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Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio

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Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.


A. that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of

B. that personal spending in the July-September quarter would more than double

C. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it more than doubled

D. of personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubling that of

E. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it would more than double that of



Verbal Question of The Day: Day 43: Sentence Correction


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Originally posted by td on 08 Oct 2004, 06:30.
Last edited by Bunuel on 17 Oct 2018, 05:26, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 10:45
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Lots of “that” going on this week. Check out our Topic of the Week, or our YouTube live webinar on the GMAT’s many uses of “that”.

In this question, we have two different uses of “that” going on. Fun.

Quote:
A. that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of

The first "that" is pretty harmless, and just modifies “expectations.” The second that is trying to function as a pronoun – and “that” is always singular when it’s being used as a pronoun, so let’s look for a singular noun it could refer back to. “Personal spending” is singular. So let’s replace “that” with “personal spending”:

    Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1% in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled the personal spending of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending


Whoa, that’s a steaming pile of nonsense. Eliminate (A).

Quote:
B. that personal spending in the July-September quarter would more than double

Hm, this looks good. “Intensifying expectations that personal spending… would more than double” is perfectly clear, and we don’t have any pronoun issues. Keep (B).

Quote:
C. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it more than doubled

I don’t like the “intensifying expectations of personal spending, but the pronouns are a much bigger issue. “That” looks like a noun modifier – modifying “personal spending in the July-September quarter”, I guess? But then what does “it” refer to? “Personal spending”, I guess? Then we have “intensifying expectations of personal spending, that personal spending more than doubled the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending…”

Wow, that’s another pronoun mess. I think we can safely get rid of (C).

Quote:
D. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, more than doubling that of

Same pronoun error as in (A), so (D) is gone.

Quote:
E. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it would more than double that of

Same pronoun error as in (A) and (D), so (E) is gone, too.

We’re left with (B). Yay pronouns.
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Apr 2014, 00:45
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Retail sales rose 0.8 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July–September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

(A) that personal spending in the July–September quarter more than doubled that of
(B) that personal spending in the July–September quarter would more than double
(C) of personal spending in the July–September quarter, that it more than doubled
(D) of personal spending in the July–September quarter more than doubling that of
(E) of personal spending in the July–September quarter, that it would more than double that of

Meaning Analysis - The sentence talks about a certain expectation due to rise in retail sales.

Error Analysis -

Clause 1: Retail sales (subject) rose (verb) 0.8 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations

Clause 2: that personal spending (subject) in the July–September quarter more than doubled (verb) that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

Error
(1) The sentence express expectations, and hence needs a "world" verb. The sentence used simple past "more than doubled"
(2) in "that of the 1.4 percent growth rate" .. here "that" refers to "spending". Hence the sentence says personal spending more than doubled personal spending of 1.4 percent growth rate .. which does not make sense

POE:
(a) Errors as stated above

(b) Correct answer

[c] of personal spending in the July–September quarter, that it more than doubled
"would" not used instead "doubled" (simple past) used.
Also,"intensifying expectations of personal spending in July-September quarter" is now a verb-ing modifier leaving no clear antecedent for "that" or "it" (same for
choice d and e)

(d) of personal spending in the July–September quarter more than doubling that of
This sentence says .. "intensifying expectations of personal spending .. more than doubling personal spending of 1.4 .." - which makes no sense although doubling is rightly used as a verb-ing modifier

(e)of personal spending in the July–September quarter, that it would more than double that of
Same as choice C. "intensifying expectations of personal spending in July-September quarter" is now a verb-ing modifier leaving no clear antecedent for "that" or "it"..
Also, very wordy with inclusion of "more than double that of"

Please let me know if my analysis is ok. Thanks in advance, Pinaki

Originally posted by crackball on 15 Jan 2014, 15:37.
Last edited by Narenn on 03 Apr 2014, 00:45, edited 1 time in total.
Topic Renamed
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2004, 06:58
13
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Please do not reveal the OA rightaway. Post the question and give it a day or two. When you come back you would see more hot discussions than you expected.

As for the SC, "that of" and "rate" is redundant. You would want to "that of" when the question is
"...intensifying expectations that the rate of personal spending in X quarter more than doubled than that of the personal spending for the previous quarter..."
So, ADE goes off.

Nevertheless, 'expectations that' needs a "would". So, ACD out.
Only B remains.
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Apr 2008, 09:18
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My approach:
Clear B

Retails sales rose(cause)............,intensifying expectations(effect).....

It cannot be expectations OF thus C,D,E are straight out. Now we have A & B
-ing form shows the present continuous, thus we need show the result in future tense. In A doubled is in past tense where as in B "would" shows the future tense.

Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

Originally posted by prasannar on 09 Apr 2008, 06:59.
Last edited by prasannar on 09 Apr 2008, 09:18, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2009, 01:19
1
IMO B
Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

A. that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of --> that of is ambiguous
B. that personal spending in the July-September quarter would more than double --> the best.
C. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it more than doubled --> that clause here incorrectly modifies for the whole prior clause Retail sales ... August, while it should modifies for expectations
D. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, more than doubling that of --> same error as A. Besides, it creates an incorrect comparison that retails sales more than double the growth rate of personal spending
E. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it would more than double that of --> same error
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2009, 13:53
2
Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal
spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of
the 1.4 percent growth
rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.
A. that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of
B. that personal spending in the July-September quarter would more than double
C. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it more than doubled
D. of personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubling that of
E. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it would more than
double that of

B wins
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2012, 09:28
3
1
I picked answer B:

A. This answer choice states the verb "doubled" in the simple past tense, but this doesn't make any sense. The reason it doesn't make sense is because we are looking at statistics in August and we are predicting the outcome of the future. Therefore, the use of the simple past tense is incorrect here - it should be the conditional word "would."

B. At first I wasn't sure if this was the correct answer because it seemed to compare personal spending to growth rate. However, after further analysis I realized that you could include "in personal spending" as part of the comparison. This makes more sense. It also uses the conditional "would" to agree with the word "expectation."

C. I was quite confused by the use of "it" because I wasn't sure if it correctly refers to personal spending. However, I noticed that this answer choice uses "doubled" which is the simple past tense of the verb and therefore cannot be correct.

D. By using "that of" in this comparison, it is redundant because "that of" is a pronoun used to replace "personal spending of." If you notice later in the sentence, it repeats the words "personal spending," so this answer cannot be correct.

E. Again, I was unsure about the usage of the pronoun "it" and whether it correctly refers to personal spending. Regardless, I found this answer choice wordy and the use of the relative pronoun "that of" is unnecessary.
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2014, 03:59
Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

Hi e-gmat,

Although we can't challenge OG questions, here is my query.

personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

In your video explanation the last line mentioned in the "Meaning analysis" is .

The growth rate in personal spending this quarter would more than double that in personal spending for previous quarter.

However, the sentence states "Personal spending this quarter would more than double 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for previous quarter.

My Doubt:

In the official question shouldn't the sentence be as below.

The growth rate in personal spending this quarter would more than double that in personal spending for previous quarter.

How can we estimate personal spending this quarter by doubling(growth rate in personal spending)?????
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2014, 06:02
1
TGC wrote:
Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

Hi e-gmat,

Although we can't challenge OG questions, here is my query.

personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

In your video explanation the last line mentioned in the "Meaning analysis" is .

The growth rate in personal spending this quarter would more than double that in personal spending for previous quarter.

However, the sentence states "Personal spending this quarter would more than double 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for previous quarter.

My Doubt:

In the official question shouldn't the sentence be as below.

The growth rate in personal spending this quarter would more than double that in personal spending for previous quarter.

How can we estimate personal spending this quarter by doubling(growth rate in personal spending)?????






Hi Saurabh,
Thank you for posting your query here. :)

Our audio visual solution states that “the personal spending for this quarter is expected to more than double the growth rate of the same (the personal spending) in last quarter”.
So, here we are comparing the growth rate in personal spending in two quarters. This is logical comparison. Now, coming to your question:
• The growth rate in personal spending this quarter would more than double that in personal spending for previous quarter.
This is incorrect because when “that” is used as a demonstrative pronoun it should always be followed by the noun that it refers to. From the above sentence it is not clear what “that” refers to.

Now, we are not estimating the growth rate just by doubling something. The estimates or expectations might be made after a lot of data crunching. Here in the sentence we are only told that the value of this growth rate in the July-September quarter is expected to be double the value of the same thing in the previous quarter.

Also, as you said this is an official question. We should try to learn from them whatever they have to offer.


Hope this helps! :)
Regards,
Deepak
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2016, 03:34
Despite B is the correct answer, it is illogical.

How can "personal spending" more than double "the percent growth rate in personal spending"? It is illogical to say that a magnitude can double a percent growth rate.

A percent growth rate should be compared against another percent growth rate, and a magnitude (in this example, personal spending) against another magnitude.
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2016, 18:29
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EBITDA wrote:
Despite B is the correct answer, it is illogical.

How can "personal spending" more than double "the percent growth rate in personal spending"? It is illogical to say that a magnitude can double a percent growth rate.

A percent growth rate should be compared against another percent growth rate, and a magnitude (in this example, personal spending) against another magnitude.


There is no comparison between " personal spending" and "growth rate". Please refer to my post just above yours:
retail-sales-rose-8-10-of-1-percent-in-august-intensifying-10546-80.html#p1679613

The subject for the verb "double" is " personal spending". The conveyed meaning is that the personal spending in July-September quarter would be so high that growth rate of personal spensing would be more than 2.8% (i.e. July-September quarter's growth rate > previous quarter's growth rate x 2).

Analogically, say my salary in 2015 was 100 and that in 2016 is 110 (increase of 10%). In 2017 I would get a salary of 133.1 (increase of 21%). Thus my salary in 2017 would more than double the 10% growth rate in my salary for the last year.

Thus option B is logical.
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2017, 07:34
The answer is of course option B. But, I have a doubt and need some expert comments on that.

I eliminated options C, D, and E on the following basis:

...expectations of personal spending...

It's like the personal spending has expectations and those expectations have been intensified. This construction seemed to me quite awkward and I thus eliminated the options. But the official explanation -- (D) Although this option is not technically wrong, it is less clear and graceful than (B) -- doesn't find anything wrong with the construction.
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2017, 11:54
subrataroy0210 wrote:
The answer is of course option B. But, I have a doubt and need some expert comments on that.

I eliminated options C, D, and E on the following basis:

...expectations of personal spending...

It's like the personal spending has expectations and those expectations have been intensified. This construction seemed to me quite awkward and I thus eliminated the options. But the official explanation -- (D) Although this option is not technically wrong, it is less clear and graceful than (B) -- doesn't find anything wrong with the construction.


I agree with you. I read somewhere that the explanations in OG are not written by the same experts who write the questions. These experts who write the explanations are not as highly talented as the ones who write the questions. However I cannot confirm the authenticity of this information.
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2017, 12:00
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Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

A. that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of ==> second that refers to "personal spending" which makes the sentence illogical
B. that personal spending in the July-September quarter would more than double ==> Correct
C. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it more than doubled ==> incorrect usage of "of personal spending"
D. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, more than doubling that of ==> incorrect usage of "of personal spending"
E. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it would more than double that of ==> incorrect usage of "of personal spending"

Hence, Answer is B
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 08:51
Here is the OE from OG 2015:

Quote:
Verb form; Logical predication
The sentence explains the expectations that resulted from a past retail sales trend. Since expectations look to the future but are not yet realized, the relative clause explaining these expectations should be conditional, employing the auxiliary verb would.

A The simple past-tense verb form does not express the forward-looking sense of expectations.
B Correct. By using the verb would double, this concise sentence indicates that the expectation has not yet been realized.
C This construction is awkward, announcing the topic (personal spending) and then elaborating in a relative clause that restates this topic as it.
D Although this option is not technically wrong, it is less clear and graceful than (B).
E Like (C), this sentence is awkward and unnecessarily wordy, announcing the topic and then using an additional clause to elaborate on it.

The correct answer is B.


GMATNinja: Why did OG say that option D isn't technically wrong?
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2017, 17:07
broall wrote:
Here is the OE from OG 2015:

Quote:
Verb form; Logical predication
The sentence explains the expectations that resulted from a past retail sales trend. Since expectations look to the future but are not yet realized, the relative clause explaining these expectations should be conditional, employing the auxiliary verb would.

A The simple past-tense verb form does not express the forward-looking sense of expectations.
B Correct. By using the verb would double, this concise sentence indicates that the expectation has not yet been realized.
C This construction is awkward, announcing the topic (personal spending) and then elaborating in a relative clause that restates this topic as it.
D Although this option is not technically wrong, it is less clear and graceful than (B).
E Like (C), this sentence is awkward and unnecessarily wordy, announcing the topic and then using an additional clause to elaborate on it.

The correct answer is B.


GMATNinja: Why did OG say that option D isn't technically wrong?

Wow, that's a really interesting official explanation. It pains me to say this, but those explanations are often complete garbage. Often, the questions themselves are written years -- or even decades -- before they're ultimately retired and end up in an OG. So whoever writes the explanations likely has no contact with the people who created the question in the first place. I'm not even sure that the explanation-writers are GMAC employees -- it's possible that they're contracted by Wiley, the publisher, not GMAC.

Anyway... in this case, I completely disagree with the explanation for (D). I don't think there's any justification whatsoever for the use of "that of" here, but maybe I'm missing something.
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2017, 18:45
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GMATNinja wrote:
broall wrote:
Here is the OE from OG 2015:

Quote:
Verb form; Logical predication
The sentence explains the expectations that resulted from a past retail sales trend. Since expectations look to the future but are not yet realized, the relative clause explaining these expectations should be conditional, employing the auxiliary verb would.

A The simple past-tense verb form does not express the forward-looking sense of expectations.
B Correct. By using the verb would double, this concise sentence indicates that the expectation has not yet been realized.
C This construction is awkward, announcing the topic (personal spending) and then elaborating in a relative clause that restates this topic as it.
D Although this option is not technically wrong, it is less clear and graceful than (B).
E Like (C), this sentence is awkward and unnecessarily wordy, announcing the topic and then using an additional clause to elaborate on it.

The correct answer is B.


GMATNinja: Why did OG say that option D isn't technically wrong?

Wow, that's a really interesting official explanation. It pains me to say this, but those explanations are often complete garbage. Often, the questions themselves are written years -- or even decades -- before they're ultimately retired and end up in an OG. So whoever writes the explanations likely has no contact with the people who created the question in the first place. I'm not even sure that the explanation-writers are GMAC employees -- it's possible that they're contracted by Wiley, the publisher, not GMAC.

Anyway... in this case, I completely disagree with the explanation for (D). I don't think there's any justification whatsoever for the use of "that of" here, but maybe I'm missing something.


Oh, it's surprising to hear that :-D OG is a commercial product that helps test takers prepare for the exam. Hence, GMAC shouldn't make any those careless things.
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 14:22
broall wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
broall wrote:

GMATNinja: Why did OG say that option D isn't technically wrong?

Wow, that's a really interesting official explanation. It pains me to say this, but those explanations are often complete garbage. Often, the questions themselves are written years -- or even decades -- before they're ultimately retired and end up in an OG. So whoever writes the explanations likely has no contact with the people who created the question in the first place. I'm not even sure that the explanation-writers are GMAC employees -- it's possible that they're contracted by Wiley, the publisher, not GMAC.

Anyway... in this case, I completely disagree with the explanation for (D). I don't think there's any justification whatsoever for the use of "that of" here, but maybe I'm missing something.


Oh, it's surprising to hear that :-D OG is a commercial product that helps test takers prepare for the exam. Hence, GMAC shouldn't make any those careless things.

Yeah, it's disappointing that the official explanations aren't more consistent. But in the GMAT's defense, it would be nearly impossible to match up the explanations with the original intent of the question, since so much time passes between writing the question and publishing the books that contain those questions. And the GMAT's job is to write a fair and valid test -- so we're lucky that they help us to prepare for their test at all! :-)
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2018, 09:00
I selected B on this one but I was not 100% confident.

Also I could not eliminate or find problem with each and every answer choice. How to I improve my speed for sentence correction questions.

GMATNinja pls help & guide me!! I will review your explanation to this question thoroughly but I need help in overall SC strategy. My objective is to improve on accuracy and timing.
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Re: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectatio &nbs [#permalink] 31 Jul 2018, 09:00
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