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The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Ester

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The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Ester  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Aug 2018, 03:26
1
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A
B
C
D
E

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74% (02:02) correct 26% (02:24) wrong based on 697 sessions

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The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Esteria than in Burdistan. In order to stimulate Esterian consumers’ purchases of domestically manufactured automobiles, the Esterian government has historically charged taxes on automobiles manufactured in Burdistan. Five years ago, however, the Esterian government dropped those taxes; in those five years, the number of workers employed in Esterian automobile factories has decreased by 30%. Therefore, the number of vehicles manufactured and sold in Esteria must have decreased in the last five years.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?


A) Many Esterian automobile manufacturers operate factories outside Esteria.

B) The number of automobile workers in Burdistan has not increased during the same period.

C) Because vehicles manufactured in Esteria have a reputation for high quality, many Esterian consumers have continued to purchase domestically manufactured vehicles since the tax was abolished.

D) Esterian automobile manufacturers have lowered the price of their automobiles so as to remain competitive with the manufacturers in Burdistan.

E) Recent innovations in automated automobile-manufacturing technology have approximately halved the number of worker-hours required to produce most automobiles.

Originally posted by guerrero25 on 23 Oct 2013, 22:56.
Last edited by Bunuel on 18 Aug 2018, 03:26, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Ester  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2013, 00:02
IMO C as it directly states that the purchase of Esterian manufactured cars did not go down inspite of the removal of export tax.

However, options B comes close.... because the simultaneous increase in number of automobile workers in Burdistan could have indicated that people bought cars manufactured in Burdistan rather than those manufactured within the country, thereby also weakening the conclusion. However, this is implicit and option C, I guess, is more explicit.


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Re: The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Ester  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2013, 01:49
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My ans is E

Argument says, tax was invoked and the no. Of workers reduced. Hence manufacturing of car must have declined.
E , says productivity increased, providing a reason why no. Of cars manufactured might not have decreased inspite of reduction in workers

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Re: The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Ester  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2013, 03:10
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For me, the best answer is E:

You need to find another reason for the decrease by 30% of the country's workers.

A) Many Esterian automobile manufacturers operate factories outside Esteria. = it is not time related. The companies could have started to produced outside the country 50 years ago.

B) The number of automobile workers in Burdistan has not increased during the same period. = This is the answer to the question "on what the argument depends?"

C) Because vehicles manufactured in Esteria have a reputation for high quality, many Esterian consumers have continued to purchase domestically manufactured vehicles since the tax was abolished. = And therefore is this a reason why the number of workers decreased by 30%? And "many" is not clear: could be 60%, 70%...;

D) Esterian automobile manufacturers have lowered the price of their automobiles so as to remain competitive with the manufacturers in Burdistan. = Close, but not good; the decrease in price might not have led to a decrease in the number of workers

E) Recent innovations in automated automobile-manufacturing technology have approximately halved the number of worker-hours required to produce most automobiles. = Correct, this weaken the argument, stating that the decrease in the number of workers is due to a new innovations not to a decrease in sales. It also justify the decrease of 30% and is time related with the word "recent".

Answer E for me!

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Re: The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Ester  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2013, 04:53
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A) Many Esterian automobile manufacturers operate factories outside Esteria.---- Many is not clear in this answer. Even though 8 companies out of 10 are outside Esteria. What if the 2 companies account for most of the production of cars. (Most number of employees in those companies) So a reduction in employees will decrease the number of vehicles manufactured in Esteria. Does not Weaken.

B) The number of automobile workers in Burdistan has not increased during the same period.--- What happens in Burdistan is none of our business. This does not weaken the argument.

C) Because vehicles manufactured in Esteria have a reputation for high quality, many Esterian consumers have continued to purchase domestically manufactured vehicles since the tax was abolished.---- Incorrect, because this is just weaken the fact the cars sold have decreased. But does not tell us anything about cars made.

D) Esterian automobile manufacturers have lowered the price of their automobiles so as to remain competitive with the manufacturers in Burdistan.--- Again this is none of our business. It does not matter if they have lowered the price, that definitely does not give us any info on the relation of workers to cars made and sold.

E) Recent innovations in automated automobile-manufacturing technology have approximately halved the number of worker-hours required to produce most automobiles.---- This weakens the argument. The new technology reduces the number of workers but still produces THE MOST automobiles. CORRECT
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Re: The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Ester  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2013, 05:20
I will go by E. I agree to the explanation given by the most of you.
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Re: The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Ester  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2016, 09:41
Only answer E provides evidence which weaken the argument by giving alternative evidence (innovation in automated automobile manufacturing technology) because of which number of workers decreased by 30% in the Esterian automobile factories.

My answer is E.
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Re: The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Ester  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2016, 10:29
guerrero25 wrote:
The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Esteria than in Burdistan. In order to stimulate Esterian consumers’ purchases of domestically manufactured automobiles, the Esterian government has historically charged taxes on automobiles manufactured in Burdistan. Five years ago, however, the Esterian government dropped those taxes; in those five years, the number of workers employed in Esterian automobile factories has decreased by 30%. Therefore, the number of vehicles manufactured and sold in Esteria must have decreased in the last five years.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?


A) Many Esterian automobile manufacturers operate factories outside Esteria.

B) The number of automobile workers in Burdistan has not increased during the same period.

C) Because vehicles manufactured in Esteria have a reputation for high quality, many Esterian consumers have continued to purchase domestically manufactured vehicles since the tax was abolished.

D) Esterian automobile manufacturers have lowered the price of their automobiles so as to remain competitive with the manufacturers in Burdistan.

E) Recent innovations in automated automobile-manufacturing technology have approximately halved the number of worker-hours required to produce most automobiles.

OA to follow..

Please elaborate your thought process -- thanks !


Conclusion: The number of vehicles manufactured and sold in Esteria must have decreased in the last five years because of 30% decrease in number of workers.

Assumption: Dropping of taxes led to higher selling of Burdistan's manufactured vehicles in Esteria and that effected Esterian manufacturing industry production and consequently layoff of workers.

Best way to weaken an argument is to show alternative cause for the effect.

Only E shows the alternative cause.
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Re: The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Ester  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2017, 09:09
yes, manhattan questions give options that sound plausible, but only one option fits the scope. E is the answer, and E is a common pattern, test takers should learn this.
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Re: The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Ester  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2018, 15:27
guerrero25 wrote:
The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Esteria than in Burdistan. In order to stimulate Esterian consumers’ purchases of domestically manufactured automobiles, the Esterian government has historically charged taxes on automobiles manufactured in Burdistan. Five years ago, however, the Esterian government dropped those taxes; in those five years, the number of workers employed in Esterian automobile factories has decreased by 30%. Therefore, the number of vehicles manufactured and sold in Esteria must have decreased in the last five years.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?


A) Many Esterian automobile manufacturers operate factories outside Esteria.

B) The number of automobile workers in Burdistan has not increased during the same period.

C) Because vehicles manufactured in Esteria have a reputation for high quality, many Esterian consumers have continued to purchase domestically manufactured vehicles since the tax was abolished.

D) Esterian automobile manufacturers have lowered the price of their automobiles so as to remain competitive with the manufacturers in Burdistan.

E) Recent innovations in automated automobile-manufacturing technology have approximately halved the number of worker-hours required to produce most automobiles.


I was looking for an option that would say that the manufacturing in Esteria was ineffective, and there were to many workers.
But option E is good as well (do not like the word "most" in it though).
D might sound goodm but to choose it is to ovethink
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Re: The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Ester  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2019, 14:50
Thanks for sharing! Seems like a very good way to solve this particular problem!
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Re: The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Ester  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2019, 23:53
guerrero25 wrote:
The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Esteria than in Burdistan. In order to stimulate Esterian consumers’ purchases of domestically manufactured automobiles, the Esterian government has historically charged taxes on automobiles manufactured in Burdistan. Five years ago, however, the Esterian government dropped those taxes; in those five years, the number of workers employed in Esterian automobile factories has decreased by 30%. Therefore, the number of vehicles manufactured and sold in Esteria must have decreased in the last five years.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?


A) Many Esterian automobile manufacturers operate factories outside Esteria.

B) The number of automobile workers in Burdistan has not increased during the same period.

C) Because vehicles manufactured in Esteria have a reputation for high quality, many Esterian consumers have continued to purchase domestically manufactured vehicles since the tax was abolished.

D) Esterian automobile manufacturers have lowered the price of their automobiles so as to remain competitive with the manufacturers in Burdistan.

E) Recent innovations in automated automobile-manufacturing technology have approximately halved the number of worker-hours required to produce most automobiles.


Reduction of workers is not the reason why -> No of vehicles manufactured and sold in Esteria must have decreased in the last five years.

Even when the Esterian government had removed the taxes kept on the automobiles manufactured in Burdistan.

A) Many Esterian automobile manufacturers operate factories outside Esteria.
Irrelevant -No relationship is present as such.

B) The number of automobile workers in Burdistan has not increased during the same period.
We are talking about Esterian companies, Out

C) Because vehicles manufactured in Esteria have a reputation for high quality, many Esterian consumers have continued to purchase domestically manufactured vehicles since the tax was abolished.
This is saying the opposite of the conclusion, sales should have increased - Out

D) Esterian automobile manufacturers have lowered the price of their automobiles so as to remain competitive with the manufacturers in Burdistan.
Strengthen the argument, Doesnt discuss about decrease of the sale - Out

E) Recent innovations in automated automobile-manufacturing technology have approximately halved the number of worker-hours required to produce most automobiles.
Recent innovations have reduced the worker-hours required to produce most automobiles. Yes this can be the other reason for the loss.

Answer E
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Re: The cost of manufacturing automobiles is considerably greater in Ester   [#permalink] 16 Jan 2019, 23:53
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