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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and

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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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Hey guys,

This thread is a perfect example of the dangers of the "never pick _________" philosophy (which I think started with the word "being"). There's a correct application of any word in the dictionary, so those always/never rules that I see discussed on here are typically pretty problematic. The key is to understand the situations that work/don't work for certain words or constructions.

"That" as the beginning of a sentence here is correct, and even if it feels awkward the other choices are so woefully incorrect (as Stuart described above).

"It" in C and D is a pronoun without an antecedent (there isn't a clear prior noun to take its place), so they're incorrect. E is illogical - to say that "Because of gravity, this fact means..." would be an awfully illogical sentence - a fact can't be dependent upon itself.

A is also illogical in addition to being unidiomatic. Using the present-tense verbs "resembling" and "looking" doesn't logically work as a scientific fact - choice B, with the more-logical indicative tense "twins resemble...and look" states a clear fact worthy of proving or highlighting a scientific phenomenon. The present-tense verbs in A suggest a temporary situation. A also features a structural error at the end: "...feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they" requires a spacer such as "that" to set up the pronoun "they" as a subject.


Most importantly here, remember that the same types of errors are tested repeatedly - pronouns, verb tenses, etc. - so let those be your decision points before you try to eliminate sentences based on one-off idiomatic rules. Idioms are tricky in that they're often quite situational ("i before e except after c..."), so train yourself to look for the more-systematic decision points first.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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You can begin a sentence with "that" if "that" introduces the clause that's the subject of the sentence.

For example:

That Bobby would ace the GMAT was never in doubt.

The syntax will generally be:

That [fact that's the subject of the sentence] [predicate] [result].

However, just because it's grammatically correct doesn't mean that it's stylistically great - it's a fairly formal construction that most people don't use (you're far more likely to see it in "fancy" writing than in everyday prose).
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2010, 16:07
Thanks a ton Stuart and Brian...for the awesome explanations !
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar
highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary
considerably
on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar
highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary
considerably
B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar
highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they
vary considerably
C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it
highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely
considerable variation
D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is
a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a
considerable variation
E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this
fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they
vary considerably
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2011, 07:09
the underlined part should end in "considerably" - A B and E remain.
A - the fact that (redundant)
E - "this" does not have antecedent

B remains.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2011, 07:21
That' right, gmat1220. B is the answer. However, I am not able to eliminate E. Here, 'this' is acting as an adjective, modifying 'fact'.
Had it been 'this highlights an interesting....', option E would have easily been removed.
Would you like to shed some light on it?
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2011, 07:32
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I will give you three reasons to eliminate E ;-)

gmat will try to trap you by hinting "this" is correct. But it is rarely correct. The problem with written english it is 100% unambiguous - if you have a doubt, keep the choice aside.

because + the fact = redundant. Once you write "because" it exemplifies "evidence". The fact is pretty much redundant.

B also wins bcos of - that parallelism.

WarriorAjay wrote:
That' right, gmat1220. B is the answer. However, I am not able to eliminate E. Here, 'this' is acting as an adjective, modifying 'fact'.
Had it been 'this highlights an interesting....', option E would have easily been removed.
Would you like to shed some light on it?
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2011, 09:11
+1 B

A. Wrong: It requires a connecting word; there are two clauses.
B. Correct.
C. IT doesn't have a clear antecedent.
D. Placeholder IT is not necessary.
E. Run on sentence. "This fact" doesn't refer clearly to something.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2011, 06:04
Good question and well explained above. Answer is "B"
Each day learn new thing - sentence starts with that are not incorrect if "That...." is subject
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2012, 00:43
B it should be as all others are wrong for sure......

I think b is not perfect either but still best among left ones
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2013, 02:32
I have found B as an answer by elimination of others. But, for last part, isn't it a run-on sentence?

B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably

Also, it seems there is no subject for the last part. Could someone explain that issue?
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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espa wrote:
I have found B as an answer by elimination of others. But, for last part, isn't it a run-on sentence?

B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably

Also, it seems there is no subject for the last part. Could someone explain that issue?


Hi espa.

For your first question. This is not a run-on sentence because the adverb "namely" connect two parts of the sentence correctly. Please note that run-on sentences are sentences that lack punctuation; they can be long, but they can also be short.
The syntax: "That...ABC...., namely that... XYZ....." is correct.

That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably.............

Hope that helps.

The second part has the subject - they, which refers to "some fraternal twins".
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2013, 03:59
Is there an idiom in this question Namely that?
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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fozzzy wrote:
Is there an idiom in this question Namely that?


Hi fozzzy

"Namely that" is not an idiom. "Namely" is an adverb used to introduce a particular or specific designation.
For examples:
A package was delivered to some people, namely Tom and Peter. <== "Tom and Peter" is a designation of "some people"
Only one man invented the Theory of Relativity, namely Albert Einstein. <== "Albert Einstein" is a designation of "one man"

The correct sentence is: "that...., namely that .........". <=== The second clause "that...." is a particular designation of the first clause "that.....".

Hope it helps.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2014, 05:47
WarriorAjay wrote:
The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar
highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary
considerably
on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar
highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary
considerably
B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar
highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they
vary considerably
C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it
highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely
considerable variation
D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is
a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a
considerable variation
E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this
fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they
vary considerably


Yeah I went with B too, but question here. Is the 'namely' really necessary at the end of the sentence?

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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2014, 06:30
The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.
INCORRECT PORTIONS HIGHLIGHTED...
A. The fact ofsome fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably
C.Withsome fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar,it
highlights
an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely
considerable variation
D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar,it isa fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation
E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably

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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2014, 21:37
GMATMadeeasy wrote:
The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.


A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably

B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably

C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation

D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation

E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably

Why each answer is wrong? describe issue in each sentence especially E :) .


B is the only one with parallelism and the use of "while" is much better than "and" in this situation. So it was a clear B.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2014, 21:37
This topic have been merged with: http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic-106188.html
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2014, 07:47
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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar
highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary
considerably
on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

A. The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
Issues
1) Instead of "Of some" -> that is preferred
2) We need a verb here. Looking is not a verb
3) Instead of "and" , a contrast word is required. But/while can be used.


B. That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they
vary considerably

This is the least of the devils. I didn't like sentence starting with "That". That is relative pronoun and should replace something.
if the sentence starts with
"The fact that some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably" would be perfect.


C. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely considerable variation
it cannot be a placeholder as we have a modifier starting with "with". We need a noun that makes sense with the previous clause
"fact that" makes perfect sense as it is of the form of noun + noun modifier and can modify the whole preceding clause.

D. With some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar, it is a fact that highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely a considerable variation

"It is a" - Placeholder is not required.

E. Because some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly and others look quite dissimilar, this fact highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably
"Because" -> presents a causal relationship and it is not required. "This" is not a proper usage.

Overall, I am not convinced that it is a good question.
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Re: The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and   [#permalink] 17 Jul 2014, 07:47

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