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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and

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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2017, 10:47
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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably --> The Fact That is the correct Usage. There are two contrasting things " Resembling and Dissimilar". So, we should have a contrasting conjunction between the two.

B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably. --> Correct Choice. Clearly conveys the contrast and provides the opinion as a fact. Something like the Fact that(Notice we can omit the fact here.)

C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation. --> With Some fraternal .. is what? It is called a dangling modifier. It is not modifying anything. + No contrast made as in choice A. Hence, incorrect.

D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation.--> Same as C above.

E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably --> Change in Meaning. The fact is highlighting something because twins are similar or dissimilar. Incorrect.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2017, 04:07
abhimahna wrote:
The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably --> The Fact That is the correct Usage. There are two contrasting things " Resembling and Dissimilar". So, we should have a contrasting conjunction between the two.

B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably. --> Correct Choice. Clearly conveys the contrast and provides the opinion as a fact. Something like the Fact that(Notice we can omit the fact here.)

C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation. --> With Some fraternal .. is what? It is called a dangling modifier. It is not modifying anything. + No contrast made as in choice A. Hence, incorrect.

D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation.--> Same as C above.

E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably --> Change in Meaning. The fact is highlighting something because twins are similar or dissimilar. Incorrect.


Though you have made a very good effort in analyzing and thanks for that,but option A can't be wrong just because it doesn't have a contrasting word.It is wrong because of the incorrect usage of "fact of".But the construction fact of+twin resembling is wrong.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2018, 09:27
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A rapid-fire fix: The most important aspect of this question is to contrast between two dimensions of a particular phenomenon of the fraternal twins' looks, for which the use of a change - direction transition marker of contrast is essential. In this context, B is the only choice that depicts the conjunction 'while' to mark the contrast. All other choices simply use 'and', a same-direction conjunction. Hence, they are all incorrect.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2018, 15:47
I find it extremely dissatisfying that the credited response is a sentence starting with "that" I've been told through out my education not to start a sentence with that. Can someone please elaborate why it is right to start a sentence with "that"
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2018, 15:59
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Hey soun12!

There are two reasons you were taught this. First is that it's difficult to make sure that you are creating a grammatically sound sentence if you're starting your sentence with the word that. The reason for this is the same reason that this question works: the word "that" signals the beginning of a dependent clause. (Note that in this question you could rearrange the sentence so that the word "that" and the clause after it comes after the verb. It's the predicate of the sentence!)

The second reason you were taught this "rule" is that starting sentences with the word "that" is generally a sign of weak writing and wordiness (even if it often isn't technically wrong), especially if "that" is being used to point to a previously mentioned topic.

Consider the pair of sentences "Jimmy was reluctant to sell the car. That made him make unwise decisions." Did the car make Jimmy make unwise decisions? Was it his reluctance? Slightly better would be "Jimmy was reluctant to sell the car. That reluctance made him make unwise decisions." Again, better but kind of redundant. Good writing would sound more like "Jimmy's reluctance to sell the car led him to make bad decisions."

So, TL;DR: you may have learned this in secondary/high school. If you did, it's because your teacher was trying to save you from bad writing. The word "that" at the beginning of sentences isn't always wrong, but is a) easy to get wrong used one way and b) is often a symptom of bad writing used the other way.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2019, 22:49
@
daagh wrote:
A rapid-fire fix: The most important aspect of this question is to contrast between two dimensions of a particular phenomenon of the fraternal twins' looks, for which the use of a change - direction transition marker of contrast is essential. In this context, B is the only choice that depicts the conjunction 'while' to mark the contrast. All other choices simply use 'and', a same-direction conjunction. Hence, they are all incorrect.


In option A and B, what does 'they' refer too? I eliminated both the options thinking that they can refer to either twins or fraternal-twin pairs, hence there is ambiguity in the usage. Can you please help? daagh
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2019, 09:11
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techloverforever wrote:
@
daagh wrote:
A rapid-fire fix: The most important aspect of this question is to contrast between two dimensions of a particular phenomenon of the fraternal twins' looks, for which the use of a change - direction transition marker of contrast is essential. In this context, B is the only choice that depicts the conjunction 'while' to mark the contrast. All other choices simply use 'and', a same-direction conjunction. Hence, they are all incorrect.


In option A and B, what does 'they' refer too? I eliminated both the options thinking that they can refer to either twins or fraternal-twin pairs, hence there is ambiguity in the usage. Can you please help? daagh


techloverforever, Let's break the sentence down to its core:

(B) That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably.
    Subject-Verb Pair -
      That Notion highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs,
        namely that they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

      Notion: "some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar." - This notion is an independent clause. Thus it requires singular verb: highlights

The heart of the sentence:
    Though in terms of visual appeal, some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while other others look different, in reality, they DO vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.
      The thought echos: Even though the twins LOOK similar/dissimilar, the twins DO differ considerably, in reality, on a genetic level of relatedness.
    - The statement highlights a contrast between how the fraternal twins LOOK and how they actually ARE on the spectrum of genetic relatedness.
      Between X and Y -
        X: how the fraternal twins LOOK
        Y: how they actually ARE on the spectrum of genetic relatedness

We have two antecedents for 'they' - fraternal twins AND fraternal-twin pairs.
Let's substitute and analyze each option:
    They ----> fraternal-twin pairs
      Even though the fraternal twins LOOK similar/dissimilar, fraternal-twin pairs vary considerably on a genetic level of relatedness.
        The different fraternal-twin PAIRS (,i.e, the pool of different pairs ) vary amongst themselves on a genetic level of relatedness.
          Meaning: - One fraternal-twin pair VARY from another pair
          The contrast is NOT among different pairs BUT between fraternal twins.
        It does NOT highlight the contrast, which the sentence intends to imply.
        - The statement highlights a contrast between how the fraternal twins LOOK and how they actually ARE on the spectrum of genetic relatedness.

    They ----> fraternal twins
      Even though the fraternal LOOK similar/dissimilar, the fraternal twins VARY considerably on a genetic level of relatedness.
      Aha! The sentence perfectly makes sense.

TakeAway:
    During the 700-level of the exam, An aspirant is more likely to see NOT what is the best answer BUT what is the least bad of all the given answer choices.
    If you face such a convoluted sentence during the GMAT exam, Congrats! You are moving in the right direction. :cool:
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2019, 06:13
GMATMadeeasy wrote:
The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

(A) The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably

(B) That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably

(C) With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation

(D) With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation

(E) Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably

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Plz clear my doubts on this one
In option E,
a) I understand this, that, these, those cannot occur alone but here this is accompanied by the fact so why is it wrong?
b)Is because used only in the cause-effect scenario.
Because he is intelligent, he is the monitor of the class.
here cause is :
he is intelligent
effect is: he is monitor

same way :
cause is : some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar
effect is : this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
but if i invert and read :

This fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably because
some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar.
then it doesnot make sense . Please help me on how to eliminate this?
cannot this fact refer to " some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar".

c)That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

here namely modifies highlights or feature?
feature is that they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.
so namely must modify feature.
Also
feature namely a,b,c
e.g
he is the owner of many companies,namely a,b and c.

feature namely that a,b,c

he is the owner of many companies,namely that a,b and c.
How does it make sense.
Plz clear this with examples.

Will his be correct ?

Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, they are a mystery to science.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2019, 20:48
Option b is the right answer
The confusion is between option b and option e.
Option e is incorrect because of the sentence structure.firat the fact is provided starting with because then this fact is used which makes it incorrect

Option b corrects this mistake

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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2019, 16:33
Dear Expert,

Would someone please clarify the use of "namely THAT" - Does namely always go with "that"? Doesn't it mean "In other words"? I eliminated that choice because of "namely THAT".
Thanks!
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and   [#permalink] 01 Dec 2019, 16:33

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