It is currently 24 Jun 2017, 19:14

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 11 Jul 2006
Posts: 68
Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jul 2007, 17:27
2
This post received
KUDOS
28
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

77% (01:50) correct 23% (00:56) wrong based on 1899 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

A. rather than developing independently from
B. rather than a type that developed independently from
C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of
D. instead of developing independently from
E. instead of a development that was independent of

Can anyone explain what's the difference between "rather than" and "instead of"?? Took a long time to eliminate the answer because i could not decide which one (rather than/instead of) is better.

Thanks,
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mau5 on 26 Aug 2013, 01:54, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA
3 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Feb 2010
Posts: 186
Re: OG 10 - 143 SC [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 May 2010, 04:34
3
This post received
KUDOS
Answer A and D changes the meaning such that to suggest the egg-laying mammals grew by themselves.
Answer C introduces 2 nouns "a type" and "development"



Rather than - shows preference.
1). We ought to invest in machinery rather than buildings.
2). I prefer starting early rather than leaving things to the last minute.

Instead of - suggests that one person, thing or action replaces another.
1). I'll have tea instead of coffee, please.
2). I stayed in bed all day instead of going to work.


"...mammals...are... a branch.... rather than... a type that developed"
"...mammals...are... a branch.... instead of... a development that was"

From this reasoning, I would go with B.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 25 Jul 2010
Posts: 182
Re: OG 10 - 143 SC [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jan 2011, 23:06
(B)

(A) rather than developing independently from
(B) rather than a type that developed independently from
(C) rather than a type whose development was independent of - Wrong comparison
(D) instead of developing independently from
(E) instead of a development that was independent of
_________________

Raptor

Expert Post
22 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
B
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2096
Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Nov 2012, 10:49
22
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
5
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi All,

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

Meaning Analysis:

The sentence is talking about the Australian egg-laying mammals of today. They are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution. They did not develop independently from a common ancestor of mammals.

Error Analysis:

The sentence is presenting a comparison. It says that Australian egg-laying mammals are X rather than Y.

X = a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution (a noun phrase)
Y = developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals (a noun phrase that actually starts from an action word – a gerund)

Hence, the entities compared are not parallel. Y also needs to be a noun phrase that starts with a “proper” noun entity.

PoE:

A. rather than developing independently from: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. rather than a type that developed independently from: Correct. “a type…” is parallel to “a branch…”

C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of: Incorrect. Plural subject “developments” does not agree in number with singular “was”.

D. instead of developing independently from: Incorrect. Same parallelism error as in choice A.

E. instead of a development that was independent of: Incorrect. Again, the entities compared are logically not parallel.

So you see, the knowledge of correct usage or “rather than” and “instead of” is not imperative to solve this problem.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

1 KUDOS received
Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 27 Jun 2012
Posts: 411
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jan 2013, 22:57
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
1) What is wrong with C?
-- See my explanation below.

2) OG says both 'rather than' and 'instead of ' can be used here though I know that ' rather than' is the correct one as it indicates preference.
OG explanation, it seems, is clearly flawed.

This problem is not testing instead/rather than as both can be used here (if used correctly). It is testing comparison, parallelism, meaning errors as specified below. May be this is what OG has also mentioned in the explanation.
(A) rather than developing independently from
--Incorrect comparison. Noun "A branch" is being compared with noun phrase "developing independently", hence does parallelism error.
(B) rather than a type that developed independently from
-- Correct. This choice is concise, fixes the parallelism error by comparing "a branch" with "a type" and uses correct form of "independently from".
(C) rather than a type whose development was independent of
-- This does meaning error as "independent of" means "irrespective of" or "regardless of" which is nonsensical in this context. Also this choice uses noun phrase "development was independent of" and is wordier than verb "developed independently from".
(D) instead of developing independently from
-- Does same error as in choice (A)
(E) instead of a development that was independent of
-- Does the meaning error as choice (C) with use of "independent of" which doesn't fit in this context.
_________________

Thanks,
Prashant Ponde

Tough 700+ Level RCs: Passage1 | Passage2 | Passage3 | Passage4 | Passage5 | Passage6 | Passage7
Reading Comprehension notes: Click here
VOTE GMAT Practice Tests: Vote Here
PowerScore CR Bible - Official Guide 13 Questions Set Mapped: Click here
Looking to finance your tuition: Click here

VP
VP
avatar
S
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1414
Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jan 2013, 00:15
[quote="PraPon"]1) What is wrong with C?
-- See my explanation below.

2) OG says both 'rather than' and 'instead of ' can be used here though I know that ' rather than' is the correct one as it indicates preference.
OG explanation, it seems, is clearly flawed.

This problem is not testing instead/rather than as both can be used here (if used correctly). It is testing comparison, parallelism, meaning errors as specified below. May be this is what OG has also mentioned in the explanation.
(A) rather than developing independently from
--Incorrect comparison. Noun "A branch" is being compared with noun phrase "developing independently", hence does parallelism error.
(B) rather than a type that developed independently from
-- Correct. This choice is concise, fixes the parallelism error by comparing "a branch" with "a type" and uses correct form of "independently from".
(C) rather than a type whose development was independent of
-- This does meaning error as "independent of" means "irrespective of" or "regardless of" which is nonsensical in this context. Also this choice uses noun phrase "development was independent of" and is wordier than verb "developed independently from".
(D) instead of developing independently from
-- Does same error as in choice (A)
(E) instead of a development that was independent of
[color=#ff0000]-- Does the meaning error as choice (C) with use of "independent of" which doesn't fit in this cont

I do not understand the difference between "independent of" and "independently from" between C and B, pls explain more fully. Thank you
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 893
Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Premium Member
Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2013, 01:30
The explanation given in OG12 for answer option (E) is contrary to what e-gmat explained.

Here it is
Why (E) is incorrect OG's explanation:
While a development may appear to parallel
a branch, a development that was independent
of . . . expresses a meaning contrary to that
expressed in the original sentence. The verb
developed is preferable to the noun
development.

The point here is of the phrase "independent of/independent from". Furthermore , as per MGMAT SC Guide VAN Rule , we prefer

Verb Over Noun

For more: http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/ind ... 11721.html



In this option there is a NOUN = development when the verb is available VERB = developed.

This answer choice gave a good competition to the correct answer choice because as per OG12

Both x instead of y
And x rather than y

constructions are correct

Hope it helps

Rgds,
TGC!
_________________

Rgds,
TGC!
_____________________________________________________________________
I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
_____________________________________________________________________________

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Aug 2014
Posts: 18
Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jul 2015, 11:31
Mechmeera wrote:
Can someone explain about the usage of "instead of" here in this sentence. Is it correct to use of instead of here or not.


I would say the difference bw Rather than and Instead of does not matter here in this question ..
There is comparison in the question and that comparison should be correct
Only in option b comparison is correct
Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than a type that developed independently from

If option B was : Rather than a development that was independent of
and option E was Instead of a type that developed independently from

I have would have gone with option E
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3080
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Aug 2016, 07:07
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
EBITDA wrote:
Here is my go.

I discarded options A and D because the comparison of a "branch" (noun) is not parallel to "developing" (verb).

I also discarded options C and E because a "development" cannot logically "be independent of a common ancestor of mammals". Instead, it is a "type" that can logically "develop independently from a common ancestor of mammals".

Please share your thoughts on this reasoning process.


Responding to a PM:

A. Wrong : The construction here is - the Australian egg-laying mammals are X rather than Y.
Here X = a branch (noun), Y = developing (present participle)..... not parallel.
C. Wrong. The meaning conveyed is erroneous: " Development of X was independent of Y" conveys the meaning that Y had no role in the development of X. (The correct usage is: " X developed independently from Y " - this conveys the meaning that Y is the ancestor of X.)
D. Wrong : The construction here is - the Australian egg-laying mammals are X instead of Y.
Here X = a branch (noun), Y = developing (present participle)...... not parallel.
E. Wrong : The construction here is - the Australian egg-laying mammals are X instead of Y.
Here X = a branch (noun), Y = development..... "development" is not supposed to be compared with "branch" - Australian egg-laying mammals are not supposed to be "developments", but "a type" that developed.
Intern
Intern
avatar
S
Joined: 11 Apr 2016
Posts: 49
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
WE: Business Development (Computer Software)
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Aug 2016, 06:42
My Approach is as follows :

1. Read the option A, developing is the wrong verb tense since its happened in the past and needs a simple past verb

So focus on the split for simple past for developed and eliminate D as well.

Now with B, C and E the last split : from/of we need the split from and hence eliminate C and E

Only option left is B, read it once with the overall sentence and sounds good.

Total time taken to solve : 95 seconds
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 17 Nov 2013
Posts: 183
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Nov 2016, 17:53
This one was tricky. The difficulty I had from the get go was choosing instead. I thought instead was the way to go. Then I read that the GMAT prefers rather for contrast and comparisons.

Split1) Parallelism. "x rather than y" or "x instead of y". Both are correct words for contrast. The other thing to add here is that what follows x and what follows y must be in parallel. "are a branch of the main… rather than a type…" in B does it. A, C, D, and E are out.

Split2) Verb vs Noun. Whenever you see both types of words, the GMAT will always prefer verb action. In this case: "Developing" = verb form is better then "Development" = noun form. C and E are questionable, potentially out.
VP
VP
avatar
S
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1414
Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Mar 2017, 03:22
vagarwal wrote:
Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a
branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common
ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.
(A) rather than developing independently from
(B) rather than a type that developed independently from
(C) rather than a type whose development was independent of
(D) instead of developing independently from
(E) instead of a development that was independent of


Can somebody please explain the above ?


Why C is wrong?

I want to talk a lot for this problem.
I failed gmat many times and many years because I do not understand the kind of logic error gmat want us to know.

though the logic error on SC is fatally important, its concept is so simple that we can not think that gmat test this kind of error. look at the following example.

5 eggs per week is good for health

above sentence is in an engish learning book. that sentence is considered correct . but gmat consider it wrong.

gmat consider the following correct

eating 5 eggs per week is good for health.

now we see the problem. this is the point of logic error gmat want us to know.

5 egg can be good, bad, big, small, much or little. 5 eggs can not be good for health. only eating 5 eggs is possible to be good for health.

this logic point is never explained in grammar books because it is too simple. just use our common sense of this world to know the logic point. anticipate this kind of error after eliminating the 3 choices with grammatical errors

come back to our problem. I think we have an important point.

I develop independently from you. this is logic
this development is independent from that development . this is logic

this development is independent from you. this is not logic

in other words, "independent" requires the two similar things . "independent" is like a comparision signals such as " as ...as", and, so, requires the two similar things.

whose development is dependent from ancestors . this is not logic. C is wrong
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 13 Feb 2015
Posts: 283
Premium Member
Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Mar 2017, 20:12
Merged topics. Please, search for the questions before posting them.
_________________

Please Read: Verbal Posting Rules

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 04 Oct 2015
Posts: 280
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GPA: 3.56
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 May 2017, 23:00
Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

(A) rather than developing independently from

(B) rather than a type that developed independently from

(C) rather than a type whose development was independent of

(D) instead of developing independently from

(E) instead of a development that was independent of
_________________

Do not pray for an easy life, pray for the strength to endure a difficult one - Bruce Lee

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the   [#permalink] 04 May 2017, 23:00
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 Fossilized remains of a horn though to be of ashwink 2 17 Apr 2017, 04:59
6 Recent psychological literature strongly suggests that bschool83 13 05 Mar 2016, 11:29
5 Scientists have recently discovered that the ultrathin, raghavs 9 28 Mar 2017, 06:32
31 Experts publish their posts in the topic Of the twin supernovas, the most recently discovered is the noboru 20 04 Jun 2016, 07:12
58 Experts publish their posts in the topic Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered eyunni 25 24 May 2017, 10:19
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.