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Seventeenth-century philosopher John Locke stated that as much as 99

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Re: Seventeenth-century philosopher John Locke stated that as much as 99  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2018, 05:23
4/6
7 mins.
Rushed through with the passage. Could have taken a couple more minutes in this though.
I'd say a 650-700 passage.
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Re: Seventeenth-century philosopher John Locke stated that as much as 99  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2018, 09:35
GMATNinja VeritasKarishma

Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?

(A) The author explores the origins of a theory and explains why the theory never gained widespread acceptance.

(B) The author introduces the premise of a theory, evaluates the premise by relating it to objective reality, then proposes a modification of the theory.

(C) After quoting a well-known authority, the author describes the evolution of a theory, then traces its modern form back to the original quotation.

(D) After citing a precursor of a theory, the author outlines and refutes the theory, then links its flaw to the precursor.

(E) After tracing the roots of a theory, the author attempts to undermine the theory by discrediting its originator.

Why E is not the answer?
Here root of theory is John Locke statement.

The labor theory of value systematically disregards the productive contribution of capital goods???a failing for which Locke must bear part of the blame.

Here he is undermining it (disregards ,a failing) ,and discredits originator(Locke must bear blame)

D says
After citing a precursor of a theory, the author outlines and refutes the theory, then links its flaw to the precursor.

Ok precursor cited,theory outlined but where is it refuted?
Please expln difference between D and E
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Re: Seventeenth-century philosopher John Locke stated that as much as 99  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2018, 03:27
vanam52923 wrote:
GMATNinja VeritasKarishma

Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?

(A) The author explores the origins of a theory and explains why the theory never gained widespread acceptance.

(B) The author introduces the premise of a theory, evaluates the premise by relating it to objective reality, then proposes a modification of the theory.

(C) After quoting a well-known authority, the author describes the evolution of a theory, then traces its modern form back to the original quotation.

(D) After citing a precursor of a theory, the author outlines and refutes the theory, then links its flaw to the precursor.

(E) After tracing the roots of a theory, the author attempts to undermine the theory by discrediting its originator.

Why E is not the answer?
Here root of theory is John Locke statement.

The labor theory of value systematically disregards the productive contribution of capital goods???a failing for which Locke must bear part of the blame.

Here he is undermining it (disregards ,a failing) ,and discredits originator(Locke must bear blame)

D says
After citing a precursor of a theory, the author outlines and refutes the theory, then links its flaw to the precursor.

Ok precursor cited,theory outlined but where is it refuted?
Please expln difference between D and E


There is a problem with (E).
What is the meaning of "the author attempts to undermine the theory by discrediting its originator"?

When you discredit someone, you defame him. You try to injure his reputation.
Say, you may discredit the originator by questioning his intellect/reasoning capability/character etc.
The passage does not discredit the originator - Locke's intellectual heirs. It doesn't discredit Locke either.
The passage questions the theory itself and then links it back to Locke.

This is what (D) says. Hence answer is (D)
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Re: Seventeenth-century philosopher John Locke stated that as much as 99  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2018, 03:17
VeritasKarishma wrote:
vanam52923 wrote:
GMATNinja VeritasKarishma

Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?

(A) The author explores the origins of a theory and explains why the theory never gained widespread acceptance.

(B) The author introduces the premise of a theory, evaluates the premise by relating it to objective reality, then proposes a modification of the theory.

(C) After quoting a well-known authority, the author describes the evolution of a theory, then traces its modern form back to the original quotation.

(D) After citing a precursor of a theory, the author outlines and refutes the theory, then links its flaw to the precursor.

(E) After tracing the roots of a theory, the author attempts to undermine the theory by discrediting its originator.

Why E is not the answer?
Here root of theory is John Locke statement.

The labor theory of value systematically disregards the productive contribution of capital goods???a failing for which Locke must bear part of the blame.

Here he is undermining it (disregards ,a failing) ,and discredits originator(Locke must bear blame)

D says
After citing a precursor of a theory, the author outlines and refutes the theory, then links its flaw to the precursor.

Ok precursor cited,theory outlined but where is it refuted?
Please expln difference between D and E


There is a problem with (E).
What is the meaning of "the author attempts to undermine the theory by discrediting its originator"?

When you discredit someone, you defame him. You try to injure his reputation.
Say, you may discredit the originator by questioning his intellect/reasoning capability/character etc.
The passage does not discredit the originator - Locke's intellectual heirs. It doesn't discredit Locke either.
The passage questions the theory itself and then links it back to Locke.

This is what (D) says. Hence answer is (D)


VeritasKarishma Mam i cannot thank you enough for all the help you do,u have replied to each and every query of mine. That is really so nice of u.Hearty thanks :) :please
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Re: Seventeenth-century philosopher John Locke stated that as much as 99 &nbs [#permalink] 24 Nov 2018, 03:17

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