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Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the

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Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 06 Jun 2019, 03:45
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Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the National Institutes of Health(NIH). Since these councils advise NIH directors and recommend policy, the underrepresentation of social scientists results in a relative lack of NIH financial support for research in the social sciences.

If the statements above are correct, they most strongly support which of the following?


(A) A significant increase in the size of NIH advisory councils would be required in order to increase the representation of social scientists on these councils.

(B) A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would result in an increase in NIH funding for social science research.

(C) A significant increase in funding for social science research would result in improved policy recommendations to NIH directors.

(D) A significant increase in funding for the training of social scientists would result in an increase in the number of social scientist on NIH advisory councils.

(E) A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would have to precede any increase in the number of NIH directors who are social scientists.


OA is mistaken negation .Experts, Please Explain i Why is it correct?
IF A THEN B
if underreprenentation of social scientists then relative lack of NIH financial support

negation IF not a than not b
if (not) [b]underreprenentation of social scientists then (not) [b]relative lack of NIH financial support

Originally posted by Onell on 19 Mar 2011, 20:28.
Last edited by Bunuel on 06 Jun 2019, 03:45, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2011, 03:54
This is a must be true question, so the answer has to follow from what is given in stimulus. You can't assume things beyond the stimulus, so while it's given that:

IF A THEN B

you can't assume the other "mirror-half" :
negation IF not a than not b

In stimulus it's mentioned that :

the underrepresentation of social scientists results in a relative lack of NIH financial support for research in the social sciences.

B is correct because it says :

A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would result in an increase in NIH funding for social science research.


Hope this helps.
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2011, 15:58
subhashghosh is on point. don't use negation technique unless you are dealing with an assumption question type
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2011, 18:00
This is a must be true question/find the conclusion question. hence, we must only use what is given in the passage

Social Scientists underrepresented in council->these councils advise NIH directors->underrepresentation results in lack of fin support

Here, try to paraphrase the answer : the passage says that this underrepresentation is responsible fot lack of funds. hence, increase in their number may increase funds.
If the statements above are correct, they most strongly support which of the following?

(A) A significant increase in the size of NIH advisory councils would be required in order to increase the representation of social scientists on these councils.wrong. not as per what is stated in the passage

(B)A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would result in an increase in NIH funding for social science research.correct answer. similar to paraphrase

(C)A significant increase in funding for social science research would result in improved policy recommendations to NIH directors.not given in passage.

(D)A significant increase in funding for the training of social scientists would result in an increase in the number of social scientist on NIH advisory councils.opposite of what passage states(reverse process)

(E)A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would have to precede any increase in the number of NIH directors who are social scientistsagain, not given in passage
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2012, 20:48
I agree that the answer choice must be B. It states the whole point most clearly.
I was curious as to how D does not contribute to the answer. It says that training of social scientists (SS) would result in an increase in their representation in the council. The argument says that under-representation results in low funding. When there is an increase in the representation at the council, it follows that funding for the research would also increase. It is a case of a sub-conclusion promoting another conclusion.
Kindly throw light on the point.
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2012, 23:11
It is stated that Social Scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of NIH. These councils inturn advice NIH directors and recommend policies. The underrepresentation of social scientists on the councils affect the NIH funding for research in social sciences.

The underrepresentation of social scientists on the councils is unknown. Hence it cannot be said that just by increasing the size of councils will ensure more social scientists in the councils.
Hence first the representation of social scientists should be increased in the councils to get tangible results on the funding front for the research.

B is the correct answer.
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2012, 04:20
Onell wrote:
Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the National Institutes of Health(NIH). Since these councils advise NIH directors and recommend policy, the underrepresentation of social scientists results in a relative lack of NIH financial support for research in the social sciences.

If the statements above are correct, they most strongly support which of the following?

(A) A significant increase in the size of NIH advisory councils would be required in order to increase the representation of social scientists on these councils.

(B)A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would result in an increase in NIH funding for social science research.

(C)A significant increase in funding for social science research would result in improved policy recommendations to NIH directors.

(D)A significant increase in funding for the training of social scientists would result in an increase in the number of social scientist on NIH advisory councils.

(E)A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would have to precede any increase in the number of NIH directors who are social scientists.

OA is mistaken negation .Experts, Please Explain i Why is it correct?
IF A THEN B
if underreprenentation of social scientists then relative lack of NIH financial support

negation IF not a than not b
if (not) [b]underreprenentation of social scientists then (not) [b]relative lack of NIH financial support




B is the correct answer, what is the OA?
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2016, 07:19
confused between B & E
Can E be eliminated as it doesnt refer funding or any monetary gains?
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2016, 07:28
paidlukkha wrote:
confused between B & E
Can E be eliminated as it doesnt refer funding or any monetary gains?


E is eliminated because nowhere in the passage it states that there is any direct/indirect relationship between the number of NIH directors and representation of social scientists. It simply says there is some relationship between representation of social scientists and the funding. Hence, answer is B.
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2017, 19:46
Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the National Institutes of Health(NIH). Since these councils advise NIH directors and recommend policy, the underrepresentation of social scientists results in a relative lack of NIH financial support for research in the social sciences.

If the statements above are correct, they most strongly support which of the following?


(B)A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would result in an increase in NIH funding for social science research....due to under representation of social scientist there is less funding so if we increase representation funding will be more ..
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2018, 13:23
There is a relationship between representation of social scientists and the funding. Hence, answer is B.
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2019, 21:00
Quote:
Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the National Institutes of Health(NIH). Since these councils advise NIH directors and recommend policy, the underrepresentation of social scientists results in a relative lack of NIH financial support for research in the social sciences.

If the statements above are correct, they most strongly support which of the following?


(A) A significant increase in the size of NIH advisory councils would be required in order to increase the representation of social scientists on these councils.

(B) A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would result in an increase in NIH funding for social science research.

(C) A significant increase in funding for social science research would result in improved policy recommendations to NIH directors.

(D) A significant increase in funding for the training of social scientists would result in an increase in the number of social scientist on NIH advisory councils.

(E) A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would have to precede any increase in the number of NIH directors who are social scientists.


This is an inference/conclusion question, and the right answer is B. With such questions, the key trap that the GMAT tries to introduce is the confusion between something that "can be true" and something that "must be true". When you want to verify the correctness of an answer therefore, the best way to do so is to try to falsify it. If the answer "can be false", then its wrong to say that it "must be true" and is also wrong for the question.

Let's look at this for the right answer B. We know that "few social scientists in NIH ---> less funding for social science". B says that if we had a lot more social scientists, we would have more funding as well. Okay, so is it possible that we could have a lot more social scientists and NOT have the funding increased? No, since the premises already contradict that. Hence, we can confirm B is correct.

Remember that many inference/conclusion questions in some way reveal to us that the only things we know for sure tend to be similar to the premises, what we've already been told as a given.

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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2019, 06:22
Quote:
Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the National Institutes of Health(NIH). Since these councils advise NIH directors and recommend policy, the underrepresentation of social scientists results in a relative lack of NIH financial support for research in the social sciences.

If the statements above are correct, they most strongly support which of the following?


This set of facts begins with the author telling us that the NIH has a lack of social scientist representation. He argues that because councils are in charge of policy, lack of representation leads to lack of monetary support.

This is a Must Be True type of question (and we can tell because we are only given fact sets). From the onset, it sounds like if the council would have more representation, there will be more support for said representative group’s research.

Quote:
(A) A significant increase in the size of NIH advisory councils would be required in order to increase the representation of social scientists on these councils.

We are not told that the size of council would increase representation...also we're trying to connect monetary support with representation.

Quote:
(B) A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would result in an increase in NIH funding for social science research.

This is fairly well supported by the author (“underrepresentation results in lack of financial support”). Hold.

Quote:
(C) A significant increase in funding for social science research would result in improved policy recommendations to NIH directors.

This is not given by the facts. We do not know whether increase in funding leads to improved policy. This is a wrong answer that gives us “new” information not supported by the stimulus.

Quote:
(D) A significant increase in funding for the training of social scientists would result in an increase in the number of social scientist on NIH advisory councils.

This is out of scope. It discusses “training of social scientists” as a method for increasing their representation on the NIH advisory councils. the main point of the facts is about financial support and representation.

Quote:
(E) A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would have to precede any increase in the number of NIH directors who are social scientists.

Sure, this might be true but it’s not supported by stimulus. Why does the # of social scientists represented on the council….HAVE to come before NIH directors who are social scientists? Also, our stimulus discusses financial support.
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the   [#permalink] 08 Jun 2019, 06:22
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