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The INES scale was created in 1990 as a way of indicating

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The INES scale was created in 1990 as a way of indicating [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2017, 21:25
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The INES scale was created in 1990 as a way of indicating the relative seriousness of incidents in which radioactivity is released at nuclear plants. Before that, various countries relied upon their own classification systems, making it difficult to compare a nuclear mishap that occurred in the U.S. with one in, say, Europe or Japan.

Which of the following statements is best supported by the above passage?
A.After 1990, the implementation of the INES scale is expected to have led to a reduction in the amount of damage caused by nuclear mishaps.
B. To compare the relative seriousness of incidents across nations, incidents in which radio-activity is released, a common scale of measurement is likely better than different scales of measurements.
C. The ability to compare the relative seriousness of incidents in which radioactivity is released at nuclear plants in different parts of the US is expected to have increased after the creation of INES in 1990.
D.It is very likely that most countries currently use the INES scale to communicate the relative seriousness of incidents in which radioactivity is released at nuclear plants.
E. In the absence of the INES scale, it would have been currently very difficult to compare nuclear mishaps in the US with those in Europe or Japan.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The INES scale was created in 1990 as a way of indicating [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2017, 21:37
The INES scale was created in 1990 as a way of indicating the relative seriousness of incidents in which radioactivity is released at nuclear plants. Before that, various countries relied upon their own classification systems, making it difficult to compare a nuclear mishap that occurred in the U.S. with one in, say, Europe or Japan.

Which of the following statements is best supported by the above passage?

A.After 1990, the implementation of the INES scale is expected to have led to a reduction in the amount of damage caused by nuclear mishaps. Out of Scope
B. To compare the relative seriousness of incidents across nations, incidents in which radio-activity is released, a common scale of measurement is likely better than different scales of measurements. (good choice)
C. The ability to compare the relative seriousness of incidents in which radioactivity is released at nuclear plants in different parts of the US is expected to have increased after the creation of INES in 1990. out of scope
D.It is very likely that most countries currently use the INES scale to communicate the relative seriousness of incidents in which radioactivity is released at nuclear plants. out of scope
E. In the absence of the INES scale, it would have been currently very difficult to compare nuclear mishaps in the US with those in Europe or Japan. again good choice

Now we have to look for an answer between B and E.

E says 'in the absence of the INES scale, it would have been currently very difficult to compare nuclear mishaps'. It is possible that in INES scale was not introduced, then by today some other scale or method might have been introduced. We cannot say this with full confidence that 'it would have been currently very difficult to compare nuclear mishaps'.

Hence, IMO B should be the answer.
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Re: The INES scale was created in 1990 as a way of indicating [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2017, 03:37
14101992 wrote:
The INES scale was created in 1990 as a way of indicating the relative seriousness of incidents in which radioactivity is released at nuclear plants. Before that, various countries relied upon their own classification systems, making it difficult to compare a nuclear mishap that occurred in the U.S. with one in, say, Europe or Japan.

Which of the following statements is best supported by the above passage?

A.After 1990, the implementation of the INES scale is expected to have led to a reduction in the amount of damage caused by nuclear mishaps. Out of Scope
B. To compare the relative seriousness of incidents across nations, incidents in which radio-activity is released, a common scale of measurement is likely better than different scales of measurements. (good choice)
C. The ability to compare the relative seriousness of incidents in which radioactivity is released at nuclear plants in different parts of the US is expected to have increased after the creation of INES in 1990. out of scope
D.It is very likely that most countries currently use the INES scale to communicate the relative seriousness of incidents in which radioactivity is released at nuclear plants. out of scope
E. In the absence of the INES scale, it would have been currently very difficult to compare nuclear mishaps in the US with those in Europe or Japan. again good choice

Now we have to look for an answer between B and E.

E says 'in the absence of the INES scale, it would have been currently very difficult to compare nuclear mishaps'. It is possible that in INES scale was not introduced, then by today some other scale or method might have been introduced. We cannot say this with full confidence that 'it would have been currently very difficult to compare nuclear mishaps'.

Hence, IMO B should be the answer.


Option E can easily be spotted for error in Contrapositive conditioning conversion. This goes something like this:
* With INES invented-> Radiation leakage can be cross referenced between countries.
It's contrapositive would be: radiation leakage cant be cross references betw countries - > INES is definitely not invented. E states this other wise, and hence is wrong.

Hope that helps your reasoning further.
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Re: The INES scale was created in 1990 as a way of indicating [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2017, 21:25
Skywalker18 wrote:
The INES scale was created in 1990 as a way of indicating the relative seriousness of incidents in which radioactivity is released at nuclear plants. Before that, various countries relied upon their own classification systems, making it difficult to compare a nuclear mishap that occurred in the U.S. with one in, say, Europe or Japan.

Which of the following statements is best supported by the above passage?
A.After 1990, the implementation of the INES scale is expected to have led to a reduction in the amount of damage caused by nuclear mishaps.
B. To compare the relative seriousness of incidents across nations, incidents in which radio-activity is released, a common scale of measurement is likely better than different scales of measurements.
C. The ability to compare the relative seriousness of incidents in which radioactivity is released at nuclear plants in different parts of the US is expected to have increased after the creation of INES in 1990.
D.It is very likely that most countries currently use the INES scale to communicate the relative seriousness of incidents in which radioactivity is released at nuclear plants.
E. In the absence of the INES scale, it would have been currently very difficult to compare nuclear mishaps in the US with those in Europe or Japan.


Its between B and E
E - some other method might have been introduced .better than INES ..we can't infer the situation without INES scale.
B is correct here ....

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Re: The INES scale was created in 1990 as a way of indicating [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2017, 19:14
A and C are certainly wrong.
E is an important pattern in many questions, particularly inference questions. Again, we do not know what happens if the INES scale is absent. E cannot be an inference.
D is a trap. Nowhere in the passage mentions the information that "most countries use the INES scale"

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Re: The INES scale was created in 1990 as a way of indicating   [#permalink] 31 Dec 2017, 19:14
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