of'. So, D. but both C and D look really funny to me!
Director
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2007, 09:25
there is a good explanation here on why it is D

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... r+columbus
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2007, 12:21
6
6
this is from the manhattan

The original sentence contains several errors. First, the construction "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but the original sentence pairs an active verb ("accept") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) The construction "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.

(C) This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the correct choice.

(D) CORRECT. This choice uses the construction “X rather than Y” to correctly compare the parallel active verbs “accept” and “sailed.” The uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west is correctly indicated by the word “whether.”

(E) This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the correct choice. Even if “instead of” were correct, the construction "X instead of Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Finally, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.
SVP
Joined: 24 Aug 2006
Posts: 2096
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2007, 22:06
eyunni wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

(1) Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

(2) Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

(3) Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

(4) Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

(5) Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

I'll go with choice D. "rather" compares verbs and "instead" compares nouns. D is active, B is passive.
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2007, 23:16
eyunni wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

(1) Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

(2) Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

(3) Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

(4) Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

(5) Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

D. rather than is preffered over instead. in D, Christopher Columbus sailed properly modifies the introductory phrase "thaher than.......".
Director
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2007, 06:13
eyunni wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

(1) Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

(2) Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

(3) Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

(4) Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

(5) Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

between 'c' and 'E' .

Problem with identifying the subject. In C - Columbus is th subject and in 'E' the king.

Will go for 'E'
Manager
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2007, 06:44
I would go with E.

Even though "rather than" is preferred to "instead of" on gmat. INSETAD of is better suited here.

Explanation:
I think the "king & queen" instead of accepting the norm attempted to prove the accepted norm incorrect.

If I rephrase :
The king and queen did A instead of B (When they were expected to do B)

However if the king and queen has two choices A & B in front of them, both equally acceptable, they would probably choose B "rather than" A.
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2007, 07:45
I think its 'D'

I am not sure about
In answer D what " , having been sent by the king and queen of Spain. " is modifying what?
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2007, 08:42
Instead of - suggests that one person, thing or action replaces another. I liked Saviop's explanation!

Thus, I think we need " instead of" even though "rather than" is more often used. Between C and E, I would pick E because in C, I did not like " having been sent by the king and queen of Spain" at the end of the sentence.
Director
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2007, 10:17
IMO, there are only two options: (3) & (4). The rest use passive voice. Although I prefer 'rather than', I thought it reqires a noun/noun phrase and thus chose (3). However, OA is (4).
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2007, 19:38
eyunni wrote:
'rather than', I thought it reqires a noun/noun phrase and thus chose (3). However, OA is (4).

Always:
rather = verbs

eg.
rather than eat
again:
rather than drinking, he inhaled the wine.
instead of beer, I drank wine
Director
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2007, 06:07
kidderek wrote:
eyunni wrote:
'rather than', I thought it reqires a noun/noun phrase and thus chose (3). However, OA is (4).

Always:
rather = verbs

eg.
rather than eat
again:
rather than drinking, he inhaled the wine.
instead of beer, I drank wine

Is this wrong? "Instead of drinking beer, I drank wine."
Manager
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2007, 10:41
Whether is pefered over if. If is usually used for conditions. That eliminates A and B
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth  [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2007, 18:34
eyunni wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

(1) Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

(2) Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

(3) Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

(4) Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

(5) Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

I went w/ D, but I don't like it.

I elim all the choices that used accepting instead of accept.

so AD. I went w/ D b/c use of whether is preffered over "if".

What about the ending of D though? Doesnt this create a run on? end of D just seems so out of place.
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth &nbs [#permalink] 22 Oct 2007, 18:34

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