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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and

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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2010, 16:57
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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

(A) The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably

(B) That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably

(C) With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation

(D) With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation

(E) Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2016, 09:12
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nishatfarhat87 wrote:
The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably
C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation
D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation
E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably

Hi Egmat.

Below are my doubts:

What is this structure 'namely they … and how is it connected to the independent previous clause.
Are there any errors in C and D other than the usage of 'It' and change in meaning?
What's wrong with E



Hi Nishat,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :-)

The expression namely is an adverb that modifies the action in the previous independent clause. It gives more description as to what is highlighted.

No, there are not.

Choice E is incorrect because of it structure. The correct structure should be because A happens, B happens. We cannot say Because A happens, this fact does something. That's incorrect structure.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2010, 16:13
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B ;)

These are my arguments:

A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably - you need a verb not a participle
B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably - correct
C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation
D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation
E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably - wordy

I think I deserve kudos ;) lol
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2010, 16:37
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A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably

Incorrect usage

B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably

The usage of the phrase "that some fraternal twins" is very much legit and acceptable.

C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation

with some......, it highlights : improper usage; what is "it" pointing to ?

D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation

same reason as D

E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably

because x happens y happens is how a sentence needs to be framed.
because x happens, this fact ? again, "this" is hanging in the air.

Hope that helped.



Why each answer is wrong? describe issue in each sentence especially E :) .
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2010, 20:57
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dkverma wrote:
The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.



The qstn is more than parallelism. - I believe

A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably
C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation
D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation
E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably


All the pronouns lack proper antecedent and A out for Idiom.
Parallelism is maintained in every choice I believe
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2010, 05:05
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2010, 13:51
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mailnavin1 wrote:
E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably


Can't "this fact" be the combined observation of "ressemble and dissimilar twins" at the same time? Therefore "this fact" isn't incorrect per se.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2010, 02:47
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If you use this fact, you need a period(maybe semicolon or hyphen) before it, not a comma
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2010, 16:09
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ajit257 wrote:
The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably
C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation
D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation
E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably


Hi!

I'm not sure exactly what your question is, but we can review the entire thing.

Right off the bat, we know that the original is no good - "The fact of" is idiomatically incorrect; we'd have to say "The fact that" to even have a shot of correctness. Further, even "the fact that" is likely to lead to modification and style problems. Eliminate (A).

Scanning the beginning of the remaining choices, we also quickly dump (C) and (D). While you can, in theory, start a sentence with "with some", a quick peek after the comma in both choices tells us the next part of the sentence begins with "it highlights" and "it is a fact". "It highlights" is almost certainly going to introduce a passive construction - bad style on the GMAT. Similarly, "it is a fact" is passive and can be ruled out. Eliminate (C) and (D).

(B) looks good at a first glance, to let's move to (E). It's acceptable to begin a sentence with "because", but (E) has the same after-the-comma issue as (C) and (D) - "Because X, this fact highlights" makes no sense. Eliminate (E).

Only (B) remains - choose it confidently, do a happy dance and move on to the next question.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2010, 11:17
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Hey guys,

This thread is a perfect example of the dangers of the "never pick _________" philosophy (which I think started with the word "being"). There's a correct application of any word in the dictionary, so those always/never rules that I see discussed on here are typically pretty problematic. The key is to understand the situations that work/don't work for certain words or constructions.

"That" as the beginning of a sentence here is correct, and even if it feels awkward the other choices are so woefully incorrect (as Stuart described above).

"It" in C and D is a pronoun without an antecedent (there isn't a clear prior noun to take its place), so they're incorrect. E is illogical - to say that "Because of gravity, this fact means..." would be an awfully illogical sentence - a fact can't be dependent upon itself.

A is also illogical in addition to being unidiomatic. Using the present-tense verbs "resembling" and "looking" doesn't logically work as a scientific fact - choice B, with the more-logical indicative tense "twins resemble...and look" states a clear fact worthy of proving or highlighting a scientific phenomenon. The present-tense verbs in A suggest a temporary situation. A also features a structural error at the end: "...feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they" requires a spacer such as "that" to set up the pronoun "they" as a subject.


Most importantly here, remember that the same types of errors are tested repeatedly - pronouns, verb tenses, etc. - so let those be your decision points before you try to eliminate sentences based on one-off idiomatic rules. Idioms are tricky in that they're often quite situational ("i before e except after c..."), so train yourself to look for the more-systematic decision points first.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2010, 11:20
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You can begin a sentence with "that" if "that" introduces the clause that's the subject of the sentence.

For example:

That Bobby would ace the GMAT was never in doubt.

The syntax will generally be:

That [fact that's the subject of the sentence] [predicate] [result].

However, just because it's grammatically correct doesn't mean that it's stylistically great - it's a fairly formal construction that most people don't use (you're far more likely to see it in "fancy" writing than in everyday prose).
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2011, 08:21
That' right, gmat1220. B is the answer. However, I am not able to eliminate E. Here, 'this' is acting as an adjective, modifying 'fact'.
Had it been 'this highlights an interesting....', option E would have easily been removed.
Would you like to shed some light on it?
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2011, 08:32
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I will give you three reasons to eliminate E ;-)

gmat will try to trap you by hinting "this" is correct. But it is rarely correct. The problem with written english it is 100% unambiguous - if you have a doubt, keep the choice aside.

because + the fact = redundant. Once you write "because" it exemplifies "evidence". The fact is pretty much redundant.

B also wins bcos of - that parallelism.

WarriorAjay wrote:
That' right, gmat1220. B is the answer. However, I am not able to eliminate E. Here, 'this' is acting as an adjective, modifying 'fact'.
Had it been 'this highlights an interesting....', option E would have easily been removed.
Would you like to shed some light on it?
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2013, 03:32
I have found B as an answer by elimination of others. But, for last part, isn't it a run-on sentence?

B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably

Also, it seems there is no subject for the last part. Could someone explain that issue?
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2013, 01:36
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espa wrote:
I have found B as an answer by elimination of others. But, for last part, isn't it a run-on sentence?

B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably

Also, it seems there is no subject for the last part. Could someone explain that issue?


Hi espa.

For your first question. This is not a run-on sentence because the adverb "namely" connect two parts of the sentence correctly. Please note that run-on sentences are sentences that lack punctuation; they can be long, but they can also be short.
The syntax: "That...ABC...., namely that... XYZ....." is correct.

That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably.............

Hope that helps.

The second part has the subject - they, which refers to "some fraternal twins".
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2014, 07:30
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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.
INCORRECT PORTIONS HIGHLIGHTED...
A. The fact ofsome fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably
C.Withsome fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar,it
highlights
an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely
considerable variation
D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar,it isa fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation
E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably

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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2014, 08:47
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1
The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar
highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary
considerably
on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
Issues
1) Instead of "Of some" -> that is preferred
2) We need a verb here. Looking is not a verb
3) Instead of "and" , a contrast word is required. But/while can be used.


B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they
vary considerably

This is the least of the devils. I didn't like sentence starting with "That". That is relative pronoun and should replace something.
if the sentence starts with
"The fact that some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably" would be perfect.


C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation
it cannot be a placeholder as we have a modifier starting with "with". We need a noun that makes sense with the previous clause
"fact that" makes perfect sense as it is of the form of noun + noun modifier and can modify the whole preceding clause.

D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation

"It is a" - Placeholder is not required.

E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
"Because" -> presents a causal relationship and it is not required. "This" is not a proper usage.

Overall, I am not convinced that it is a good question.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2015, 22:51
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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.


Meaning Analysis : (breaking it into different parts)
1. The fact highlights something ( Something - they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness)
2. whatever fact highlighted is both interesting and Often Overlooked.
3. The fact is "some fraternal twins resembling each other (fraternal twins) greatly and others looking quite dissimilar"

Error Analysis :
1. SV agreement - Subject (The fact) and verb (highlights) both are matching in number. We dont have any dual subject - single verb or Single verb dual subject error. - Correct
2. Modifier - "Namely .... " modifies "feature of fraternal-twin pairs" - Logically correct meaning - Correct
3. Construction "resembling and Looking" - we know that Fact has to be present in simple present and anything other than Simple present (for presenting fact, universal truth) is wrong in GMAT - Incorrect
4. Idiom error - "The fact of" is not correct, it should be "fact that" - "that" modifies the fact. In The "fact of" "Of" is preposition and needs noun say "Facts of Gmat"


A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
Incorrect - Reasons discussed above.

B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably
Subject is silent "That .... Dissimilar" acting as subject and match perfectly with singular verb "Highlights"
"Resemble and look" correctly present Facts in simple present tense.
No error But looks awkward. So lets see if we can find any better option.


C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation
Pronoun error - "it" does not have any clear antecedent.
the phrase "With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar" -- what it is trying to Modify. It is just there in sentence does not seems to have any impact on anything - Incorrect

D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation
Incorrect - Similar error as option C

E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
"this" - What this is referring to.
Illogical meaning "Because of some facts" this fact highlights
Incorrect.

Since we other options have some or other string errors, Option B even though awkward but stands correct.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2016, 07:27
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Choice E is rather colloquial. ‘This’ as a demonstrative pronoun could be relevant in informal conversations with someone when we can physically point out to something visible. In formal writing, it is rare to find it as a correct usage.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2016, 04:50
ajit257 wrote:
The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably
C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation
D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation
E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably


Hi Egmat.

Below are my doubts:

What is this structure 'namely they … and how is it connected to the independent previous clause.
Are there any errors in C and D other than the usage of 'It' and change in meaning?
What's wrong with E
Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and &nbs [#permalink] 18 May 2016, 04:50

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