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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which

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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which  [#permalink]

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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?


(A) The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years

(B) The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders

(C) The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present

(D) The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act

(E) The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act


This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning : Evaluate" Revision Project.

Originally posted by moni77 on 18 Apr 2008, 06:30.
Last edited by Bunuel on 13 Sep 2018, 23:03, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2008, 15:12
moni77 wrote:
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?
a) The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years
b) The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
c) The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
d) The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
e) The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act


C, the system has worked up until now, but we dont know if it will be effective in the new millennium. Since this system was created based on a disappointed office seeker (aka the level of job satisfaction), the same condition must be evaluated for the new millennium.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2008, 06:41
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And here is the explanation:

This argument concludes that the best way to have good governance in the future is to preserve the Pendleton Act. It bases that claim on the record of the first hundred years under that Act. The argument assumes that American government service is still uncorrupted and that no better way exists to preserve that state.

(A) The methods used by other governments in other countries are irrelevant to this argument, which only concerns America. Furthermore, one cannot assume that the Swiss and British governments are free of corruption.

(B) The opinions, wishes, and satisfaction levels of government applicants and employees are irrelevant to the level of corruption.

(C) CORRECT. This would confirm or deny the assumption that American government service is currently not corrupt. The argument only claims that this was so for the first hundred years after the passage of the Pendleton Act. There is no information about the level of corruption for the past twenty-some years.

(D) The number of Presidents assassinated is utterly irrelevant to an argument about corruption in government service.

(E) This percentage of corrupt office-holders in the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act would provide no information about the level of corruption in government service for the past twenty years, which is the gap in the evidence. Thus, investigating this percentage would not be that useful for the evaluation of a conclusion that involves the immediate present and the future.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2009, 10:12
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C for me

E only mentions the %age of ppl convicted. The %age of convictions (high or low) does not give any indication of the competence levels (only conviction rates).

Ideally the evaluation should have been from 1883, but anyhow 1950 onwards still seeks to serve a purpose than no. of convictions.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which  [#permalink]

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Originally posted by WaterFlowsUp on 21 Nov 2013, 11:00.
Last edited by dentobizz on 22 Nov 2013, 10:32, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2015, 09:23
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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is. Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

Essentially, we are concerned about maintaining the service to competence rather than corruption. The conclusion is that to maintain this state we must maintain the Pendleton Act.

A. The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years
Other governments are irrelevant to the American government. If the Pendleton Act is not broken, why fix it?

B. The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
Job satisfaction is irrelevant. If the Pendleton Act anchors disgruntled office-seekers and office-holders then we are preserving this state.

C. The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
The whole point of the Pendleton Act is to anchor American government service to competence than corruption. If competence is on the low and corruption is on the high then perhaps the Pendleton Act isn't working for us.

D. The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
This number could apply to anyone such as terrorists or crazies. The Pendleton Act only applies to those in government service. Because this statement is too general we remove it.

E. The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act
This could be a good contender but C shines more.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2015, 08:48
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Hi,

After reading once, I narrowed down to E and C. Now the only reason I eliminated E is because it just mentions the evidence of corruption. NOT for Competence.

While in C - both are discussed.

The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is. Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

A. The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years Irrelevant

B. The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders

C. The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present Perfect! This gives both the parameters we need to evaluate on as per the question stem.

D. The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
E. The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act
Only corruption degree is being measured - nothing about competence.

Hence C is the correct option
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2015, 00:38
Premise: For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption

Conclusion: The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Assumption: In a new millennium one should mantain "competence rather than corruption" system

Choices A,B,D are out of scope, E has no tie to conclusion which states about new millenium

only C fits the assumption
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2017, 01:13
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

A. The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years - The methods used by other governments in other countries are irrelevant to this argument, which only concerns America. Furthermore, one cannot assume that the Swiss and British governments are free of corruption.
B. The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders -Irrelevant
C. The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present - Correct -This would confirm or deny the assumption that American
government service is currently not corrupt. The argument only claims that this was so for the first hundred years after the passage of the Pendleton Act. There is no information about the level of corruption for the past twenty-some years.

D. The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act-Irrelevant
E. The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act-This percentage of corrupt office-holders in the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act would provide no information about the level of corruption in government service for the past twenty years, which is the gap in the evidence. Thus, investigating this percentage would not be that useful for the evaluation of a conclusion that involves the immediate present and the future.


Answer C
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2017, 16:42
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moni77 wrote:
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

(A) The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years

(B) The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders

(C) The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present

(D) The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act

(E) The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act


mynamegoeson From Manhattan (Jonathan Schneider)

The author states that the US Gov has been anchored to competence rather than corruption for 100 years, starting at 1883. This would bring us up to 1983. Although it is not known specifically when the speaker is talking, the speaker then mentions that maintaining the act will work in the "new millennium." Hence, the speaker is interested in the years from 2000 onward. As such, we need to know: has anything changed since 1983? Did competence levels decrease? Did corruption levels rise? Why did the speaker say that the act has helped for only 100 years? We are asked which would be the most helpful. C would be the most helpful because it would allow us to be sure that nothing has gone seriously amiss since 1983.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which  [#permalink]

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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which &nbs [#permalink] 13 Sep 2018, 22:52
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