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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and

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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2017, 09:47
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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably --> The Fact That is the correct Usage. There are two contrasting things " Resembling and Dissimilar". So, we should have a contrasting conjunction between the two.

B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably. --> Correct Choice. Clearly conveys the contrast and provides the opinion as a fact. Something like the Fact that(Notice we can omit the fact here.)

C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation. --> With Some fraternal .. is what? It is called a dangling modifier. It is not modifying anything. + No contrast made as in choice A. Hence, incorrect.

D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation.--> Same as C above.

E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably --> Change in Meaning. The fact is highlighting something because twins are similar or dissimilar. Incorrect.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2017, 03:07
abhimahna wrote:
The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably --> The Fact That is the correct Usage. There are two contrasting things " Resembling and Dissimilar". So, we should have a contrasting conjunction between the two.

B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably. --> Correct Choice. Clearly conveys the contrast and provides the opinion as a fact. Something like the Fact that(Notice we can omit the fact here.)

C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation. --> With Some fraternal .. is what? It is called a dangling modifier. It is not modifying anything. + No contrast made as in choice A. Hence, incorrect.

D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation.--> Same as C above.

E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably --> Change in Meaning. The fact is highlighting something because twins are similar or dissimilar. Incorrect.


Though you have made a very good effort in analyzing and thanks for that,but option A can't be wrong just because it doesn't have a contrasting word.It is wrong because of the incorrect usage of "fact of".But the construction fact of+twin resembling is wrong.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2018, 05:32
egmat wrote:
nishatfarhat87 wrote:
The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably
C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation
D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation
E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably

Hi Egmat.

Below are my doubts:

What is this structure 'namely they … and how is it connected to the independent previous clause.
Are there any errors in C and D other than the usage of 'It' and change in meaning?
What's wrong with E



Hi Nishat,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :-)

The expression namely is an adverb that modifies the action in the previous independent clause. It gives more description as to what is highlighted.

No, there are not.

Choice E is incorrect because of it structure. The correct structure should be because A happens, B happens. We cannot say Because A happens, this fact does something. That's incorrect structure.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hey egmat

What kind of modifier is this? noun + noun modifier or adverbial modifier?

I have read all your articles and I can't place this article in any of your articles on modifiers.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2018, 08:27
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A rapid-fire fix: The most important aspect of this question is to contrast between two dimensions of a particular phenomenon of the fraternal twins' looks, for which the use of a change - direction transition marker of contrast is essential. In this context, B is the only choice that depicts the conjunction 'while' to mark the contrast. All other choices simply use 'and', a same-direction conjunction. Hence, they are all incorrect.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2018, 14:47
I find it extremely dissatisfying that the credited response is a sentence starting with "that" I've been told through out my education not to start a sentence with that. Can someone please elaborate why it is right to start a sentence with "that"
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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2018, 14:59
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Hey soun12!

There are two reasons you were taught this. First is that it's difficult to make sure that you are creating a grammatically sound sentence if you're starting your sentence with the word that. The reason for this is the same reason that this question works: the word "that" signals the beginning of a dependent clause. (Note that in this question you could rearrange the sentence so that the word "that" and the clause after it comes after the verb. It's the predicate of the sentence!)

The second reason you were taught this "rule" is that starting sentences with the word "that" is generally a sign of weak writing and wordiness (even if it often isn't technically wrong), especially if "that" is being used to point to a previously mentioned topic.

Consider the pair of sentences "Jimmy was reluctant to sell the car. That made him make unwise decisions." Did the car make Jimmy make unwise decisions? Was it his reluctance? Slightly better would be "Jimmy was reluctant to sell the car. That reluctance made him make unwise decisions." Again, better but kind of redundant. Good writing would sound more like "Jimmy's reluctance to sell the car led him to make bad decisions."

So, TL;DR: you may have learned this in secondary/high school. If you did, it's because your teacher was trying to save you from bad writing. The word "that" at the beginning of sentences isn't always wrong, but is a) easy to get wrong used one way and b) is often a symptom of bad writing used the other way.
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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and &nbs [#permalink] 08 Nov 2018, 14:59

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